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Rhyming Dictionary

Merriam-Webster, Incorporated Springfield, Massachusetts

A GENUINE MERRIAM-WEBSTER The name Webster alone is no guarantee of excellence. It is used by a number of publishers and may serve mainly to mislead an unwary buyer. Merriam-Webster™ is the name you should look for when you consider the purchase of dictionaries or other fine reference books. It carries the reputation of a company that has been publishing since 1831 and is your assurance of quality and authority.

Copyright © 2002 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated

Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Merriam-Webster's rhyming dictionary, p. cm. ISBN 0-87779-632-7 1. English language-Rhyme-Dictionaries. I. Title: Rhyming dictionary. II. Merriam-Webster, Inc. PE1519 .M47 2002 423'.l-dc21 2001052192

All rights reserved. No part of this book covered by the copyrights hereon may be reproduced or copied in any form or by any means—graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including photocopying, taping, or information storage and retrieval systems—without written permission of the publisher.

Printed and bound in the United States of America 234RRD/H05040302

Explanatory Notes is a listing of words grouped according to the way they rhyme. The words are drawn from MerriamWebster's Collegiate Dictionary. Though many uncommon words can be found here, many highly technical or obscure words have been omitted, as have words whose only meanings are vulgar or offensive. MERRIAM-WEBSTER's RHYMING DICTIONARY

Rhyming sound Words in this book are gathered into entries on the basis of their rhyming sound. The rhyming sound is the last part of the word, from the vowel sound in the last stressed syllable to the end of the word. This last stressed syllable may receive either primary or secondary stress. That is, a word may be listed at a given entry either because (1) the rhyming sound begins with the word's most strongly accented syllable or (2) the rhyming sound begins with a following syllable that is only somewhat accented. In this book, the rhyming sound may have one, two, or three syllables. One-syllable rhyming sounds are found in one-syllable words, as in wide Vwld\ (rhyming sound \Id\), and in words in which the primary or secondary stress falls on the final syllable, as in Dundee \,d3n-'de\ or passkey \'pas-,ke\, both with rhyming sounds \e\. Other words with one-syllable rhyming sounds are appeal \3-'pel\ (rhyming sound \el\), mongoose Vman,gus\ (rhyming sound \us\), and undergrad \'3n-d3r-,grad\ (rhyming sound \ad\). Two-syllable rhyming sounds are found in words in which the last syllable with primary or secondary stress is the next-to-last syllable in the word. For example, cola Vko-laX and remover Xri-'mu-varX have two-syllable rhyming sounds. For cola, the rhyming sound is \6-ta\, as in granola and Gorgonzola; for remover, it is \u-vsr\, as in louver and maneuver. Three-syllable rhyming sounds are found in words in which the third syllable from the end carries the stress. Mutable Vmyut-a-balX and frivolity \friv-'al-3t-e\ have three-syllable rhyming sounds. For mutable, it is \ut-3-bal\ as in suitable and inscrutable; for frivolity, it is \al-st-e\ as in jollity and equality. Main entries Main entries in this dictionary consist of an entry form (in boldface type), a pronunciation, and a list of words that rhyme, separated into syllable groupings. The entry form is the most common spelling of the rhyming sound shown in the pronunciation. To find a rhyme for a given word, then, you need to know only the spelling of the word and its rhyming sound. If, for instance, you wanted to find a word to rhyme with deep, you would look up eep, because that is the way the rhyming sound is spelled. At eep, you will find the following entry:

Explanatory Notes


eep \ep\ beep, bleep, cheap, cheep, clepe, creep, deep, heap, jeep, . . . If the word you wanted to find a rhyme for had been cheap, you might have looked up eap, and found the following cross-reference entry: eap \ep\ see eep When the same spelling is used for more than one rhyming sound, superscript numbers are used to alert users to all identically spelled entries. The user searching for a rhyme for give, for example, would look up ive and find the following entries: ive1 \iv\ chive, dive, drive, five, gyve, hive, I've, jive,. .. ive2 \iv\ give, live, sheave, shiv, sieve, spiv forgive,. . . ive3 \ev\ see eave 1 The rhyming sound in give is pronounced \iv\, so the second entry is the appropriate one. Since many words have more than one standard pronunciation, some words appear in more than one list, and not every word on every list will rhyme for every person. An explanation of the pronunciation symbols is found on page ix. Order of rhyming words The words that follow the boldface entry form and the pronunciation are separated into groups by number of syllables, from those with the fewest to those with the most, as shown in the following example. arten \art- 3 n\ Barton, carton, hearten, marten, martin, Martin, smarten, Spartan, tartan baum marten, dishearten, Dumbarton, freemartin, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten kindergarten Cross-reference entries Main entries in this book are supplemented by cross-reference entries. Like main entries, cross-reference entries have an entry form and a pronunciation, but in place of a list of rhyming words, cross-reference entries provide a note that directs the user to a main entry where the list of rhyming words can be found. The pronunciation in the cross-reference entry matches the pronunciation shown at the main entry.

Explanatory Notes


The following cross-reference entries, for instance, send the reader to the entry arten shown above: artin \art- 3 n\ see arten aarten \art- 3 n\ see arten If a cross-reference entry directs users to an entry that is one of several spelled identically, the superscript identification number ensures that users will find the correct entry: ieve1 \iv\ see ive2 ieve2 \ev\ see eave1 Unlisted rhyming words In order to save space, inflected forms of words have not been listed as entries or included in the lists of rhymes. Inflected forms are those forms that are created by adding grammatical endings to the base word. For instance, the base word arm, a noun, is made plural by adding -s to form arms, and the base word walk, a verb, forms its past tense by adding -ed to form walked. Users must go to entries for the base word in such cases. In some cases, both inflected and noninflected forms share the same rhyming sounds. For example, the uninflected forms lox and paradox share the same rhyming sound with the inflected forms docks and socks. In such cases, only the rhyming uninflected forms are listed, but an italicized note at the end of the entry indicates where the base words of the rhyming inflected forms can be found: ox \aks\ box, cox, fox,... —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at OCk1

Such notes have been added whenever two or more rhyming words could be created by adding endings to the base words at the entry. (If only one such rhyme could be created, it has simply been added to the list.) Other rhyming words that may not be listed are derived words. Like an inflected word, a derived word is one to which an ending has been added; however, a derived word generally represents a different part of speech from its base word. For instance, when -ly is added to the adjective quick, the derived word, quickly, is an adverb; likewise, when -ness is added to the adjective glad, the derived word, gladness, is a noun. There is no entry for a rhyming sound if all the words that would be on the list are regular derived words formed by adding a suffix to words drawn from another list. For instance, there is no entry for arkly, because the only rhyming words, darkly and starkly, are adverbs formed by adding -ly to the adjectives found at the entry ark. If, however, any of the rhyming words are

Explanatory Notes


not derived forms, a complete list is given. The entry eanly1, for instance, is included because among the adverbs at the entry there is also the adjective queenly, and, for the purposes of this book, adjectives ending in -ly are not treated as regular derived forms. Editorial acknowledgments Merriam-Webster's Rhyming Dictionary is based on Merriam-Webster's Pocket Rhyming Dictionary and Webster's Compact Rhyming Dictionary, and thus on work done by the editors of those books. It was adapted by Jocelyn White Franklin, with assistance from Robert D. Copeland and Francesca M. Forrest.

Pronunciation Symbols a

banana, collide, abut


preceding \1\ and \n\, as in battle, mitten, and eaten; following \1\, \m\, \r\, as in French table, prisme, titre

un bon vin blonc \oe n -bo n va n -bla n \ n

sing \'sirj\, finger Yfin-garX, ink \'ink\


bone, know, beau

further, merger, bird


saw, all, caught


mat, gag, sap


coin, destroy


day, fade, aorta


pepper, lip


bother, cot, father


red, car, rarity



now, loud, Faust


source, less


baby, ri6


chin, nafure \'na-char\


did, adder


bet, peck, help


thin, ether


fee, easy, media


then, either

f fifty, phone, g go, big

sh t


shy, mission, machine, special fie, attack, late

ii rale, fool, union Vyun-yanX, few \'fyu\ ii

pull, would, book

tip, banish, active


vivid, give


site, buy, deny


we, away


job, gem, judge


yard, cue \'kyu\, mute \'myut\


zone, raise


nat, a/read


k fcin, coofc, acne k. 1

German ich, Buck lily, pool


vision, azure Va-zhsrX


slant line used in pairs to mark off pronunciations

no, own


preceding vowel or diphthong is pronounced with the nasal passages open, as in French

precedes a syllable with primary (strongest) stress


precedes a syllable with secondary (medium) stress


murmur, dim

n n

mark of syllable division

A a 1 \a\ aah, ah, baa, bah, blah, bra, dah, droit, fa, Fra, ha, Jah, Kwa, la, ma, na, nah, pa, pas, qua, Ra, rah, schwa, shah, ska, spa a bas, aba, Accra, aha, Allah, Armagh, blah-blah, Borgia, bourgeois, brava, Casbah, chamois, Chang-sha, Chita, Degas, Dumas, eclat, fa la, faux pas, fellah, fetah, foie gras, gaga, galah, Galois, grandma, grandpa, haha, halvah, Hama, hoo-ha, hoopla, Hsia, hurrah, huzzah, isba, Issa, Luda, Marat, markka, mudra, Oita, opah, orgeat, Oujda, quinoa, pai-hua, paisa, Para, pasha, patois, pooh-bah, prutah, pya, San'a, sangfroid, selah, Shema, sola, supra, tola, Tonghua, Ufa, Utah, Valois, Vaudois, viva, voila, whoopla abaca, Adana, agora, ahimsa, Akita, aloha, assignat, Aymara, baccarat, baklava, Bogota, brouhaha, cervelat, Chippewa, coup d'etat, Cumana, Delacroix, entrechat, feria, habdalah, haftarah, haniwa, Kashiwa, koruna, Kostroma, la-di-da, Libera, ma-andpa, Machida, Malinois, Mardi Gras, Modena, moussaka, Omaha, Oshawa, Ottawa, pakeha, panama, Panama, Parana, parashah, pas de trois, persona, picara, pieta, podesta, polenta, polynya, port de bras, Quebecois, reseda, rufiyaa, Shangri-la, tempura, ulema, usquebaugh Ahvenanmaa, Alma-Ata, ayatollah, Baha' Allah, caracara, con anima, coureur de bois, hispanidad, hors de combat, je ne sais quoi, Karaganda, Makhachkala, menage a trois, phenomena, res publica, sursum corda, tamandua Alto Parana, Haleakala, Katharevusa, mousseline de soie,

Nishinomiya, pate de foie gras, Tokorozawa, Utsunomiya Afars and the Isas, exempli gratia, Isthmus of Panama, Novaya Zemlya a 2 \ a \ see ay 1 a 3 \ 6 \ see aw1 aa 1 \ a \ see ah 3 aa 2 \ a \ see a 1 aachen \a-kan\ Aachen, lochan aag \ag\ seeog 1 aal1 \al\ see ail aal 2 \61\ see all aal 3 \al\ see al aam \am\ see om1 aan \an\ see an 5 aans 1 \ans\ see ance 2 aans 2 \anz\ see onze aard \ard\ see ard 1 aari \ar-e\ see ari1 aaron \ar-sn\ see aron 2 aarten \art- 3 n\ see arten aas \as\ see OS1 aatz \atz\ see ots ab 1 \ a b \ see ob ab 2 \av\ see olve2 ab 3 \ a b \ blab, cab, crab, dab, drab, flab, gab, grab, jab, lab, Lab, Mab, nab, scab, slab, stab, tab


aba Ahab, baobab, Cantab, confab, Moab, prefab, Rajab, rehab, smackdab astrolabe, minilab, pedicab, taxicab

abbie 2 \ab-e\ see abby

aba \ab-a\ Kaaba, Labe, PABA, Saba, Sabah casaba, djellaba, indaba Ali Baba, Orizaba, Sorocaba jaboticaba Pico de Orizaba

abbitry \ab-a-tre\ see abbittry

abah \ab-s\ see aba abala \ab-a-b\ cabala, cabbalah parabola abalist \ab-3-last\ cabalist diabolist abard \ab-srd\ clapboard, scabbard, tabard —also -ed forms of verbs listed at abber 2 abatis \ab-9t-as\ abatis, habitus abbalah \ab-3la\ see abala abbard \ab-ard\ see abard abbas \ab-as\ see abbess abbat \ab-at\ see abit abbed 1 \ab-ad\ crabbed, rabid

abbin \ab-an\ see abin abbit \ab-at\ see abit

abbitt \ab-at\ see abit abbittry \ab-s-tre\ B abbittry, rabbitry abbie 1 \ab-al\ bauble, bobble, cobble, gobble, hobble, Kabul, nobble, obol, squabble, wabble, wobble abbie 2 \ab-al\ Babel, babble, brabble, dabble, drabble, gabble, grabble, habile, rabble, scrabble bedabble, hardscrabble psychobabble, technobabble abblement Xab-sl-mantX babblement, rabblement abbler \ab-tar\ babbler, dabbler, gabbler, grabbler, rabbler, scrabbler abbly \ab-le\ see ably abbot \ab-9t\ see abit abby \ab-e\ abbey, Abby, blabby, cabbie, crabby, flabby, gabby, grabby, scabby, shabby, tabby kohlrabi, Panjabi, Punjabi

abbed 2 \abd\ blabbed, stabbed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ab 3

abe 1 \ a b \ babe, mabe, nabe astrolabe

abber 1 \ab-ar\ see obber

abe 2 \ a b \ see ab

abber 2 \ab-3r\ blabber, clabber, crabber, dabber, drabber, gabber, grabber, jabber, slabber, stabber, yabber rehabber bonnyclabber

abe 3 \a-ba\ see aba

abbess \ab-as\ abbess Barabbas

abel \a-bal\ see able aben \ab-an\ see obin aber 1 \a-bsr\ see abor aber 2 \ab-ar\ see obber abes \a-bez\ see abies

abbet \ab-at\ see abit

abi1 \ab-e\ see obby

abbey \ab-e\ see abby

abi 2 \ab-e\ see ubby

abbie 1 \ab-e\ seeobby

abi 3 \ab-e\ see abby

3 abia \a-be-a\ labia, Swabia Arabia Bessarabia Saudi Arabia abian \a-be-an\ Fabian, gabion Arabian Bessarabian abid \ab-ad\ see abbed abies \a-bez\ rabies, scabies, tabes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at aby abile \ab-al\ see abble 2 abilis \ab-9-bs\ obelus annus mirabilis abin \ab-9n\ cabin, rabbin abion \a-be-an\ see abian abit \ab-9t\ abbot, babbitt, Babbitt, Cabot, habit, rabbet, rabbit, sabbat cohabit, inhabit, jackrabbit abitant \ab-9t-9nt\ habitant cohabitant, inhabitant abitus \ab-3t-ss\ see abatis able \a-bal\ Abel, able, Babel, cable, fable, Froebel, gable, label, Mabel, sable, stable, table disable, enable, instable, pin-table, retable, round table, timetable, turntable, unable, unstable, worktable abled \a-bsld\ fabled, gabled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at able ablis \ab-le\ see ably

accid abot \ab-9t\ see abit abra \ab-ra\ sabra, Sabra candelabra abre \ab\ see ob 1 abul \ab-al\ see abble 1 abular \ab-y9-lar\ fabular, tabular vocabular acetabular abulous Xab-ya-lasX fabulous fantabulous abulum \ab-y9-l9m\ pabulum acetabulum, incunabulum aby \a-be\ baby, gaby, maybe crybaby, grandbaby ac 1 \ak\ see ack 2 ac 2 \ak\ see ock1 ac 3 \ 6 \ see aw1 aca 1 \ak-a\ see aka 1 aca 2 \ak-a\ Dacca, Dhaka, paca alpaca, malacca, Malacca, sifaka portulaca Strait of Malacca acable \ak-s-b9l\ see ackable acao \6-k6\ see oco acas \ak-as\ Bacchus, fracas, Gracchus Caracas acca 1 \ak-a\ see aca acca 2 \ak-s\ see aka 1

ably \ab-le\ chablis, drably, scrabbly

accent \ak-s9nt\ accent relaxant

abola \ab-a-b\ see abala

acchanal \ak-sn- 3 l\ see aconal

abolist \ab-9-bst\ see abalist

acchic \ak-ik\ bacchic halakic, stomachic, tribrachic amphibrachic

abor \a-bar\ caber, labor, neighbor, saber, tabor belabor, von Weber, zeitgeber aborer \a-b9r-9r\ laborer, taborer

acchus \ak-as\ see acas accid \as-sd\ see acid


accio accio \a-che-6\ bocaccio, Bocaccio, carpaccio acco 1 \ak-a\ see aca acco 2 \ak-6\ see ako 2 acculus \ak-y3-las\ sacculus miraculous ace 1 \ a s \ ace, base, bass, brace, case, chase, dace, face, grace, Grace, lace, mace, Mace, pace, place, plaice, prase, race, res, space, Thrace, trace, vase abase, airspace, Alsace, ambsace, apace, backspace, best-case, biface, birthplace, blackface, boldface, bookcase, bootlace, braincase, briefcase, crankcase, debase, deface, disgrace, displace, dogface, doughface, efface, embrace, emplace, encase, enchase, enlace, erase, firebase, fireplace, footpace, footrace, foreface, gyrase, half-space, hard case, headspace, Jerez, lightface, manes, millrace, milreis, misplace, notecase, null-space, outface, outpace, outrace, paleface, postface, Quilmes, replace, retrace, scapegrace, shoelace, showcase, showplace, slipcase, smearcase, someplace, staircase, subbase, subspace, suitcase, surbase, tailrace, tenace, typeface, ukase, unbrace, unlace, watchcase, wheelbase, whey-face, whiteface, workplace, worst-case about-face, aerospace, anyplace, boniface, bouillabaisse, carapace, commonplace, contrabass, doublespace, everyplace, interface, interlace, kilobase, lemures, lowercase, marketplace, pillowcase, Samothrace, single-space, steeplechase, thoroughbass, thoroughbrace, triplespace, uppercase rarae aves beta-lactamase, in medias res Aguascalientes Goya y Lucientes, superoxide dismutase litterae humaniores ace 2 \a-se\ see acy

ace 3 \as\ see os 1 ace 4 \as\ see a s s 3 ace 5 \ach-e\ see otchy ace 6 \as-a\ see asa 1 aceable \a-s9-bal\ placeable, traceable displaceable, effaceable, embraceable, erasable, persuasible, replaceable ineffaceable, irreplaceable acean Xa-shanX see ation1 aced \ast\ based, baste, chaste, faced, geest, haste, laced, mayest, paste, taste, waist, waste bald-faced, barefaced, bold-faced, distaste, dough-faced, foretaste, impaste, lambaste, lightfaced, moonfaced, pie-faced, po-faced, posthaste, rad waste, self-paced, shamefaced, shirtwaist, snail-paced, slipcased, stone-faced, straight-faced, straitlaced, toothpaste, two-faced, unchaste, unplaced, white-faced aftertaste, brazen-faced, doublefaced, Janus-faced, hatchet-faced, pantywaist, poker-faced, thoroughpaced —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ace1 aceless \a-slas\ baseless, faceless, graceless, laceless, placeless, spaceless, traceless aceman \a-sman\ baseman, placeman, spaceman acement \a-smant\ basement, casement, placement abasement, debasement, defacement, displacement, effacement, embracement, emplacement, encasement, enlacement, misplacement, outplacement, replacement self-effacement acence \as- 3 ns\ see ascence 1



acency \as- 3 n-se\ adjacency, complacency, subj acency

ached \acht\ attached, detached unattached semidetached —also -ed forms of verbs listed at atch4

acent \as- 3 nt\ nascent adjacent, complacent, complaisant, subjacent circumjacent, superjacent

acher \a-kar\ see aker 1

aceor \a-sar\ see acer 1

achet \ach-at\ see atchet

aceous \a-shas\ see acious

achi \ach-e\ see otchy


acer \a-sar\ baser, bracer, chaser, facer, pacer, placer, racer, spacer, tracer defacer, disgracer, effacer, embraceor, embracer, eraser, replacer, subchaser steeplechaser

achial \a-ke-sl\ see acheal achian \a-shan\ see ation1 achic \ak-ik\ see acchic aching \a-kin\ see aking1 achio 1 \ash-6\ mustachio, pistachio


acer \as-sr\ see asser acery \as-re\ tracery embracery acet 1 \a-sat\ hie jacet, non placet acet 2 \as-at\ asset, facet, tacet, tacit acewalking \as-wo-kirj\ racewalking, spacewalking

achio 2 \ash-e-6\ mustachio, pistachio achm \am\ see am 2 achment \ach-m9nt\ see atchment achne \ak-ne\ see acne acho \ach-6\ muchacho, quebracho

acey \a-se\ see acy

achou \ash-ii\ see ashew

ach 1 \ak\ Bach, saugh Pesach, pibroch Offenbach Monchengladbach

achsen \ak-san\ see oxen

ach 2 \ak\ see ock1 ach 3 \ak\ see ack 2 ach 4 \ach\ see atch 4 acha \ach-a\ cha-cha, dacha, kwacha viscacha

acht \at\ see ot1 achtsman \at-sm3n\ see otsman achy \a-ke\ see aky acia \a-shs\ Dacia, fascia, geisha acacia, Croatia, Dalmatia, ex gratia, Galatia prima facie exempli gratia

ache 3 \ach-e\ see otchy

acial \a-shal\ facial, glacial, racial, spatial abbatial, bifacial, biracial, englacial, palatial, primatial, subglacial interfacial, interglacial, interracial, multiracial

ache 4 \ach-e\ see atchy

acian \a-shan\ see ation1

acheal \a-ke-al\ brachial, tracheal

acias Xa-shssX see acious

achary \ak-a-r-e\ see ackery 2 ache 1 \ak\ see ake 1 ache 2 \ash\ see ash 3


acid acid \as-ad\ acid, Chasid, flaccid, Hasid, jassid, placid Abbasid, antacid acie \a-shs\ see acia acient \a-shant\ see atient acier 1 \a-shsr\ see asure 1 acier 2 \a-zhar\ see azier acile \as-sl\ see assel 2 acing \a-sirj\ bracing, casing, facing, lacing, racing, spacing, tracing catfacing, effacing all-embracing, interfacing, Interspacing, self-effacing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ace 1 acious \a-sb.9s\ gracious, spacious audacious, bodacious, capacious, ceraceous, cretaceous, crustaceous, curvaceous, edacious, fallacious, flirtatious, fugacious, herbaceous, Horatius, Ignatius, loquacious, mendacious, mordacious, pomaceous, predaceous, pugnacious, rapacious, sagacious, salacious, sebaceous, sequacious, setaceous, tenacious, testaceous, ungracious, veracious, vexacious, vinaceous, vivacious, voracious alliaceous, arenaceous, argillaceous, carbonaceous, contumacious, coriaceous, disputatious, efficacious, farinaceous, fieri facias, foliaceous, ostentatious, pectinaceous, perspicacious, pertinacious, saponaceous, scire facias, stercoraceous, violaceous inefficacious acis \as-e\ see assy acist \a-ssst\ see assist acit \as-at\ see acet 2 acity 1 \as-te\ see asty 2 acity 2 \as-at-e\ audacity, capacity, fugacity, loquacity, mendacity,

opacity, rapacity, sagacity, tenacity, veracity, vivacity, voracity efficacity, incapacity overcapacity acive \a-siv\ see asive ack1 \ak\ see ock1 ack 2 \ak\ back, black, clack, claque, crack, flack, flak, hack, jack, Jack, knack, lac, lack, mac, Mac, Mack, pack, plaque, quack, rack, sac, Sac, sack, sacque, shack, slack, smack, snack, stack, tach, tack, thwack, track, Wac, whack, wrack, yak aback, ack-ack, alack, amtrac, Anzac, Arak, attack, backpack, backtrack, Balzac, bareback, blackjack, blue-black, bootblack, bootjack, brushback, bushwhack, buyback, callback, calpac, champac, cheapjack, Coalsack, coatrack, cognac, come back, comeback, cookshack, cossack, crackback, crookback, cut back, cutback, Dayak, dieback, draw back, drawback, fall back, fallback, fastback, fast-track, fatback, feedback, finback, fireback, flapjack, flareback, flashback, fullback, gimcrack, graywacke, greenback, gripsack, guaiac, halfback, half-track, hardback, hardhack, hardtack, hatchback, hayrack, haystack, hijack, hogback, hold back, holdback, hopsack, horseback, humpback, hunchback, Iraq, jampack, jet-black, kayak, Kazak, kickback, knapsack, knickknack, Kodak, kulak, kyack, laid-back, lampblack, leaseback, linac, macaque, man jack, manpack, Micmac, mossback, muntjac, Muzak, notchback, offtrack, outback, packsack, payback, pitch-black, play back, playback, plow back, plowback, pullback, quillback, racetrack, ransack, rickrack, roll back, rollback, roorback, rucksack, runback, scatback, serac, set back, setback, shellac, shellback, shoeblack, shoepac, sidetrack, six-pack, skewback,

7 skipjack, skyjack, slapjack, slotback, Slovak, smokejack, smokestack, snap back, snapback, snowpack, softback, sumac, swayback, sweepback, sweptback, switchback, tailback, tarmac, thornback, throw back, throwback, thumbtack, ticktack, tieback, tie tack, tombac, touchback, tow sack, trictrac, tripack, unpack, Welsbach, wetback, whaleback, wingback, wisecrack, woolpack, woolsack, yashmak, Yurak, zwieback almanac, amberjack, anorak, antiblack, applejack, Arawak, Armagnac, birdyback, bivouac, bric-abrac, camelback, canvasback, cardiac, carryback, celiac, coeliac, cornerback, Cousin Jack, crackerjack, cul-de-sac, diamondback, fiddleback, fishyback, Frontenac, gunnysack, hackmatack, haversack, high-low-jack, huckaback, hydrocrack, iliac, ipecac, Kodiak, ladder-back, leatherback, lumberjack, maniac, medevac, minitrack, moneyback, nunatak, otomac, paperback, Pasternak, pickaback, piggyback, Pontiac, portapak, quarterback, razorback, retropack, running back, sandarac, Sarawak, Sazerac, silverback, single-track, Skaggerak, snapper-back, solonchak, steeplejack, stickleback, supplejack, Syriac, tamarack, tenure-track, theriac, tokamak, turtleback, umiak, zodiac Adirondack, ammoniac, amnesiac, Aniakchak, biofeedback, celeriac, counterattack, demoniac, elegiac, insomniac, Monterey Jack, paranoiac, simoniac, tacamahac aphrodisiac, coprophiliac, Dionysiac, dipsomaniac, egomaniac, hemophiliac, hypochondriac, intracardiac, kleptomaniac, melancholiac, monomaniac, mythomaniac, necrophiliac, neophiliac, nymphomaniac, pedophiliac, pyromaniac, Rhodesian Ridgeback, sacroiliac, sal ammoniac megalomaniac Cyrano de Bergerac

acking ackable \ak-3-bal\ packable, placable, stackable implacable ackage \ak-ij\ package, trackage prepackage, repackage ackal \ak-al\ see ackle acked \akt\ see act acken \ak-sn\ blacken, bracken, flacon, slacken Arawakan ackened \ak-and\ blackened —also -ed forms of verbs listed at acken acker \ak-ar\ backer, clacker, cracker, hacker, j acker, knacker, lacquer, packer, sacker, slacker, smacker, stacker, tacker, tracker, whacker attacker, backpacker, bushwhacker, firecracker, hijacker, kayaker, linebacker, nutcracker, racetracker, ransacker, safecracker, shellcracker, skyjacker, unpacker, wisecracker simulacre counterattacker ackeray \ak-s-re\ see ackery ackerel \ak-rsl\ see acral ackery \ak-s-re\ flackery, quackery, Thackeray, Zachary gimcrackery acket \ak-3t\ bracket, jacket, packet, placket, racket bluejacket, straitjacket yellowj acket ackey \ak-e\ see acky ackguard \ag-ard\ see aggard ackie \ak-e\ see acky acking \ak-irj\ backing, blacking, cracking, packing, sacking, smacking, tracking, whacking bushwhacking, kayaking, linebacking, meatpacking,

ackish nerve-racking, nerve-wracking, safecracking, skyjacking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ack 2 ackish \ak-ish\ blackish, brackish, quackish ackle \ak-al\ cackle, crackle, grackle, hackle, jackal, made, rackle, shackle, spackle, tackle debacle, gang-tackle, ramshackle, unshackle tabernacle ackly \ak-le\ blackly, crackly, hackly abstractly, compactly, exactly inexactly ackman \ak-m9n\ hackman, packman, trackman ackney \ak-ne\ see acne ackneyed \ak-ned\ see acned acko \ak-6\ see ako 2 acksman \ak-sman\ see axman ackson \ak-san\ see axon acky \ak-e\ hackie, Jackie, Jacky, khaki, lackey, tacky, wacky ticky-tacky acle 1 \ik-al\ see ickle acle 2 \ak\ see ock1 acle 3 \ak-al\ see ockle acle 4 \ak-al\ see ackle acne \ak-ne\ acne, hackney, Hackney Arachne acned \ak-ned\ acned, hackneyed aco \ak-6\ see occo aeon 1 \a-kan\ see aken 1 2

aeon \ak-an\ see acken aconal \ak-an- 3 l\ bacchanal diaconal archidiaconal

8 acque 1 \ak\ see ack 2 acque 2 \ak\ see ock1 acquer \ak-ar\ see acker acques \ak\ see ock1 acral \ak-ral\ mackerel, sacral acre 1 \a-ksr\ see aker1 acre 2 \ak-ar\ see acker acrum \ak-r9m\ sacrum simulacrum act \akt\ act, backed, bract, cracked, fact, packed, pact, stacked, tact, tracked, tract abstract, attract, coact, compact, contact, contract, crookbacked, detract, didact, diffract, distract, enact, entr'acte, epact, exact, extract, halftracked, humpbacked, hunchbacked, impact, infract, intact, mossbacked, playact, protract, react, redact, refract, subtract, swaybacked, transact, unbacked abreact, artifact, cataract, chainreact, counteract, cross-react, inexact, interact, overact, paperbacked, precontact, razor-backed, reenact, subcompact, subcontract, underact, vacuum-packed, ventifact autodidact, matter-of-fact, overreact, semiabstract, underreact — also -ed forms of verbs listed at ack 2 actable \ak-ts-bal\ actable, tractable abstractable, attractable, compactible, contractible, distractable, extractable, intractable actance \ak-t9ns\ attractance, reactance actant \ak-tant\ attractant, reactant, surfactant interactant acte 1 \akt\ see ocked acte 2 \akt\ see act


9 acted \ak-tsd\ fracted abstracted, impacted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at act acter \ak-tar\ see actor actery \ak-tre\ see actory actible \ak-t3-bal\ see actable actic \ak-tik\ lactic, tactic atactic, climactic, didactic, galactic, syntactic ataractic, chiropractic, parallactic, paratactic, prophylactic anaphylactic, anticlimactic, autodidactic, extragalactic, intergalactic, intragalactic, stereotactic actical \ak-ti-ksl\ practical, tactical didactical, impractical, syntactical actice \ak-tss\ cactus, practice malpractice cataractous actios \ak-tiks\ tactics didactics, syntactics phonotactics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at actic actile \ak-t 3 l\ dactyl, tactile contractile, protractile, refractile, retractile polydactyl, pterodactyl acting \ak-tirj\ acting exacting, self-acting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at act action \ak-sh9n\ action, faction, fraction, taction, traction abstraction, attraction, bolt-action, coaction, compaction, contraction, detraction, diffraction, distraction, exaction, extraction, impaction, inaction, infraction, olfaction, protraction, reaction, redaction, refraction, retraction, subtraction, transaction benefaction, counteraction, interaction, liquefaction, malefaction,

overaction, petrifaction, putrefaction, rarefaction, retroaction, satisfaction, single-action, stupefaction, tumefaction dissatisfaction, photoreaction, selfsatisfaction actional \ak-shn9l\ factional, fractional, tractional abstractional, contractional, redactional, transactional interactional, rarefactional actious \ak-shas\ factious, fractious active \ak-tiv\ active, tractive abstractive, attractive, coactive, contractive, detractive, distractive, extractive, impactive, inactive, proactive, reactive, refractive, subtractive bioactive, counteractive, hyperactive, interactive, overactive, psychoactive, putrefactive, retroactive, unattractive radioactive actly \ak-le\ see ackly actor \ak-tar\ actor, factor, tractor abstractor, attractor, cofactor, compactor, contractor, detractor, enactor, exactor, extractor, g-factor, impactor, infractor, protractor, reactor, redactor, refractor, retractor, subtracter, transactor benefactor, chiropractor, malefactor, subcontractor bioreactor, Campylobacter actory \ak-tre\ factory olfactory, phylactery, refractory calefactory, manufactory, satisfactory dissatisfactory, unsatisfactory actous \ak-tas\ see actice actress \ak-trss\ actress benefactress actual \ak-chal\ actual, factual, tactual artifactual, counterfactual acture \ak-char\ facture, fracture contracture


actus manufacture remanufacture actus \ak-tas\ see actice actyl \ak-t 3 l\ see actile acular \ak-y9-lar\ macular oracular, spectacular, spiracular, tentacular, vernacular tabernacular aculate \ak-y3-lat\ maculate ejaculate, immaculate aculous \ak-y3-tas\ see acculus acy \a-se\ Basie, lacy, pace, precis, racy, spacey, Stacey, Stacy, Tracey, Tracy O'Casey prima facie, Sulawesi, Veronese

ada 2 \ad-a\ nada, sadhe, tsade Agada, Agade, Aggada, armada, cicada, gelada, Granada, Haggadah, Jumada, Nevada, panada, posada, tostada autostrada, empanada, enchilada, Ensenada, Theravada aficionada, Ponta Delgada, Vijayawada cascara sagrada, Sierra Nevada ada 3 \ad-s\ Ada, Veda armada, cicada, Grenada alameda Avellaneda

acyl \as-al\ see assel 2

adable \ad-3-bal\ gradable, tradable, wadable abradable, degradable, evadable, persuadable biodegradable

ad 1 \a\ see a 1

a'dah \ad-a\ see ada 1


ad \ad\ see od

adah \ad-a\ see ada 2


ad \ad\ ad, add, bad, bade, brad, cad, chad, Chad, clad, dad, fad, gad, Gad, glad, grad, had, lad, mad, pad, plaid, rad, sad, scad, shad, tad, Thad, trad Akkad, aoudad, Baghdad, Belgrade, Carlsbad, caudad, comrade, Conrad, crawdad, doodad, dorsad, dryad, dyad, egad, farad, footpad, forbade, gonad, granddad, heptad, hexad, horn-mad, ironclad, keypad, launchpad, maenad, Mashad, monad, naiad, nicad, nomad, notepad, pentad, pleiad, Sinbad, Sindbad, tetrad, thinclad, triad, triclad, Troad armor-clad, Ashkhabad, cephalad, chiliad, ennead, Galahad, hebdomad, helipad, Hyderabad, laterad, mediad, oread, overplaid, Pythiad, superadd, Trinidad, undergrad, Volgograd Allahabad, bromeliad, gesneriad, hamadryad, hispanidad, Kaliningrad, Kirovograd, olympiad, seminomad, Upanishad Voroshilovgrad ada 1 \ad-a\ Dada aficionada

adal \ad- 3 l\ see addle adam \ad-am\ Adam, madam macadam tarmacadam adams \ad-amz\ Adams —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at adam adan 1 \ad-n\ see adden adan 2 \ad-n\ see odden adant \ad- 3 nt\ cadent abradant, decadent add \ad\ see ad 3 adden \ad- 3 n\ gladden, madden, sadden Aladdin, Ibadan adder \ad-ar\ adder, bladder, ladder, madder stepladder —also -er forms of adjectives listed arad3 addie \ad-e\ see addy


11 addik \ad-ik\ see odic 3

addin \ad- n\ see adden adding \ad-irj\ cladding, madding, padding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ad 3 addish 1 \ad-ish\ see oddish addish 2 \ad-ish\ seeadish addison \ad-3-san\ Addison, Madison addle \ad- 3 l\ addle, paddle, raddle, saddle, staddle, straddle astraddle, foresaddle, gonadal, packsaddle, sidesaddle, skedaddle, unsaddle fiddle-faddle addler1 \ad-tor\ see oddler addler 2 \ad-tar\ saddler, paddler, straddler skedaddler addo \ad-6\ see adow addock 1 \ad-ik\ see adic 2 addock 2 \ad-ak\ haddock, paddock, shaddock addy1 \ad-e\ baddie, caddie, caddy, daddy, faddy, laddie, paddy forecaddie, granddaddy finnan haddie addy 2 \ad-e\ see ody1 ade 1 \ad\ aid, aide, bade, blade, braid, cade, clade, fade, glade, grade, jade, lade, laid, made, maid, paid, raid, rayed, shade, spade, stade, staid, suede, they'd, trade, wade, Wade abrade, afraid, aggrade, arcade, Band-Aid, barmaid, Belgrade, blockade, bondmaid, bridesmaid, brigade, brocade, cascade, Cascade, charade, cliched, cockade, corrade, cross-trade, crusade, decade, degrade, dissuade, downgrade, evade, eyeshade, fair-trade, forebade, gainsaid, glissade, grenade, handmade, handmaid,

homemade, housemaid, inlaid, invade, limeade, low-grade, man-made, mermaid, milkmaid, navaid, nightshade, nursemaid, outlaid, parade, persuade, pervade, plain-laid, pomade, postpaid, repaid, sacheted, scalade, sea-maid, self-made, shroudlaid, souffleed, stockade, sunshade, switchblade, tirade, torsade, twayblade, twice-laid, unbraid, unlade, unmade, unpaid, upbraid, upgrade, waylaid accolade, Adelaide, ambuscade, aquacade, autocade, balustrade, barricade, bastinade, cable-laid, cannonade, carronade, cavalcade, centigrade, chambermaid, chiffonade, colonnade, countertrade, custommade, dairymaid, defilade, enfilade, escalade, escapade, esplanade, everglade, fusillade, gallopade, gasconade, grant-in-aid, hawser-laid, intergrade, lemonade, marinade, marmalade, masquerade, medicaid, motorcade, orangeade, orthograde, overtrade, palisade, pasquinade, plantigrade, promenade, ready-made, renegade, retrograde, serenade, stockin-trade, tailor-made, underlaid fanfaronade, harlequinade, overpersuade, rodomontade ade 2 \ad\ see od ade 3 \ad\ see ad ade 4 \ad-a\ see ada 2 aded \ad-ad\ bladed arcaded, brocaded, cockaded colonnaded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ade1 adefess \ad-las\ fadeless, gradeless, shadeless adely \ad-le\ see adly aden 1 \ad- 3 n\ Aden, laden, maiden handmaiden, menhaden aden 2 \ad-an\ Aden Wiesbaden


adent adent \ad- 3 nt\ see adant

adient \ad-e-ant\ see adiant

ader \ad-ar\ aider, braider, cheder, fader, grader, heder, nadir, raider, seder, shader, spader, trader, wader blockader, crusader, degrader, dissuader, evader, invader, persuader masquerader, serenader

adies \ad-ez\ see ades 1

ades 1 \ad-ez\ ladies, Hades quaker-ladies ades 2 \adz\ AIDS, Glades Cascades antitrades, Everglades jack-of-all-trades —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ade

ading \ad-irj\ braiding, lading, shading arcading, degrading, downgrading, unfading —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ade 1 adir \ad-ar\ see ader adish \ad-ish\ caddish, faddish, radish horseradish adison \ad-9-san\ seeaddison

adge \ a j \ badge, cadge, hajj, Madge

adist 1 \6d-ast\ broadest, sawdust haggadist

adger \aj-ar\ badger, cadger

adist 2 \ad-ast\ see odest

adh \ad\ see od


ad he 1 \ad-a\ see ada 2 adhe 2 \ad-e\ see ody1 adia \ad-e-a\ stadia Acadia, arcadia, Arcadia, palladia

adium \ad-e-3m\ radium, stadium caladium, palladium, vanadium adle \ad- 3 l\ cradle, dreidel, ladle, wedel adley \ad-le\ see adly

adial \ad-e-al\ radial biradial interstadial

adly \ad-le\ badly, Bradley, gladly, madly, sadly comradely

adian \ad-e-9n\ Acadian, Akkadian, arcadian, Arcadian, Barbadian, Canadian, circadian, Orcadian, Palladian

adness \ad-nas\ badness, gladness, madness, sadness

adiant \ad-e-ant\ gradient, radiant adic 1 \ad-ik\ Vedic tornadic adic 2 \ad-ik\ Braddock, haddock, paddock balladic, dyadic, faradic, haggadic, hexadic, maenadic, monadic, nomadic, sporadic, tetradic, tornadic, triadic Iliadic seminomadic adie \ad-e\ see ady

ado 1 \ad-6\ bravado, camisado, carbonado, cruzado, Manado, mikado, passado, stoccado, strappado avocado, bastinado, Colorado, Coronado, desperado, El Dorado, hacendado amontillado, zapateado aficionado, incommunicado, Llano Estacado ado 2 \ad-6\ dado, credo crusado, gambado, strappado, teredo, tornado barricado, bastinado, camisado, carbonado, desperado, El Dorado fettuccine Alfredo



ados \a-dgs\ see adus

aena 2 \e-na\ see ina2

adow \ad-6\ Caddo, shadow foreshadow overshadow

aenia 1 \e-ne-a\ see enia 1

adrate \ad-rst\ see oderate

aens \a n s\ see ance 1

adre \ad-re\ see adery

aeon \e-an\ see ean 1

adrian \a-dre-an\ Adrian, Adrienne, Hadrian

aera \ir-a\ see era 2

adrienne \a-dre-sn\ see adrian adt \at\ see ot


aenia 2 \e-nya\ see enia 2

aere 1 \er-e\ see ary 1 aere 2 \ir-e\ see eary aerial1 \er-e-9l\ see arial

adual \aj-sl\ see agile adus \a-dss\ Padus Barbados —also -s, -'s, and -s'forms of nouns listed at ada ady \ad-e\ cedi, glady, lady, Sadie, shady forelady, landlady, milady, saleslady ae 1 \a\ see ay1

aerial 2 \ir-e-sl\ see erial aerie 1 \a-re\ aerie, aery, faerie, fairy aerie 2 \er-e\ see ary 1 aerie 3 \ir-e\ see eary aero 1 \er-6\ see ero 2 aero 2 \ar-6\ see arrow2 aeroe 1 \ar-6\ see arrow2

ae 2 \ e \ see ee 1

aeroe 2 \er-6\ see ero 2

ae 3 \ i \ see y1 aea \e-a\ see ia1 aean \e-an\ see ean 1

aery 1 \a-re\ see aerie 1 aery 2 \er-e\ see ary 1

aedal \ed- 3 l\ see eedle

aesar \e-zsr\ see easer 2

aedile \ed- 3 l\ see eedle

a e s e \a-za\ see esa 2

aedra \e-dra\ see edra

aestor \e-star\ see easter


aestus \es-tas\ see estis


aegis \e-jas\ see egis

aet \at\ see ate 1

ael \al\ see ail

aetor \et-ar\ see eater 1

aeli \a-le\ see aily

aeum \e-3m\ see eum 1

aelic 1 \al-ik\ see olic1

aeus \e-as\ see eus 1

aegis \a-jss\ see ageous


aelic \al-ik\ see allic

af \af\ see aph

aemon \e-man\ see emon 1

afe 1 \af\ chafe, safe, strafe, waif fail-safe, vouchsafe bathyscaphe


aen \a \ see ant


aena 1 \a-na\ scena faena

afe 2 \af\ see aph

afel afel \af-al\ offal, waffle falafel, pantofie, rijsttafel


aff \af \ see aph

statecraft, updraft, witchcraft, woodcraft countershaft, fore-and-aft, handicraft, Hovercraft, overdraft, rotorcraft, turboshaft, understaffed, watercraft antiaircraft

affable \af-9-bal\ affable, laughable

aftage \af-tij\ graftage, waftage

affe \af\ see aph

after \af-tar\ after, dafter, drafter, grafter, laughter, rafter hereafter, thereafter fore-and-after, handicrafter, hereinafter, thereinafter

afer \a-fsr\ chafer, safer, strafer, wafer cockchafer

affed \aft\ see aft2 affer1 \af-ar\ see offer1 affer2 \af-ar\ chaffer, gaffer, Kaffir, kafir, Kafir, laugher, staffer, zaffer paragrapher, polygrapher affia \af-e-a\ raffia agraphia affic \af-ik\ see aphic affick \af-ik\ see aphic affir \af-ar\ see affer2 affish \af-ish\ raffish giraffish affle1 \af-sl\ see afel affle2 \af-al\ baffle, raffle, snaffle affron \af-ran\ saffron Biafran affy \af-e\ chaffy, daffy, taffy afic \af-ik\ see aphic afir \af-ar\ see affer2 afran \af-ran\ see affron aft1 \aft\ toft, waft gemeinschaft, gesellschaft — also -ed forms of verbs listed at Off1

aft2 \aft\ aft, craft, daft, draft, graft, haft, kraft, raft, shaft, Taft, waft abaft, aircraft, campcraft, camshaft, crankshaft, engraft, handcraft, indraft, kingcraft, rockshaft, scoutcraft, seacraft, spacecraft, stagecraft,

aftness \af-nas\ daftness, Daphnis, halfness aftsman \af-sman\ craftsman, draftsman, raftsman handcraftsman handicraftsman afty \af-te\ crafty, drafty ag \ag\ bag, brag, crag, dag, drag, fag, flag, gag, hag, jag, lag, mag, nag, quag, rag, sag, scag, scrag, shag, slag, snag, sprag, stag, swag, tag, wag, YAG, zag beanbag, black-flag, chin-wag, dirtbag, dishrag, fleabag, gasbag, greylag, handbag, hangtag, mailbag, postbag, ragbag, ragtag, ratbag, sandbag, schoolbag, scumbag, seabag, sleazebag, washrag, wigwag, windbag, workbag, zigzag ballyrag, bullyrag, carpetbag, litterbag, lollygag, saddlebag, scalawag, tucker-bag aga 1 \ag-a\ quagga, raga, saga anlage, vorlage 's Gravenhage aga 2 \a-ga\ Vega bodega, omega rutabaga aga 3 \eg-a\ see ega 1 aga 4 \6-ga\ see auga agan \a-gsn\ see agin agar 1 \a-gar\ Hagar, jaeger



agar 2 \ag-ar\ see ogger 1 3

agar \9g-sr\ see ugger


agary \ag-a-re\ see aggery agate \ag-at\ see aggot age 1 \ a j \ dodge, lodge, raj, stodge, wodge barrage, collage, corsage, dislodge, garage, hodgepodge, Karaj, massage, swaraj camouflage espionage counterespionage 2

age \azh\ plage assuage, barrage, collage, corsage, dressage, frottage, gavage, lavage, massage, menage, mirage, montage, moulage, portage, potage, treillage, triage arbitrage, assemblage, badinage, bon voyage, bricolage, cabotage, camouflage, colportage, curettage, decoupage, empennage, enfleurage, entourage, fuselage, Hermitage, maquillage, persiflage, repechage, sabotage, vernissage decolletage, espionage, photomontage, rite de passage counterespionage age 3 \ a j \ age, cage, gage, Gage, gauge, mage, page, rage, sage, stage, swage, wage assuage, backstage, birdcage, broadgauge, downstage, encage, engage, enrage, forestage, front-page, greengage, offstage, onstage, Osage, outrage, presage, rampage, restage, soundstage, space-age, substage, teenage, uncage, upstage disengage, multistage, ossifrage, overage, saxifrage, underage

age 4 \ag\ see eg1 age5 \azh\ see eige1 age 6 \ag-s\ see aga1

ageable \a-j3-bal\ gaugeable, stageable unassuageable aged \ajd\ aged, gauged broad-gauged, engaged, unpaged middle-aged —also -ed forms of verbs listed at age 3 agel \a-gsl\ bagel, Hegel, plagal finagle, inveigle wallydraigle ageless \aj-las\ ageless, wageless agen 1 \a-gsn\ see agin agen 2 \a-gsn\ see oggin agenous \aj-3-nas\ see aginous a g e o u s \a-jas\ aegis ambagious, courageous, contagious, outrageous, rampageous, umbrageous advantageous disadvantageous ager 1 \a-jar\ gauger, major, Major, pager, stager, wager teenager Canis Major, golden-ager, middleager, Ursa Major ager 2 \ag-sr\ see ogger 1 agey \a-je\ see agy agga \ag-a\ see aga 1 aggar \ag-ar\ see ogger 1 aggard \ag-ard\ blackguard, haggard, laggard agged \ag-ad\ cragged, jagged, ragged agger \ag-ar\ bagger, bragger, dagger, dragger, gagger, j agger, lagger, nagger, sagger, stagger, swagger, wagger foot dragger, four-bagger, onebagger, sandbagger, three-bagger, twobagger carpetbagger


aggery aggery \ag-a-re\ jaggery, staggery, vagary, waggery carpetbaggery aggie \ag-e\ see aggy 2

aginous \aj-3-nas\ collagenous, farraginous, plumbaginous, viraginous cartilaginous, mucilaginous, oleaginous

agging \ag-irj\ bagging, flagging, lagging, nagging brown bagging, foot-dragging, unflagging carpetbagging —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ag

agion \a-jan\ See ajun

aggish \ag-ish\ haggish, waggish

agm \am\ see am 2

aggie \ag-al\ draggle, gaggle, haggle, raggle, straggle, waggle bedraggle raggle-taggle aggly \ag-le\ scraggly, straggly, waggly

agious \a-jas\ see ageous aglia 1 \al-ya\ see ahlia1 aglia 2 \al-ya\ see alue aglio \al-yo\ intaglio, seraglio

agma \ag-ma\ magma syntagma agman Xag-manX bagman, flagman, swagman agna \an-ys\ see ania 1

aggot \ag-st\ agate, faggot, fagot, maggot

agne \an\ see ane 1

aggy 1 \ag-e\ see oggy1

agnes \ag-nss\ Agnes Albertus Magnus

aggy 2 \ag-e\ aggie, baggy, braggy, craggy, draggy, jaggy, quaggy, ragi, scraggy, shaggy, snaggy, staggy, swaggy agh \ a \ see a 1 agi 1 \ag-e\ see oggy 1 agi 2 \ag-e\ see aggy 2 agian \a-jan\ see ajun agic \aj-ik\ magic, tragic choragic, pelagic agile \aj-al\ agile, fragile, gradual, vagile agin \a-gan\ fagin, pagan, Reagan Copenhagen aginal \aj-an- 3 l\ paginal, vaginal imaginal aging \a-jirj\ aging, raging, staging unaging —also -ing forms of verbs listed at


agnum \ag-nam\ magnum, sphagnum agnus \ag-nas\ see agnes ago 1 \ag-6\ lago Chicago, farrago, galago, virago Asiago, Calinago, Santiago, solidago ago 2 \a-go\ sago farrago, galago, imago, lumbago, plumbago, sapsago, Tobago, virago solidago, San Diego Tierra del Fuego ago 3 \arj-go\ see ongo agon \ag-an\ dragon, flagon, lagan, wagon bandwagon, jolt-wagon, Pendragon, snapdragon battlewagon agonal \ag-sn- 3 l\ agonal diagonal, heptagonal, hexagonal, octagonal, pentagonal, tetragonal



agora \ag-9-ra\ agora mandragora

ahlia1 \al-yg\ dahlia passacaglia

agoras \ag-9-rgs\ Protagoras, Pythagoras

ahlia 2 \al-yg\ see alue ahlia 3 \a-le-a\ see alia1

agot \ag-at\ seeaggot

ahma 1 \a-ma\ see ama 3

agrance \a-gr9ns\ flagrance, fragrance

ahma 2 \am-a\ see ama 1

agrancy \a-gr9n-se\ flagrancy, fragrancy, vagrancy

ahma 3 \am-a\ see ama 2 ahman 1 \am-an\ see ommon ahman 2 \am-an\ see ammon

agrant \a-grgnt\ flagrant, fragrant, vagrant conflagrant

ahn \an\ see on 1

agster \ag-st9r\ dragster, gagster

ahms \amz\ see alms

agua \ag-wg\ majagua, Managua, piragua Aconcagua, Nicaragua ague 1 \ag\ see eg 1 ague 2 \ag\ see og 1 aguey \eg-e\ see eggy agus \a-ggs\ magus, Tagus choragus, Las Vegas Simon Magus agy \a-je\ cagey, Meiji, stagy 1

ah \a\ see a

ahnda \an-da\ see onda ahr \ar\ see ar 3 ahru \a-rii\ see aru aht \at\ see ot1 ahua \a-wa\ see awa 1 ahum \a-am\ Graham, mayhem, Nahum Te Deum ahveh \a-va\ seeave 1 ai1 \ a \ see ay1



ah \ 6 \ see aw

ai 2 \ e \ see ee 1 1


ah \a\ baa, nah pas de chat aha \a-ha\ Baja, Naha, Praha aham \a-9m\ see ahum

ai 3 \I\ see y1 ai 4 \6i\ see oy ai 5 \a-e\ see aii a'i \ i \ seey 1

ahdom \ad-9m\ see odom

aia1 \a-a\ Freya Aglaia, cattleya, Hosea, Isaiah, Noumea Himalaya, Kilauea, Mauna Kea, Meghalaya

ahib \ a b \ seeob 1

aia 2 \I-a\ see iah1

ahl \al\ seeal 1

aiad 1 \a-ad\ naiad, pleiad

abler \al-9r\ see ollar

aiad 2 \l-sd\ see yad

ahd \ad\ seeod 1 ahdi \ad-e\ see ody1



aiah \a-a\ see aia aias \a-as\ see ais

aiga \I-ga\ taiga Auriga


aic \a-ik\ laic alcaic, Altaic, archaic, Chaldaic, deltaic, Hebraic, Incaic, Judaic, Mishnaic, Mithraic, mosaic, Mosaic, prosaic, Romaic, spondaic, stanzaic, trochaic, voltaic algebraic, Aramaic, Cyrenaic, faradaic, formulaic, pharisaic, Ptolemaic apotropaic, paradisaic, photomosaic, Ural-Altaic aica \a-3-k-a\ Judaica Cyrenaica

aigh \ak\ laigh, quaich aight \at\ see ate 1 aighten \at- 3 n\ see aten 1 aightly \at-le\ see ately1 aign \an\ see ane 1 aigne \an\ see ane 1 aignment Xan-mantA see ainment aii \a-e\ Hawaii, Tubuai aiian \a-yan\ zayin Hawaiian

aical \a-3-kal\ laical Pharisaical paradisaical

aijin \I-jen\ gaijin, hygiene

aice \as\ see ace 1

aika \i-ka\ see ica1

aich \ak\ see aigh aiche \esh\ see esh


aicos \a-kas\ see ecas aid1 \ad\ see ade 1 aid 2 \ed\ see ead 1 aid 3 \ad\ see ad aida \i-da\ see ida2 aide 1 \ad\ see ade 1 aide 2 \Id-e\ see iday aiden \ad- 3 n\ see aden aider \ad-ar\ see ader aiding \ad-irj\ see ading aido \I-do\ see ido1 aids \adz\ see ades 2 aiety \a-at-e\ see aity aif \af\ see afe1 aig \ag\ see eg 1

aik \Ik\ see ike2

ail \al\ ail, ale, baal, bail, bale, brail, braille, Braille, dale, Dale, drail, fail, flail, frail, Gael, gale, Gale, Gayle, grail, hail, hale, Hale, jail, kale, mail, male, nail, pail, pale, quail, Quayle, rail, sail, sale, scale, shale, snail, stale, swale, tael, tail, taille, tale, they'll, trail, vail, vale, veil, wail, wale, whale, Yale abseil, airmail, assail, avail, bangtail, bewail, blackmail, blacktail, bobtail, broadscale, broadtail, bucktail, canaille, cattail, Clydesdale, coattail, cocktail, contrail, curtail, derail, detail, doornail, dovetail, downscale, ducktail, E-mail, entail, exhale, fantail, female, fishtail, folktale, foresail, foxtail, full-scale, Glendale, greenmail, guardrail, Hallel, handrail, hangnail, headsail, hightail, hobnail, horntail, horsetail, impale, inhale, Longueuil, lugsail, mainsail, oxtail, pass-fail, percale, pigtail, pintail, pinwale, portrayal, prevail, rattail, regale, resale, rescale, retail, ringtail, Sangreal, sei whale, shavetail, shirttail, skysail, small-scale, springtail, spritsail, staysail, surveil,


19 swordtail, taffrail, telltale, thumbnail, timescale, toenail, topsail, travail, treenail, trysail, unnail, unveil, upscale, ventail, wagtail, wassail, whitetail, wholesale abigail, Abigail, aventail, betrayal, bristletail, Chippendale, Corriedale, cottontail, countervail, defrayal, disentail, draggle-tail, farthingale, fingernail, flickertail, forestaysail, gaff-topsail, galingale, martingale, monorail, montadale, nightingale, Nightingale, overscale, ponytail, romeldale, scissortail, swallowtail, tattletale, tripletail, trundle-tail, yellowtail self-betrayal, Fort Lauderdale, Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail

ailing \a-lirj\ failing, grayling, mailing, paling, railing, sailing, tailing, veiling, whaling boardsailing, prevailing, retailing, self-mailing, unfailing parasailing, unavailing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ail

ailable \a-l3-bal\ bailable, mailable, sailable, salable, scalable assailable, available, resalable unassailable

ailment \al-m3nt\ ailment, bailment curtailment, derailment, entailment, impalement

ailand \i-tand\ see ighland ailant \a-tont\ see alant aile \I-le\ seeyly ailed \ald\ mailed, nailed, sailed, scaled, tailed, veiled detailed, engrailed, hobnailed, pigtailed, ring-tailed, unveiled ponytailed, swallow-tailed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ail ailer \a-lar\ alar, bailer, bailor, baler, hailer, jailer, mailer, malar, nailer, sailer, sailor, scalar, scaler, tailer, tailor, Taylor, trailer, wailer, waler, whaler blackmailer, curtailer, derailleur, detailer, entailer, inhaler, loud-haler, retailer, wassailer, wholesaler semitrailer —also -er forms of adjectives listed a/ail

aille1 \al\ see ail aille 2 \l\ see y1 aille 3 \fl\ see ile1 aille 4 \a-ya\ see aya 1 aides \I\ see y1 ailleur \ a - b r \ see ailer

ailor \a-lar\ see ailer ails \alz\ see ales ailsman \alz-man\ see alesman aily \a-le\ bailey, Bailey, bailie, daily, gaily, grayly, paly, scaly, shaley, wally Bareilly, Bareli, Disraeli, Israeli, shillelagh triticale, ukulele aim \am\ see ame 1 aima \i-ma\ seeyma aimable Xa-ma-balX see amable aiman Xa-marA see amen 1 aimant \a-m9nt\ see ayment aiment \a-mant\ see ayment

ailie \a-le\ see aily

aimer Xa-msrX blamer, claimer, flamer, framer, gamer, tamer declaimer, defamer, disclaimer, exclaimer —also -er forms of adjectives listed a? ame 1

ailiff \a-laf \ bailiff, caliph

aimless \am-tas\ see ameless

ailey \a-le\ see aily ailful \al-fal\ see aleful


am ain1 \a-an\ see ayan 1 2

ain \an\ see ane


ain 3 \en\ see en 1 ain 4 \in\ see in1 ain 5 \In\ see ine1 ain 6 \a n \ see in4 aina \I-na\ see ina1 ainable Xa-na-balX stainable, trainable attainable, containable, explainable, maintainable, restrainable, retrainable, sustainable inexplainable ainder \an-dar\ attainder, remainder aine 1 \an\ see ane 1 aine 2 \en\ see en 1 ained \and\ brained, caned, craned, drained, grained, maned, pained, paned, stained, strained, vaned, veined birdbrained, bloodstained, closegrained, coarse-grained, crackbrained, cross-grained, edge-grained, harebrained, ingrained, lamebrained, mad-brained, membraned, restrained, tearstained, unfeigned featherbrained, rattlebrained, scatterbrained, self-contained, unrestrained —also -ed forms of verbs listed at


ainer \a-nar\ caner, drainer, feigner, gainer, planar, planer, seiner, stainer, strainer, trainer, veiner campaigner, complainer, container, coplanar, cordwainer, detainer, lupanar, maintainer, ordainer, profaner, restrainer, retainer, sustainer, Trakehner entertainer —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ane 1 ainful \an-f9l\ baneful, gainful, painful disdainful

aininess \a-ne-nas\ braininess, graininess aining \a-nirj\ veining complaining, sustaining self-sustaining, uncomplaining — also -ing forms of verbs listed at ane1 ainish \a-nish\ brainish, Danish, swainish ainless \an-las\ brainless, painless, stainless ainly \an-le\ mainly, plainly, thegnly, vainly humanely, insanely, profanely, ungainly inhumanely ainment Xan-msntX arraignment, attainment, containment, detainment, detrainment, enchainment, entrainment, ordainment, refrainment entertainment, preordainment, selfcontainment aino \I-no\ see ino1 ains \anz\ Keynes, reins cremains, Great Plains, Mains Plains, remains —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ane ainsman \anz-man\ plainsman, reinsman aint \ant\ ain't, faint, feint, mayn't, paint, plaint, quaint, saint, taint, 'tain't acquaint, attaint, bepaint, complaint, constraint, distraint, greasepaint, impaint, restraint unconstraint, unrestraint ain't \ant\ see aint ainting \an-tin\ underpainting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at aint aintly \ant-le\ faintly, quaintly, saintly



ainy \a-ne\ brainy, grainy, meiny, rainy, veiny, zany Allegheny

unawares —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at are 4

ainz \inz\ see ines 3

airy1 \er-e\ see ary 1

aipse \aps\ see apes

airy2 \a-re\ see aerie 1

air1 \er\ see are 4 air2 \lr\ see ire1

ais 1 \a-as\ dais, Laius Isaias Menelaus

aira \I-ra\ see yra

ais 2 \ a \ see ay1

aird \erd\ see aired

aisal 1 \a-zal\ seeasal 2


aire \er\ see are 2

aire \ir\ see eer 3

aire \Ir\ see ire


aisal 2 \I-S3l\ see isal1


aisance \as- 3 ns\ see ascence 1


aisant \as- a nt\ see acent

aired \ard\ caird, haired, laird fair-haired, impaired, long-haired, misleared, prepared, shorthaired, unpaired wirehaired multilayered, underprepared, unimpaired —also -ed forms of verbs listed at are 4 airer \er-ar\ see earer 1 1

aires \er\ see are

aise 2 \ez\ see ays 1 aisement \az-m3nt\ see azement aiser 1 \a-zar\ see azer aiser 2 \I-zar\ see izer aisian \a-zhan\ see asion aisin \az- 3 n\ seeazon


aires 2 \ar-es\ see ares 2 airess 1 \er-as\ see errous airess 2 \ar-as\ see aris 2 airie \er-e\ see ary 1 airing \er-irj\ see aring 1 airish \er-ish\ see arish

aise 1 \az\ see aze 1


airist \er-ast\ see arist airly \er-le\ fairly, ferlie, rarely, squarely

aising \a-zirj\ braising, glazing, hazing, phrasing appraising, fund-raising, hair-raising, hell-raising, house-raising, stargazing, trailblazing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at aze 1 aisle \I1\ see ile1 aisley \az-le\ paisley nasally aisne \an\ see ane 1 aisse \as\ see ace 1

aim \ern\ see ern 1

aisson \as- 9 n\ see ason 1

airo \I-ro\ seeyro 1

aist 1 \a-ast\ seeayest

airs \erz\ theirs backstairs, downstairs, nowheres, somewheres, upstairs

aist 2 \ast\ see aced aist 3 \ast\ see ost 1


aisy aisy \a-ze\ see azy

aj \ a j \ see age 1

ait1 \a\ see ay1

aja1 \a-ha\ see aha

ait2 \at\ see ate 1

aja 2 \I-a\ see iah1

ait3 \It\ see ite1

ajan \a-jan\ see ajun

ait4 \at\ see at 5

ajj \ a j \ see adge

aite \It\ see ite1

ajor \a-jar\ see ager 1

aited \at-ad\ see ated

ajos \a-ss\ see ais 1

aiten \at- 3 n\ see aten 1

ajun \a-jan\ Cajun, Trajan contagion, Pelagian, reagin

aiter \at-ar\ see ator aith \ath\ eighth, faith, Faith, saithe, scathe, wraith unfaith interfaith aithe \ath\ see aith aithless \ath-tas\ faithless, natheless aiti \at-e\ see aty

ak1 \ak\ see ock ak2 \ak\ see ack aka1 \ak-a\ Dacca, Dhaka, kaka, paca, taka Lusaka, maraca, medaka, Oaxaca, Osaka, pataca Mbandaka, saltimbocca, Toyonaka Lake Titicaca Higashiosaka

aitian \a-shan\ see ation1

aka 2 \ak-s\ see aca 2

aiting \at-irj\ see ating

aitor \at-sr\ see ator

akable Xa-ka-balX breakable, makable, shakable mistakable, unslakable unmistakable

aitorous \at-3-rss\ see ateress

akan1 \ak-an\ seeaken 2

aitour \at-ar\ see ator

akan 2 \ak-an\ see acken

aitress \a-tras\ traitress, waitress aviatress

akar \ak-sr\ see ocker

aitly \at-le\ see ately1

aity \a-at-e\ deity, gaiety, laity corporeity, spontaneity, synchroneity diaphaneity contemporaneity, extemporaneity aius 1 \a-as\ see ais 1 aius 2 \i-3s\ see ias 1 aiva \i-vs\ see iva1 aive \av\ see ave 2 aix \a\ see ay1 aize \az\ seeaze 1

ake 1 \ak\ ache, bake, Blake, brake, break, cake, crake, drake, Drake, fake, flake, hake, jake, Jake, lake, make, quake, rake, sake, shake, sheikh, slake, snake, spake, stake, steak, strake, take, wake, Wake awake, backache, beefcake, beefsteak, betake, blacksnake, canebrake, caretake, cheesecake, clambake, corncrake, cupcake, daybreak, earache, earthquake, firebreak, firedrake, forsake, friedcake, fruitcake, grubstake, handshake, headache, heartache, heartbreak, hoecake, hotcake, housebreak, intake,



jailbreak, keepsake, lapstrake, mandrake, Marsquake, mistake, moonquake, muckrake, namesake, newsbreak, oatcake, opaque, outbreak, outtake, Pan-Cake, pancake, partake, remake, retake, rewake, seaquake, seedcake, sheldrake, shortcake, snowflake, sweepstake, toothache, unmake, uptake, windbreak, youthquake bellyache, give-and-take, halterbreak, johnnycake, kittiwake, make-or-break, microquake, overtake, pat-a-cake, patty-cake, put-and-take, rattlesnake, stomachache, undertake, wapentake, wideawake semiopaque ake 2 \ak\ see ack 2 ake 3 \ak-e\ see ocky aked \akt\ awaked, half-baked, ringstraked, sunbaked —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ake 1 akeless \a-klas\ brakeless, wakeless aken 1 \a-kan\ bacon, Bacon, Macon, shaken, taken, waken awaken, betaken, forsaken, mistaken, partaken, retaken, rewaken, well-taken godforsaken, overtaken, undertaken 2

aken \ak-an\ kraken Arawakan aker1 \a-kar\ acre, baker, breaker, faker, laker, maker, nacre, quaker, Quaker, raker, saker, shaker, taker, waker backbreaker, bookmaker, caretaker, carmaker, comaker, dressmaker, drugmaker, earthshaker, filmmaker, glassmaker, groundbreaker, grubstaker, hatmaker, haymaker, heartbreaker, homemaker, housebreaker, icebreaker, jawbreaker, kingmaker, lawbreaker, lawmaker, mapmaker, matchmaker, mistaker, muckraker, mythmaker, noisemaker, oddsmaker, pacemaker, peacemaker,

phrasemaker, platemaker, playmaker, printmaker, rainmaker, saltshaker, shirtmaker, shoemaker, snowmaker, stavesacre, steelmaker, strikebreaker, tastemaker, tiebreaker, toolmaker, trailbreaker, watchmaker, windbreaker, wiseacre automaker, bellyacher, boilermaker, merrymaker, moneymaker, moviemaker, papermaker, simulacre, troublemaker, undertaker cabinetmaker, holidaymaker, policymaker aker 2 \ak-ar\ see acker akery \a-kre\ bakery, fakery akes \aks\ jakes cornflakes, Great Lakes, sweepstakes —also -s, -'s and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ake ake-up \a-kap\ break-up, breakup, make-up, makeup, shake-up, shakeup, take-up, wake-up akey \a-ke\ see aky akh1 \ak\ seeock 1 akh 2 \ak\ see ack aki1 \ak-e\ see ocky aki 2 \ak-e\ see acky akian \ak-e-an\ see ockian akic \ak-ik\ see acchic aking 1 \a-kirj\ aching, making, waking bookmaking, breathtaking, caretaking, dressmaking, earthshaking, filmmaking, glassmaking, groundbreaking, heartbreaking, housebreaking, lawbreaking, lawmaking, leave-taking, lovemaking, mapmaking, matchmaking, mythmaking, noisemaking, pacemaking, painstaking, pathbreaking, peacemaking, phrasemaking, printmaking, rainmaking,


aking snowmaking, stocktaking, strikebreaking, toolmaking, watchmaking, world-shaking merrymaking, moneymaking, moviemaking, papermaking, undertaking cabinetmaking, policymaking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ake 1 aking 2 \ak-in\ see acking ako 1 \ak-6\ see occo ako 2 \ak-6\ shako, wacko tobacco aku \ak-ii\ Bunraku, gagaku, nunchaku akum \a-kam\ vade mecum shalom aleichem aky \a-ke\ achy, braky, cakey, flaky, laky, shaky, snaky headachy al1 \al\ Bale, col, dahl, dal, doll, loll, moll, nal, pol, sol, Sol, Taal, toile Algol, atoll, austral, Baikal, Bhopal, cabal, Chagall, chorale, grand mal, gun moll, hamal, jacal, mistral, narwhal, Natal, nopal, Pascal, petrol, quetzal, real, rial, riyal, Shawwal, tical, timbale, Transvaal a cheval, aerosol, Emmenthal, falderal, femme fatale, folderol, Heyerdahl, parasol, pastoral, pastorale, protocol, Provencal, Simmental, urial, Wuppertal entente cordiale, Neanderthal, proces-verbal, sublittoral succes de scandale

bacchanal, caracal, chaparral, femme fatale, musicale, pastoral, pastorale, pedocal, rationale, retinal, Seconal Guadalcanal, kilopascal, sublittoral ala1 \al-a\ a la, Allah, gala ala 2 \al-a\ Allah, olla, tala, wallah cabala, cantala, Chapala, chuckwalla, cicala, corolla, Douala, halala, Kampala, koala, Lingala, marsala, nyala, tambala, Tlaxcala, Valhalla, Walhalla ayotollah, Guatemala, Gujranwala ala 3 \a-la\ ala, gala Venezuela, zarzuela ala 4 \al-a\ see allow alaam \a-lam\ Balaam, golem, Salem Winston-Salem alable \a-l3-bal\ see ailable alace \al-as\ see alis 2 alad \al-ad\ seealid 2 alam \al-3m\ see olumn alamine Xal-a-msnX allemande, calamine alan \al-an\ see allon alance \al-ans\ balance, valance imbalance, outbalance, unbalance counterbalance, overbalance

al 2 \el\ see el1

alant \a-lant\ assailant, bivalent, covalent, exhalent, inhalant, surveillant, trivalent multivalent, pentavalent, quadrivalent, tetravalent, univalent

al 3 \61\ see all

alap \al-ap\ see allop 2

al 4 \al\ Al, gal, Hal, pal, rale, sal, Val banal, cabal, canal, Chagall, chorale, copal, corral, decal, fal-lal, grand mal, joual, La Salle, Laval, locale, mescal, moral, morale, nopal, pall-mall, pascal, percale, quetzal, salal, serval, vinal

alar \a-lsr\ see ailer alary1 \al-re\ see allery alary2 \al-3-re\ calorie, gallery, Mallory, Malory, salary, Valerie, Valery kilocalorie



alas \al-as\ see alis 2 alate \al-at\ see allet

alends \al-anz\ see allans 2

alcon 1 \6-kan\ see alkin1 2

alcon \al-kan\ falcon, gyrfalcon, grimalkin aid1 \61d\ bald, scald, skald, walled close-hauled, keelhauled, kobold, piebald, ribald, skewbald, so-called, sunscald Archibald, coveralled, overalled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at all aid 2 \61t\ see alt alder \61-dar\ alder, balder, Balder aldi \61-de\ Bartholdi, Vivaldi Garibaldi

alent 1 \al-ant\ see allant alent 2 \a-lant\ see alant alep \al-3p\ see allop 2 aler1 \a-lar\ see ailer aler 2 \al-ar\ see ollar alerie \al-9-re\ see alary 2 alery \al-a-re\ see alary 2 ales 1 \alz\ sales, Wales entrails, Marseilles New South Wales, Prince of Wales cat-o'-nine-tails —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ail

aldron \61-drgn\ aldron, caldron, cauldron, chaldron

ales 2 \al-9s\ see olis

ale 1 \a-le\ see aily

alesman \alz-m9n\ bailsman, dalesman, salesman, talesman

ale 2 \al\ see ail ale 3 \al\ see al ale 4 \al\ see al ale 5 \al-e\ see oily ale 6 \al-e\ see ally4 alea \a-le-a\ see alia1 aleck1 \el-ik\ see elic2 aleck 2 \al-ik\ see allic aled \ald\ see ailed

alet \al-at\ see allet2 alette \al-at\ see allet2 aley \a-le\ see aily alf \af \ see aph alfa \al-fa\ see alpha alfness \af-nas\ see aftness algia \al-j9\ neuralgia, nostalgia ali1 \al-e\ see oily

aleful \al-fgl\ baleful, wailful

ali 2 \al-e\ see ally

aleigh 1 \al-e\ see oily1

ali 3 \6-le\ see awly

aleigh 2 \61-e\ see awly

ali4 \a-le\ see aily

alem \a-tam\ see alaam

alia1 \a-le-s\ dahlia Australia, azalea, battalia, realia, regalia, vedalia, Westphalia bacchanalia, genitalia, glossolalia, inter alia, Lupercalia, marginalia, penetralia, saturnalia Orientalia, paraphernalia

alement Xal-msntX see ailment alen \a-lsn\ see ollen5 alence \a-l9ns\ valence surveillance

alia alia 2 \al-ya\ dahlia battalia, et alia passacaglia alian1 \a-le-an\ alien Australian, Daedalian, Deucalion, Hegelian, mammalian, Pygmalion, Uralian bacchanalian, Lupercalian, saturnalian Episcopalian, sesquipedalian, tatterdemalion alian 2 \al-yan\ see allion alic \al-ik\ see allic alice \al-as\ see alis 2 alid1 \al-sd\ see olid alid 2 \al-ad\ ballad, pallid, salad, valid invalid alie \al-ya\ see ahlia1 alien \a-le-an\ see alian1 aling \a-lirj\ see ailing alinist \al-3-nast\ see olonist alinn \al-an\ see allon alion 1 \a-le-sn\ see alian1 alion 2 \al-yan\ see allion aliph \a-lsf\ see ail iff alis 1 \a-tas\ see ayless alis 2 \al-as\ Alice, balas, callous, callus, chalice, Dallas, gallus, malice, palace, Pallas, phallus, talus, thallous, thallus oxalis digitalis hemerocallis aurora borealis, Corona Borealis alist \al-9st\ ballast, callused, gallused cabalist, sodalist ality1 \al-3t-e\ jollity, polity, quality equality, frivolity coequality, inequality

26 ality2 \al-9t-e\ anality, banality, brutality, carnality, causality, centrality, duality, extrality, fatality, feudality, finality, formality, frontality, frugality, legality, locality, mentality, modality, morality, mortality, nasality, natality, neutrality, nodality, orality, plurality, primality, rascality, reality, regality, rurality, sodality, tonality, totality, venality, vitality, vocality abnormality, actuality, amorality, animality, atonality, axiality, bestiality, bimodality, bipedality, cardinality, classicality, coevality, comicality, commonality, communality, conjugality, cordiality, corporality, criminality, criticality, ethicality, externality, factuality, farcicality, fictionality, functionality, generality, geniality, hospitality, ideality, illegality, immorality, immortality, informality, integrality, internality, irreality, lexicality, liberality, lineality, literality, logicality, musicality, mutuality, nationality, notionality, nuptiality, optimality, partiality, personality, physicality, principality, punctuality, rationality, seasonality, sexuality, sociality, spaciality, speciality, subnormality, technicality, temporality, topicality, triviality, unmorality, unreality, verticality, virtuality, whimsicality asexuality, atypicality, bisexuality, collaterality, collegiality, colloquiality, commerciality, conceptuality, conditionality, congeniality, connaturality, conventionality, conviviality, corporeality, dimensionality, directionality, effectuality, emotionality, ephemerality, equivocality, essentiality, ethereality, eventuality, exceptionality, extensionality, fantasticality, grammaticality, illiberality, illogicality, impersonality, impracticality, inhospitality, instrumentality, irrationality, materiality, microtonality, monumentality, municipality, originality, orthogonality,

27 pansexuality, paranormality, polytonality, potentiality, provinciality, self-partiality, sentimentality, spirituality, substantiality, theatricality, transexuality, triaxiality, universality, veridicality ambisexuality, artificiality, circumstantiality, confidentiality, consequentiality, constitutionality, homosexuality, hypersexuality, immateriality, individuality, ineffectuality, insubstantiality, intellectuality, internationality, intersexuality, paradoxicality, psychosexuality, referentiality, superficiality, supranationality, territoriality, tridimensionality, twodimensionality, uncongeniality, unconventionality, ungrammaticality, unisexuality, unsubstantiality exterritoriality, heterosexuality, inconsequentiality, unconstitutionality, unidimensionality extraterritoriality alium \al-e-3m\ see allium alius \a-le-as\ alius Sibelius alk \6k\ auk, balk, calk, caulk, chalk, gawk, hawk, Koch, Salk, Sauk, squawk, stalk, talk, walk Bartok, Black Hawk, bemock, boardwalk, cakewalk, catwalk, chalktalk, cornstalk, crosswalk, duckwalk, eyestalk, fast-talk, goshawk, jaywalk, langue d'oc, leafstalk, Mohawk, nighthawk, Norfolk, outtalk, ropewalk, shoptalk, sidewalk, skywalk, sleepwalk, Suffolk, sweet-talk belle epoque, catafalque, doubletalk, Swainson's hawk, tomahawk alkan \61-k9n\ see alkin1 alker \6-kar\ balker, caulker, gawker, hawker, squawker, stalker, walker cakewalker, deerstalker, floorwalker, jayhawker, jaywalker, nightwalker, ropewalker, sleepwalker, spacewalker, streetwalker, trackwalker double-talker

all alkie \6-ke\ balky, chalky, gawky, gnocchi, pawky, stalky, talkie, talky Milwaukee Handie-Talkie, walkie-talkie Winnipesaukee alkin1 \6-ksn\ Balkan, falcon, malkin grimalkin, gyrfalcon alkin 2 \al-k9n\ see alcon 2 alking \6-kirj\ caulking, walking racewalking, spacewalking, streetwalking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at alk

alkland \6k-tand\ see auckland alky \6-ke\ see alkie all1 \61\ all, awl, ball, bawl, brawl, call, caul, crawl, doll, drawl, fall, Gall, Gaul, hall, Hall, haul, kraal, mall, maul, moll, pall, Paul, pawl, Saul, scall, scrawl, shawl, small, Sol, spall, sprawl, squall, stall, tall, thrall, trawl, wall, y'all, yauld, yawl Algol, ALGOL, appall, argol, air ball, ashfall, at all, atoll, AWOL, baseball, Baikal, beanball, befall, Bengal, best-ball, birdcall, blackball, Bokmal, bookstall, boxhaul, bradawl, broomball, catcall, catchall, COBOL, cornball, Cornwall, cure-all, curveball, deadfall, de Gaulle, dewfall, dodgeball, downfall, downhaul, drywall, enthrall, eyeball, fastball, fireball, floodwall, football, footfall, footstall, footwall, forestall, forkball, four-ball, free-fall, gadwall, goofball, googol, grease ball, guildhall, hair ball, handball, hardball, headstall, heelball, highball, holdall, icefall, install, keelhaul, know-all, landfall, Landsmal, line-haul, lowball, meatball, menthol, Metol, miscall, mothball, naphthol, Nepal, nightfall, nutgall, oddball, outfall, outhaul, pitfall, plimsoll, pratfall, pub-crawl, puffball, punchball, pushball, rainfall, rainsquall, recall, rial, Riksmal, riyal,



rockfall, rorqual, Saint Paul, save-all, screwball, seawall, short-haul, shortfall, sidewall, sleazeball, slimeball, snowball, snowfall, softball, speedball, spitball, Stendhal, stickball, stonewall, stoopball, T-ball, tell-all, three-ball, trackball, Tyrol, Walsall, what all, Whitehall, whitewall, windfall, windgall, withal, withdrawal, you-all aerosol, alcohol, barbital, basketball, bucky ball, butterball, buttonball, cannonball, carryall, caterwaul, coverall, coverall, Demerol, disenthrall, Donegal, entresol, evenfall, free-forall, gasohol, girasole, Grand Guignol, haute ecole, know-it-all, knuckleball, Komsomol, methanol, minie ball, Montreal, Nembutal, overall, overcall, overhaul, paddleball, parasol, Parsifal, Pentothal, protocol, racquetball, Seconal, Senegal, superball, tattersall, tetherball, therewithal, timolol, volleyball, waterfall, wherewithal cholesterol, Costa del Sol, Mariupol, Massif Central, Neanderthal, Sevastopol, Transalpine Gaul, Vincent de Paul be-all and end-all 2

all \al\ see al


all 3 \al\ see al 4 alia1 \al-a\ see ala 2 alia 2 \al-a\ see allow4

allans \al-9nz\ calends, Lallans —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at allon allant \al-9nt\ callant, gallant, talent topgallant fore-topgallant alias \al-9s\ seealis 2 allasey \al-s-se\ see olicy allast \al-ast\ see alist alle 1 \al\ see al alle 2 \al-e\ see ally4 alle 3 \al-e\ see oily ailed \61d\ see aid allee \al-e\ see ally4 allemande Xal-a-msnX see alamine alien 1 \6-lan\ fallen, stollen befallen, chapfallen, chopfallen, crestfallen, downfallen, tarpaulin unfallen alien 2 \al-an\ see allon aller1 \6-lgr\ bawler, brawler, caller, drawler, faller, hauler, mauler, scrawler, squaller, trawler fireballer, footballer, forestaller, installer, stonewaller knuckleballer aller 2 \al-9r\ caller, pallor, valor

allable \6-l3-bal\ callable, spallable

alles \I-9s\ see ias 1

allace \al-ss\ see olis

allet1 \al-at\ see ollet

allacy \al-a-se\ fallacy, jalousie

allet 2 \al-9t\ ballot, callet, mallet, palate, palette, pallet, sallet, shallot, valet

allad \al-ad\ see alid


allage \al-3-je\ see alogy 2 allah1 \al-a\ see ala 1 allah 2 \al-a\ see ala allah 3 \al-a\ see allow4 allan \al-an\ see allon

alley \al-e\ see ally4 alii \al-e\ see ally4 alliard \al-yard\ galliard, halyard allic \al-ik\ Gaelic, Gallic, malic, phallic, salic, Salic, thallic


29 cephalic, italic, mandalic, medallic, metallic, smart aleck, Uralic, Vandalic, vocalic genitalic, intervallic, ithyphallic, nonmetallic, postvocalic, prevocalic intervocalic

allory 2 \al-a-re\ see alary 2 allot \al-at\ see allet2 allous \al-9s\ see alis 2 allow1 \el-6\ see ello

allid \al-sd\ seealid 2

allow 2 \al-a\ see ala 2

allie \al-e\ see ally4

allow 3 \al-6\ see ollow1

ailing \6-lirj\ balling, calling, drawling, falling, galling, hauling, mauling, Pauling, stalling infalling, name-calling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at all1

allow 4 \al-a\ Allah, gala, Galla cavalla, impala, Valhalla

allion \al-y9n\ scallion, stallion battalion, Italian, medallion, rapscallion tatterdemalion allis 1 \al-as\ see alis 2 allis 2 \al-e\ see ally allis 3 \al-as\ see olis

allow 5 \al-6\ aloe, callow, fallow, hallow, mallow, sallow, shallow, tallow unhallow allowed \al-6d\ hallowed unhallowed allows \al-6z\ gallows Allhallows —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at allow5

allish \6-lish\ Gaulish, smallish, tallish

alls \61z\ Angel Falls Niagara Falls —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at all

allit \a-lat\ see ollet

allsy \61-ze\ see alsy

allith1 \al-as\ see olis

alius \al-as\ see alis 2


allith \al-st\ see ollet

allused \al-ast\ see alist

allium \al-e-sm\ allium, gallium, pallium, thallium, Valium

ally1 \a-le\ see aily

ailment \61-m3nt\ enthrallment, forestallment, installment

ally 3 \6-le\ see awly

alio \al-o\ see ollow1 allon \al-sn\ Alan, Allan, Allen, Allyn, gallon, lallan, Talinn, talon allop 1 \al-ap\ see ollop allop 2 \al-sp\ gallop, galop, jalap, salep, Salop, scallop, shallop escallop allor \al-sr\ see aller


allory1 \al-re\ see allery

ally2 \al-e\ see oily1

ally 4 \al-e\ alley, bally, challis, dally, galley, gaily, mallee, pally, rally, sallie, sally, Sally, tally, valley Aunt Sally, bialy, crevalle, Death Valley, finale, Nepali, tomalley dillydally, Great Rift Valley, Mexicali, shilly-shally, teocalli, allyn \al-3iA see allon aim \ a m \ seeom 1 alma \al-m3\ Alma, halma


almar almar \am-9r\ see omber 1 aimer \am-3r\ see omber


alpa \al-pa\ salpa catalpa Tegucigalpa

almily \am-3-le\ see omaly

alpal \al-pal\ palpal, scalpel

almish \am-ish\ see amish 1

alpel \al-pal\ see alpal

almist \am-3St\ palmist, psalmist Islamist

alpha \al-fa\ alpha alfalfa

almody \am-ad-e\ see omedy

alque 1 \6k\ see alk

almon \am-3n\ see ammon

alque 2 \alk\ caique, talc catafalque

almoner \am-9-n3r\ see ommoner alms \amz\ alms, Brahms, Psalms —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at om almy \am-e\ see ami


alsa \61-sa\ balsa, salsa alse \61s\ false, waltz alsey \61-ze\ see alsy


alsy \61-ze\ ballsy, Halsey, palsy

alo \al-6\ see ollow

aloe \al-6\ see allow

als \alz\ see ols



alogist \al-s-j9st\ see ologist alogist 2 \al-3-jast\ analogist, dialogist, mammalogist genealogist alogy 1 \al-a-je\ see ology alogy 2 \al-3-je\ analogy, hypallage, mammalogy, tetralogy mineralogy alom \al-sm\ see olumn alon \al-3n\ see allon

alt \61t\ fault, gault, halt, malt, salt, smalt, vault, volt, Walt asphalt, assault, basalt, cobalt, default, desalt, exalt, footfault, gestalt, Great Salt, Schwarzwald, stringhalt double-fault, somersault pepper-and-salt alta \al-ta\ Malta, Salta, Volta, Yalta altar \61-tar\ see alter alter \61-tar\ altar, alter, falter, halter, palter, Psalter, salter, vaulter, Walter defaulter, desalter, exalter, Gibraltar, pole-vaulter

alop \al-ap\ see allop 2

altery \61-tre\ see altry

alor1 \al-ar\ see ollar

alti1 \al-te\ Balti difficulty

alor2 \al-ar\ see aller2 1

alorie \al-re\ see allery

alti2 \61-te\ see alty 1

alorie 2 \al-a-re\ see alary 2 alory1 \al-re\ see allery

altic \61-tik\ Baltic asphaltic, cobaltic, systaltic peristaltic

alousie \al-9-se\ see allacy

alting \61-tin\ halting, salting, vaulting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at alt

alp \alp\ alp, salp, scalp

altless \61t-las\ faultless, saltless

alory 2 \al-9-re\ see alary 2

31 alto \al-to\ alto contralto, rialto alton \61t- 3 n\ Alton, dalton, Dalton, Walton altry \61-tre\ paltry, psaltery, psaltry alty \61-te\ Balti, faulty, malty, salty, vaulty

altz \61s\ see alse alu \al-ii\ Yalu Tuvalu alue \al-yii\ value devalue, disvalue, misvalue, revalue, transvalue overvalue, undervalue alus 1 \a-las\ see ayless alus 2 \al-as\ see alis 2 alve 1 \av\ see olve 2 alve 2 \alv\ salve, valve bivalve univalve inequivalve alve 3 \av\ calve, halve, have, salve alver \al-var\ salver, salvor quacksalver

ama Annam, ashram, Assam, dirham, Edam, ngram, exam, flimflam, goddamn, grandam, iamb, logjam, madame, mailgram, milldam, nizam, Priam, program, quondam, tam-tam, thiram, trigram, whim-wham, ziram Abraham, aerogram, Amsterdam, anagram, Birmingham, Boulder Dam, cablegram, centigram, Christogram, chronogram, cofferdam, cryptogram, decagram, deprogram, diagram, diaphragm, dithyramb, epigram, fluid dram, hexagram, histogram, Hohokam, hologram, Hoover Dam, kilogram, logogram, mammogram, milligram, Minicam, monogram, nomogram, oriflamme, pentagram, phonogram, pictogram, reprogram, Rotterdam, scattergram, skiagram, Smithfield ham, sonogram, subprogram, Surinam, telegram, tetradrachm, thank-you-ma'am, Uncle Sam ad nauseam, cardiogram, heliogram, ideogram, in personam, microprogram, New Amsterdam, Omar Khayyam parallelogram

am 1 \am\ see om 1

ama 1 \am-9\ Brahma, comma, drama, Kama, lama, llama, mama, momma, squama, Rama Bahama, pajama, Toy ama Atacama, cyclorama, Dalai Lama, diorama, docudrama, Fujiyama, Fukuyama, Matsuyama, melodrama, monodrama, Mount Mazama, Okayama, panorama, photodrama, psychodrama, Suriname, Wakayama, Yokohama Fuji-no-Yama Puna de Atacama

am 2 \am\ am, cam, cham, clam, cram, dam, damn, damned, drachm, dram, DRAM, flam, gam, Graham, gram, ham, Ham, jam, jamb, lam, lamb, Lamb, ma'am, Pam, pram, ram, RAM, Sam, SAM, scam, scram, sham, slam, swam, tarn, tram, wham, yam

ama 2 \am-9\ Brahma, drama, gamma, grama, mamma da Gama, Manama, Miami, pajama Alabama, anadama, cyclorama, diorama, docudrama, melodrama, monodrama, panorama, photodrama, psychodrama

alvin \al-V9n\ Alvin, Calvin alvor \al-v9r\ see alver aly \al-e\ see ally4 alyard \al-yard\ see alliard alysis \al-s-s9s\ analysis dialysis, paralysis cryptanalysis, metanalysis, selfanalysis

amable amable Xa-ma-balX blamable, claimable, framable, nameable, tamable irreclaimable amah \am-a\ see ama 1 aman 1 \a-m9n\ see amen 1 aman 2 \am-3n\ see ommon amant 1 \a-mant\ see ayment amant 2 \am-ant\ see ament 2 amas \am-as\ see amice amash \am-ish\ see amish 1 amateur \am-st-ar\ see ameter amatist \am-9t-9st\ dramatist epigrammatist, melodramatist amba \am-b3\ gamba, mamba, samba, Zomba Cochabamba viola da gamba ambar1 \am-bar\ see omber 2 ambar 2 \am-b3r\ amber, Amber, camber, sambar, timbre liquidambar

32 ambo \am-bo\ crambo, jambeau, sambo Ovambo ambol \am-bal\ see amble 2 ambray \am-bre\ see ambry ambry \am-bre\ ambry, chambray ambulant Xam-bya-tentX ambulant somnambulant amby \am-be\ crambe Dushanbe namby-pamby ame \ a m \ aim, blame, came, claim, dame, fame, flame, frame, game, hame, kame, lame, maim, name, same, shame, tame, wame A-frame, acclaim, aflame, airframe, became, byname, cross-claim, declaim, defame, disclaim, endgame, enframe, exclaim, forename, freezeframe, grandame, inflame, mainframe, misname, nickname, place-name, prename, proclaim, quitclaim, reclaim, selfsame, surname counterclaim, Niflheim, overcame ame 2 \ a m \ see om 1

ambe \am-be\ see amby

ame 3 \ a m \ see am 2

ambeau \am-bo\ see ambo

ame 4 \am-3\ see ama 1

amber 1 \am-bar\ see ambar 2

ameable Xa-ms-balX see amable


amber \am-ar\ seeammer ambia \am-be-9\ Gambia, Zambia ambit \am-b3t\ ambit, gambit amble 1 \am-bal\ see emble amble 2 \am-b3l\ amble, bramble, gamble, gambol, ramble, scramble, shamble preamble, unscramble skimble- skamble ambler \am-bl3r\ ambler, gambler, rambler, scrambler unscrambler

amed \amd\ famed, named ashamed, forenamed unashamed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ame 1 ameful Xam-falX blameful, shameful amel \am-3l\ see ammel ameless \am-las\ aimless, blameless, nameless, shameless, tameless amely \am-le\ gamely, lamely, namely, tamely



amen 1 \a-man\ bayman, Bremen, caiman, Cayman, Damon, drayman, flamen, Haman, layman, shaman, stamen, Yemen examen, gravamen, highwayman

amice \am-3s\ amice, camas, chlamys, Lammas amies \am-iks\ see omics

amen 2 \am-an\ see ommon

amie 1 \a-me\ Amy, Jamie, Mamie, ramie cockamamie, cockamamy

ameness \am-nas\ gameness, lameness, sameness, tameness

amie 2 \am-e\ see ammy

ament 1 \a-mant\ see ayment

amil1 \am-al\ see ommel 1

ament 2 \am-9nt\ ament, clamant

amil 2 \am-3l\ see ammel

amer \a-mar\ see aimer

amily \am-le\ family profamily, stepfamily

ames \amz\ James —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ame

amin \am-an\ see ammon

ameter \am-9t-ar\ amateur decameter, diameter, heptameter, hexameter, octameter, parameter, pentameter, tetrameter 1

amfer \am-p9r\ see amper


amfer2 \am-f3r\ camphor, chamfer ami1 \am-e\ balmy, commie, mommy, palmy, qualmy, swami, Tommy gourami, pastrami, Sagami, salami, tatami, tsunami origami ami 2 \am-3\ see ama 4 ami 3 \am-e\ see ammy amia \a-me-a\ lamia, zamia Mesopotamia amic 1 \6-mik\ see omic 2 amic 2 \am-ik\ gamic Adamic, agamic, balsamic, ceramic, dynamic adynamic, cleistogamic, cryptogrammic, cycloramic, dioramic, exogamic, panoramic, phonogrammic, polygamic aerodynamic, biodynamic, hydrodynamic, hypothalamic, ideogramic, thermodynamic magnetodynamic

amina \am-9-ri3\ lamina, stamina aminal \am-an- 3 l\ laminal foraminal aminant \am-3-n9nt\ contaminant, examinant aminar Xam-a-narX see aminer 2 amine \am-an\ see ammon aminer1 \am-3-nar\ see ommoner aminer 2 \am-3-nar\ laminar gewurztraminer aming \a-mirj\ flaming, framing, gaming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ame1 amish 1 \am-ish\ Amish, qualmish, quamash schoolmarmish amish 2 \am-ish\ Amish, famish amist \am-ast\ see almist amity \am-at-e\ amity calamity amlet \am-lat\ camlet, hamlet, Hamlet, samlet amlets \am-tats\ Tower Hamlets —also -s, -'s, and -s'forms of nouns listed at amlet


amma amma \am-s\ see ama 4 ammable \am-3-bal\ flammable programmable diagrammable

ammy \am-e\ chamois, clammy, gammy, Grammy, hammy, mammy, ramie, Sammie, Sammy, shammy, whammy Miami

ammal \am-sl\ see ammel

amn \ a m \ see am 2

ammany \am-9-ne\ see ammony

amned \am\ see am 2

ammar \am-3r\ see ammer

amning \am-in\ see amming

am mas \am-as\ see amice

amois \am-e\ see ammy

ammatist \am-3t-ast\ see amatist

amon 1 \a-man\ see amen 1

amme \am\ see am


ammel \am-3i\ camel, mammal, stammel, Tamil, trammel enamel ammer \am-ar\ clamber, clammer, clamor, clamour, crammer, dammar, gammer, glamour, grammar, hammer, jammer, lamber, rammer, shammer, slammer, stammer, yammer clawhammer, enamor, fiimflammer, jackhammer, programmer, sledgehammer, trip-hammer, windjammer katzenj ammer, monogrammer, ninnyhammer, yellowhammer ammes \am-3s\ see omise ammie \am-e\ see ammy ammies \am-ez\ jammies —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at ammy amming \am-irj\ damning programming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at am 2 ammock \am-ak\ drammock, hammock, mammock ammon \am-an\ Brahman, famine, gamin, gammon, mammon, salmon backgammon, examine cross-examine ammony \am-a-ne\ scammony, Tammany

amon 2 \am-9n\ see ommon amor \am-3r\ see ammer amorous \am-ras\ amorous, clamorous, glamorous amos \a-mas\ see amous amour \am-ar\ see ammer amous \a-mss\ Amos, famous, shamus, squamous biramous, mandamus ignoramus, Nostradamus amp 1 \ a m p \ see omp 1 amp 2 \ a n \ see ant 1 amp 3 \ a m p \ amp, camp, champ, clamp, cramp, damp, gamp, gramp, guimpe, lamp, ramp, samp, scamp, stamp, tamp, tramp, vamp blackdamp, C-clamp, chokedamp, decamp, encamp, firedamp, headlamp, off-ramp, on-ramp, preamp, revamp, sunlamp, unclamp afterdamp, aide-de-camp, minicamp ampean 1 \am-pe-an\ pampean, tampion ampean 2 \am-pe-an\ see ampion 2 amper 1 \am-par\ see omper amper 2 \am-par\ camper, chamfer, damper, hamper, pamper, scamper, stamper, tamper amphor \am-fsr\ see amfer2



ampi1 \am-pe\ see ompy

an 2 \an\ see on 1

ampi 2 \am-pe\ see ampy

an 3 \ s n \ see un

ampian \am-pe-an\ see ampion 2

an 4 \arj\ see ang 2

ampion 1 \am-pe-an\ see ampean 1

an 5 \an\ an, Ann, Anne, ban, bran, can, clan, Dan, fan, Fan, flan, Jan, Klan, man, Mann, nan, Nan, pan, Pan, panne, plan, ran, scan, San, Shan, span, Stan, tan, van, Van adman, Afghan, aidman, ape-man, ashcan, Bataan, bedpan, began, Bhutan, birdman, boardman, brainpan, brogan, caftan, caiman, cancan, capstan, captan, caveman, Cayman, Cezanne, chessman, Cheyenne, chlordan, Chopin, claypan, clubman, Cohan, cooncan, corban, cowman, Cruzan, cyan, deadpan, deskman, Dian, Diane, Diann, Dianne, dishpan, divan, doorman, dustpan, fan-tan, fibranne, flyman, foreran, FORTRAN, freedman, freeman, frogman, G-man, gagman, Georgeann, glucan, Gosplan, hardpan, he-man, iceman, inspan, Iran, japan, Japan, jazzman, Joann, Joanne, Kazan, kneepan, Koran, Kurgan, leadman, Leanne, legman, liftman, loran, Luanne, madman, Mandan, Marfan, mailman, merman, Milan, milkman, newsman, oilcan, oilman, outran, pavane, pecan, plowman, postman, preman, pressman, propman, Queen Anne, Qur'an, ragman, rattan, reedman, reman, rodman, Roseanne, routeman, Roxanne, Ruthann, Saipan, sampan, sandman, Saran, saucepan, scalepan, schoolman, sedan, sideman, snowman, soundman, soutane, spaceman, Spokane, stewpan, stickman, stockman, strongman, stuntman, Sudan, suntan, Susanne, Suzanne, Tman, TACAN, taipan, Tarzan, tisane, toucan, trainman, trashman, trepan, Tristan, unman, vegan, Walkman, wingspan, yardman, yes-man

ampion 2 \am-pe-9n\ campion, champion, Grampian, pampean, rampion, tampion ample \am-pal\ ample, sample, trample ensample, example, subsample counterexample ampler \am-pl9r\ sampler, trampler ampo \am-po\ see ompo ampos \am-pgs\ see ampus ampsia \am(p)-se-a\ eclampsia preeclampsia ampton \am-tsn\ Hampton Easthampton, Northampton, Southampton Wolverhampton ampus \am-p3s\ Campos, campus, grampus hippocampus ampy \am-pe\ campy, scampi ams \amz\ Jams —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at am amson \am-san\ damson, Samson amster \am-star\ hamster, lamster amsun \am-san\ Hamsun, Thompson amulus \am-v3-tas\ famulus, hamulus amus 1 \a-mas\ see amous amus 2 \am-as\ see omise amy \a-me\ see amie 1 amys \am-ss\ see amice an 1 \a n \ see ant 1

Alcoran, allemande, also-ran, Ameslan, anchorman, Andaman, astrakhan, Astrakhan, ataman, Athelstan, attackman, automan,


an balmacaan, Bantustan, bartizan, Belmopan, black-and-tan, bogeyman, boogeyman, businessman, Caliban, cameraman, caravan, Catalan, cattleman, Civitan, colorman, cornerman, counterman, counterplan, countryman, courtesan, dairyman, defenseman, everyman, exciseman, expressman, fancy-dan, fellowman, funnyman, gamelan, garageman, garbageman, Hamadan, handyman, harmattan, Hindustan, hotelman, Isle of Man, jerrican, Juliann, Julianne, Kazakhstan, Ku Klux Klan, Kurdistan, Kyrgyzstan, man-for-man, man-toman, Marianne, Maryann, Maryanne, middleman, minuteman, Monaghan, moneyman, Occitan, ombudsman, Omdurman, overman, overran, Pakistan, Parmesan, partisan, pattypan, Peter Pan, pivotman, plainclothesman, Port Sudan, Powhatan, Ramadan, repairman, rewrite man, Ryazan, safetyman, selectman, serviceman, shandrydan, Shantyman, shovelman, signalman, spick-and-span, superman, tallyman, tamarin, Teheran, teleman, teleran, triggerman, trimaran, turbofan, weatherman, workingman, yataghan, Yucatan Afghanistan, arriere-ban, Baluchistan, bipartisan, catamaran, catch-as-catch-can, cavalryman, committeeman, deliveryman, Kalimantan, newspaperman, orangutan, radioman, salary man, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan 6

an \an-ys\ see ania 7

an \ang\ see ong



an 8 \ant\ see ant 2 ana 1 \an-a\ ana, anna, Anna, bwana, Dona, donna, Donna, fauna, Ghana, Kana, Lana, Lonna, mana Botswana, chicana, gymkhana, iguana, jacana, lantana, liana, Madonna, mafiana, nagana, nirvana, piranha, Purana, ruana, Tijuana, Tirane, Toscana, zenana

Africana, belladonna, epifauna, French Guiana, Guadiana, Haryana, Hinayana, hiragana, ikebana, Ludhiana, Mahayana, marijuana, parmigiana, pozzolana, prima donna, Rajputana, Rosh Hashanah, Tatiana Americana, fata morgana, Lincolniana, Ljubljana, nicotiana, Shakespeareana, Victoriana Ciudad Guyana ana 2 \a-na\ ana, Dana, Lana Africana, cantilena, Cartagena nicotiana, Shakespeareana ana 3 \an-a\ ana, Anna, canna, manna, Ghana, Hannah, Lana, nana banana, bandanna, cabana, Deanna, Diana, Dianna, Fermanagh, goanna, Guiana, Guyana, gymkhana, Havana, hosanna, Joanna, Johanna, Montana, savanna, Savannah, sultana, Susanna, Susannah Africana, Indiana, Juliana, Mariana, Marianna, poinciana, PoUyanna, Santa Ana Americana, fata morgana, Louisiana, nicotiana, Shakespeareana, Victoriana ana \an-ya\ see ania 1 anacle \an-i-kal\ see anical anage \an-ij\ manage, tannage stage-manage micromanage anagh \an-a\ see ana 3 anah 1 \6-na\ seeona 1 anah 2 \an-a\ see ana 1 anal \an- 3 l\ anal, banal analyst \an- 3 l-ast\ analyst, annalist, panelist cryptanalyst psychoanalyst anan \an-an\ see annon anape \an-a-pe\ see anopy anary1 \an-re\ see anery anary 2 \an-re\ see annery 2

37 anate \an-at\ see annet anative \an-at-iv\ sanative explanative anbe \am-be\ see amby anc 1 \a n \ see ant 1 anc 2 \arj\ see ang 2 anc 3 \arjk\ see ank anca \arj-k3\ Kanka barranca Casablanca, lingua franca, Salamanca ance 1 \ a n s \ nuance, outrance, Provence, Saint-Saens, seance a outrance, diligence, Fort-deFrance, ordonnance, renaissance mesalliance, par excellence concours d'elegance piece de resistance ance \ans\ Hans, nonce, sconce brisance, ensconce, faience, nuance, response Afrikaans, complaisance, fer-delance, nonchalance, provenance, renaissance piece de resistance ance 3 \ans\ chance, dance, France, glance, lance, Lance, manse, prance, stance, trance, trans, Vance advance, askance, bechance, enhance, entrance, expanse, finance, mischance, perchance, romance, Romance, side-glance, sweatpants circumstance, complaisance, contredanse, country-dance, fer-delance, happenchance, happenstance, Liederkranz, Port-au-Prince, refinance, smarty-pants, underpants — also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ant 5 anceable Xan-sa-balX seeansible anced \anst\ canst circumstanced underfinanced

anchy —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ance 3 ancel \an-sal\ cancel, chancel, handsel expansile, precancel anceler \an-slar\ canceler, chancellor vice-chancellor ancellor \an-star\ see anceler ancement \an-smant\ advancement, enhancement ancer \an-sar\ answer, cancer, dancer, glancer, lancer, prancer advancer, enhancer, free-lancer, merganser, romancer, ropedancer anticancer, geomancer, necromancer, rhabdomancer ances \an(t)-sas\ see ancis ancet \an-sst\ lancet Narragansett anch 1 \anch\ seeaunch 1 anch 2 \6nch\ see aunch 2 anch 3 \anch\ blanch, Blanche, branch, ranch rebranch avalanche anche 1 \a n sh\ tranche carte blanche, revanche anche 2 \anch\ see anch 3 anche 3 \an-che\ see anchy ancher 1 \6n-ch9r\ see auncher ancher 2 \an-chsr\ ceinture, rancher anchi \an-che\ see anchy anchion \an-chsn\ see ansion anchor \arj-ksr\ see anker anchoress \arj-krss\ see ankerous anchy \an-che\ branchy, Ranchi Comanche


ancial ancial \an-chal\ see antial ancis \an(t)-sas\ Frances, Francis Aransas —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ance anck \ank\ see onk1 anco \arj-ko\ see onco ancolin \arj-ktan\ see anklin ancor \an-kar\ see anker ancorous \arj-kras\ see ankerous ancre \arj-ksr\ see anker ancrous \an-kras\ see ankerous anct \arjt\ see anked ancy \an-se\ chancy, fancy, Nancy unchancy chiromancy, geomancy, hydromancy, necromancy, pyromancy, rhabdomancy, sycophancy oneiromancy and 1 \a n \ see ant 1 and 2 \and\ see ond 1 and 3 \and\ and, band, bland, brand, canned, gland, grand, hand, land, manned, NAND, rand, Rand, sand, Sand, stand strand armband, backhand, backland, badland, bandstand, benchland, blackland, broadband, brushland, bushland, cabstand, cloudland, coastland, command, cowhand, crashland, cropland, deckhand, demand, disband, dockhand, dockland, downland, dreamland, dryland, duneland, expand, farmhand, farmland, fenland, filmland, firebrand, firsthand, flatland, forehand, fourhand, free hand, freehand, gangland, glad-hand, Gotland, grandstand, grassland, handstand, hardstand, hatband, headband, headstand, heartland, heathland, homeland,

Iceland, inkstand, inland, Inland, kickstand, Kokand, Lapland, lefthand, longhand, mainland, marshland, misbrand, newsstand, nightstand, northland, noseband, offhand, outland, outstand, parkland, pineland, playland, proband, Queensland, quicksand, rangeland, remand, repand, Rheinland, Rhineland, ribband, right-hand, rimland, roband, Saarland, scabland, screenland, scrubland, seastrand, shorthand, sideband, softland, southland, spaceband, stagehand, summand, swampland, sweatband, Thailand, thirdhand, tideland, trainband, unhand, unmanned, waistband, washstand, wasteland, watchband, wetland, wildland, withstand, wristband ampersand, beforehand, behindhand, bellyband, belly-land, borderland, bottomland, confirmand, contraband, countermand, Damavand, Dixieland, fairyland, fatherland, Ferdinand, forestland, four-in-hand, graduand, hand-to-hand, hand to hand, hinterland, Krugerrand, lotusland, meadowland, motherland, Nagaland, narrowband, no-man's-land, operand, ordinand, overhand, overland, pastureland, reprimand, Rio Grande, Samarkand, saraband, secondhand, Swaziland, tableland, Talleyrand, timberland, Togoland, underhand, undermanned, understand, wonderland, Zululand analysand, Bechuanaland, cloudcuckoo-land, fantasyland, misunderstand, multiplicand, Prince Rupert's Land, Somaliland, Sudetenland, vacationland, videoland, Witwatersrand Matabeleland Alice-in-Wonderland —also -ed forms of verbs listed at an 5 and 4 \an\ see on1 and 5 \ant\ see ant 2 anda 1 \an-da\ Ganda, panda


39 Amanda, Luanda, Luganda, Miranda, Uganda, veranda jacaranda, memoranda, propaganda nomina conservanda

—also -ed forms of verbs listed at and 3

anda 2 \an-da\ see onda

andem Xan-dsrrA see andum

andable Xan-da-balX mandible commandable, demandable, expandable understandable andaed \an-dad\ see anded

andel \an-d 3 l\ see andle

andent \an-dant\ candent, scandent demandant ander 1 \en-dar\ see ender ander 2 \an-dar\ see onder 1

andarin \an-dran\ mandarin alexandrine, salamandrine

ander 3 \an-dar\ bander, brander, candor, dander, gander, grandeur, lander, pander, sander, slander, strander, zander auslander, backhander, blackhander, bystander, commander, demander, expander, flatlander, germander, gladhander, goosander, grandstander, inlander, Leander, left-hander, mainlander, meander, outlander, philander, pomander, right-hander, scrimshander, soft-lander, Uitlander Africander, alexander, Alexander, calamander, coriander, gerrymander, oleander, salamander, single-hander —also -er forms of adjectives listed at and 3

ande 1 \an\ see un

anderous \an-dras\ see androus

andal \an-d 9 l\ see andle andaled \an-d 3 ld\ handled, sandaled well-handled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at andle andall \an-d 3 l\ see andle andalous \an-dlas\ see andless andam \an-dam\ see andum andant \an-dant\ see andent andar \and-9r\ see under


ande \an\ see an



ande \an-de\ see andy ande 4 \and\ see and 3 ande 5 \an-da\ see onda anded \an-dad\ banded, branded, candid, handed, landed, stranded backhanded, bare-handed, cleanhanded, forehanded, fourhanded, freehanded, ham-handed, hardhanded, high-handed, ironhanded, left-handed, light-handed, offhanded, one-handed, red-handed, right-handed, shorthanded, sure-handed, threehanded, two-handed, unbranded, verandaed empty-handed, evenhanded, heavyhanded, openhanded, overhanded, singlehanded, underhanded

anders \an-darz\ Flanders Bouvier des Flandres, golden alexanders —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ander andery \an-dre\ see andry andes \an-dez\ Andes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at andy andeur 1 \an-dsr\ see ander 3 andeur 2 \an-jar\ see anger 4 andhi \an-de\ see andy andi \an-de\ see andy andible Xan-da-balX see andable andid \an-dad\ see anded



anding \an-din\ standing commanding, crossbanding, freestanding, hardstanding, longstanding, outstanding, upstanding mind-expanding, notwithstanding, understanding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at and 3 andish \an-dish\ blandish, brandish, standish, Standish outlandish andist \an-dast\ contrabandist, propagandist —also -est forms of adjectives listed at and 3 and it \an-dat\ bandit, pandit

andria \an-dre-a\ Andrea Alexandria andrill \an-dral\ see andrel andrine \an-drsn\ see andarin andros \an-drss\ see androus androus \an-dras\ Andros slanderous gynandrous, meandrous polyandrous andry \an-dre\ commandery, monandry polyandry ands \anz\ Badlands, Lowlands Canyonlands

andle \an-d 3 l\ candle, dandle, Handel, handle, Randall, sandal, scandal, vandal footcandle, manhandle, mishandle, panhandle, stickhandle coromandel, Coromandel

andsel \an-sal\ see ancel

andled \an-d 3 l\ see andaled

andum \an-d3m\ fandom, grandam, random, tandem memorandum nomen conservandum subpoena ad testificandum

andler \an-lar\ candler, chandler, handler panhandler, stickhandler andless \an-tas\ see anless andly \an-le\ see anly


andment \an-mant\ commandment, disbandment ando \an-do\ Fernando, Orlando andom \an-dam\ see andum andor \an-dar\ see ander


andra \an-dra\ Sandra Cassandra Alexandra, pachysandra andrea \an-dre-a\ see andria andrel \an-dral\ mandrel, mandrill, spandrel andres \an-darz\ see anders

andsman \anz-man\ bandsman, clansman, Klansman, landsman andsome \an-ssm\ see ansom

andy \an-de\ Andy, bandy, brandy, Brandy, candy, dandy, handy, Handy, pandy, randy, Randy, sandhi, sandy, Sandy, shandy jim-dandy, unhandy Rio Grande modus operandi ane 1 \an\ ain, Aisne, ane, bane, blain, Blaine, brain, Cain, cane, chain, crane, Crane, Dane, deign, drain, Duane, Dwain, Dwayne, fain, fane, feign, gain, grain, Jane, Jayne, lane, Lane, main, Maine, mane, pain, Paine, pane, plain, plane, quean, rain, reign, rein, sain, sane, seine, Seine, skein, slain, Spain, sprain, stain, stane, strain, swain, thane, thegn, train, twain, Twain, vain, vane, vein, wain, wane, Wayne, Zane

41 abstain, again, airplane, amain, arcane, arraign, attain, Bahrain, Bassein, Beltane, biplane, birdbrain, Biscayne, bloodstain, bugbane, campaign, champagne, champaign, Champlain, checkrein, chicane, chilblain, chow mein, cinquain, cocaine, Cockaigne, coxswain, complain, constrain, contain, cordwain, cowbane, crackbrain, demesne, deplane, destain, detain, detrain, devein, disdain, distain, distrain, dogbane, domain, drivetrain, Duane, dumbcane, edge-grain, Elaine, emplane, enchain, engrain, enplane, entrain, explain, eyestrain, fleabane, floatplane, floodplain, Fort Wayne, Gawain, germane, grosgrain, Helaine, Helene, henbane, house-train, humane, Hussein, Igraine, immane, inane, ingrain, insane, lamebrain, lightplane, lo mein, Loraine, Lorraine, maintain, marchpane, membrane, migraine, Montaigne, montane, moraine, mortmain, Moulmein, mundane, neck-rein, obtain, octane, ordain, pertain, plain-Jane, profane, ptomaine, purslane, quatrain, refrain, remain, restrain, retain, retrain, romaine, sailplane, sea-lane, seaplane, seatrain, sustain, tearstain, terrain, terrane, triplane, Touraine, Ukraine, unchain, urbane, vervain, vicereine, villein, volplane, warplane, wolfsbane aeroplane, appertain, aquaplane, Aquitaine, ascertain, avellane, Bloemfontein, cellophane, Charlemagne, Charles's Wain, chatelain, chatelaine, counterpane, de Montaigne, entertain, featherbrain, foreordain, frangipane, gyroplane, hurricane, hydroplane, hyperplane, inhumane, Kwajalein, La Fontaine, marocain, Mary Jane, mise-en-scene, monoplane, Novocain, neutercane, novocaine, overlain, paravane, papertrain, peneplain, Port of Spain, portwine stain, preordain, rattlebrain, scatterbrain, shaggymane, Spanish Main, sugarcane, suzerain,

ang Tamburlaine, Tamerlane, terreplein, tramontane, transmontane, windowpane Alsace-Lorraine, auf Wiedersehen, balletomane, convertiplane, demimondaine, elecampane, extramundane, intermontane, Lake Pontchartraine, legerdemain, ultramontane trichalomethane ane 2 \an\ see an 5 ane 3 \an-s\ see ana 1 ane 4 \an\ see on 1 anea \a-ne-3\ see ania 2 anean \a-ne-an\ seeanian 2 aned \and\ see ained anee \an-e\ see anny aneful \an-fal\ see ainful anel \an- 3 l\ see annel anelist \an- 3 l-sst\ see analyst aneous \a-ne-3s\ cutaneous, extraneous, spontaneous coetaneous, consentaneous, instantaneous, miscellaneous, porcelaneous, simultaneous, succedaneous contemporaneous, extemporaneous aner 1 \a-nar\ see ainer aner 2 \an-ar\ see onor1 anery \an-re\ granary chicanery anet \an-at\ see annet aneum \a-ne-3m\ see anium aney \6-ne\ see awny1 anford \an-fard\ Sanford, Stanford ang 1 \arj\ seeong 1 ang 2 \arj\ bang, bhang, clang, dang, fang, Fang, gang, gangue, hang, pang,


ang prang, rang, sang, slang, spang, sprang, stang, tang, twang, whang, yang cliff-hang, defang, ginseng, harangue, linsang, meringue, mustang, orang, parang, Pinang, press-gang, probang, shebang, slam-bang, straphang, trepang, whizbang boomerang, charabanc, overhang, parasang, siamang interrobang, orangutan 3

ang \6rj\ see ong


anga Xan-gaX see onga angar \an-ar\ see anger 2 ange 1 \a n zh\ blancmange, melange ange 2 \anj\ change, grange, mange, range, strange arrange, derange, downrange, estrange, exchange, free-range, gearchange, long-range, outrange, short-range, shortchange counterchange, disarrange, interchange, omnirange Great Dividing Range ange 3 \anj\ flange phalange angel \an-g9i\ see angle angell \an-gal\ see angle angement \anj-m9nt\ arrangement, derangement, estrangement disarrangement angency \an-jan-se\ plangency, tangency angent \an-jant\ plangent, tangent anger 1 \an-jar\ changer, danger, granger, manger, ranger, stranger bushranger, endanger, estranger, exchanger, shortchanger interchanger anger 2 \arj-ar\ banger, clanger, clangor, clangour, ganger, hangar, hanger, languor, Sanger, twanger cliff-hanger, haranguer, straphanger paperhanger

anger 3 \arj-gar\ anger, clangor anger 4 \an-jar\ flanger, grandeur phalanger angi \arj-e\ see angy 2 angible \an-J3-bal\ frangible, tangible infrangible, intangible, refrangible angie \arj-e\ see angy 2 anging 1 \an-jirj\ bushranging, unchanging, wide-ranging —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ange 2 anging 2 \arj-irj\ hanging cliff-hanging paperhanging —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ang 2 angle \arj-g3l\ angle, bangle, dangle, jangle, mangel, mangle, spangle, strangle, tangle, wangle, wrangle embrangle, entangle, Mount Wrangell, pentangle, quadrangle, rectangle, triangle, untangle, wideangle disentangle angled \an-gald\ angled, tangled newfangled, oldfangled, rightangled, star-spangled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at angle anglement Xarj-gal-mantX tanglement embranglement, entanglement di sentanglement angler \arj-glar\ angler, dangler, j angler, mangier, strangler, wangler, wrangler entangler angles \arj-galz\ Angles, strangles —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at angle anglian \an-gle-an\ Anglian, ganglion



angling \arj-glin\ angling, gangling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at angle

ania1 \an-ya\ Agana, Espana, lasagna, Titania Emilia-Romagna

anglion \an-gle-9n\ see anglian

ania 2 \a-ne-a\ mania, titania, Titania, Urania Acarnania, Anglomania, Aquitania, collectanea, dipsomania, egomania, hypomania, kleptomania, Lithuania, Mauretania, Mauritania, miscellanea, monomania, mythomania, nymphomania, Oceania, Pennsylvania, Pomerania, pyromania, Transylvania balletomania, bibliomania, decalcomania, megalomania

angly \arj-gle\ gangly, jangly, tangly ango \arj-go\ mango, tango Durango, fandango angor 1 \arj-ar\ see anger 2 angor 2 \arj-gar\ see anger 3 angorous \arj-3-ras\ clangorous, languorous angour \arj-sr\ see anger 2 angster \arj-star\ gangster, prankster anguage \arj-gwij\ language, slanguage metalanguage, paralanguage, protolanguage angue \an\ see ang 2 anguer \arj-ar\ see anger


anguish \arj-gwish\ anguish, languish anguor \arj-ar\ see anger 2

ania 3 \an-ya\ Campania, Catania, Hispania, Titania Aquitania, malaguena Tripolitania —also words listed at ania anian 1 \an-e-3ii\ Kiwanian, Turanian Araucanian anian 2 \a-ne-sn\ Albanian, Dardanian, Iranian, Romanian, Rumanian, Sassanian, Turanian, Ukrainian, Uranian, vulcanian Lithuanian, Pennsylvanian, Pomeranian, Ruritanian, subterranean Indo-Iranian, Mediterranean

anguorous \arj-3-ras\ see angorous

aniard \an-yard\ lanyard, Spaniard

angus \arj-gas\ Angus, Brangus

anic \an-ik\ manic, panic, tannic Brahmanic, Britannic, cyanic, firemanic, galvanic, Germanic, Hispanic, Koranic, mechanic, melanic, organic, Romanic, satanic, shamanic, Sudanic, titanic, tympanic, volcanic aldermanic, Alemannic, councilmanic, epiphanic, inorganic, messianic, oceanic, Ossianic, preHispanic, talismanic, theophanic Indo-Germanic, megalomanic, Rhaeto-Romanic, suboceanic, transoceanic


angy \an-je\ mangy, rangy angy 2 \arj-e\ tangy, twangy Ubangi collieshangie anha \an-s\ see ana 1 anhope \an-sp\ see annup ani1 \an-e\ Bonnie, bonny, Connie, Donnie, fawny, johnny, Ronnie, tawny afghani, Fulani chalcedony, Kisangani, maharani, Nuristani, quadriphony, Rajasthani mulligatawny ani 2 \an-e\ see anny

anical \an-i-kal\ manacle, panicle, sanicle botanical, mechanical, tyrannical puritanical


anice anice \an-ss\ see anise anicle \an-i-kal\ see anical anics \an-iks\ annex mechanics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at anic anid1 \a-nsd\ ranid tabanid anid 2 \an-ad\ canid, ranid Sassanid aniel1 \an- 3 l\ see annel aniel 2 \an-yal\ see anual anigan \an-i-gsn\ seeannigan anikin \an-i-kan\ see annikin animous \an-9-m3s\ animus magnanimous, unanimous pusillanimous

humanity, inanity, insanity, profanity, urbanity Christianity, churchianity, inhumanity superhumanity anium \a-ne-9m\ cranium geranium, uranium succedaneum ank \ank\ bank, blank, brank, clank, crank, dank, drank, flank, franc, frank, Frank, hank, lank, plank, prank, rank, sank, shank, shrank, spank, stank, swank, tank, thank, yank, Yank Burbank, claybank, embank, foreshank, gangplank, greenshank, nonbank, outflank, outrank, pickthank, point-blank, redshank, sandbank, sheepshank, snowbank mountebank, riverbank clinkety-clank

animus \an-3-mas\ see animous

anka 1 \arj-ka\ concha, tanka Sri Lanka

anion 1 \an-yan\ see onyon1

anka 2 \arj-ka\ see anca

anion 2 \an-ysn\ banyan, canon, canyon, fanion companion, Grand Canyon, Hells Canyon

ankable Xarj-ka-balX bankable, frankable

anis \an-as\ see anise anise \an-as\ anise, Janice, Janis, stannous Johannes, Johnannes, pandanus, titanous Scipio Africanus anish 1 \a-nish\ see ainish anish 2 \an-ish\ banish, clannish, mannish, planish, Spanish, tannish, vanish Pollyannish, Judeo-Spanish anist \an-ast\ see onest anister \an-3-star\ banister, canister, ganister

anked \arjt\ shanked, tanked spindle-shanked, sacrosanct —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ank ankee \an-ke\ see anky anken \arj-kan\ flanken, Rankine anker \an-ksr\ anchor, banker, canker, chancre, flanker, franker, hanker, rancor, ranker, spanker, tanker, thanker co-anchor, unanchor —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ank ankerous \arj-kras\ anchoress, cankerous, chancrous, rancorous cantankerous ankh \arjk\ seeonk 1

anite \an-at\ see annet

ankie \arj-ke\ see anky

anity \an-st-e\ sanity, vanity

ankine \arj-ksn\ see anken



ankish \arj-kish\ Frankish, prankish

annery 1 \an-re\ ornery, swannery

ankle \arj-kal\ ankle, crankle, rankle

annery 2 \an-re\ cannery, granary, tannery

ankly \arj-kle\ blankly, dankly, frankly

annes \an-as\ see anise

anks \arjs\ see anx

anness \an-nas\ fondness, wanness

ankster \arj-stsr\ see angster

an net \an-at\ gannet, granite, Janet, planet pomegranate

anky \arj-ke\ cranky, hankie, lanky, swanky, Yankee hanky-panky

annexe \an-iks\ see anics

anless \an-lss\ handless, manless, planless

annibal \an-3-bal\ cannibal, Hannibal

anley \an-le\ see aniy2

annic \an-ik\ see anic

anli \an-le\ see aniy


annle \an-e\ see anny

aniy1 \an-le\ fondly, thrawnly, wanly aniy 2 \an-le\ blandly, grandly, manly, Stanley Osmanli, unmanly ann 1 \an\ see an 5

anna \an-9\ see ana

annikin \an-i-kan\ cannikin, manikin, mannequin, pannikin annin \an-an\ see annon

ann 2 \an\ see on 1 1

annigan \an-i-gan\ brannigan shenanigan


anna 2 \an-s\ see ana 3 annage \an-ij\ see anage annah \an-s\ see ana 3

annish \an-ish\ see anish 2 annon \an-sn\ cannon, canon, Shannon, tannin Buchanan, Clackmannan, colcannon annous \an-ss\ see anise

annalist \an- l-3st\ see analyst

anns \anz\ see ans 4

annan \an-an\ see annon

annual \an-ysl\ see anual


anne \an\ see an


anned \and\ see and


annel \an- 3 l\ channel, Channel, Daniel, flannel, panel, scrannel, spaniel impanel English Channel annequin \an-i-kan\ see annikin anner \an-sr\ banner, canner, fanner, lanner, manner, manor, planner, scanner, spanner, tanner, vanner deadpanner, japanner caravanner

annular Xan-ya-larX annular, cannular, granular annulate \an-ya-l9t\ annulate, annulet campanulate annulet \an-ya-bt\ see annulate annum \an-9m\ see anum 2 annup \an-ap\ sannup, stanhope anny \an-e\ Annie, canny, cranny, Danny, fanny, granny, Lanny, nanny afghani, ca'canny, kokanee, uncanny frangipani, Hindustani, hootenanny


ano ano 1 \an-6\ guano, Kano, llano, mano, mono Chicano, Marrano, Nagano, piano, Romano, Serrano, soprano altiplano boliviano, fortepiano, mezzo piano, mezzo-soprano Citta del Vaticano

ansk \ansk\ Bryansk, Gdansk, Murmansk, Saransk

ano 2 \a-no\ ripieno, volcano

ansman Xanz-msnX see andsman


ano \an-6\ Hispano, piano, soprano fortepiano, mezzo-soprano

—also -ing forms of verbs listed at ance 3 ansion \an-ch9n\ mansion, scansion, stanchion expansion

anon 1 \an-an\ see annon

ansom Xan-ssmX handsome, hansom, ransom, transom unhandsome

anon 2 \an-yan\ see anion 2

anst XanstX see anced

anopy \an-a-pe\ canape, canopy

answer \an-sar\ see ancer

anor \an-ar\ see anner

answered \an-sard\ answered, mansard unanswered

anous \an-as\ see anise anqui \arj-ke\ see onky ans 1 \ans\ see ance 2 ans 2 \anz\ see onze ans 3 \ans\ see ance 3 ans 4 \anz\ banns, Hans, sans, trans Sextans —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at an ans 5 \a n \ see ant 1 ansard \an-ssrd\ see answered ansas 1 \an(t)-sas\ see ancis ansas 2 \an-zas\ Kansas Arkansas anse \ans\ see ance 3 ansea \an-ze\ see anzy anser \an-ssr\ see ancer anset \an-sat\ see ancet ansett \an-sat\ see ancet ansible Xan-sa-bslX danceable expansible ansile \an-sal\ see ancel ansing \an-sin\ Lansing

ansy \an-ze\ pansy, tansy chimpanzee ant1 \a n \ Caen, Gant arpent, beurre blanc, croissant, en banc, Mont Blanc, riant, roman, Rouen, savant, versant accouchement, aide-de-camp, au courant, battement, ci-devant, contretemps, debridement, denouement, en passant, Maupassant, Mitterand, Orleans, Perpignan, rapprochement, revenant, se tenant, soi-disant, vol-au-vent arrondissement, Chateaubriand, Chateaubriand, Clermont-Ferrand, de Maupassant, idiot savant, ressentiment, sauvignon blanc ant 2 \ant\ aunt, can't, daunt, flaunt, font, fount, gaunt, taunt, vaunt, want, wont avant, avaunt, bacchant, bacchante, Balante, Beaumont, bouffant, brisant, courante, detente, entente, Fremont, gallant, grandaunt, piedmont, Piedmont, piquant, romaunt, Rostand, savant, sirvente, Vermont bon vivant, commandant, complaisant, confidant, debridement, debutant, debutante, dilettante, John of


47 Gaunt, intrigant, nonchalant, poste restante, restaurant, symbiont dicynodont, subdebutante Montcalm de Saint Veran sinfonia concertante ant 3 XantX see ont1 ant 4 \6nt\ see aunt 1 ant 5 \ant\ ant, aunt, brant, cant, can't, chant, grant, Grant, hant, Kant, pant, plant, rant, scant, shan't, slant aslant, bacchant, bacchante, bezant, courante, decant, descant, discant, displant, eggplant, enceinte, enchant, explant, extant, formant, gallant, grandaunt, houseplant, implant, incant, leadplant, levant, Levant, pieplant, pissant, plainchant, pourpoint, preplant, rampant, recant, replant, savant, supplant, transplant adamant, commandant, complaisant, confidant, cormorant, corposant, Corybant, covenant, demipointe, dilettante, disenchant, gallivant, hierophant, interplant, sycophant anta Xant-aX anta, manta Atlanta, infanta, vedanta Atalanta antage \ant-ij\ vantage advantage coign of vantage, disadvantage antain \ant- 3 n\ see anton 2 antal1 \ant- 3 l\ seeontal 1 antal 2 \ant- 3 l\ see antle

ante 4 \ant-e\ see anti1 ante 5 \ant-e\ ante, canty, chantey, pantie, scanty, shanty, slanty andanti, Asante, Ashanti, Chianti, infante non obstante, penny-ante, vigilante pococurante, status quo ante antean \ant-e-an\ Dantean Atlantean, post-Kantian anteau \an-to\ see anto 2 anted \an-tsd\ disenchanted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ant 5 antel \ant- 3 l\ see antle antelet \ant-tat\ mantelet, plantlet anter1 \ant-ar\ seeaunter 1 anter 2 \ant-ar\ antre, banter, canter, cantor, chanter, granter, grantor, plantar, planter, ranter, scanter decanter, implanter, instanter, levanter, transplanter, trochanter covenanter, covenantor, disenchanter antes \an-tez\ Cervantes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ante 5 antey \ant-e\ see ante 5 anth \anth\ amaranth, coelacanth, perianth, tragacanth antha \an-ths\ Samantha polyantha, pyracantha

antar \ant-sr\ see anter 2

anthemum Xan-tha-mamX chrysanthemum mesembryanthemum

antasist \ant-3-sast\ see anticist

anther \an-thar\ anther, panther

ante 1 \an-ta\ Bronte, Dante andante, Asante, volante Belo Horizonte

anthropy \an-thrs-pe\ lycanthropy, misanthropy, philanthropy

antam \ant-3m\ bantam, phantom

ante 2 \ant\ see ant 2 ante 3 \ant\ see ant 5

anthus \an-tb.9s\ acanthus, ailanthus, dianthus agapanthus, amianthus, polyanthus, Rhadamanthus


anti anti1 \ant-e\ Bronte, jaunty, monte, Monte, Monty, vaunty andante, Asante, Ashanti, Chianti 2

anti \ant-e\ see ante


antial \an-ch3l\ financial, substantial circumstantial, consubstantial, insubstantial, transsubstantial, unsubstantial supersubstantial antian 1 \ant-e-an\ see ontian

anti ing \ant-lirj\ bantling, scantling dismantling anto 1 \an-to\ Squanto bel canto, Toronto Esperanto anto 2 \an-to\ canto, panto coranto, Otranto, portmanteau Esperanto Strait of Otranto antom \ant-9m\ see antam

antian \ant-e-9n\ see antean

anton 1 \ant- 3 n\ see onton

antic 1 \ant-ik\ see ontic

anton 2 \ant- 3 n\ Anton, canton, Canton, plantain, Scranton, Stanton adamantine


antic 2 \ant-ik\ antic, frantic, mantic Atlantic, bacchantic, gigantic, pedantic, romantic, semantic, Vedantic corybantic, geomantic, hierophantic, necromantic, sycophantic, transatlantic anticist \ant-a-s9st\ fantasist Atlanticist, romanticist, semanticist

antor \ant-ar\ see anter 2 antos 1 \an-tas\ see antis antos 2 \an-tss\ Santos Propontis antra \an-tra\ tantra, yantra

antid \ant-ad\ mantid Quadrantid —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ant 5

antre \ant-ar\ see anter 2

antie \ant-e\ see ante 5

antua \anch-wa\ mantua Gargantua


antine \ant- n\ see anton


antry \an-tre\ chantry, gantry, pantry ants \ans\ see ance 3

anting 1 \ant-in\ anting, canting disenchanting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ant5

antus \ant-9s\ see antis

anting2 \ant-irj\ see unting

anual 2 Xan-ya-walX annual, manual, Manuel biannual, bimanual, Emanuel, Emmanuel, Immanuel semi-annual Victor Emmanuel

antis \ant-ss\ cantus, mantis, Santos Atlantis antish \ant-ish\ dilettantish, sycophantish antle \ant- a l\ cantle, mantel, mantle, quintal dismantle, quadrantal consonantal, covenantal, overmantel determinantal antlet \ant-bt\ see antelet

anty \ant-e\ see ante 5 anual1 \an-yslX Daniel, spaniel Nathaniel

anuel \an-yal\ see anual 2 anular \an-ya-br\ see annular anulate \an-ya-tat\ see annulate anum 1 Xa-namX paynim arcanum


49 anum 2 \an-3m\ per annum, solanum

aos 1 \aiis\ see ouse 2

anus 1 \a-nas\ see ayness

a o s 2 \a-as\ chaos, Laos

anus 2 \an-ss\ see anise

aotian \6-shan\ see otion

anx \arjs\ Manx, thanks Grand Banks, phalanx —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ank

aow \au\ see ow 2 ap 1 \ a p \ see op 1 ap 2 \ap\ see up


any \a-ne\ see ainy 2

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any \en-e\ see enny anyan \an-ysn\ see anion 2 anyard \an-yard\ see aniard anyon \an-yan\ see anion 2 anz \ans\ see ance 3 anza 1 \an-za\ kwanza, Kwanza, Kwanzaa Sancho Panza anza 2 \an-z9\ stanza, zanza bonanza, organza Sancho Panza extravaganza anzaa \an-za\ see anza 1 anzee \an-ze\ see ansy anzer \an-sar\ see onsor anzo \an-zo\ gonzo garbanzo anzy \an-ze\ bronzy, Ponzi, Swansea ao 1 \a-6\ see eo 1 ao 2 \ 6 \ see ow1 ao 3 \au\ see ow 2 ao 4 \a-6\ Caliao Mindanao aoedic \ed-ik\ see edic 1

ap 3 \ a p \ cap, chap, clap, crap, flap, frap, gap, gape, hap, knap, lap, Lapp, map, nap, nape, nappe, pap, rap, sap, scrap, slap, snap, strap, tap, trap, wrap, yap, Yap, zap backslap, backwrap, blackcap, bootstrap, burlap, catnap, claptrap, dewlap, dognap, earflap, entrap, enwrap, firetrap, flatcap, foolscap, giddap, heeltap, hubcap, jockstrap, kidnap, kneecap, lagniappe, livetrap, madcap, mantrap, mayhap, mishap, mobcap, mousetrap, nightcap, pinesap, rattrap, recap, redcap, remap, riprap, satrap, shiplap, shrink-wrap, skullcap, skycap, snowcap, steel-trap, stopgap, unsnap, unstrap, unwrap, verb sap, whitecap, wiretap afterclap, gingersnap, handicap, overlap, rattletrap, thunderclap, verbum sap, wentletrap Venus's-flytrap apa 1 \ap-a\ grappa, Joppa, papa, poppa, tapa Jalapa jipijapa apa 2 \ap-a\ kappa, tapa Phi Beta Kappa apable \a-p9-b9l\ capable, drapable, shapable escapable, incapable inescapable

aoighis \ash\ see eche 1

apal \a-pal\ see aple

aole \au-le\ see owly2 aone \6n\ see one 1

apas \ap-as\ Chiapas —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at apa

aori \aur-e\ see owery

apboard \ab-ard\ see abard


ape ape \ a p \ ape, cape, chape, crape, crepe, drape, gape, grape, jape, nape, rape, scape, scrape, shape, tape agape, broomrape, cloudscape, duct tape, escape, landscape, moonscape, North Cape, reshape, seascape, shipshape, snowscape, streetscape, townscape, transshape, undrape, waveshape cityscape, masking tape, waterscape, Xeriscape audiotape, stereotape, videotape ape 2 \ a p \ see ap 3 ape 3 \ap-e\ see oppy ape 4 \ap-e\ see appy aped \apt\ bell-shaped —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ape 1 apel \ap-al\ see apple apelin \ap-l9n\ see aplain apen \a-psn\ capon, shapen unshapen aper \a-par\ caper, draper, gaper, paper, scraper, shaper, taper, tapir, vapor, vapour curlpaper, endpaper, flypaper, glasspaper, landscapes newspaper, notepaper, sandpaper, skyscraper, wallpaper, wastepaper run-of-paper aperer \a-par-9r\ paperer, taperer, vaporer apery \a-pre\ drapery, japery, napery, papery, vapory sandpapery apes \aps\ traipse jackanapes — also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ape 1 apey \a-pe\ crepey, drapy, grapey, grapy, kepi, scrapie

aph \af\ caff, calf, chaff, daff, gaff, gaffe, graph, half, laugh, quaff, raff, sclaff, staff, staph, Waf, waff agrafe, behalf, carafe, chiffchaff, cowlstaff, digraph, distaff, Falstaff, flagstaff, giraffe, half-staff, horselaugh, kenaf, mooncalf, paraph, pikestaff, riffraff, tipstaff autograph, barograph, bathyscaphe, cenotaph, chronograph, cryptograph, epigraph, epitaph, half-and-half, hectograph, holograph, homograph, hygrograph, kymograph, lithograph, logograph, micrograph, monograph, pantograph, paragraph, phonograph, photograph, pictograph, polygraph, quarterstaff, seismograph, serigraph, shadowgraph, shandygaff, spectrograph, sphygmograph, telegraph, thermograph, typograph, understaff cardiograph, choreograph, heliograph, ideograph, mimeograph, oscillograph, pseudepigraph, radiograph chromolithograph, cinematograph, encephalograph, photomicrograph radiotelegraph electrocardiograph electroencephalograph aphael \af-e-sl\ see aphial aphe 1 \af\ seeafe 1 aphe 2 \af\ see aph apher \af-sr\ see after2 aphia \af-e-a\ see affia aphial \af-e-3l\ Raphael epitaphial aphic \af-ik\ graphic, maffick, sapphic, traffic digraphic, edaphic, serafic, triaphic allographic, autographic, barographic, biographic, calligraphic, cartographic, cosmographic, cryptographic, demographic, epigraphic, epitaphic, ethnographic,

51 geographic, hectographic, homographic, hydrographic, lithographic, logographic, mammographic, monographic, orthographic, pantographic, paragraphic, petrographic, phonographic, photographic, pictographic, polygraphic, pornographic, reprographic, stenographic, stratigraphic, telegraphic, tomographic, topographic, typographic, xerographic bibliographic, choreographic, crystallographic, hagiographic, homolographic, iconographic, ideographic, lexicographic, oceanographic, stereographic autobiographic, cinematographic, historiographic echocardiographic electroencephalographic aphical \af-i-kal\ graphical biographical, cartographical, cosmographical, cryptographical, epigraphical, ethnographical, geographical, orthographical, petrographical, topographical, typographical bibliographical, choreographical, hagiographical, iconographical, lexicographical, oceanographical autobiographical, historiographical

appen apis \a-pgs\ Apis Priapus, Serapis apist \a-p9st\ rapist escapist, landscapist aplain \ap-l9n\ capelin, chaplain, chaplin, sapling aple \a-pal\ maple, papal, staple aples \a-p9lz\ Naples —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at aple apless \ap-l9s\ hapless, napless, sapless, strapless aplin \ap-b-n\ see aplain aply \ap-le\ see aptly apnel \ap-n 3 l\ grapnel, shrapnel apo \ap-6\ capo da capo, gestapo, Mount Apo apolis \ap-9-bs\ Annapolis Minneapolis Indianapolis apon \a-p9n\ see apen apor \a-par\ see aper aporer \a-psr-9r\ see aperer apory \a-pre\ see apery

aphics \af-iks\ graphics demographics, micrographics, supergraphics

apour \a-p9r\ see aper

aphnis \af-nas\ see aftness

appa 1 \ap-9\ seeapa 1

aphora Xa-fs-rsX anaphora, cataphora

appa 2 \ap-g\ see apa 2

api \ap-e\ see oppy apid \ap-sd\ rapid, sapid, vapid

appable \ap-9-b9l\ flappable, mappable recappable, unflappable

apie \a-pe\ see apey

appalli \ap-9-le\ see opoly

apin \ap-an\ see appen

appe \ap\ see ap 3

apine \ap-sn\ see appen

apped \apt\ see apt

apir \a-psr\ see aper

appen \ap-9n\ happen, lapin, rapine

app \ a p \ see ap 3


apper apper 1 \ap-ar\ see opper 2

apper \ap-ar\ capper, clapper, dapper, flapper, knapper, rapper, sapper, scrapper, snapper, strapper, tapper, wrapper, zapper backslapper, catnapper, didapper, kidnapper, knee-slapper, petnapper, wiretapper handicapper, snippersnapper, understrapper, whippersnapper appet \ap-at\ lappet, tappet apphic \af-ik\ see aphic appie \ap-e\ see oppy appily \ap-9-le\ happily, scrappily, snappily unhappily appiness \ap-e-nas\ happiness, sappiness, scrappiness, snappiness unhappiness apping \ap-irj\ capping, mapping, strapping, trapping, wrapping kneecapping, petnapping —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ap 3 apple \ap-al\ apple, chapel, dapple, grapple, scrapple mayapple, pineapple antechapel apps \aps\ see apse appy \ap-e\ crappy, flappy, gappy, happy, nappy, pappy, sappy, scrappy, snappy, zappy satrapy, serape, slaphappy, unhappy triggerhappy aps \aps\ see apse apse \aps\ apse, chaps, craps, lapse, schnapps, taps, traps collapse, elapse, perhaps, prolapse, relapse, synapse, time-lapse —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ap apt \apt\ apt, napped, rapt

adapt, black-capped, coapt, dewlapped, enrapt, inapt, snowcapped, unapt, untapped periapt —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ap 3 apter \ap-tar\ captor, chapter, raptor adapter aption \ap-shan\ caption adaption, contraption aptive \ap-tiv\ captive adaptive maladaptive, preadaptive aptly \ap-le\ aptly, haply, raptly inaptly, unaptly aptor \ap-tsr\ see apter apture \ap-chsr\ rapture enrapture, recapture apular Xap-ya-larX papular, scapular apus \a-pss\ see apis apy1 \a-pe\ see apey apy 2 \ap-e\ see appy aq 1 \ak\ see ock1 aq 2 \ak\ see ack 2 aqi \ak-e\ see ocky aque 1 \ak\ see ake 1 aque 2 \ak\ see ack 2 aqui \ak-e\ see ocky ar1 \er\ see are 4 ar2 \6r\ see or1 ar3 \ar\ ar, are, bar, barre, car, carr, char, charr, czar, far, gar, gnar, guar, jar, Lar, mar, moire, noir, our, par, parr, R, quare, Saar, scar, spar, SPAR, star, tar, tahr, Thar, tsar, tzar, yare Adar, afar, ajar, all-star, armoire, attar, bazaar, beaux arts, bete noire, beurre noir, Bihar, bizarre, boudoir, boxcar, boyar, briard, bulbar, Bulgar,



bursar, canard, catarrh, Cathar, chukar, cigar, clochard, cougar, couloir, crossbar, crowbar, Dakar, daystar, debar, decare, devoir, dinar, disbar, drawbar, Dunbar, durbar, earthstar, Elgar, eschar, eyebar, feldspar, fivestar, flatcar, four-star, fulmar, gazar, guitar, Gunnar, Hagar, handcar, Hoggar, horsecar, hussar, Invar, Ishtar, Kolar, Loire, Iyar, jack-tar, jowar, Khowar, lahar, Lamar, lekvar, lodestar, Magyar, memoir, Mizar, Mylar, Navarre, nightjar, paillard, peignoir, petard, Pindar, pissoir, planar, plantar, polestar, pourboire, pulsar, qintar, quasar, radar, railcar, rebar, Renoir, Safar, Samar, sandbar, scalar, shikar, shofar, sidebar, sidecar, sirdar, sitar, sofar, solar, sonar, streetcar, Svalbard, tramcar, trocar, unbar, volar, voussoir, Weimar abattoir, acinar, Ahaggar, Aligarh, aide-memoire, au revoir, avatar, bolivar, Bolivar, cafe noir, caviar, cinnabar, commissar, communard, coplanar, Cote d'lvoire, cultivar, deciare, deodar, Dreyfusard, escolar, escritoire, exemplar, fluorspar, handlebar, insofar, isobar, Issachar, jacamar, jaguar, Kandahar, Kashgar, kilobar, Krasnodar, Malabar, megabar, megastar, millibar, minicar, montagnard, motorcar, Mudejar, muscle car, Myanmar, Nicobar, objet d'art, pinot noir, Qiqihar, registrar, rent-a-car, repertoire, reservoir, ricercar, samovar, scimitar, seminar, simular, steak tartare, subahdar, superstar, tutelar, turbocar, VCR, Veadar, zamindar, Zanzibar budgerigar, conservatoire, Gulf of Mannar, Hubli-Dharwar, kala-azar, Kathiawar, proseminar 1

ara \ar-9\ Kara, Laura, Mara, Nara, para, vara Asmara, Bambara, begorra, Bukhara, Camorra, Ferrara, Gomorrah, saguaro, Samara, samsara, tantara, tiara

capybara, carbonara, Connemara, deodara, Gemarara, Guanabara, solfatara, tuatara Guadalajara, Ogasawara, Sagamihara, Tarahumara, Timisoara ara2 \er-a\ see era 1 ara 3 \ar-a\ see arrow1 ara4 \6r-s\ see ora arab \ar-ab\ Arab, Carib, carob, scarab Shatt al Arab arable \ar-a-bal\ arable, bearable, parable, shareable, spareable, wearable declarable, unbearable inenarrable aracen \ar-a-s9n\ see arison aracin \ar-3-san\ see arison arad \ar-ad\ see arid araday \ar-ad-e\ faraday, parody arage \ar-ij\ see arriage aragon \ar-3-gan\ paragon, tarragon arah1 \er-a\ see era 1 arah 2 \ar-a\ see arrow1 aral1 \ar-al\ see arrel 2 aral2 \9r-al\ see erral aralee 1 \ar-9-le\ Marilee, Saralee aralee 2 \er-9-le\ see arily aran1 \er-9n\ see aron 1 aran 2 \ar-9n\ see aron 2 arant1 \er-9nt\ see arent 1 arant2 \ar-9nt\ see arent 2 araoh 1 \er-6\ see ero 2 araoh 2 \ar-6\ see arrow2 araph \ar-sf\ seeariff aras \ar-as\ see orris1


arass arass \ar-as\ see aris 2 arat \ar-at\ Barrett, carat, caret, carrot, claret, garret, Garrett, karat, parrot disparate arate \ar-at\ see arat arative1 \er-9t-iv\ declarative, imperative arative 2 \ar-st-iv\ narrative comparative, declarative, preparative, reparative arator \ar-at-ar\ barrator apparitor, comparator, preparator arb \arb\ barb, barbe, carb, darb, garb bicarb, rhubarb arbel \ar-bal\ see arble 1 arber \ar-bsr\ see arbor

arch \arch\ arch, larch, march, March, parch, starch cornstarch, frog-march countermarch archal \ar-kal\ darkle, sparkle exarchal, monarchal hierarchal, matriarchal, patriarchal archate \ar-kat\ see arket arche \arsh\ see arsh arched \archt\ arched, parched —also -ed forms of verbs listed at arch archer \ar-char\ archer, marcher departure arches \ar-chaz\ Arches, Marches archie \ar-kik\ anarchic, autarchic, autarkic, monarchic, tetrarchic hierarchic, oligarchic

arbin \ar-bsn\ see arbon

archical \ar-ki-kal\ autarchical, autarkical, monarchical oligarchical

arble1 \ar-bal\ barbel, garble, marble

archon \ar-ksn\ see arken

arbered \ar-bard\ see arboard


arble \6r-bal\ see orbel

arbor \ar-bar\ arbor, barber, harbor Pearl Harbor

archy \ar-ke\ barky, charqui, larky, snarky anarchy, autarchy, autarky, dyarchy, eparchy, exarchy, heptarchy, malarkey, menarche, monarchy, pentarchy, squirearchy, tetrarchy, triarchy, trierarchy hierarchy, matriarchy, patriarchy, oligarchy

arc1 \ak\ seeock 1

arck \ark\ see ark1

arboard \ar-bard\ barbered, larboard, starboard astarboard, unbarbered arbon \ar-ban\ carbon, Harbin


arc \ark\ see ark


area \ar-ks\ see arka 1 arce 1 \ers\ scarce Nez Perce arce 2 \ars\ see arse 1 arcel \ar-sal\ see arsal arcener \ars-nar\ larcener, parcener coparcener

arco \ar-ko\ arco, narco arct \arkt\ see arked arctic1 \ark-tik\ arctic, Arctic antarctic, Antarctic, Holarctic, Nearctic, subarctic Palearctic, subantarctic arctic 2 \art-ik\ see artic1 arcy \ar-se\ farcy, Parsi



ard1 \ard\ bard, barred, card, chard, Dard, fard, guard, hard, lard, nard, pard, sard, shard, yard Asgard, backyard, bankcard, barnyard, Bernard, blackguard, blowhard, boatyard, bombard, boneyard, brassard, brickyard, canard, churchyard, courtyard, deeryard, diehard, diehard, discard, dockyard, dooryard, farmyard, filmcard, fireguard, foreyard, foulard, Gerard, graveyard, ill-starred, jacquard, junkyard, lifeguard, Lombard, mansard, Midgard, milliard, mudguard, noseguard, petard, placard, postcard, poularde, rear guard, rearguard, regard, retard, ritard, safeguard, scorecard, shipyard, spikenard, steelyard, stockyard, switchyard, tabard, tanyard, tiltyard, unbarred, unguard, vanguard, vizard avant-garde, Beauregard, bodyguard, boulevard, disregard, goliard, Hildegard, interlard, Kierkegaard, Langobard, leotard, Longobard, noholds-barred, lumberyard, Saint Bernard, Savoyard, Scotland Yard, self-regard, undercard, unitard camelopard —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ar 3

arden 1 \ard- 3 n\ Arden, Dardan, garden, harden, pardon bombardon, case-harden, Kincardine arden 2 \6rd- 3 n\ cordon, Gordon, Jordan, warden churchwarden ardener \ard-nar\ gardener, hardener, pardner, pardoner, partner ardent \ard- 3 nt\ see ardant arder1 \ard-sr\ ardor, carder, guarder, harder, larder discarder, green-carder arder2 \6rd-ar\ see order ardi \ard-e\ see ardy ardian1 \ard-e-an\ guardian Edwardian, Lombardian ardian2 \6rd-e-3n\ see ordion ardic \ard-ik\ bardic, Dardic Lombardic, Sephardic goliardic, Longobardic ardine \ard- n \ see arden 1 arding \6rd-irj\ see ording1 ardingly \6rd-irj-le\ see ordingly

ard2 \ar\ see ar 3

ardom \ard-9m\ czardom, stardom superstardom

ard3 \6rd\ see oard

ardon \ard- a n\ see arden 1

ardant \ard- a nt\ ardent, guardant regardant, retardant

ardoner Xard-narX see ardener


arde \ard\ see ard

arded1 \ard-ad\ guarded mansarded, retarded, unguarded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ard 1 arded 2 \6rd-ad\ corded, sordid, swarded, warded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oard ardee \6rd-e\ see ordy1

ardor \ard-ar\ see arder 1 ardy \ard-e\ hardy, Hardy, lardy, tardy foolhardy, Lombardy, Sephardi are 1 \er-e\ see ary 1 are 2 \ar\ see ar 3 are 3 \ar-e\ see ari1 are 4 \er\ air, Ayr, bare, bear, Blair, blare, chair, chare, Claire, Clare, dare, Dare, e'er, ere, err, eyre, fair, fare,


area flair, flare, glair, glare, hair, hare, Herr, heir, lair, mare, ne'er, pair, pare, pear, prayer, quare, rare, rear, scare, share, snare, spare, square, stair, stare, swear, tare, tear, their, there, they're, vair, ware, wear, weir, where, yare affair, aglare, airfare, Ajmer, Altair, armchair, au pair, aware, barware, Basseterre, Baudelaire, beachwear, beware, bricklayer, bugbear, caneware, carfare, clayware, cochair, coheir, compare, compere, confrere, cookware, corsair, courseware, creamware, cudbear, day-care, daymare, decare, declare, delftware, despair, dishware, eclair, elsewhere, enclair, ensnare, eyewear, fanfare, fieldfare, firmware, flatware, Flaubert, footwear, forbear, forebear, forswear, foursquare, funfair, galere, giftware, glassware, Great Bear, Gruyere, hardware, hectare, horsehair, impair, infare, Khmer, Kildare, knitwear, Lake Eyre, life-care, longhair, loungewear, menswear, meuniere, midair, mohair, Moliere, neckwear, nightmare, outstare, outwear, Pierre, playwear, plein air, plowshare, Poor Clare, portiere, premiere, prepare, pushchair, rainwear, redware, repair, Saint Pierre, Sancerre, shorthair, skiwear, sleepwear, slipware, software, somewhere, spongeware, sportswear, stemware, stoneware, swimwear, threadbare, tinware, torchere, trouvere, tuyere, unfair, unhair, unswear, Voltaire, warfare, welfare, wheelchair, wirehair, workfare aftercare, air-to-air, antiair, anywhere, bayadere, beche-de-mer, billionaire, boutonniere, Camembert, chinaware, crackleware, Croix de Guerre, cultivar, debonair, deciare, de la Mare, Delaware, derriere, dinnerware, disrepair, doctrinaire, earthenware, etagere, everywhere, fourragere, Frigidaire, graniteware, hollowware, ironware, jasperware, kitchenware, laissez-faire, Lake Saint Clair, laquerware, legionnaire, luminaire, lusterware, maidenhair, mal

de mer, medicare, metalware, millionaire, minaudiere, Mon-Khmer, Mousquetaire, nom de guerre, otherwhere, outerwear, overbear, overwear, potty-chair, porte cochere, questionnaire, riviere, Robespierre, Santander, savoir faire, self-aware, self-despair, silverware, solitaire, tableware, thoroughfare, unaware, underwear, vaporware, Venushair, vivandiere, willowware, woodenware, yellowware, zillionaire Cape Finisterre, charge d'affaires, chemin de fer, commissionaire, concessionaire, couturiere, devil-maycare, enamelware, memoriter, pied-aterre, ready-to-wear, son et lumiere, vin ordinaire cordon sanitaire area \er-e-s\ see aria areable 1 \er-3-bal\ see earable 1 areable 2 \ar-3-bal\ see arable areal \er-e-al\ see arial arean 1 Xer-e-arA see arian 1 arean 2 \ar-e-an\ see arian 2 ared \erd\ see aired aredness \ar-3d-nas\ see aridness arel \ar-al\ see arrel 2 arely1 \er-le\ see airly arely 2 \ar-le\ see arlie arem \er-am\ see arum 2 arence 1 \er-ans\ clarence, Clarence, Terence, Terrance, Terrence forbearance, transparence arence 2 \ar-sn(ts)\ see arents arent1 \er-ant\ daren't, errant, parent aberrant, afferent, apparent, declarant, deferent, efferent, godparent, grandparent, inerrant, knight-errant, sederunt, stepparent, transparent


anan argent \ar-jant\ argent, margent, sargent, sergeant

inapparent semi transparent arent 2 \ar-ant\ arrant, daren't, parent apparent, declarant, godparent, grandparent, stepparent, transparent inapparent semitransparent aren't1 \er-ant\ see arent 1 aren't2 \ar-ant\ see arent 2 arents \ar-9n(t)s\ Barents, Clarence —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at arent 2 arer \er-ar\ see earer 1 ares 1 \erz\ see airs ares 2 \ar-ez\ Ares, caries, nares Antares Buenos Aires primus inter pares —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at arry ares 3 \ar-as\ see orris1 aret \ar-at\ see arat areve \ar-va\ see arva 1

arey \ar-e\ see arry 2

arey \er-e\ see ary


arger \ar-jar\ charger discharger, enlarger, recharger supercharger, turbocharger turbosupercharger arget \ar-gat\ argot, garget, target nontarget argle \ar-gal\ gargle argle-bargle argo \ar-go\ Argo, argot, cargo, Fargo, largo, Margo, Margot embargo supercargo argon \ar-gan\ see argain argot 1 \ar-gst\ see arget argot 2 \ar-go\ see argo arh \ar\ see ar 3 ari1 \ar-e\ Bari, gharry, laari, sari, scarry, sorry, starry Bihari, curare, Imari, safari, scalare, shikari, tamari calamari, certiorari, Cheboksary, Kalahari, Stradivari, zamindari ari2 \er-e\ see ary 1 ari3 \ar-e\ see arry 3


arez \ar-as\ see orris1 arf1 \arf\ barf, scarf arf2 \6rf\ see orph arfarin \6r-f3-rsn\ warfarin hematoporphyrin argain Xar-gsrA bargain, jargon plea-bargain arge \arj\ barge, charge, large, marge, Marge, parge, sarge, sparge, targe discharge, enlarge, litharge, recharge, surcharge, take-charge, uncharge by and large, hypercharge, overcharge, supercharge, undercharge

aria \er-e-a\ area, Beria, feria, kerria, varia Bavaria, Bulgaria, hysteria, malaria, planaria, Samaria adularia, Carpentaria, cineraria, fritillaria, laminaria, luminaria, militaria, sanguinaria calceolaria, opera seria acetabularia aria I \er-e-al\ aerial, areal, Ariel, burial, gharial glossarial, notarial, subaerial, vicarial actuarial, adversarial, estuarial, secretarial prothonotarial arian1 \er-e-an\ Arian, Aryan, Carian, Marian, Marion, parian, Parian


anan agrarian, Aquarian, barbarian, Bavarian, Bulgarian, Cancerian, cesarean, Caesarian, cnidarian, frutarian, grammarian, Hungarian, Khymerian, librarian, Maid Marian, ovarian, Pierian, riparian, rosarian, Rotarian, sectarian, Sumerian, Tartarean, Tartarian, Tocharian, Tractarian, Vulgarian, Wagnerian antiquarian, apiarian, centenarian, culinarian, Indo-Aryan, jubilarian, lapidarian, libertarian, millenarian, nonsectarian, postlapsarian, prelapsarian, Presbyterian, proletarian, Rastafarian, Ripuarian, Sabbatarian, Sagittarian, sanitarian, seminarian, trinitarian, Trinitarian, unitarian, Unitarian, vegetarian, zoantharian abecedarian, Austro-Hungarian, authoritarian, communitarian, disciplinarian, documentarian, egalitarian, equalitarian, futilitarian, hereditarian, humanitarian, majoritarian, necessitarian, nonagenarian, octogenarian, parliamentarian, postmillinarian, premillinarian, predestinarian, radiolarian, Sacramentarian, sexagenarian, totalitarian, utilitarian, veterinarian establishmentarian, inegalitarian, latitudinarian, platitudinarian, septuagenarian, solitudinarian, uniformitarian, valetudinarian disestablishmentarian arian 2 \ar-e-an\ Arian, Aryan, carrion, clarion, Marian, Marion, parian, Parian agrarian, Aquarian, barbarian, Bavarian, Bulgarian, caesarean, Caesarian, cesarean, contrarian, Hungarian, Megarian, ovarian, rosarian, Tartarean, Tartarian, Tocharian, vulgarian Indo-Aryan, Rastafarian Austro-Hungarian ariance \ar-e-9ns\ tarriance, variance covariance, vicariance

ariant \ar-e-snt\ variant vicariant ariat1 \er-e-at\ heriot, lariat, variate bivariate, salariat, vicariate commissariat, multivariate, proletariat, secretariat undersecretariat ariat2 \ar-e-at\ see aureate 1 ariat3 \ar-e-st\ chariot, lariat bivariate, salariat commissariat, proletariat Judas Iscariot ariate \er-e-at\ see ariat1 arib \ar-ab\ see arab aric \ar-ik\ barrack, carrack Amharic, barbaric, Dinaric, Megaric, Pindaric isobaric, Balearic arice \ar-as\ see aris 2 aricide \ar-3-sid\ see arricide arid \ar-sd\ arid, farad, semiarid aridin \ar-9-d a n\ see arridan aridness \ar-3d-nas\ aridness, preparedness aried1 \er-ed\ see erried aried 2 \ar-ed\ see arried ariel \er-e-al\ see arial arier1 \er-e-sr\ see errier arier2 \ar-e-ar\ see arrier2 aries \ar-ez\ see ares 2 ariff \ar-af \ paraph, tariff aril \ar-ai\ see arrel 2 arilee1 \ar-a-le\ see aralee arilee 2 \er-a-le\ see arily arily \er-9-le\ Marilee, merrily, Merrily, Saralee, scarily, sterily, verily contrarily, primarily


59 arbitrarily, customarily, dietarily, exemplarily, fragmentarily, honorarily, literarily, mercenarily, militarily, momentarily, necessarily, salutarily, sanguinarily, sanitarily, secondarily, temporarily, unitarily, voluntarily contemporarily, documentarily, elementarily, extemporarily, extraordinarily, hereditarily, imaginarily, involuntarily, preliminarily, rudimentarily, subsidiarily, unnecessarily evolutionarily, revolutionarily arin \ar-an\ florin, foreign, Lauren, Orrin, sarin, sporran, warren, Warren Gagarin arinate \ar-a-nat\ see aronet arinet \ar-a-nat\ see aronet aring1 \er-irj\ airing, Bering, fairing, flaring, glaring, herring, paring, raring, sparing, tearing, wearing cheeseparing, childbearing, seafaring, time-sharing, unerring, unsparing, wayfaring —also -ing forms of verbs listed at are 4 aring 2 \er-sn\ see aron 1 ario \er-e-6\ stereo Ontario arion1 \ar-e-an\ see arian 2 arion 2 \er-e-sn\ see arian 1 ariot \ar-e-st\ see ariat 3 arious \ar-e-as\ Arius, carious, Darious, scarious, various Aquarius, burglarious, calcareous, contrarious, denarius, gregarious, guarnerius, hilarious, nefarious, precarious, senarius, vagarious, vicarious multifarious, omnifarious, septenarius, Stradivarius, Sagittarius, temerarious 1

aris \ar-as\ see orris


aris 2 \ar-as\ arras, arris, Clarice, harass, Harris, heiress, Paris, parous, varus coheiress, embarrass, Polaris disembarrass, millionairess Lewis with Harris, plaster of paris arish 1 \er-ish\ bearish, cherish, fairish, garish, perish, squarish nightmarish arish 2 \ar-ish\ garish, marish, parish arison \ar-9-san\ characin, garrison, Garrison, Harrison, Saracen, warison caparison, comparison arist \er-sst\ Marist, querist aquarist, pleinairist, scenarist apiarist —also -est forms of adjectives listed at are4 aritan \er-3t- 3 n\ see eratin aritor \ar-9t-ar\ see arator arity1 \er-at-e\ see erity arity2 \ar-at-e\ carroty, charity, clarity, parity, rarity barbarity, disparity, hilarity, imparity, polarity, unclarity, vulgarity angularity, familiarity, insularity, peculiarity, popularity, regularity, similarity, singularity, solidarity complementarity, dissimilarity, irregularity, particularity, unfamiliarity, unpopularity arium \er-e-am\ barium aquarium, herbarium, sacrarium, samarium, solarium, terrarium, velarium, vivarium cinerarium, columbarium, honorarium, leprosarium, oceanarium, planetarium, sanitarium, syllabarium, termitarium armamentarium arius \er-e-as\ see arious ark1 \ark\ arc, ark, bark, Clark, Clarke, dark, hark, lark, marc, Marc,


ark mark, Mark, marque, narc, nark, park, Park, quark, sark, shark, spark, stark aardvark, airpark, anarch, ballpark, birchbark, birthmark, Bismarck, bookmark, debark, demark, Denmark, earmark, embark, endarch, exarch, footmark, futhark, Graustark, hallmark, ironbark, landmark, Lake Clark, Lamarck, monarch, ostmark, Ozark, Petrarch, pitch-dark, Plutarch, pockmark, postmark, pressmark, pugmark, reichsmark, remark, remarque, Remarque, ringbark, seamark, shagbark, sitzmark, skylark, soapbark, tanbark, tetrarch, tidemark, titlark, touchmark, trademark acritarch, cutty sark, deutsche mark, disembark, double-park, hierarch, Joan of Arc, matriarch, meadowlark, metalmark, minipark, oligarch, patriarch, stringybark, telemark, trierarch, watermark heresiarch, symposiarch 2

ark \6rk\ see ork


ark3 \ark\ see ork1 arka1 \ar-ka\ charka, parka anasarca Hamilcar Barca arka2 \ar-ka\ see urka1 arke \ark\ see ark1 arked \arkt\ marked chop-marked, infarct ripple-marked, unremarked —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ark1 arken Xar-kanX darken, hearken arker \ar-kar\ barker, larker, marker, parker, Parker, sparker bookmarker, skylarker nosey parker —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at ark1 arket \ar-kst\ market down-market, mass-market, newmarket, test-market, upmarket

aftermarket, hypermarket, matriarchate, patriarchate, supermarket arkey \ar-ke\ see archy arkian \ar-ke-an\ Graustarkian, Lamarckian, Monarchian arkic \ar-kik\ see archie arking \ar-kirj\ barking, Barking, carking, parking loan-sharking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ark1 arkle \ar-kal\ see archal arks \arks\ Marks, parks —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ark arky \ar-ke\ seearchy arl \arl\ carl, Carl, farl, gnarl, jarl, Karl, marl, parle, quarrel, snarl ensnarl, housecarl, unsnarl Albemarle aria \ar-te\ Carla, Darla, Karla, Maria arlan \a-lan\ see arline arland \ar-land\ garland, Garland, Harland arlatan \ar-lat- 3 n\ charlatan, tarlatan arlay \ar-le\ see arlie arle \arl\ see arl arlen \ar-lan\ see arline arler \ar-lar\ see arlor arless \ar-tas\ Carlos, parlous, scarless, starless arlet \ar-lst\ charlotte, Charlotte, harlot, scarlet, starlet, varlet arley \ar-le\ see arlie arlic \ar-lik\ garlic pilgarlic



arlie \ar-le\ barley, charlie, Charlie, gnarly, Harley, marly, parlay, parley, snarly, yarely bizarrely

armen \ar-man\ see arman

arlin \ar-lsn\ see arline

armer1 \ar-mar\ armor, charmer, farmer, harmer disarmer

arline \ar-tan\ Arlen, carline, Harlan, marlin, Marlin, marline, Marlyn arling \ar-lirj\ carling, darling, Darling, starling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at arl arlor \ar-lar\ parlor, quarreler, snarler arlos \ a r - b s \ see arless arlot \ a r - b t \ see arlet arlotte \ar-lat\ see arlet

arment Xar-mantX garment, varmint debarment, disbarment undergarment, overgarment

armer2 \6r-m9r\ see ormer 1 armic \3r-mik\ see ermic armine Xar-manX see arman arming 1 \ar-mirj\ charming, farming alarming, disarming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at arm 1 arming 2 \6r-mirj\ see orming armint Xar-mantX see arment

arlous \ a r - b s \ see arless

armless \arm-lss\ armless, charmless, harmless

arlow \ar-lo\ Barlow, Harlow

armoir \ar-m9r\ see armer 1

arly \ar-le\ see arlie

armon Xar-msnX see arman

arlyn \ a - b n \ see arline

army \ar-me\ army, barmy, smarmy


arm \arm\ arm, barm, charm, farm, harm, smarm alarm, disarm, firearm, forearm, gendarme, gisarme, poor farm, rearm, sidearm, stiff-arm, straight-arm, strong-arm, tonearm, unarm, yardarm overarm, underarm arm 2 \ a m \ see om1 arm 3 \6rm\ see orm 2 arma1 Xar-msX dharma, karma, Parma 2

arn1 \arn\ Arne, barn, darn, Marne, tarn, yarn carbarn, lucarne arn 2 \6rn\ see orn 1 arna Xsr-naX see erna arnal \arn- 3 l\ see arnel arnate \ar-nst\ Barnet, garnet discarnate, incarnate arne 1 \arn\ see am 1 arne 2 \ar-ne\ see amy

arma Xar-msX see erma

arnel \arn- 3 l\ carnal, charnel, darnel

arman \ar-m9n\ barman, Carmen, carmine, Harmon

arner1 \ar-nar\ darner, garner, yarner

armed \armd\ armed, charmed unarmed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at arm 1

arner2 \6r-nar\ see orner arness \ar-nas\ harness bizarreness



arnhem \ar-n9m\ see arnum

arp1 \arp\ carp, harp, scarp, sharp, tarp cardsharp, Jew's harp Autoharp, vibraharp

arning \6r-nirj\ see orning

arp 2 \ 6 r p \ see orp

arnish \ar-nish\ garnish, tarnish, varnish

arpen \ar-pan\ sharpen, tarpon

arnet \ar-nat\ see arnate arney \ar-ne\ see arny

arnum \ar-n3m\ Arnhem, Barnum arny \ar-ne\ Barney, barny, blarney, carny Killarney chili con carne

arper \ar-psr\ carper, harper, scarper, sharper cardsharper arpie \ar-pe\ see arpy arpon \ar-psn\ see arpen arpy \ar-pe\ harpy, sharpie

aro1 \er-6\ see ero 2

arque \ark\ see ark1

aro 2 \ar-6\ see arrow 2 aro 3 \ar-a\ see ara 1

arquetry \ar-ka-tre\ marquetry, parquetry

aro 4 \ar-6\ see orrow1

arqui \ar-ke\ see archy

arob \ar-ab\ seearab

arrable \ar-9-bsl\ see arable

arody \ar-ad-e\ see araday 1

aroe \ar-6\ see arrow 2

aroe \er-6\ see ero



arrack1 \ar-ik\ see aric arrack2 \ar-sk\ arrack, barrack, carrack

arol \ar-al\ see arrel 2

arrage \ar-ij\ see 'orage

arold1 \ar-ald\ Darold, Harold

arragon \ar-3-gan\ see aragon

arold 2 \er-9ld\ see erald

arral \ar-al\ see arrel 2

arole \ar-al\ see arrel 2

arram \ar-sm\ see arum 2

arom \er-am\ see arum 2 aron1 \er-an\ Aaron, Charon, Erin, garron, heron, perron, raring, Sharon, Sharron sierran rose of Sharon, sub-Saharan

arrant1 \ar-ant\ see arent 2 arrant2 \6r-3nt\ see orrent arras \ar-ss\ see aris 2 arrass \ar-as\ see aris 2 arrative \ar-9t-iv\ see arative 2


aron \ar-an\ Aaron, baron, barren, Charon, garron, Sharon, Sharron rose of Sharon, sub-Saharan

arrator \ar-9t-ar\ see arator

aronet \ar-9-nat\ baronet, carinate, clarinet

arred \ard\ seeard 1

arous 1 \er-as\ see errous arous 2 \ar-as\ see aris 2

arre \ar\ see ar 3

arrel1 \6rl\ see orl2 arrel2 \ar-al\ Aral, aril, barrel, carol, Carol, Carole, Caryl, carrel, Carroll,



Darrel, Darrell, Darryl, Daryl, Karol, parol, parral, parrel apparel cracker-barrel, double-barrel

arroll \ar-al\ see arrel 2

arrel3 \6r-al\ see oral1

arron \ar-an\ see aron 2

arreler \ar-lar\ see arlor

arrot \ar-at\ see arat

arrell \ar-sl\ see arrel


arrely \ar-le\ see arlie arren1 \ar-sn\ see aron 2 arren 2 \6r-an\ see orin1 arren 3 \ar-sn\ see arin

arrison \ar-3-ssn\ see arison arro \ar-6\ see orrow1

arroty \ar-at-e\ seearity 2 arrow1 \ar-a\ Clara, jarrah, Kara, Sara, Sarah, Tara Bukhara, cascara, mascara, Sahara, samara, Tamara, tantara, tiara capybara, caracara, marinara, Santa Clara

arrett \ar-st\ see arat

arrow2 \ar-6\ aero, arrow, barrow, Darrow, Faeroe, faro, Faroe, farrow, harrow, Harrow, marrow, narrow, pharaoh, sparrow, taro, tarot, yarrow handbarrow, Point Barrow, wheelbarrow

arrh \ar\ seear 3

arrowy \ar-a-we\ arrowy, marrowy

arriage \ar-ij\ carriage, marriage disparage, miscarriage intermarriage, undercarriage

arry1 \ar-e\ see ari1

arrener \6r-3-nar\ see oroner arreness \ar-nas\ see arness arret \ar-st\ see arat

arriance \ar-e-sns\ see ariance arricide \ar-a-sid\ parricide acaricide arridan \ar-s-d 9 n\ harridan cantharidin arrie \ar-e\ see arry 3 arried \ar-ed\ harried, married, varied unmarried arrier1 \6r-e-ar\ see arrior arrier2 \ar-e-ar\ barrier, carrier, farrier, harrier, varier ballcarrier, spear-carrier arrion \ar-e-an\ see arian 2 arrior \6r-e-ar\ quarrier, sorrier, warrior arris \ar-as\ see aris 2

arry2 \6r-e\ see ory arry3 \ar-e\ Barrie, Barry, Carey, Carrie, carry, Cary, chary, Gary, Garry, gharry, harry, Harry, Larry, marry, nary, parry, Shari, tarry glengarry, miscarry, safari, shikari cash-and-carry, hari-kari, intermarry, Stradivari Tom, Dick, and Harry arryl \ar-al\ see arrel 2 ars \arz\ Lars, Mars, ours — also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ar 3 arsal \ar-sal\ parcel, versal, tarsal metatarsal arse 1 \ars\ arse, farce, marse, parse, sparse arse 2 \arz\ see ars arsh \arsh\ harsh, marsh demarche


arshal arshal \ar-shsl\ see artial arshall \ar-shal\ see artial arshen \ar-shsn\ harshen, martian arsi \ar-se\ see arcy arsis \ar-s9s\ seearsus arsle \as-9l\ see ossal arson \ars- 3 n\ arson, Carson, parson arsus \ar-sas\ arsis, tarsus, Tarsus catharsis metatarsus art1 \art\ art, Art, Bart, cart, chart, Chartres, dart, fart, hart, Harte, heart, kart, mart, part, Sartre, scart, smart, start, tart apart, blackheart, compart, depart, Descartes, dispart, dogcart, Earhart, flowchart, forepart, go-cart, greenheart, handcart, Hobart, impart, jump-start, Mozart, mouthpart, outsmart, oxcart, oxheart, pushcart, rampart, redstart, restart, street-smart, Stuttgart, sweetheart, tipcart, upstart a la carte, anti-art, applecart, Bonaparte, counterpart, heart-to-heart, purpleheart, underpart, upperpart art2 \6rt\ see ort1 arta \ar-ta\ Marta, Sparta Jakarta Magna Carta, Santa Marta, Surakarta, yogyakarta artable Xart-a-balX see artible artan1 \art- 3 n\ see arten artan 2 \6rt- 9 n\ see orten artar \art-ar\ see arter 1

arten \art- 9 n\ Barton, carton, hearten, marten, martin, Martin, smarten, Spartan, tartan baum marten, dishearten, Dumbarton, freemartin, Saint Martin, Sint Maarten kindergarten arter1 \art-9r\ barter, carter, Carter, charter, darter, garter, martyr, starter, tartar nonstarter, self-starter protomartyr —also -er forms of adjectives listed at art1 arter2 \6t-9r\ see ater 1 arter3 \6rt-9r\ see orter artern \6t-9rn\ see auterne artery \art-9-re\ artery, martyry artes \art\ see art 1 artford \art-f9rd\ Hartford, Hertford arth \arth\ garth, Garth, hearth Hogarth arti \art-e\ see arty1 artial \ar-sb.9l\ marshal, Marshal, Marshall, martial, Martial, partial court-martial, impartial artian \ar-sh.9n\ see arshen artible \art-9-b9l\ partible, startable impartible, restartable artic1 \art-ik\ arctic, Arctic antarctic, Antarctic, cathartic, Nearctic Palearctic artic 2 \6rt-ik\ quartic aortic

arte1 \art-e\ see arty1

article \art-i-k9l\ article, particle microparticle

arte 2 \art\ see art1

artile \6rt- 3 l\ see ortal

arted1 \art-ad\ seeearted

artily \art- 3 l-e\ artily, heartily

arted 2 \6rt-9d\ seeorted

artin \art- 3 n\ see arten



arting \art-in\ carting, charting, karting, parting, starting flowcharting, self-starting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at art1 artisan \art-a-zan\ artisan, bartizan, partisan bipartisan, nonpartisan artist \art-ast\ artist, chartist, Chartist Bonapartist artizan Xart-a-zarA see artisan artless \art-las\ artless, heartless

artz 2 \arts\ see arts 2 aru \a-rii\ Bukaru Pakanbaru Johor Baharu arum1 \ar-9m\ larum alarum arum 2 \er-9m\ arum, carom, harem, Sarum Muharram harum-scarum arbiter elegantiarum arus \ar-9s\ seearis 2

artlet \art-tat\ martlet, partlet, tartlet

arva \ar-va\ larva, Marva, parve, pareve

artly1 \art-le\ partly, smartly, tartly

arval \ar-val\ see arvel


artly \6rt-le\ see ortly

arve 1 \arv\ carve, starve, varve

artment \art-m9nt\ apartment, compartment, department

arve 2 \ar-va\ see arva

artner \art-nar\ partner kindergartner

arvel \ar-val\ carvel, larval, marvel arven \ar-van\ carven, Marvin Caernarvon

arton 1 \6rt- 3 n\ see orton

arvin \ar-van\ see arven

arton 2 \art- 3 n\ see arten

arvon \ar-van\ see arven

artre \art\ see art 1 artres \art\ see art 1 artridge \ar-trij\ cartridge, partridge arts 1 \ar\ see ar 3 arts 2 \arts\ Hartz —also -s, 's, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at art arture \ar-char\ see archer arty1 \art-e\ arty, hearty, party, smarty, tarty Astarte, ex parte, Havarti Buonaparte commedia dell'arte arty2 \6rt-e\ see orty artyr \art-ar\ see arter 1 artyry \art-9-re\ see artery artz1 \6rts\ seeorts

ary \er-e\ aerie, aery, airy, berry, bury, Carey, Cary, Cherie, cherry, Cherry, chary, clary, dairy, Derry, faerie, fairy, ferry, Gary, Garry, Gerry, glairy, glary, hairy, Jere, Jeri, Jerrie, Jerry, kerry, Kerry, Mary, marry, merry, Merry, nary, perry, Perry, prairie, quaere, query, scary, serry, Shari, Sheri, Sherrie, sherry, Sherry, skerry, terry, Terry, vary, very, wary, wherry baneberry, barberry, bayberry, bearberry, bilberry, blackberry, blaeberry, blueberry, Bradbury, bunchberry, Burberry, canary, Canary, chokeberry, chokecherry, cloudberry, contrary, costmary, cowberry, cranberry, crowberry, deerberry, dewberry, equerry, gooseberry, ground-cherry, hackberry, hegari, inkberry, Juneberry, knobkerrie, library, mulberry, nondairy, pokeberry,


ary primary, raspberry, rosemary, Rosemary, scalare, shadberry, sheepberry, snowberry, soapberry, strawberry, summary, teaberry, tilbury, twinberry, unwary, vagary, wolfberry, youngberry actuary, adversary, airy-fairy, ancillary, antiquary, apiary, arbitrary, aviary, axillary, beriberi, bestiary, biliary, boysenberry, breviary, budgetary, calamari, calamary, candleberry, Canterbury, capillary, cartulary, cassowary, catenary, cautionary, cavitary, cemetery, centenary, certiorari, chartulary, checkerberry, chinaberry, ciliary, cinerary, cometary, commentary, commissary, condottiere, coralberry, corollary, coronary, culinary, customary, dictionary, dietary, dignitary, dingleberry, dromedary, dysentery, elderberry, emissary, estuary, farkleberry, February, formicary, formulary, fragmentary, fritillary, functionary, funerary, honorary, huckleberry, intermarry, janissary, January, lamasery, lapidary, lectionary, legendary, legionary, limitary, lingonberry, literary, loganberry, luminary, mammillary, mandatary, maxillary, medullary, mercenary, miliary, military, millenary, milliary, millinery, miserere, missionary, momentary, monastery, monetary, mortuary, necessary, ordinary, ossuary, papillary, parcenary, partridgeberry, pensionary, phalanstery, pigmentary, plagiary, planetary, Pondicherry, prebendary, presbytery, pulmonary, pupillary, quaternary, questionary, reliquary, rowanberry, salivary, salmonberry, salutary, sanctuary, sanguinary, sanitary, secondary, secretary, sedentary, seminary, serviceberry, silverberry, solitary, stationary, stationery, statuary, Stradivari, subcontrary, sublunary, sugarberry, sumptuary, syllabary, temporary, termitary, tertiary, textuary, thimbleberry, Tipperary, Tom and

Jerry, topiary, tributary, tutelary, unitary, urinary, vestiary, visionary, voluntary, vulnerary, Waterbury, whortleberry, winterberry ablutionary, accretionary, antiphonary, apothecary, bicentenary, bilmillenary, concessionary, conclusionary, concretionary, confectionary, confectionery, consigliere, constabulary, contemporary, convulsionary, coparcenary, deflationary, delusionary, depositary, digressionary, disciplinary, discretionary, distributary, diversionary, electuary, epistolary, exclusionary, expansionary, extemporary, extortionary, extraordinary, fiduciary, hereditary, illusionary, imaginary, incendiary, inflationary, insanitary, intercalary, involuntary, itinerary, judiciary, libationary, obituary, officiary, pecuniary, petitionary, precautionary, preliminary, presidiary, previsionary, probationary, proprietary, provisionary, reactionary, recessionary, reflationary, residuary, reversionary, revisionary, stagflationary, stipendiary, subliterary, subsidiary, subversionary, tercentenary, traditionary, tumultuary, unnecessary, veterinary, vocabulary, voluptuary abolitionary, beneficiary, consuetudinary, devolutionary, disinflationary, domiciliary, eleemosynary, elocutionary, evidentiary, evolutionary, expeditionary, extraliterary, intermediary, paramilitary, penitentiary, quatercentenary, revolutionary, semicentenary, semilegendary, sesquicentenary, superciliary, supernumerary, tintinnabulary, transdisciplinary, usufructuary, valetudinary interdisciplinary, plenipotentiary counterrevolutionary ary2 \ar-e\ see arry 3 ary 3 \ar-e\ see ari1



aryan1 \er-e-an\ see arian 1 aryan 2 \ar-e-9n\ see arian 2

ascence \as- 3 ns\ nascence renascence

aryl \ar-al\ see arrel 2

ascent 1 \as- 9 nt\ nascent, passant renascent

as 1 \ash\ see ash 3

ascent 2 \as- a nt\ see acent


as \as\ see a s s


asch 1 \ask\ see ask


a s \az\ see azz 4

a s \a\ see a

asch 2 \ash\ see ash 1


asch 3 \6sh\ see ash 2


as \ash\ see ash


aschal \as-kal\ see ascal

a s 6 \az\ see oise 1 7

a s \az\ see euse 8


ascia 1 \a-sha\ see acia ascia 2 \ash-a\ see asha 2


as \as\ see OS

ascible \as-3-bal\ see assable

as 9 \ 6 \ see aw1

ascicle \as-i-k3l\ see assical

asa \as-g\ casa, fossa, glossa, Lhasa, Ossa kielbasa, Kinshasa, Landrace, Mombasa tabula rasa

ascon \as-kan\ see askin

asa 2 \az-a\ see aza 1

ascot \as-kat\ see asket

asa 3 \as-a\ see assa

a s c u s \as-kas\ Damascus, Velazquez

asable 1 \a-z3-bal\ grazeable persuasible paraphrasable

asco 1 \as-ko\ see oscoe a s c o 2 \as-ko\ fiasco, Tabasco

ase 1 \as\ see ace 1 a s e 2 \az\ see aze 1

asable 2 Na-ss-bslX see acGable

a s e 3 \az\ see oise 1

asal 1 \a-ssl\ basal, Basil, staysail forestaysail

asel \az-al\ see ozzle

asal 2 \a-zal\ basal, Basil, hazel, Hazel, nasal, phrasal appraisal, Azazel

a s e l e s s \a-slss\ see aceless

asally \az-le\ see aisley

ased \ast\ see aced

aseman Xa-smarA see aceman

ascal \as-kal\ paschal, rascal

asement \as-mant\ basement, casement debasement bargain-basement

ascan \as-kan\ see askin

aser 1 \a-sar\ see acer 1

ascar \as-ksr\ see asker

aser 2 \a-zar\ see azer

asca \as-ks\ see aska

ascence 1 \as- 3 ns\ nascence complacence, complaisance, renascence

asey \a-se\ see acy ash 1 \ash\ bosh, cosh, Fosh, frosh, gosh, gouache, josh, Mache, nosh,


ash posh, quash, slosh, squash, swash, tosh, wash awash, backwash, blackwash, cohosh, czardas, Dias, downwash, eyewash, galosh, ganache, goulash, kibosh, midrash, mishmash, mouthwash, musquash, panache, rainwash, Siwash, whitewash, wishwash hamantasch, mackintosh, Mcintosh ash 2 \6sh\ Bosch, Foch, gosh, grosz, quash, slosh, squash, swash, wash awash, backwash, Balkhash, blackwash, brainwash, brioche, Bydgoszcz, downwash, eyewash, hogwash, mouthwash, outwash, rainwash, Siwash, whitewash, wishwash hamantasch 3

ash \ash\ ash, bash, brash, cache, cash, clash, crash, dash, fash, flash, gash, gnash, hash, lash, mash, pash, plash, rash, sash, slash, smash, splash, stash, thrash, thresh, trash abash, backlash, backsplash, Balkhash, calash, Chumash, czardas, encash, eyelash, goulash, mishmash, moustache, mustache, panache, potash, rehash, slapdash, soutache, stramash, tongue-lash, unlash, whiplash balderdash, calabash, succotash

asher 1 \ash-3r\ josher, nosher, squasher, swasher, washer dishwasher asher 2 \6sh-ar\ swasher, washer brainwasher, dishwasher, whitewasher asher 3 \ash-ar\ Asher, basher, brasher, clasher, crasher, dasher, flasher, masher, rasher, slasher, smasher, splasher, thrasher gate-crasher haberdasher ashew \ash-u\ cachou, cashewash i1 \ash-e\ see ashy 1 ashi 2 \ash-e\ see ashy 2 ashing \ash-in\ crashing, dashing, flashing, mashing, slashing, smashing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ash 3 ashion \ash-9n\ see assion asht \asht\ see ashed 2 ashy 1 \ash-e\ dashi, Iasi, Kashi, squashy, washy Funabashi, Lubumbashi, Toyohashi, wishy-washy ashy 2 \ash-e\ ashy, flashy, Kashi, splashy, trashy

asha 1 \ash-a\ kasha, pasha, quassia Falasha

asi 1 \as-e\ see ossy 1

asha 2 \ash-a\ cassia, fascia, pasha

asi 3 \ash-e\ see ashy 1

ashan \ash-an\ see assion

asia \a-zha\ Asia aphasia, Eurasia, fantasia, Malaysia Anastasia, Australasia, euthanasia antonomasia


ashed \6sht\ sloshed stonewashed, unwashed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ash 2 2

ashed \asht\ dashed, Rasht, smashed unabashed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ash 3 ashen \ash-sn\ see assion

asi 2 \az-e\ see azi1

asian 1 \a-shan\ see ation1 asian 2 \a-zhsn\ see asion asible \a-z3-bal\ see asable 1 asic \a-zik\ basic, phasic biphasic, diphasic multiphasic, polyphasic


69 asked \ast\ see ast 2

asid \as-ad\ see acid asie \a-se\ see acy 1

asil \as-al\ see assel


asil 2 \az-9l\ see azzle 3

asil \as-al\ see asal


asil 4 \az-sl\ see asal 2 asil 5 \az-sl\ see ozzle 3

asin \as- n\ see ason


asing 1 \a-sirj\ see acing 2

asing \a-zirj\ see aising asion \a-zhan\ Asian, suasion abrasion, Caucasian, corrasion, dissuasion, equation, Eurasian, evasion, invasion, occasion, persuasion, pervasion Amerasian, Athanasian, dermabrasion, Rabelaisian overpersuasion

asker \as-kar\ lascar, masker, masquer Madagascar asket \as-kat\ ascot, basket, casket, gasket breadbasket, handbasket, wastebasket, workbasket askin \as-kan\ gascon, gaskin Alaskan, Tarascan Athapaskan asking \as-kirj\ multitasking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ask asm \az-9m\ chasm, plasm, spasm chiasm, orgasm, phantasm, sarcasm chiliasm, ectoplasm, pleonasm blepharospasm, enthusiasm, iconoclasm asma \az-m9\ asthma, plasma chiasma, miasma, phantasma

asional \azh-nal\ equational, occasional

asman \az-m9n\ see asmine

asis 1 \a-sas\ basis, stasis oasis

asn't \az- a nt\ doesn't, wasn't

asis 2 \as-as\ see assis 2

aso 1 \as-6\ see asso 1

asium \a-ze-3m\ dichasium, gymnasium

a s o 2 \as-6\ see asso 2

asive \a-siv\ suasive abrasive, assuasive, corrasive, dissuasive, embracive, evasive, invasive, persuasive, pervasive noninvasive ask \ask\ ask, bask, Basque, cask, casque, flask, mask, masque, Pasch, task unmask photomask aska \as-ka\ Alaska, Itasca, Nebraska Athabaska askan \as-k9n\ see askin

asmine \az-man\ jasmine, Tasman

ason 1 \as- 3 n\ basin, caisson, chasten, hasten, Jason, mason, Mason Foxe Basin, Freemason, Great Basin, stonemason, washbasin diapason, Donets Basin ason 2 \az- 3 n\ see azon asp \asp\ asp, clasp, gasp, grasp, hasp,rasp enclasp, handclasp, last-gasp, unclasp asper \as-par\ clasper, jasper, Jasper asperate \as-prst\ aspirate exasperate aspirate \as-prst\ see asperate


asque asque \ask\ see ask

asse 1 \as\ see a s s 3

asquer \as-kar\ see asker

a s s e 2 \as\ seeos 1

ass 1 \as\ see ace 1

assed \ast\ seeast 2

a s s 2 \as\ see OS1

a s s e e \as-e\ see assy


a s s \as\ as, ass, bass, Bass, brass, class, crass, frass, gas, glass, grass, has, lass, mass, pass, sass, strass, tace, tasse, trass, vas, wrasse admass, alas, Alsace, amass, avgas, bagasse, band-pass, bluegrass, bromegrass, bunchgrass, bypass, cordgrass, crabgrass, crevasse, cuirass, cut-grass, declass, degas, Donbas, Drygas, eelgrass, en masse, eyeglass, first-class, groundmass, harass, highclass, hourglass, impasse, jackass, knotgrass, Kuzbass, landmass, Madras, morass, outclass, outgas, palliasse, Petras, plateglass, repass, ribgrass, rubasse, ryegrass, sandglass, shortgrass, spyglass, subclass, sunglass, surpass, switchgrass, tallgrass, teargas, trespass, Troas, wineglass, wiseass, witchgrass biogas, biomass, demiglace, demitasse, fiberglass, gallowglass, gravitas, Hallowmas, hardinggrass, hippocras, isinglass, Kiribati, lemongrass, lower-class, middle-class, overpass, pampas grass, peppergrass, Plexiglas, sassafras, superclass, underclass, underpass, upper-class, weatherglass

asseh \as-a\ see assa assel 1 \as-al\ see ossal assel 2 \as-sl\ acyl, basil, castle, facile, gracile, hassle, Kassel, passel, tassel, vassal, wrestle forecastle, Newcastle asser \as-ar\ crasser, gasser, Nasser, placer harasser antimacassar asset \as-at\ see acet 2 assia 1 \ash-a\ see asha 2 assia 2 \ash-a\ see asha 1 assian \ash-an\ see assion assible \as-9-bsl\ see assable assic \as-ik\ classic Jurassic, Liassic, thalassic, Triassic neoclassic, pseudoclassic, semiclassic assical \as-i-kal\ classical, fascicle postclassical, unclassical semiclassical assid \as-ad\ see acid

assa \as-a\ massa Manasseh Lake Nyasa

assie 1 \as-e\ see assy

assable \as-3-bal\ chasuble, passable, passible impassable, impassible, irascible

assie 2 \as-e\ see ossy 1 assim 1 \as-sm\ see ossum

assail \as-al\ see ossal

assim 2 \as-3m\ passim sargassum

assailer \as-3-for\ see ossular

assin \as- 3 n\ see asten 2

assal \as-al\ seeassel 2

assion \ash-an\ ashen, fashion, passion, ration Circassian, compassion, dispassion, impassion, refashion, Wakashan


assant \as- nt\ see ascent assar \as-9r\ see asser




assional \ash-nal\ see ational 3 assis


\as-e\ see assy

a s s i s \as-as\ classis, stasis Parnassus Halicarnassus assist \a-sast\ bassist, racist contrabassist assive \as-iv\ massive, passive impassive assle \as-9l\ see assel 2 a s s l e s s \as-las\ classless, glassless, massless

repast, roughcast, sandblast, sand-cast, shamefast, soothfast, sportscast, steadfast, sunfast, topmast, trade-last, typecast, unasked, upcast, windblast acid-fast, chiliast, cineast, colorcast, colorfast, flabbergast, fore-topmast, hard-and-fast, main-topmast, mizzenmast, narrowcast, opencast, overcast, pederast, rebroadcast, scholiast, simulcast, telecast, weathercast ecdysiast, encomiast, enthusiast, iconoclast, radiocast, symposiast radiobroadcast —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ass3

assment \as-m3nt\ blastment amassment, harassment

asta 1 \as-ta\ seeosta

a s s n e s s \as-n9s\ see astness

asta 2 \as-ta\ Rasta canasta, Jocasta, Mount Shasta

a s s o \as-6\ basso, lasso El Paso, Picasso, sargasso, Sargasso Bobo-Dioulasso 2

a s s o \as-6\ Campo Basso Burkina Faso

astable \at-3-bal\ see atible astard \as-tard\ bastard, dastard, mastered, plastered aste 1 \ast\ seeaced

assock \as-ak\ cassock, hassock

aste 2 \ast\ see ast 2

assum \as-am\ see assim 2

asted \as-tad\ blasted, masted, plastid —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ast2

a s s u s \as-ss\ see assis assy \as-e\ brassy, chassis, classy, gassy, glacis, glassie, glassy, grassy, lassie, massy, sassy Malagasy, Tallahassee Haile Salassie ast 1 \ast\ see list1 ast 2 \ast\ bast, blast, cast, caste, clast, fast, gast, ghast, hast, last, mast, past, vast aghast, avast, bedfast, Belfast, bombast, broadcast, bypast, contrast, dicast, dismast, downcast, dynast, fantast, flypast, forecast, foremast, forepassed, gymnast, half-caste, halfmast, handfast, holdfast, lightfast, mainmast, makefast, march-past, miscast, newscast, oblast, offcast, outcast, outcaste, precast, recast,

asteful \ast-fal\ tasteful, wasteful distasteful asten 1 \as- 3 n\ see ason 1 asten 2 \as- 3 n\ fasten assassin, unfasten aster 1 \a-star\ taster, waster aster 2 \as-tar\ aster, Astor, caster, castor, Castor, faster, gaster, master, pastor, plaster, raster bandmaster, broadcaster, bushmaster, cadastre, choirmaster, disaster, drillmaster, headmaster, linecaster, loadmaster, paymaster, piaster, pilaster, postmaster, quizmaster, remaster, ringmaster, schoolmaster, scoutmaster, shinplaster, shipmaster,

astered sportscaster, spymaster, taskmaster, three-master, toastmaster, truckmaster, wharfmaster, whoremaster, yardmaster alabaster, burgomaster, concertmaster, criticaster, ironmaster, oleaster, overmaster, poetaster, quartermaster, rallymaster, stationmaster, weathercaster, Zoroaster cotoneaster

72 —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ast 2 astion \as-chan\ bastion Erastian astle \as-al\ see assel 2 astly \ast-le\ ghastly, lastly astment Xas-mantX see assment

astered \as-tsrd\ see astard

astness \as-nss\ crassness, fastness, gastness, pastness

astering \as-t9-rirj\ overmastering —also -ing forms of verbs listed at aster

asto \as-to\ impasto antipasto

astes \as-tez\ cerastes Ecclesiastes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at asty 2 asthma \az-m9\ see asma astian \as-chan\ see astion astic \as-tik\ drastic, mastic, plastic, spastic bombastic, dynastic, elastic, fantastic, gymnastic, monastic, sarcastic, scholastic, stochastic anelastic, Hudibrastic, inelastic, onomastic, orgiastic, paraphrastic, pederastic, periphrastic, superplastic ecclesiastic, enthusiastic, iconoclastic, interscholastic, semimonastic astics \as-tiks\ gymnastics, slimnastics astid \as-tad\ see asted astie \as-te\ see asty 2 astiness \a-ste-n9s\ hastiness, pastiness asting 1 \a-stirj\ basting, wasting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at aced 2

asting \as-tirj\ typecasting everlasting, narrowcasting, overcasting

astor \as-tar\ see aster 2 astoral \as-trsl\ see astral astral \as-trsl\ astral, gastral, pastoral, plastral cadastral astre \as-tar\ see aster 2 astric \as-trik\ gastric nasogastric astrophe \as-tr9-fe\ anastrophe, catastrophe asty 1 \a-ste\ hasty, pasty, tasty asty 2 \as-te\ blastie, nasty, pasty, vasty capacity, contrasty pederasty angioplasty, bepharoplasty, osteoplasty, overcapacity asuble \as-3-bsl\ see assable asure 1 \a-shar\ glacier, Glacier, rasure erasure asure 2 \a-zhsr\ see azier asy \as-e\ see assy at1 \ a \ see a 1 at 2 \at\ see ot1 at 3 \at\ see ut1 at4 \6t\ see ought1



at5 \at\ bat, batt, blat, brat, cat, Cat, chat, chert, drat, fat, flat, frat, gat, gnat, hat, mat, matt, Matt, matte, pat, Pat, plait, plat, rat, Rat, sat, scat, scatt, skat, slat, spat, splat, sprat, stat, tat, that, vat all that, at bat, backchat, begat, bobcat, brickbat, bullbat, Cassatt, chitchat, combat, comsat, cowpat, cravat, Croat, defat, dingbat, doormat, expat, fiat, firebrat, format, Hallstatt, hellcat, hepcat, high-hat, jurat, meerkat, muscat, Muscat, muskrat, nonfat, polecat, Sadat, savate, SnoCat, stand pat, standpat, stonechat, strawhat, Surat, thereat, tipcat, tomcat, whereat, whinchat, wildcat, wombat acrobat, apparat, Ararat, assignat, autocrat, Automat, bureaucrat, butterfat, caveat, cervelat, concordat, copycat, democrat, diplomat, Dixiecrat, Eurocrat, habitat, Kattegat, Laundromat, marrowfat, mobocrat, monocrat, Montserrat, ochlocrat, pas de quatre, photostat, pit-a-pat, plutocrat, pussycat, rat-a-tat, scaredycat, semimatte, technocrat, theocrat, thermostat, tit for tat, Uniate, ziggurat aristocrat, gerontocrat, heliostat, Jehoshaphat, magnificat, meritocrat, Physiocrat, requiescat, thalassocrat proletariat, professoriat, secretariat 6

at \a\ see ah


ata1 \at-a\ cotta, data, kata balata, cantata, Carlotta, errata, fermata, frittata, La Plata, Maratha, Niigata, non grata, pinata, pro rata, reata, riata, regatta, sonata, Sorata, toccata caponata, Hirakata, Mar del Plata, serenata, terracotta, Uspallata Basilicata, desiderata, inamorata, missa cantata, persona grata, res judicata persona non grata, res adjudicata, Rio de la Plata medulla oblongata ata 2 \at-a\ beta, data, eta, strata, theta, zeta

muleta, peseta, potato, pro rata, substrata, tomato, viewdata corona radiata ata 3 \at-a\ data errata, mulatto, non grata, pro rata, reata, regatta, riata, viewdata paramatta, Paramatta persona grata persona non grata atable 1 \at-3-bal\ datable, ratable, statable debatable, dilatable, inflatable, locatable, rotatable, translatable allocatable, circulatable, confiscatable, correctable, detonatable, undebatable atable 2 \at-3-bal\ see atible atal \at- 3 l\ fatal, natal, ratel, shtetl hiatal, postnatal, prenatal antenatal, neonatal, perinatal atalie \at- 3 l-e\ see attily atally \at- 3 l-e\ fatally, natally postnatally, prenatally antenatally, neonatally, perinatally atalyst \at- 3 l-ast\ catalyst philatelist atan 1 \at-9n\ see aten 1 atari2 \at- 3 n\ see atin2 atancy \at- 3 n-se\ blatancy, latency dilatancy atant1 \at- 3 nt\ blatant, latent, natant, patent, statant atant 2 \at- 3 nt\ patent combatant noncombatant atany \at- 3 n-e\ atony, rhatany atar \at-sr\ see otter atary \at-a-re\ see ottery atch 1 \ech\ see etch atch 2 \ach\ see otch


atch atch 3 \6ch\ see auch 1 4

atch \ach\ bach, batch, catch, cratch, hatch, klatch, latch, match, natch, patch, ratch, scratch, snatch, thatch attach, book-match, Crosshatch, crosspatch, despatch, detach, dispatch, nuthatch, outmatch, potlatch, rematch, Sasquatch, throatlatch, unlatch, Wasatch coffee klatch, kaffeeklatsch, overmatch atcher 1 \ach-sr\ botcher, watcher bird-watcher, clock-watcher, debaucher, topnotcher atcher 2 \ach-ar\ batcher, catcher, hatcher, matcher, scratcher, stature, thatcher cowcatcher, dispatcher, dogcatcher, eye-catcher, flycatcher, gnatcatcher oyster catcher atchet \ach-at\ hatchet, latchet, rachet, ratchet atchily \ach-a-le\ patchily, patchouli atching \ach-irj\ back-scratching, cross-hatching, eye-catching, nonmatching —also -ing forms of verbs listed at atch 4 atchman Xach-msnX see otchman atchment \ach-mant\ catchment, hatchment attachment, detachment atchouli \ach-s-le\ see atchily atchy \ach-e\ catchy, patchy, scratchy Apache ate 1 \at\ ait, ate, bait, bate, blate, cate, Cate, crate, date, eight, fate, fete, freight, gait, gate, grate, great, haet, hate, Kate, late, mate, pate, plait, plate, prate, quoit, rate, sate, skate, slate, spate, state, straight, strait, teth, trait, wait, weight

abate, ablate, adnate, aerate, agemate, agnate, airdate, airfreight, alate, arete, await, backdate, baldpate, bedmate, bedplate, berate, birthrate, bistate, bookplate, breastplate, casemate, castrate, caudate, cerate, cheapskate, checkmate, chordate, classmate, clavate, cognate, collate, comate, conflate, connate, cordate, create, cremate, crenate, curate, cutrate, deadweight, debate, deflate, delate, dentate, derate, dictate, dilate, disrate, donate, doorplate, downstate, drawplate, elate, equate, estate, faceplate, falcate, fellate, filtrate, firstrate, fishplate, fixate, flatmate, floodgate, flyweight, formate, frustrate, gelate, gestate, gyrate, hamate, hastate, headgate, helpmate, housemate, hydrate, ice-skate, inflate, ingrate, inmate, innate, instate, irate, jailbait, jugate, khanate, Kuwait, lactate, legate, liftgate, ligate, lightweight, liquate, lobate, locate, lunate, lustrate, lych-gate, lyrate, magnate, makebate, makeweight, mandate, messmate, migrate, misstate, mutate, nameplate, narrate, negate, Newgate, nitrate, notate, nutate, oblate, orate, ornate, ovate, palmate, palpate, peltate, phonate, pinnate, placate, playmate, plicate, portrait, postdate, predate, primate, probate, prolate, prorate, prostate, prostrate, pulsate, punctate, pupate, quadrate, ramate, rebate, red-bait, relate, restate, roommate, rostrate, rotate, saccate, schoolmate, seatmate, sedate, sensate, septate, serrate, shipmate, short weight, soleplate, spectate, spicate, squamate, stagnate, stalemate, stellate, striate, sublate, substrate, sulcate, summate, tailgate, teammate, Tebet, tenth-rate, ternate, terneplate, testate, third-rate, tinplate, toeplate, tollgate, tractate, translate, tristate, truncate, unweight, update, uprate, upstate, V-8, vacate, vallate, valvate, vibrate, virgate, vulgate, whitebait, workmate, zonate

75 abdicate, abnegate, abrogate, absorbate, acclimate, acerbate, acetate, activate, actuate, acylate, adsorbate, advocate, adulate, adumbrate, aggravate, aggregate, agitate, allocate, altercate, alternate, ambulate, amputate, animate, annotate, annulate, antedate, antiquate, apartheid, apostate, approbate, arbitrate, arcuate, arrogate, aspirate, automate, aviate, bantamweight, bifurcate, billingsgate, bipinnate, boilerplate, bombinate, brachiate, cachinnate, calculate, calibrate, caliphate, candidate, cantillate, capitate, captivate, carbonate, carbon-date, carinate, castigate, catenate, cavitate, celebrate, cerebrate, circinate, circulate, citystate, cogitate, collimate, collocate, commentate, commutate, compensate, complicate, concentrate, condensate, confiscate, conglobate, conjugate, consecrate, constellate, consternate, constipate, consummate, contemplate, copperplate, copulate, coronate, correlate, corrugate, coruscate, counterweight, crenulate, crepitate, criminate, cruciate, cucullate, culminate, cultivate, cumulate, cuneate, cupulate, cuspidate, cyclamate, deaerate, decimate, decollate, decorate, decussate, dedicate, defalcate, defecate, delegate, demarcate, demonstrate, denigrate, deviate, deprecate, depredate, derivate, derogate, desecrate, desiccate, designate, desolate, detonate, devastate, deviate, digitate, diplomate, discarnate, dislocate, dissertate, dissipate, distillate, divagate, dominate, duplicate, edentate, educate, elevate, elongate, eluate, emanate, emigrate, emirate, emulate, enervate, ephorate, escalate, estimate, estivate, excavate, exculpate, execrate, expiate, explicate, expurgate, exsiccate, extirpate, extricate, exudate, fabricate, fascinate, featherweight, fecundate, federate, fenestrate, festinate, fibrillate, flabellate, flagellate, flocculate, fluctuate, fluoridate, foliate,

ate formulate, fornicate, fractionate, fragmentate, fulminate, fumigate, fustigate, geminate, generate, germinate, glaciate, Golden Gate, graduate, granulate, gratulate, gravitate, heavyweight, hebetate, herniate, hesitate, hibernate, hundredweight, hyphenate, ideate, illustrate, imamate, imbricate, imitate, immigrate, immolate, impetrate, implicate, imprecate, impregnate, incarnate, increate, incubate, inculcate, inculpate, incurvate, indagate, indicate, indurate, infiltrate, innervate, innovate, insensate, insolate, inspissate, instigate, insulate, interstate, intestate, intimate, intonate, intraplate, inundate, invocate, iodate, irrigate, irritate, isolate, iterate, jubilate, juniorate, lacerate, laminate, Latinate, laureate, legislate, levigate, levitate, liberate, liquidate, litigate, littermate, lubricate, macerate, machinate, magistrate, marginate, margravate, marinate, masticate, masturbate, maturate, mediate, medicate, meditate, meliorate, menstruate, microstate, micturate, middleweight, militate, ministrate, miscreate, mithridate, mitigate, moderate, modulate, motivate, multistate, mutilate, nation-state, nauseate, navigate, neonate, nictitate, niobate, nominate, numerate, obfuscate, objurgate, obligate, obovate, obviate, operate, opiate, orchestrate, ordinate, oscillate, osculate, out-of-date, overstate, overweight, ovulate, paginate, palliate, palpitate, paperweight, patinate, peculate, penetrate, pennyweight, percolate, perennate, perforate, permeate, perorate, perpetrate, personate, pollinate, populate, postulate, potentate, predicate, procreate, profligate, promulgate, propagate, prorogate, pullulate, pulmonate, punctuate, quantitate, rabbinate, radiate, re-create, reclinate, recreate, regulate, reinstate, relegate, relocate, reluctate, remonstrate,

ate renovate, replicate, reprobate, resonate, retardate, retranslate, roseate, rubricate, ruminate, runagate, rusticate, sagittate, salivate, sanitate, satiate, saturate, scintillate, secondrate, segregate, self-portrait, separate, sequestrate, seriate, sibilate, simulate, sinuate, situate, speculate, spoliate, stablemate, stimulate, stipulate, strangulate, stridulate, stylobate, subjugate, sublimate, subrogate, subulate, suffocate, sultanate, supplicate, surrogate, syncopate, syndicate, tablemate, tabulate, terminate, tessellate, tete-a-tete, thirtyeight, titillate, titivate, tolerate, transmigrate, transudate, tribulate, tribunate, trifurcate, trilobate, tripinnate, triplicate, tunicate, turbinate, ulcerate, ululate, umbellate, uncinate, underrate, understate, underweight, undulate, ungulate, urinate, vaccinate, vacillate, validate, valuate, variate, vaticinate, vegetate, venerate, ventilate, vertebrate, vicarate, vindicate, violate, vitiate, Watergate, welterweight abbreviate, abominate, accelerate, accentuate, accommodate, acculturate, accumulate, acidulate, adjudicate, administrate, adulterate, affiliate, agglomerate, agglutinate, alienate, alleviate, alliterate, amalgamate, ameliorate, annihilate, annunciate, anticipate, apostolate, appreciate, appropriate, approximate, articulate, asphyxiate, assassinate, asseverate, assimilate, associate, attenuate, authenticate, barbiturate, bicarbonate, calumniate, campanulate, capacitate, capitulate, catholicate, certificate, circumvallate, coagulate, coelenterate, collaborate, commemorate, commiserate, communicate, compassionate, concatenate, concelebrate, conciliate, confabulate, confederate, conglomerate, congratulate, consociate, consolidate, contaminate, cooperate, coordinate, corroborate, de-escalate, debilitate, decapitate, decerebrate, deconcentrate,

76 deconsecrate, decrepitate, defibrinate, defribrillate, degenerate, deliberate, delineate, demodulate, denominate, depopulate, depreciate, deregulate, desegregate, desiderate, devaluate, diaconate, dilapidate, discriminate, disintegrate, disseminate, dissimilate, dissimulate, dissociate, divaricate, domesticate, edulcorate, effectuate, ejaculate, elaborate, electroplate, eliminate, elucidate, elucubrate, elutriate, emaciate, emancipate, emarginate, emasculate, encapsulate, enumerate, enunciate, episcopate, equilibrate, equivocate, eradicate, etiolate, evacuate, evaluate, evaporate, eventuate, eviscerate, exacerbate, exaggerate, exasperate, excogitate, excoriate, excruciate, exfoliate, exhilarate, exonerate, expatiate, expatriate, expectorate, expostulate, expropriate, extenuate, exterminate, extrapolate, extravagate, exuberate, facilitate, fantasticate, felicitate, gesticulate, habilitate, habituate, hallucinate, homologate, humiliate, hypothecate, illuminate, impersonate, inactivate, inaugurate, incarcerate, incinerate, incorporate, incriminate, indoctrinate, inebriate, infatuate, infuriate, ingratiate, ingurgitate, initiate, inoculate, inosculate, inseminate, insinuate, instantiate, intenerate, intercalate, interpellate, interpolate, interrelate, interrogate, intimidate, intoxicate, invaginate, invalidate, investigate, invigilate, invigorate, irradiate, italianate, itinerate, lanceolate, legitimate, luxuriate, machicolate, mandarinate, manipulate, matriarchate, matriculate, Merthiolate, necessitate, negotiate, noncandidate, obliterate, obnubilate, officiate, orientate, originate, oxygenate, participate, particulate, patriarchate, patriciate, penicillate, perambulate, peregrinate, perpetuate, pontificate, potentiate, precipitate, predestinate, predominate, prefabricate, premeditate, prenominate, preponderate,



prevaricate, procrastinate, prognosticate, proliferate, propitiate, proportionate, quadruplicate, quintuplicate, reciprocate, recriminate, recuperate, redecorate, redintegrate, reduplicate, reeducate, refrigerate, regenerate, regurgitate, reincarnate, reintegrate, reiterate, rejuvenate, remunerate, renominate, repatriate, repristinate, repudiate, resupinate, resuscitate, retaliate, reticulate, revaluate, revegetate, reverberate, scholasticate, seventy-eight, sextuplicate, somnambulate, sophisticate, stereobate, subordinate, substantiate, syllabicate, tergiversate, transliterate, transvaluate, triangulate, variegate, vituperate, vociferate beneficiate, circumambulate, circumnavigate, circumstantiate, contraindicate, decontaminate, deteriorate, differentiate, disaffiliate, disambiguate, disarticulate, disassociate, discombobulate, disintoxicate, disorientate, disproportionate, domiciliate, excommunicate, free-associate, hyperventilate, incapacitate, individuate, intermediate, interpenetrate, misappropriate, multivariate, ratiocinate, recapitulate, rehabilitate, renegotiate, superannuate, superelevate, superheavyweight, superordinate, supersaturate, transilluminate, transubstantiate, underestimate microencapsulate, intercommunicate, lithium niobate diammonium phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate peroxyacetyl nitrate

belated, ill-fated, outdated, related, striated, three-gaited, truncated, unbated, X-rated aberrated, addlepated, animated, calculated, capsulated, carbonated, carburated, castellated, complicated, crenellated, disrelated, elevated, fenestrated, fimbriated, floriated, foliated, inspissated, laminated, marginated, mentholated, perforated, pileated, pixilated, pustulated, saturated, tessellated, trabeated, unabated, uncreated, understated, variegated affiliated, asteriated, configurated, coordinated, decaffeinated, domesticated, incorporated, inebriated, interrelated, intoxicated, opinionated, sophisticated, uncalculated, uncelebrated, uncomplicated, underinflated, unmediated, unmitigated, unsaturated, unsegregated unadulterated, unanticipated, unarticulated, unconsolidated, undereducated, underpopulated, undissociated, unsophisticated polyunsaturated, underappreciated —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ate 1

ate 2 \at\ see at

ately 1 \at-le\ greatly, lately, stately, straightly, straitly innately, irately, ornately up-to-dately Johnny-come-lately

ate 3 \at\ see ot1 ate 4 \at-e\ see ati ate 5 \at\ see ut ated \at-sd\ gaited, lated, pated, stated

ateful \at-fal\ fateful, grateful, hateful ungrateful atel1 \at- 3 l\ see ottle atel 2 \at- 3 l\ see atal ateless \at-las\ dateless, stateless, weightless atelist \at- 3 l-ast\ see atalyst

ately 2 \at- 3 l-e\ see attily atem \at-am\ see atum 1


atement atement Xat-mantX statement abatement, debatement, misstatement, restatement overstatement, reinstatement, understatement aten 1 \at- 3 n\ greaten, laten, Satan, straighten, straiten Keewatin aten 2 \at- 3 n\ see atin2 aten 3 \at- 3 n\ see otten atent 1 \at- 3 nt\ see atant 1 atent 2 \at- 3 nt\ see atant 2 ater1 \6t-ar\ daughter, slaughter, tauter, water backwater, bathwater, blackwater, breakwater, cutwater, dewater, deepwater, dishwater, firewater, floodwater, forequarter, freshwater, goddaughter, granddaughter, groundwater, headwater, hindquarter, jerkwater, limewater, manslaughter, meltwater, rainwater, rosewater, saltwater, seawater, self-slaughter, shearwater, springwater, stepdaughter, tailwater, tidewater, wastewater milk-and-water, polywater, underwater ater 2 \at-ar\ see ator

ates 1 \ats\ Yeats Gulf States Papal States Persian Gulf States, United States Federated Malay States United Arab Emirates —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ate ates 2 \at-ez\ nates Achates, Euphrates, Penates —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at aty atest \at-ast\ latest, statist —also -est forms of adjectives listed at ate 1 atey \at-e\ see aty ath1 \ath\ see oth1 ath 2 \6th\ see oth 2 ath 3 \ath\ bath, hath, lath, math, path, rathe, snath, strath, wrath birdbath, bloodbath, bypath, footbath, footpath, sunbath, towpath, warpath aftermath, polymath, psychopath, telepath naturopath, osteopath, sociopath atha \at-a\ see ata 1 athe 1 \ath\ swathe enswathe, unswathe

ateral \at-a-ral\ lateral bilateral, collateral, trilateral contralateral, dorsolateral, equilateral, ipsilateral, multilateral, quadrilateral, unilateral, ventrolateral posterolateral

athe 2 \ath\ bathe, lathe, rathe, saithe, scathe, spathe, swathe sunbathe, unswathe

aterer \6t-9r-ar\ slaughterer, waterer dewaterer

atheless \ath-las\ see aithless

ateress \at-3-rss\ cateress, traitorous atering \6t-9-rirj\ mouth-watering —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ater 1 atery1 \at-a-re\ see ottery atery 2 \6t-a-re\ cautery, watery

athe 3 \ath\ see ath

ather1 \ath-ar\ bother, father, pother, rather forefather, godfather, grandfather, housefather, stepfather ather2 \9th-ar\ see other1 ather 3 \ath-ar\ blather, Cather, gather, lather, Mather, rather, slather forgather, ingather, wool-gather


79 athering \alh-rirj\ ingathering, woolgathering —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ather 3 athi \at-e\ see ati athic \ath-ik\ empathic amphipathic, psychopathic, telepathic homeopathic, idiopathic, sociopathic athlon \ath-l3n\ biathlon, decathlon, pentathlon, triathlon athy \ath-e\ Cathie, Cathy, Kathie, Kathy, wrathy allelopathy ati1 \at-e\ Ate, Dottie, dotty, Dotty, grotty, knotty, naughty, plotty, potty, Scottie, Scotty, snotty, spotty, squatty Amati, basmati, chapati, coati, flokati, karate, Marathi, metate, Scarlatti, Tol'yatti glitterati, Gujarati, Hakodate, literati, manicotti illuminati ati2 \ate\ see atty ati3 \ats\ see ots ati4 \as\ see a s s 3 atia \a-shs\ see acia atial \a-shal\ see acial atian \a-sh9n\ see ation1 atians \a-shanz\ seeations atible \at-3-bal\ compatible, getatable incompatible, self-compatible biocompatible, self-incompatible

magmatic, neumatic, phlegmatic, plasmatic, pneumatic, pragmatic, prismatic, protatic, quadratic, rheumatic, schematic, schismatic, sciatic, sematic, Socratic, somatic, spermatic, stigmatic, sylvatic, thematic, traumatic, villatic achromatic, acrobatic, Adriatic, aerobatic, anabatic, antistatic, aromatic, astigmatic, autocratic, automatic, bureaucratic, charismatic, cinematic, democratic, dilemmatic, diplomatic, Dixiecratic, Eleatic, emblematic, enigmatic, enzymatic, fungistatic, Hanseatic, hieratic, Hippocratic, kerygmatic, leviratic, melismatic, miasmatic, mobocratic, monocratic, morganatic, numismatic, ochlocratic, operatic, phonematic, plutocratic, pre-Socratic, problematic, programmatic, symptomatic, syntagmatic, systematic, technocratic, theocratic, timocratic, undogmatic, undramatic anagrammatic, apothegmatic, aristocratic, asymptomatic, axiomatic, conglomeratic, diagrammatic, diaphragmatic, epigrammatic, gerontocratic, gynecocratic, homeostatic, idiomatic, logogrammatic, melodramatic, meritocratic, monochromatic, monodramatic, monogrammatic, pantisocratic, paradigmatic, physiocratic, psychodramatic, psychosomatic, semiaquatic, theorematic, undemocratic, undiplomatic antidemocratic, Austroasiatic, biosystematic, ideogrammatic, semiautomatic

atic 1 \at-ik\ see otic1

atica \at-i-ka\ Attica hepatica, sciatica, viatica

atic 2 \at-ik\ attic, Attic, batik, phatic, static, vatic agnatic, aquatic, astatic, asthmatic, chromatic, climatic, comatic, dalmatic, dogmatic, dramatic, ecstatic, emphatic, erratic, fanatic, hepatic, judgmatic, komatik, lymphatic,

atical \at-i-kal\ statical dogmatical, erratical, fanatical, grammatical, piratical, pragmatical, sabbatical, schismatical autocratical, emblematical, enigmatical, magistratical, mathematical, ochlocratical,


atics problematical, systematical, theocratical, timocratical, ungrammatical anagrammatical, diagrammatical, epigrammatical, pantisocratical atics \at-iks\ statics chromatics, dogmatics, dramatics, pneumatics, pragmatics acrobatics, informatics, mathematics, numismatics, systematics melodramatics, psychosomatics —also -s, -s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at atic atie \at-e\ see aty atiens \a-shanz\ see ations atient \a-shant\ patient impatient, inpatient, outpatient rubefacient, somnifacient abortifacient atik \at-ik\ see atic 2 atile \at- 3 l-e\ see attily atim \at-am\ see atum 2 atin1 \at- 3 n\ see otten atin 2 \at- 3 n\ batten, fatten, flatten, gratin, Latin, latten, matin, paten, patten, Patton, platan, platen, ratton, satin cisplatin, manhattan, Manhattan, Powhatan lovastatin, Neo-Latin atin 3 \at- 3 n\ see aten 1 atinate \at- 3 n-3t\ concatenate, Palatinate Rhineland-Palatinate ating \at-irj\ bating, grating, plating, rating, skating, slating abating, bearbaiting, bullbaiting, frustrating, self-rating calculating, lancinating, maid-inwaiting, nauseating, operating, titillating humiliating, lady-in-waiting, nonterminating, self-liquidating, self-

regulating, self-replicating, subordinating, uncalculating, undeviating, unhesitating indiscriminating, self-incriminating —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ate 1 atinous \at-nas\ seeatness ation 1 \a-shsn\ Asian, Haitian, nation, Nation, ration, station, Thracian ablation, agnation, Alsatian, carnation, castration, causation, cessation, cetacean, chrismation, citation, cognation, collation, conation, conflation, creation, cremation, crenation, Croatian, crustacean, cunctation, dalmatian, damnation, deflation, dictation, dilation, donation, duration, elation, enation, equation, Eurasian, filtration, fixation, flotation, formation, foundation, frustration, furcation, gestation, gradation, gustation, gyration, hydration, illation, inflation, lactation, laudation, lavation, legation, libation, libration, ligation, location, lustration, mentation, migration, mutation, narration, natation, negation, nitration, notation, novation, nutation, oblation, oration, outstation, ovation, phonation, planation, plantation, plication, potation, predation, privation, probation, pronation, proration, prostration, pulsation, purgation, quotation, reflation, relation, rogation, rotation, saltation, salvation, sedation, sensation, serration, slumpflation, squamation, stagflation, stagnation, starvation, striation, stylization, sublation, substation, summation, tarnation, taxation, temptation, translation, truncation, vacation, venation, vexation, vibration, vocation, workstation, zonation abdication, aberration, abjuration, abnegation, acceptation, acclamation, acclimation, accusation, activation, actuation, adaptation, adjuration, admiration, adoration, adulation,

81 adumbration, advocation, affectation, affirmation, aggravation, aggregation, allegation, allocation, amputation, alteration, altercation, alternation, Amerasian, angulation, animation, annexation, annotation, annulation, antiquation, Appalachian, appellation, application, approbation, arbitration, aspiration, assentation, assignation, attestation, augmentation, Aurignacian, automation, aviation, avocation, blaxploitation, botheration, brachiation, cachinnation, calculation, calibration, cancellation, capitation, captivation, carbonation, carburation, castigation, celebration, cementation, cerebration, circulation, claudication, cogitation, collocation, coloration, combination, commendation, commination, commutation, compellation, compensation, compilation, complication, compurgation, computation, concentration, condemnation, condensation, condonation, confirmation, confiscation, conflagration, conformation, confrontation, confutation, congelation, congregation, conjugation, conjuration, connotation, consecration, conservation, consolation, conspiration, constellation, consternation, constipation, consultation, consummation, contemplation, contestation, conurbation, conversation, convocation, copulation, coronation, corporation, correlation, corrugation, coruscation, crenellation, culmination, cupellation, cuspidation, cybernation, decimation, declamation, declaration, declination, decoration, dedication, defalcation, defamation, defecation, defloration, deformation, degradation, degustation, dehydration, delectation, delegation, demarcation, demonstration, denegation, denigration, denotation, depilation, deportation, depravation, depredation, deprivation, deputation, derivation, derogation, desecration, desiccation,

ation designation, desolation, desperation, destination, detestation, detonation, devastation, deviation, dilatation, disclamation, disinflation, dislocation, dispensation, disputation, disrelation, dissertation, dissipation, distillation, divination, domination, dubitation, duplication, education, elevation, elongation, emanation, embarkation, embrocation, emendation, emigration, emulation, encrustation, enervation, epilation, equitation, eructation, escalation, estimation, estivation, evocation, exaltation, excavation, excitation, exclamation, exculpation, execration, exhalation, exhortation, expectation, expiation, expiration, explanation, explication, exploitation, exploration, exportation, expurgation, extirpation, extrication, exudation, exultation, fabrication, fascination, federation, fenestration, fermentation, fibrillation, figuration, filiation, flagellation, fluoridation, fluctuation, foliation, fomentation, formulation, fornication, fragmentation, fulguration, fulmination, fumigation, gemination, generation, germination, glaciation, graduation, granulation, gravitation, habitation, hesitation, hibernation, hyphenation, ideation, illustration, imbrication, imitation, immigration, immolation, implantation, implication, importation, imprecation, imputation, incantation, incarnation, incitation, inclination, incrustation, incubation, inculcation, indentation, indexation, indication, indignation, induration, infestation, infiltration, inflammation, information, inhalation, innovation, insolation, inspiration, installation, instauration, insufflation, insulation, intonation, inundation, invitation, invocation, irrigation, irritation, isolation, iteration, jactitation, jubilation, laceration, lacrimation, lamentation, lamination, legislation, levitation, liberation, limitation, lineation, liquidation, literation, litigation, lubrication, lucubration, maceration,

ation machination, maculation, malformation, malversation, margination, mastication, masturbation, maturation, mediation, medication, meditation, melioration, menstruation, mensuration, metrication, ministration, moderation, modulation, molestation, motivation, navigation, nomination, numeration, obfuscation, objurgation, obligation, observation, obturation, occultation, occupation, operation, orchestration, ordination, oscillation, osculation, ostentation, ovulation, oxidation, ozonation, pagination, palliation, palpitation, patination, penetration, perforation, permeation, permutation, peroration, perpetration, perspiration, perturbation, pigmentation, pixilation, pollination, population, postulation, predication, preformation, prelibation, preparation, presentation, proclamation, procreation, procuration, profanation, prolongation, propagation, prorogation, protestation, provocation, publication, punctuation, radiation, recitation, reclamation, recordation, re-creation, recreation, reformation, refutation, registration, regulation, relaxation, relocation, reparation, replantation, replication, reprobation, reputation, reservation, resignation, respiration, restoration, retardation, revelation, revocation, ruination, salivation, salutation, sanitation, satiation, saturation, scatteration, scintillation, segmentation, segregation, separation, sequestration, sexploitation, simulation, situation, solmization, speciation, speculation, spoliation, sternutation, stimulation, stipulation, strangulation, structuration, subjugation, sublimation, subrogation, suffocation, suspiration, susurration, sustentation, syncopation, syndication, tabulation, termination, tessellation, titillation, titivation, toleration, transformation, translocation, transmigration, transmutation, transpiration,

82 transplantation, transportation, trepidation, tribulation, trituration, ulceration, ululation, undulation, urination, usurpation, vaccination, vacillation, validation, valuation, variation, vegetation, veneration, ventilation, vindication, violation, visitation abbreviation, abomination, acceleration, accentuation, accommodation, accreditation, acculturation, accumulation, actualization, adjudication, administration, adulteration, affiliation, afforestation, agglomeration, agglutination, alienation, alleviation, alliteration, amalgamation, amelioration, amortization, amplification, analyzation, anglicization, annihilation, annunciation, anticipation, appreciation, appropriation, approximation, argumentation, articulation, asphyxiation, assassination, asseveration, assimilation, association, attenuation, authorization, autoxidation, barbarization, bastardization, beautification, bowdlerization, brutalization, canalization, canonization, capacitation, capitulation, carbonylation, centralization, certification, cicatrization, civilization, clarification, classification, coagulation, coeducation, cohabitation, colonization, collaboration, columniation, commemoration, commiseration, communication, communization, compartmentation, complementation, concatenation, conciliation, confabulation, confederation, configuration, conglomeration, congratulation, consideration, consociation, consolidation, contamination, continuation, cooperation, coordination, corroboration, crustification, crystallization, deactivation, debilitation, decapitation,

83 decompensation, defenestration, deforestation, degeneration, deglaciation, deification, deliberation, delineation, denomination, denunciation, depopulation, depreciation, deregulation, desegregation, despoliation, determination, devaluation, dilapidation, diphthongization, disapprobation, discoloration, discrimination, disembarkation, disinclination, disinformation, disintegration, dissemination, dissimilation, dissimulation, dissociation, divarication, documentation, domestication, dramatization, echolocation, edification, ejaculation, elaboration, elicitation, elimination, elucidation, emaciation, emancipation, emasculation, enumeration, enunciation, epoxidation, equalization, equivocation, eradication, evacuation, evagination, evaluation, evaporation, evisceration, exacerbation, exaggeration, examination, exasperation, excoriation, excruciation, exercitation, exhilaration, exoneration, expostulation, expropriation, extenuation, extermination, extrapolation, facilitation, factorization, falsification, fantastication, feminization, fertilization, Finlandization, formalization, formulization, fortification, fossilization, fructification, gasification, gentrification, gesticulation, glamorization, globalization, glorification, glycosylation, gratification, habituation, hallucination, harmonization, haruspication, hellenization, humanization, hyperinflation, idolization, illumination, imagination, immunization, impersonation, implementation, improvisation, inauguration, incarceration, incardination, incineration, incorporation, incrimination,

ation indoctrination, inebriation, infatuation, ingratiation, inhabitation, initiation, inoculation, insemination, insinuation, instrumentation, internalization, interpretation, interrelation, intimidation, intoxication, invagination, investigation, invigoration, irradiation, itemization, jollification, justification, labanotation, laicization, latinization, legalization, lionization, localization, machicolation, magnetization, magnification, maladaptation, manifestation, masculinization, matriculation, maximization, mechanization, miscegenation, mobilization, modernization, modification, mollification, mongrelization, monopolization, moralization, mortification, multiplication, mystification, nationalization, naturalization, necessitation, negotiation, neutralization, normalization, notarization, notification, novelization, nullification, optimization, organization, orientation, ornamentation, ossification, pacification, paralyzation, participation, pasteurization, patronization, penalization, perambulation, perpetuation, perseveration, personalization, plasticization, pluralization, petrification, polarization, pontification, preadaptation, precipitation, predestination, prefiguration, premeditation, preoccupation, preregistration, prettification, procrastination, prognostication, proliferation, pronunciation, propitiation, pulverization, purification, qualification, quantification, ramification, randomization, ratification, ratiocination, realization, reciprocation, recombination, recommendation, recrimination, recuperation, redecoration, reduplication, reforestation, refrigeration, regeneration,

ation regimentation, regurgitation, reification, reincarnation, reintegration, remediation, remuneration, renunciation, representation, republication, repudiation, reticulation, retrogradation, reverberation, robotization, romanization, sanctification, sanitization, scarification, sedimentation, sensitization, Serbo-Croatian, signification, simplification, socialization, solemnization, solicitation, sophistication, specialization, specification, stabilization, standardization, sterilization, stratification, stultification, subalternation, subinfeudation, subordination, subpopulation, subsidization, summarization, supplementation, syllabication, symbolization, synchronization, systemization, teleportation, tergiversation, terrorization, theorization, transfiguration, transliteration, transvaluation, traumatization, triangulation, trivialization, uglification, unification, unionization, urbanization, vandalization, vaporization, variegation, vaticination, velarization, verbalization, verification, versification, victimization, vilification, vinification, vitalization, vituperation, vocalization, vociferation, vulgarization, westernization, x-radiation acclimatization, allegorization, alphabetization, autocorrelation, automatization, beneficiation, capitalization, characterization, circumnavigation, codetermination, commercialization, conceptualization, consubstantiation, containerization, counterreformation, criminalization, cross-examination, cryopreservation, decarboxylation, decimilization, deStalinization, decasualization, decentralization, declassification, decontamination, dehumanization, dehydrogenation, delegitimation,

84 demystification, derealization, derivitization, desulfurization, deterioration, differentiation, disassociation, discombobulation, disorientation, disorganization, disproportionation, disqualification, diversification, dolomitization, electrification, excommunication, exemplification, experimentation, extemporization, externalization, familiarization, federalization, generalization, homogenization, hospitalization, hyperventilation, idealization, identification, immobilization, immortalization, incapacitation, inconsideration, incoordination, indemnification, indetermination, indiscrimination, individuation, institutionalization, insubordination, intensification, intermediation, intermodulation, intrapopulation, italicization, legitimization, lexicalization, maladministration, mathematization, megacorporation, militarization, miniaturization, misappropriation, miscommunication, misinterpretation, mispronunciation, misrepresentation, noncooperation, nonproliferation, overcompensation, overpopulation, palatalization, periodization, personification, photoduplication, photoexcitation, popularization, predetermination, prestidigitation, proselytization, radicalization, ratiocination, rationalization, reafforestation, recapitulation, reconciliation, reconsideration, rehabilitation, reinterpretation, renegotiation, reorganization, revitalization, ritualization, Schrodinger equation, secularization, solidification, subvocalization, supererogation, syllabification, tintinnabulation, transubstantiation, unappreciation, underestimation, undervaluation, unsophistication, visualization Americanization, automanipulation, decriminalization, depersonalization, electrodesiccation,

85 intercommunication, industrialization, internationalization, materialization, oversimplification, particularization, pictorialization, photointerpretation, pseudosophistication, recapitalization, spiritualization, telecommunication, universalization biodeterioration, deindustrialization, intellectualization, reindustrialization deinstitutionalization ation 2 Xa-zharA see asion ation 3 \ash-an\ see assion ational1 \a-shnal\ stational citational, formational, gestational, gradational, migrational, narrational, notational, relational, sensational, vocational aberrational, adaptational, avocational, compensational, computational, conformational, confrontational, congregational, conjugational, connotational, conservational, conversational, convocational, derivational, educational, fluctuational, generational, gravitational, ideational, informational, innovational, inspirational, invitational, irrotational, limitational, navigational, observational, operational, orchestrational, postradiational, prevocational, progestational, recreational, reformational, situational, transformational communicational, coeducational, denominational, improvisational, interpretational, investigational, organizational, representational nonrepresentational, reorganizational interdenominational ational 2 \azh-n3l\ see asional ational 3 \ash-nal\ national, passional, rational binational, cross-national, irrational, transnational international, multinational, supranational, suprarational

ative ationist \a-shn9St\ Salvationist, vacationist annexationist, confrontationist, conservationist, educationist, integrationist, isolationist, liberationist, operationist, preservationist, recreationist, segregationist, separationist, preservationist accomodationist, administrationist, assimilationist, associationist, collaboration! st, emancipationist ations \a-sh9nz\ Galatians, impatiens, relations Lamentations, Revelations United Nations Rhode Island and Providence Plantations atious \a-sh9s\ see acious atis 1 \at-9s\ seeatus 3 atis 2 \at-as\ see ottis atist \at-9st\ see atest atitude \at-a-tiid\ see attitude atium \a-she-9m\ Latium pancratium, solatium atius \a-shas\ see acious ative \at-iv\ dative, native, stative ablative, constative, creative, dilative, mutative, rotative, summative, translative aggregative, agitative, alterative, applicative, carminative, cogitative, combinative, commutative, connotative, consecrative, consultative, contemplative, copulative, corporative, cumulative, decorative, denotative, dissipative, educative, explicative, facultative, federative, generative, germinative, imitative, implicative, innovative, integrative, irritative, iterative, legislative, limitative, meditative, meliorative, motivative, nominative, nuncupative, operative, palliative, pejorative, penetrative, procreative,

atl propagative, qualitative, quantitative, recreative, regulative, replicative, separative, speculative, terminative, vegetative accelerative, accumulative, administrative, agglutinative, alliterative, appreciative, assimilative, associative, authoritative, collaborative, commemorative, commiserative, communicative, contaminative, continuative, cooperative, corroborative, degenerative, deliberative, delineative, determinative, discriminative, evaporative, exhilarative, exonerative, illuminative, interpretative, investigative, justificative, multiplicative, obliterative, opinionative, originative, postoperative, premeditative, preoperative, proliferative, reciprocative, recuperative, regenerative, remunerative, reverberative, significative, vituperative excommunicative, incommunicative, noncooperative, quasi-legislative, semiquantitative, uncommunicative atl \at- 3 l\ see ottle atlas \at-lss\ atlas, Atlas, hatless atless \ a t - b s \ see atlas atli \at-le\ see otly atling \at-lirj\ fatling, flatling, rattling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at attle atly \at-le\ flatly, rattly atnam Xst-nsmX Machilipatnam, Vishakhapatnam atness \at-nas\ fatness, flatness platinous gelatinous ato 1 \at-6\ auto, blotto, grotto, lotto, motto, otto, Otto, potto

86 annatto, castrato, legato, marcato, mulatto, rabato, rebato, ridotto, rubato, sfumato, spiccato, staccato agitato, animato, ben trovato, Guanajuato, moderato, obbligato, ostinato, pizzicato ato 2 \at-6\ Cato, Plato Orvieto, potato, tomato Barquisimeto atomist \at-a-rri9st\ atomist anatomist atomy \at-9-me\ atomy anatomy aton \at- 3 n\ seeatin 2 atony \at- 3 n-e\ see atany ator \at-ar\ baiter, cater, crater, Crater, dater, faitour, freighter, gaiter, gator, grater, hater, krater, later, mater, plater, rater, satyr, skater, slater, stater, stator, tater, traitor, waiter aerator, collator, Bay Stater, creator, curator, debater, Decatur, dictator, donator, dumbwaiter, equator, firstrater, glossator, headwaiter, levator, locator, mandator, Mercator, narrator, pronator, pulsator, rotator, spectator, tailgater, testator, theater, third-rater, translator, upstater, vibrator actuator, abdicator, activator, adulator, advocator, agitator, alligator, allocator, alternator, animator, annotator, applicator, arbitrator, aspirator, aviator, buccinator, calculator, captivator, carburetor, celebrator, circulator, commentator, commutator, compensator, compurgator, concentrator, confiscator, congregator, consecrator, consummator, contemplator, corporator, correlator, depredator, desecrater, desecrator, designator, cultivator, decorator, delegator, demonstrator, detonator, deviator, dissipater, dominator, duplicator, dura mater, educator, elevator, emulator, escalator, estimator, excavator,

87 explicator, expurgator, extirpator, fascinator, formulator, fornicator, generator, gladiator, hibernator, illustrator, incubator, indicator, infiltrator, innovator, inhalator, inspirator, insulator, integrator, lacrimator, liquidator, literator, mediator, moderator, motivator, navigator, nomenclator, nominator, numerator, obturator, operator, orchestrator, oscillator, percolator, perpetrator, pia mater, pollinator, postulator, procreator, procurator, propagator, radiator, regulator, resonator, respirator, revelator, secondrater, selling-plater, separator, simulator, subjugator, syndicator, tabulator, terminator, valuator, ventilator, violator accelerator, accommodator, accumulator, administrator, adulterator, alienator, alleviator, annihilator, annunciator, anticipator, appreciator, appropriator, assassinator, attenuator, continuator, calumniator, collaborator, commemorator, communicator, conciliator, congratulator, consolidator, contaminator, cooperator, coordinator, corroborator, defibrillator, delineator, denominator, depredator, determinator, discriminator, disseminator, dissimulator, ejaculator, eliminator, emancipator, enumerator, equivocator, eradicator, evaluator, evaporator, exterminator, extrapolator, impersonator, improvisator, incinerator, inseminator, interrogator, intimidator, investigator, negotiator, oxygenator, pacificator, perambulator, predestinator, procrastinator, purificator, redecorator, refrigerator, regenerator, resuscitator, subordinator, totalizator excommunicator, rehabilitator, turbogenerator immunomodulator —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ate 1

atted atre1 \atr 3 \ pas de quatre coup de theatre atre 2 \at\ see at 5 atric \a-trik\ Patrick sympatric, theatric allopatric, geriatric, pediatric, podiatric, psychiatric atrick \a-trik\ see atric atrics \a-triks\ theatrics pediatrics atrist \a-trsst\ geriatrist, physiatrist atrix \a-triks\ matrix cicatrix, testatrix aviatrix, dominatrix, mediatrix administratrix atron \a-tran\ matron, natron, patron ats 1 \ats\ see ots ats 2 \ats\ bats, rats ersatz —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at at atsa \at-sa\ seeatzo 1 atsch \ach\ see atch 4 atsk \atsk\ Bratsk Okhotsk Petrozavodsk atsu \at-sii\ Shiatsu, shiatzu Hamamatsu, Takamatsu atsy \at-se\ seeazi 3 att1 \at\ see at 5 att2 \at\ see ot1 atta \at-a\ see ata 1 attage \at-ij\ see ottage attan \at- 3 n\ see atin2 atte \at\ see at 5 atted \a-tsd\ superfatted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at

at 5


attel attel \at- 9 l\ see attle atten \at- 3 n\ see atin2 atter \at-ar\ attar, batter, blatter, chatter, clatter, fatter, flatter, hatter, latter, matter, natter, patter, plaiter, platter, ratter, satyr, scatter, shatter, smatter, spatter, splatter, tatter backscatter, bespatter, flat-hatter, standpatter, wildcatter antimatter, pitter-patter attering \at-a-rirj\ nattering, smattering backscattering, earth-shattering, selfflattering, unflattering Rayleigh scattering —also -ing forms of verbs listed at atter attern \at-arn\ pattern, Saturn, slattern attery \at-9-re\ battery, cattery, clattery, flattery, mattery Cape Flattery, self-flattery 1

atti \at-e\ see ati


atti2 \at-e\ see atty attic \at-ik\ see atic 2 attica \at-i-ka\ see atica attice 1 \at-as\ see atus 3 attice 2 \at-ish\ see attish attie \at-e\ see atty attily \at- 9 l-e\ cattily, chattily, Natalie, Nathalie, nattily, rattly philately sal volatile atting \at-irj\ batting, matting, tatting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at at 5

attle \at- 3 l\ battle, brattle, cattle, chattel, prattle, rattle, tattle embattle, Seattle tittle-tattle attler \at-tar\ battler, prattler, rattler, tattler attling \at-lirj\ see atling attly1 \at- 3 l-e\ see attily attly2 \at-le\ see atly atto 1 \at-a\ see ata 3 atto 2 \at-6\ see ato 1 atton \at- 8 n\ see atin2 atty \at-e\ batty, catty, bratty, chatty, fatty, Hattie, natty, Patti, Pattie, patty, Patty, platy, ratty, scatty, tattie, tatty Cincinnati atum 1 \at-am\ bottom, datum, satem erratum, pomatum desideratum atum 2 \at-9m\ datum pomatum, substratum, verbatim ageratum, literatim, seriatim, ultimatum corpus allatum, corpus striatum, desideratum atum 3 \at-3m\ atom, datum erratum, substratum seriatim atuous \ach-w3s\ fatuous ignis fatuus atur \at-sr\ see ator atural \ach-ral\ natural connatural, transnatural, unnatural preternatural, seminatural, supernatural ature1 \a-chsr\ nature denature, 4-H'er magistrature, nomenclature, supernature

attish \at-ish\ brattish, fattish, flattish

ature 2 \ach-ar\ see atcher 2

attitude \at-9-tiid\ attitude, latitude

aturn \at-arn\ see attern


89 atus 1 \at-as\ flatus, gratis, status, stratus afflatus, hiatus, meatus apparatus coitus reservatus 2

atus \at-as\ see ottis

auch 1 \6ch\ nautch, watch debauch auch 2 \ach\ see otch auche \osh\ see oche 2 auchely \6sh-le\ see ocially


atus \at-as\ brattice, gratis, lattice, status, stratus clematis altostratus, apparatus, cirrostratus, nimbostratus

auckiand \6k-land\ Auckland, Falkland

atute \ach-at\ see atchet

aucus \6-kas\ see aucous

atuus \ach-wss\ see atuous

aud \6d\ awed, baud, bawd, broad, Claud, Claude, clawed, fraud, gaud, god, jawed, laud, Maud, Maude, yod abroad, applaud, belaud, defraud, dewclawed, maraud, whipsawed eisteddfod, lantern-jawed, quartersawed — also -ed forms of verbs listed at aw1

aty \at-e\ eighty, Haiti, Katie, Katy, Leyte, matey, platy, slaty, weighty, yeti 1080, Papeete atyr \at-ar\ see ator atz1 \ats\ see ats 2 atz 2 \ats\ see ots atzo 1 \at-sa\ matzo, tazza Hidatsa, piazza 2

atzo \at-so\ see azzo


atzu \at-six\ seeatsu au 1 \ 6 \ see ow1 2

au \ii\ see ew


au 3 \au\ see ow2 au 4 \ 6 \ see aw 1 aub \ a b \ see ob 1 auba \6-ba\ carnauba, Catawba aube \6b\ see obe 1 auber \6b-ar\ dauber Micawber auble \ab-al\ see abble 1 auce \6s\ see oss 1 aucer \6-sar\ see osser aucet \as-9t\ see osset

aucous \6-kss\ caucus, glaucous, raucous

aud 2 \ad\ see od audable \6d-a-b9l\ audible, laudable applaudable, illaudable, inaudible audal \6d- 3 l\ caudal, caudle, dawdle audative \6d-at-iv\ see auditive aude 1 \aiid-e\ see owdy aude 2 \6d-e\ see awdy aude 3 \aud-9\ howdah cum laude magna cum laude, summa cum laude aude 4 \6d\ see aud 1 audible \6d-3-bsl\ see audable auding \6d-irj\ auding applauding self-applauding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at aud1 audit \6d-3t\ audit, plaudit auditive \6d-9t-iv\ auditive, laudative



audle \6d- 3 l\ see audal 1

aui \au-e\ see owie


auk \6k\ see alk

audy \ad-e\ see ody 2

aukee \6-ke\ see alkie

audy \6d-e\ see awdy 2

auer \aur\ see ower

aul \61\ see all

auf \auf \ see owff

aulay \6-le\ see awly

auffeur \6-far\ see ofer

auld1 \61\ see all

auga \6-ga\ massasauga, Mississauga, Onondaga

auld2 \ 6 \ see ow1 auldron \61-drsn\ see aldron

auge \ a j \ see age3

auled \61d\ see aid

augeable \a-j3-bal\ see ageable auged \ajd\ see aged

aulin \ 6 - b n \ see alien

auger1 \6-gsr\ see ogger2 auger2 \a-jar\ see ager1

auling \6-lirj\ see ailing aulish \6-lish\ see allish

augh1 \af\ see aph

aulk \6k\ see alk

augh2 \a\ see a1

aulker \6-kar\ see alker

augh3 \ak\ see ach1

aulking \6-kirj\ see alking

augh4 \ 6 \ see aw1

aulle \61\ see all1

aughable \af-a-b9l\ see affable augham \6m\ see aum 1




aughn \an\ see on

auler \6-tar\ see aller1

aughn \6n\ see on


ault1 \61t\ see alt ault2 \ 6 \ see ow1 aulter \61-tar\ see alter

aught1 \at\ see ot1 2

aulm \6m\ see aum1

aulting \61-tirj\ see alting 1

aught \6t\ see ought

aultless \61t-bs\ see altless


aughter \af-tsr\ see after 2


aughter \6t-ar\ see ater

aughterer \6t-ar-9r\ see aterer aughty 1 \6t-e\ haughty, naughty, zloty Michelangelo Buonarroti

aulty \61-te\ see alty aum 1 \ 6 m \ gaum, haulm, Maugham, qualm, shawm meerschaum, Radom aum2 \am\ see om1 aun1 \an\ see on1

aughty2 \at-e\ see ati

aun2 \an\ see un

augre \6g-sr\ see ogger2

aun3 \6n\ see on 3

augur \6g-ar\ see ogger2

aun4 \aun\ see own2

augury \6-gs-re\ see oggery2

auna1 \an-a\ see ana1



auna 2 \6n-3\ see onna 1

aura1 \6r-a\ see ora

aunce \6ns\ jaunce, launce

aura 2 \ar-a\ see ara 1

aunch 1 \anch\ conch, cranch, craunch, paunch, raunch, stanch Romansh

aural \6r-al\ see oral1

aunch 2 \6nch\ craunch, haunch, launch, paunch, raunch, stanch, staunch

aurea \6r-e-s\ see oria

auncher \6n-ch3r\ launcher, stancher, stauncher aunchy \6n-che\ paunchy, raunchy

aure \6r\ see or1

aurean \6r-e-an\ see orian aureate 1 \ar-e-at\ baccalaureate, commisariat aureate 2 \6r-e-at\ aureate, laureate baccalaureate, professoriat

aund \6nd\ awned, maund —also -ed forms of verbs listed at on 3

aurel \6r-al\ see oral1

aunder 1 \6n-dar\ launder, maunder

auren 2 \6r-an\ see orin1

aunder 2 \an-dar\ see onder 1

aurence \6r-3n(t)s\ see awrence

aunish \an-ish\ see onish

aureus \dr-e-ss\ see orious


auren 1 \ar-sn\ see arin

aunt \6nt\ daunt, flaunt, gaunt, haunt, jaunt, taunt, vaunt, want, wont avant, avaunt, keeshond, romaunt John of Gaunt

auri \aiir-e\ see owery

aunt 2 \ant\ see ant 5

aurice 1 \ar-ss\ see orris1


aunt \ant\ see ant


aurian \6r-e-an\ see orian auric \6r-ik\ see oric aurice 2 \6r-as\ see aurus

aunted \6nt-3d\ see onted

auricle \6r-i-kal\ see orical

aunter1 \ant-ar\ saunter, taunter mishanter, rencontre

aurie1 \6r-e\ see ory

aunter 2 \6nt-ar\ gaunter, haunter, saunter, taunter 1

aunty \6nt-e\ flaunty, jaunty, vaunty

aurie 2 \ar-e\ see ari aurous \6r-as\ see aurus

auphin \6-f3n\ see offin

aurus \6r-as\ aurous, Boris, chorus, Doris, Flores, Horace, Horus, loris, Maurice, morris, Morris, Norris, orris, porous, sorus, Taurus, Torres, torus canorous, Centaurus, clitoris, decorous, Delores, Dolores, pelorus, phosphorous, sonorous, thesaurus allosaurus, brontosaurus, deoch an doris, doch-an-dorris, stegosaurus apatosaurus, tyrannosaurus

aur1 \aiir\ see ower 2

aury \6r-e\ see ory

aunty 2 \ant-e\ seeanti 1 aunus \an-as\ see onus 1 aup \ 6 p \ gawp, scaup, whaup, yawp aupe \6p\ see ope


aur \6r\ see or


aus 1 \a-as\ see ais 1


aus aus 2 \aiis\ see ouse 2 3

aus \6z\ see ause


ausal \6-zal\ causal, clausal menopausal postmenopausal ause 1 \6z\ Broz, cause, clause, gauze, hawse, pause, tawse, yaws applause, because, kolkhoz, sovkhoz aeropause, diapause, menopause, Santa Claus — also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at aw1 ause 2 \ s z \ see euse 1 auseous \6-shas\ see autious auser \6-zar\ causer, hawser ausey \6-ze\ causey, gauzy auss \aiis\ see ouse


aussie 1 \as-e\ see ossy 1 aussie 2 \6-se\ see ossy 2 aust 1 \aust\ see oust aust 2 \6st\ see ost 3 austen \6s-tsn\ see oston austin \6s-tsn\ see oston austless \6st-lss\ costless exhaustless austral 1 \as-tr9l\ see ostrel austral 2 \6s-tral\ see ostral 1 1

aut \ 6 \ see ow


aut 2 \aut\ see out 3 aut 3 \at\ see ot1 aut 4 \6t\ see ought 1 autch \6ch\ see auch 1 aute \6t\ see oat auten \6t- 3 n\ boughten, tauten

auterne \6t-arn\ quartern, sauterne, sauternes auternes \6t-9rn\ see auterne autery \6t-a-re\ see atery autic \6t-ik\ orthotic aeronautic, astronautic autical \6t-i-kal\ nautical aeronautical, astronautical autics \at-iks\ seeotics aution \6-shan\ caution, groschen incaution, precaution autious \6-shas\ cautious, nauseous incautious auto 1 \6t-6\ auto, Giotto risotto auto 2 \at-6\ see ato 1 auve \6v\ seeove 2 auze \6z\ see ause 1 auzer \au-zar\ see ouser auzy \6-ze\ see ausey av 1 \av\ see olve 2 av 2 \av\ see alve 2 ava 1 \av-a\ brava, fava, guava, Java, Java, kava, lava baklava, cassava, ottava, Warszawa balaclava, Bratislava, Costa Brava, lavalava, piassava ava 2 \av-a\ java Ungava balaclava avage \av-ij\ ravage, savage avan \a-van\ see aven 1 avant \av-ant\ haven't, savant avarice \av-ras\ see averous ave 1 \av-a\ ave, clave, grave, Jahveh, soave


93 ave \av\ brave, clave, cave, crave, Dave, fave, gave, glaive, grave, knave, lave, nave, pave, rave, save, shave, slave, stave, they've, trave, waive, wave, Wave airwave, behave, concave, conclave, deprave, dissave, drawshave, enclave, engrave, enslave, exclave, forgave, Great Slave, margrave, octave, outbrave, p-wave, palsgrave, shortwave, spokeshave after-shave, architrave, biconcave, microwave contraoctave, photoengrave 3

ave \av\ see alve


ave 4 \av\ see olve 2 aved \avd\ waved depraved, unsaved —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ave 2 avel \av-al\ cavil, gavel, gravel, ravel, travel unravel aveless \av-las\ graveless, waveless

semiquaver demisemiquaver hemidemisemiquaver —also -er forms of adjectives listed

at ave2

aver 3 \av-sr\ slaver cadaver, palaver avern \av-arn\ cavern, klavern, tavern averous \av-ras\ avarice cadaverous avery \av-re\ bravery, knavery, quavery, savory, slavery, wavery unsavory avey \a-ve\ see avy avia \a-ve-a\ Moldavia, Moravia Scandinavia avial \a-ve-9i\ gavial margravial avian \a-ve-an\ avian, Shavian Moravian Scandinavian avid \av-sd\ avid, gravid, pavid

aveling \av-lirj\ raveling, traveling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at avel

avil \av-sl\ see avel

avement \av-mant\ pavement depravement, enslavement

avin \av-sn\ Avon, raven, ravin, savin, spavin

aven 1 \a-vsn\ Avon, Cavan, craven, graven, haven, maven, raven, shaven New Haven riboflavin Stratford-upon-Avon

aving \a-virj\ caving, craving, paving, raving, saving, shaving flagwaving, lifesaving, timesaving laborsaving —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ave 2

aven 2 \av-an\ see avin aven't \av-ant\ see avant aver1 \av-ar\ slaver palaver, windhover 2

aver \a-var\ caver, claver, favor, flavor, graver, haver, laver, quaver, raver, saver, savor, shaver, slaver, waiver, waver disfavor, enslaver, face-saver, flagwaver, lifesaver

avie \a-ve\ see avy

avis \a-vas\ Davis, favus, mavis, Mavis rara avis avish 1 \a-vish\ knavish, slavish avish 2 \av-ish\ lavish, ravish avist \av-sst\ Slavist, suavest Pan-Slavist avity \av-at-e\ cavity, gravity concavity, depravity

avl antigravity, microgravity, supergravity avl \av-al\ see ovel1 avo 1 \av-6\ bravo, Bravo centavo, octavo avo 2 \a-vo\ octavo, relievo mezzo relievo avon 1 \a-van\ seeaven 1 avon 2 \a-van\ see avin avor \a-var\ see aver 2 avored \a-vard\ favored, flavored ill-favored, well-favored —also -ed forms of verbs listed at aver 2

94 mackinaw, Omaha, Ottawa, overawe, overdraw, oversaw, overslaugh, padishah, panama, son-in-law, usquebaugh, Wichita, williwaw, windlestraw, Yakima brother-in-law, daughter-in-law, father-in-law, mother-in-law, pipsissewa, serjeant-at-law, sister-inlaw Straits of Mackinac aw 2 \av\ seeolve 2 aw 3 \6f \ see off2 aw 4 \af \ see off1

avory \av-re\ see avery

awa 1 \a-wa\ Chihuahua, Tarawa, Urawa Fujisawa, Ichikawa, Kanazawa, Okinawa Ahashikawa

avus \a-vas\ see avis

awa 2 \a-va\ see ava 1

avvy \av-e\ navvy, savvy

awain \au-an\ see owan 2

avy \a-ve\ cavy, Davey, Davy, gravy, navy, shavie, slavey, wavy

awan \au-an\ see owan 2


aw \ 6 \ aw, awe, blaw, braw, ca, caw, chaw, claw, craw, daw, draw, faugh, flaw, gnaw, haugh, haw, jaw, la, law, maw, pa, paw, pshaw, Ra, rah, raw, saw, shah, shaw, Shaw, slaw, spa, squaw, straw, tau, taw, thaw, yaw backsaw, bashaw, bedstraw, bucksaw, bylaw, catclaw, cat's-paw, coleslaw, cumshaw, cushaw, Danelaw, declaw, dewclaw, Esau, forepaw, fretsaw, grandma, grandpa, guffaw, hacksaw, handsaw, hawkshaw, heehaw, hurrah, in-law, jackdaw, jackstraw, jigsaw, kickshaw, lockjaw, macaw, Nassau, old-squaw, outdraw, outlaw, pasha, pooh-bah, ricksha, rickshaw, ringtaw, ripsaw, scofflaw, scrimshaw, seesaw, southpaw, trishaw, tussah, undraw, Utah, vizsla, Warsaw, whipsaw, windflaw, wiredraw, withdraw Arkansas, Chickasaw, Chippewa, clapperclaw, decree-law, foofaraw, jinrikisha, Kiowa, Mackinac,

awar \aiir\ see ower 2 awba \6-bs\ see auba awber 1 \ab-ar\ see obber awber 2 \6b-ar\ see auber awd \6d\ see aud 1 awddle \ad- 3 l\ see oddle awdle \6d- 3 l\ seeaudal awdry \6-dre\ Audrey, tawdry awdust \6d-ast\ see adist 1 awdy \6d-e\ bawdy, gaudy summa cum laude awe \ 6 \ see aw1 awed \6d\ see aud 1 aweless \6-las\ see awless awer \6r\ see or1 awers \6rz\ see oors



awful \6-fal\ awful, coffle, lawful, offal god-awful, unlawful

awny 1 \6-ne\ brawny, fawny, lawny, sawney, scrawny, Taney, tawny mulligatawny

awfully \6f-9-le\ awfully, lawfully, offaly unlawfully

awny 2 \an-e\ see ani 1

awing \6in\ cloying, drawing wappenschawing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at aw 1 awk \6k\ see alk

awp \ 6 p \ see aup awrence \6r-9n(t)s\ Florence, Laurence, Lawrence, Torrence abhorrence, Saint Lawrence —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at orrent awry \6r-e\ see ory

awker \6-kar\ see alker

aws \6z\ see ause 1

awkes \6ks\ Fawkes —also -s, -'s, and -s'forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at alk

awse \6z\ see ause 1

awkish \6-kish\ gawkish, hawkish, mawkish

awsi \au-se\ seeousy 2

awky \6-ke\ see alkie

awy \6i\ see oy awyer \6-yar\ lawyer, sawyer

awl \61\ see all awler \6-lar\ see aller

awser \6-zar\ see auser

ax 1 \aks\ see ox 1

awless \6-las\ aweless, flawless, lawless awling \6-lirj\ see ailing awly \6-le\ brawly, crawly, dolly, drawly, Raleigh, scrawly, squally Bengali, Macaulay awm \6m\ see aum 1 awn 1 \an\ see on 1 awn 2 \6n\ see on 3

ax 2 \aks\ ax, fax, flax, lax, max, Max, pax, rax, sax, tax, wax addax, Ajax, anthrax, banjax, beeswax, borax, broadax, climax, coax, earwax, galax, gravlax, hyrax, meat-ax, panchax, pickax, poleax, pretax, relax, smilax, storax, styrax, surtax, syntax, thorax, toadflax aftertax, battle-ax, Halifax, minimax, overtax, parallax, supertax anticlimax, Astyanax —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ack axant \ak-sant\ see accent

awned \6nd\ see aund awner1 \6n-ar\ fawner, goner, pawner, prawner, spawner awner 2 \an-ar\ see onor 1 awney \6-ne\ see awny


awning \an-irj\ see oning1 awnly \an-le\ see anly1

axen \ak-ssn\ see axon axi \ak-se\ seeaxy axic \ak-sik\ ataraxic stereotaxic axis \ak-sas\ axis, Naxos, praxis axman \ak-sman\ axman, cracksman

axon axon \ak-san\ flaxen, Jackson, Klaxon, Saxon, waxen Port Jackson Anglo-Saxon axos \ak-sss\ see axis axy \ak-se\ flaxy, maxi, taxi, waxy ay1 \ a \ a , ae, aye, bay, bey, blae, brae, bray, chez, clay, Clay, day, dey, dray, eh, fay, Fay, Faye, fey, flay, fley, frae, fray, Frey, gay, Gay, gey, gley, gray, Gray, Grey, hae, hay, he, hey, Hue, j , jay, Jay, Jaye, k, kay, Kay, Kaye, lay, lei, may, May, nay, ne, nee, neigh, pay, pe, play, pray, prey, qua, quai, quay, Rae, ray, Ray, re, say, sei, shay, slay, sleigh, spae, spay, splay, spray, stay, stray, sway, they, tray, trey, way, weigh, whey, yea abbe, affray, agley, airplay, airway, all-day, allay, allee, Angers, Anhui, Anhwei, archway, array, ashtray, assay, astray, Augier, away, aweigh, backstay, ballet, beignet, belay, beltway, benday, Benet, beret, betray, bewray, bidet, bikeway, birthday, Biscay, Bizet, blase, bobstay, Bombay, bombe, bouchee, boucle, boule, bouquet, bourree, breezeway, Broadway, buffet, byplay, byway, cachet, cafe, cahier, Cambay, Cape May, Carrier, Cathay, causeway, chaine, chalet, chambray, chasse, cire, cliche, cloque, conge, convey, corvee, coude, coupe, crawlway, crochet, croquet, crossway, cube, cure, cy pres, DA, daresay, decay, deejay, defray, delay, dengue, dismay, display, distrait, DJ, donnee, doomsday, doorway, dossier, downplay, dragee, driveway, duvet, embay, entree, epee, essay, estray, Ewe, fairway, file, filet, fillet, fireclay, fishway, flambe, floodway, flyway, folkway, footway, foray, forebay, foreplay, forestay, formee, forte, fouette, four-way, fourchee, foyer, franglais, frappe, freeway, frieze, frise, fumet, gainsay, Galway, gamay, gangway, Gaspe, gateway, gelee, glace, godet, gourmet,

96 Green Bay, greenway, guideway, gunplay, halfway, hallway, hatchway, headway, hearsay, Hebei, Hefei, heyday, highway, homestay, hooray, horseplay, Hubei, in re, inlay, inveigh, issei, jackstay, jete, keyway, Kobe, koine, kouprey, lame, laneway, leeway, lifeway, Lome, Lough Neagh, lwei, lycee, M-day, maguey, mainstay, Malay, malgre, man-day, Mande, Manet, manque, margay, Marseilles, masse, mate, May Day, Mayday, melee, metier, meze, midday, Midway, Millay, Millet, mislay, misplay, moire, Monet, moray, neve, Niamey, nisei, noonday, Norway, nosegay, obey, OK, ole, ombre, osprey, outlay, outre, outstay, outweigh, oyez, PA, parfait, parkway, parlay, parquet, partway, passe, pate, pathway, pave, payday, per se, pince-nez, pique, piquet, PK, plie, plisse, pommee, Pompeii, portray, prepay, projet, pulque, puree, purvey, quale, raceway, railway, rappee, relay, Rene, Renee, repay, replay, risque, roadway, role-play, ropeway, rose, rosebay, Roubaix, roue, routeway, runway, sachet, Sale, sansei, sashay, saute, screenplay, seaway, seme, shar-pei, shipway, short-day, sideway, Skopje, skyway, slideway, slipway, sluiceway, soigne, soiree, someday, someway, soothsay, souffle, speedway, spillway, stairway, sternway, stingray, straightway, strathspey, subway, survey, swordplay, Taipei, tempeh, thoughtway, threeway, thruway, tideway, Tigre, today, Tokay, tollway, Torbay, touche, toupee, trackway, tramway, unlay, unsay, valet, V-day, veejay, vide, vise, Vouvray, walkway, waylay, weekday, windway, wireway, wordplay, workday, X ray, x-ray, Yaounde Adige, Agnus Dei, A-OK, alleyway, anyway, applique, arrive, atelier, attache, ballonet, Beaujolais, beurre manie, BHA, botonee, braciole, breakaway, bustier, cabaret, cableway, Camaguey, canape, cap-a-pie, caraway, carriageway, Carrier,


97 cassoulet, castaway, champleve, chansonnier, chardonnay, Charolais, chevalier, Chippewa, cloisonne, consomme, coryphee, croupier, crudites, cutaway, day-to-day, debauchee, declasse, degage, degreeday, demode, devotee, disarray, disobey, distingue, divorce, divorcee, DNA, emigre, engage, entranceway, entremets, entryway, espalier, etoufee, everyday, expose, expressway, fadeaway, fallaway, faraday, Faraday, faraway, fiance, fiancee, flageolet, flyaway, foldaway, Galloway, gardemanger, Georgian Bay, getaway, giveaway, gratine, gratinee, guillemet, Harare, haulageway, Hemingway, hereaway, hideaway, HLA, Hogmanay, holiday, Hugh Capet, IgA, inter se, interplay, intraday, IPA, IRA, Joliet, Kootenay, Kutenai, kyrie, lackaday, latter-day, layaway, lingerie, macrame, Mandalay, Massenet, matinee, MIA, Molise, Monterrey, motorway, muscadet, negligee, overlay, overplay, overstay, overweigh, Paraguay, passageway, patissier, Petare, photoplay, pikake, piolet, pis aller, play-by-play, poly (A), Ponape, popinjay, pourparler, pousse-cafe, present-day, protege, protegee, Rabelais, rambouillet, ratine, recamier, rechauffe, recherche, reconvey, repartee, repousse, resume, retrousse, ricochet, right-of-way, rockaway, rondelet, roundelay, RNA, runaway, Saguenay, San Jose, San Jose, Santa Fe, Sao Tome, semplice, sobriquet, sommelier, steerageway, standaway, stowaway, straightaway, Table Bay, taboret, take-away, tarsier, taxiway, tearaway, teleplay, Tempere, Tenebrae, thataway, throwaway, Thunder Bay, Udine, underlay, underpay, underplay, underway, Uruguay, veloute, Venite, verite, vertebra, virelay, walkaway, waterway, wellaway, Whitsunday, workaday, Yenisey, Zuider Zee areaway, auto-da-fe, bichon frise, boulevardier, cabriolet, cafe au lait, cantabile, cDNA, communique,

costumier, couturier, decollete, diamante, Dies Irae, eglomise, felode-se, Fiesole, habitue, Jubilate, laissez-passer, Lavoisier, marrons glace, mezzo forte, Morgan le Fay, objet trouve, out-of-the-way, papier colle, papier-mache, pas de bourree, photo-essay, Port Philip Bay, pouillyfuisse, Pouilly-Fume, pret-a-porter, roche moutonnee, roman a clef, roturier, sine die, sub judice, superhighway, ukiyo-e, Ulan-Ude, yerba mate Alto Adige, arriere pensee, Guanabara Bay, lettre de cachet catalogue raisonne, cinema verite, Dumfries and Galloway, vers de societe, video verite sinfonia concertante, Trentino-Alto Adige ay 2 \ e \ see ee 1 ay 3 \ i \ see y1 aya1 \a-ya\ ayah, maya, taille Malaya Koshigaya aya2 \i-a\ see iah1 aya 3 \a-a\ see aia 1 ayable \a-3-bal\ payable, playable, sayable defrayable, displayable, unsayable ayah \I-a\ see iah1 ayal \al\ see ail ayan 1 \a-an\ crayon Chilean, Malayan, ouabain, papain, Pompeian, Pompeiian Galilean, Himalayan ayan 2 \I-an\ see ion1 aybe 1 \a-be\ see aby aybe 2 \eb-e\ see ebby ayday \a-da\ Ede, Mayday, May Day ayden \l-d 3 n\ see iden


aye aye 1 \a\ see ay1 2

aye \I\ seey

aylor \a-lar\ see ailer


ayed \ad\ see ade

ayly \a-le\ see aily 1

ayer \a-sr\ brayer, layer, mayor, payer, player, prayer, preyer, sayer, sprayer, stayer, strayer ballplayer, betrayer, bilayer, bricklayer, cardplayer, conveyer, crocheter, decayer, delayer, doomsayer, doomsdayer, essayer, forayer, gainsayer, horseplayer, inlayer, inveigher, obeyer, manslayer, minelayer, portrayer, purveyor, ratepayer, soothsayer, swordplayer, surveyor, taxpayer, tracklayer, yeasayer disobeyer, holidayer — also -er forms of adjectives listed at ay1 ayered \erd\ see aired ayest \a-ast\ mayest, sayest epeeist, essayist, fideist, Hebraist, Mithraist —also -est forms of adjectives listed at ayA ayin1 \I-sn\ see ion1 ayin 2 \In\ see ine1 ayin 3 \a-yan\ see aiian aying \a-irj\ gleying, maying, playing, saying bricklaying, long-playing, soothsaying, surveying, taxpaying, tracklaying —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ay1 ayish \a-ish\ clayish, grayish ayist \a-ast\ see ayest ayle \al\ see ail

ayman \a-ni9n\ see amen 1 ayment \a-mant\ ament, claimant, clamant, payment, raiment co-payment, embayment, prepayment underlayment, underpayment ayne \an\ see ane 1 ayness \a-nas\ anus, feyness, gayness, grayness, heinous, Janus, manus awayness, uranous, Uranus every dayness aynim \a-nam\ see anum 1 ay n't \a-ant\ see eyant ayo 1 \a-6\ see eo 1 ayo 2 \I-6\ see io1 ayon \a-an\ see ayan 1 ayor \a-ar\ see ayer1 ayou 1 \l-s\ see iah1 ayou 2 \T-6\ see io1 ayr \er\ see are 4 ays 1 \ez\ fez, Fez, Geez, prez, says Cortez, gainsays, Inez, Suez, unsays creme anglaise, Louis Seize, Louis Treize Isthmus of Suez, Vincente Lopez ays 2 \az\ see aze 1 aysia \a-zha\ see asia ay-so \a-so\ see eso 1 ayton \at- 9 n\ Clayton, Dayton, Layton

ayless \a-las\ rayless, talus, wayless Morelos aurora australis, Corona Australis

ayyid 1 \I-ad\ see yad

ayling \a-lirj\ see ailing

az1 \az\ see azz

ayyid 2 \ed-e\ see eedy

99 az 2 \az\ see oise 1 az 3 \ats\ see Ots aza 1 \az-a\ Gaza, plaza piazza tabula rasa aza 2 \az-a\ plaza piazza azar1 \az-ar\ see ozzer azar 2 \az-ar\ lazar alcazar, Belshazzar azard \az-srd\ hazard, mazard, mazzard haphazard aze 1 \az\ baize, blaze, braise, braze, chaise, craze, days, daze, Draize, faze, feaze, fraise, gaze, glaze, graze, Hays, haze, lase, laze, maize, maze, phase, phrase, praise, raise, rase, raze, smaze, vase, ways ablaze, agaze, amaze, appraise, breadthways, catchphrase, crossways, deglaze, dispraise, edgeways, emblaze, endways, flatways, foodways, gainsays, hereways, leastways, lengthways, liaise, malaise, mores, pj's, sideways, slantways, stargaze, ukase, upraise, weekdays anyways, chrysoprase, cornerways, creme anglaise, holidays, Louis Seize, Louis Treize, lyonnaise, mayonnaise, metaphrase, multiphase, nowadays, overglaze, overgraze, paraphrase, polonaise, polyphase, single-phase, underglaze —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ay aze 2 \az\ see oise 1 aze 3 \az-e\ see azi 1 azeable \a-z3-bal\ see asable 1

azza azement \az-m3nt\ amazement, appraisement azen \az- 3 n\ see azon azer \a-zar\ blazer, brazer, Fraser, gazer, glazer, grazer, hazer, laser, maser, mazer, praiser, razer, razor appraiser, fund-raiser, hair-raiser, hell-raiser, stargazer, trailblazer paraphraser free-electron laser azi1 \az-e\ quasi, Swazi Benghazi Anasazi, kamikaze azi 2 \az-e\ see azzy azi 3 \at-se\ Nazi, patsy, Patsy neo-Nazi azi 4 \at-se\ Nazi neo-Nazi azier \a-zhar\ brazier, Frasier, glacier, glazier, grazier, leisure, measure, pleasure, rasure, treasure admeasure, embrasure, erasure azing \a-zirj\ seeaising azo \az-6\ diazo, terrazzo azon \az- 3 n\ blazon, brazen, raisin emblazon, Marquesan diapason, hexenbesen azor \a-zar\ see azer azquez \as-kas\ see ascus azy \a-ze\ crazy, daisy, Daisy, hazy, lazy, mazy stir-crazy witch of Agnesi azz \az\ as, has, jazz, razz Hejaz, La Paz, pizzazz, topaz, whenas, whereas razzmatazz

azed \azd\ unfazed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at aze 1

azza 1 \az-a\ see aza 2

azel \a-zal\ see asal 2

azza 3 \at-sa\ see atzo 1

azza 2 \az-a\ see aza 1


azzar azzar \az-sr\ see azar 2 azzard \az-ard\ see azard azzle \az-al\ basil, Basil, dazzle, frazzle bedazzle razzle-dazzle

azzo 1 \at-so\ matzo palazzo, terrazzo paparazzo azzo 2 \az-6\ see azo azzy \az-e\ jazzy, snazzy Ashkenazi

E e 1 \a\ see ay1 2

e \ e \ see ee


e 3 \a\ see U3 e \a\ see ay

eachy \e-che\ beachy, chichi, Nietzsche, peachy, preachy, screechy caliche, Campeche eacle \e-kal\ see ecal 1


ea 1 \a\ see ay1 ea 2 \a-a\ see aia 1 ea 3 \ e \ see ee 1 ea 4 \e-a\ see ia1 eabee \e-be\ see ebe 1 eace \es\ see iece eaceable \e-s3-bsl\ see easable 1 each \ech\ beach, beech, bleach, breach, breech, each, fleech, leach, leech, peach, pleach, preach, reach, screech, speech, teach beseech, forereach, impeach, Long Beach, outreach, unteach overreach, practice-teach Huntington Beach eachable Xe-chs-balX bleachable, leachable, reachable, teachable impeachable unimpeachable eacher \e-cb.9r\ bleacher, creature, feature, leacher, preacher, reacher, screecher, teacher defeature, disfeature, schoolteacher eacherous \ech-ras\ see echerous eachery \ech-re\ see echery eaching \e-chirj\ see eeching each merit \ech-m9nt\ preachment impeachment

eacly \e-kle\ see eekly eacon \e-kan\ beacon, deacon, sleeken, weaken archdeacon, Mohican, subdeacon Neorican ead 1 \ed\ bed, bled, bread, bred, dead, dread, ed, Ed, fed, fled, Fred, head, Jed, lead, led, med, Ned, ped, pled, read, red, Red, redd, said, shed, shred, sled, sped, spread, stead, ted, Ted, thread, tread, wed, zed abed, ahead, airhead, baldhead, beachhead, bedspread, bedstead, beebread, behead, bestead, bighead, biped, blackhead, blockhead, bloodred, bloodshed, bobsled, bonehead, bridgehead, brown bread, bulkhead, bullhead, cathead, childbed, coed, cokehead, corn-fed, cowshed, crispbread, crossbred, crosshead, daybed, deadhead, death's-head, deathbed, dispread, dogsled, dopehead, drophead, drumhead, dumbhead, egghead, embed, far-red, farmstead, fathead, flatbed, forehead, foresaid, gainsaid, Gateshead, godhead, green-head, half-bred, hardhead, highbred, hogshead, homebred, homestead, hophead, hotbed, hothead, ill-bred, inbred, instead, jarhead, juicehead, lamed, light bread, longhead, lowbred, lunkhead, masthead, meathead, misled, misread, moped, naled, nonsked, outsped, outspread, packthread, phys ed, pinhead, pithead,


ead pothead, premed, printhead, purebred, railhead, redhead, re-tread, retread, roadbed, roadstead, Roundhead, saphead, scarehead, seabed, seedbed, sheep ked, sheepshead, sheetfed, shewbread, shortbread, sickbed, skinhead, snowshed, softhead, sorehead, spearhead, springhead, steelhead, straightbred, streambed, subhead, sweetbread, swellhead, thickhead, toolhead, toolshed, towhead, trailhead, unbred, undead, unread, unsaid, unthread, untread, warhead, webfed, well-bred, wellread, wellhead, white-bread, whitehead, widespread, wingspread, woodshed, woolshed acidhead, aforesaid, arrowhead, barrelhead, Birkenhead, bubblehead, bufflehead, chowderhead, chucklehead, colorbred, copperhead, dragonhead, dunderhead, featherbed, featherhead, fiddlehead, figurehead, fountainhead, gingerbread, go-ahead, hammerhead, infrared, interbred, knucklehead, letterhead, loggerhead, lowlihead, maidenhead, newlywed, overhead, overspread, pinniped, pointy-head, poppyhead, quadruped, riverbed, saddlebred, Saint John's bread, Samoyed, showerhead, sleepyhead, slugabed, standardbred, straight-ahead, timberhead, thoroughbred, thunderhead, underbred, underfed, watershed, woodenhead far-infrared, fire-engine red, nearinfrared, West Quoddy Head parallelepiped

hotheaded, light-headed, longheaded, lunkheaded, pigheaded, pinheaded, roundheaded, sapheaded, softheaded, soreheaded, swelled-headed, swellheaded, thickheaded, towheaded, unleaded, white-headed bubbleheaded, chowderheaded, chuckleheaded, dunderheaded, emptyheaded, featherheaded, hydra-headed, knuckleheaded, levelheaded, muddleheaded, pointy-headed, puzzleheaded, woodenheaded, woollyheaded

eaded2 \e-dad\ see eeded eaden \ed- 3 n\ deaden, leaden, redden, steading Armageddon eader 1 \ed-ar\ bleeder, breeder, cedar, ceder, feeder, kneader, leader, pleader, reader, seeder, speeder, weeder bandleader, cheerleader, conceder, impeder, lip-reader, newsreader, nonreader, proofreader, repleader, ringleader, seceder, stampeder, stockbreeder, succeeder copyreader, interpleader eader 2 \ed-ar\ bedder, cheddar, chedar, header, shedder, shredder, sledder, spreader, tedder, threader, treader, wedder homesteader doubleheader, triple-header eadily \ed- 3 l-e\ headily, readily unsteadily

eadable 1 \ed-9-bal\ kneadable, pleadable, readable

eading 1 \ed-irj\ bedding, heading, Reading, steading, wedding bobsledding, farmsteading, subheading, wide-spreading —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ead 1

eadable 2 \ed-9-bal\ see edible

eading 2 \ed- 3 n\ see eaden

eaded 1 \ed-ad\ bedded, headed bareheaded, bigheaded, bullheaded, clearheaded, coolheaded, eggheaded, embedded, fatheaded, hardheaded,

eading 3 \ed- 3 n\ see edon


ead \ed\ see eed

ead3 \ad\ see ud

eading 4 \ed-irj\ see eeding 1 eadle 1 \ed- 9 l\ see edal 1

103 eadle 2 \ed- 9 l\ see eedle eadly \ed-le\ see edley eadsman 1 \edz-man\ headsman, leadsman eadsman 2 Xedz-msnX see eedsman eady 1 \ed-e\ Eddie, eddy, Eddy, Freddie, heady, leady, ready, steady, Teddie, teddy, Teddy, thready already, makeready, unsteady gingerbready, rough-and-ready

eaky outspeak, perique, physique, Pikes Peak, pip-squeak, pratique, relique, technic, technique, Tajik, unique, unspeak, workweek biunique, Bolshevik, Chesapeake, dominique, doublespeak, ecofreak, fenugreek, hide-and-seek, Lassen Peak, Martinique, Menshevik, Mozambique, verd antique, Veronique electroweak, semi-antique opera comique, realpolitik eak 2 \ak\ see ake

eady 2 \ed-e\ see eedy

eak 3 \ek\ see eck

eaf1 \ef\ see ef

eakable Xa-ka-balX see akable


eaf \ef\ see ief

eake \ek\ see eak 1

eafless Xe-flssX see iefless

eaked 1 \e-kad\ peaked, streaked

eafy \e-fe\ see eefy

eaked 2 \ekt\ beaked, freaked, peaked, streaked apple-cheeked —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eak 1

eag \eg\ see igue eagart \a-gsn\ see agin eager \e-gar\ eager, leaguer, meager beleaguer, intriguer Xinjiang Uygur eagh \a\ see ay1 eagle \e-gal\ see egal eague \eg\ see igue eaguer \e-gar\ see eager eah Ve-s\ see ia1 eak1 \ek\ beak, bleak, cheek, chic, cleek, clique, creak, creek, Creek, eke, flic, freak, geek, gleek, Greek, keek, leak, leek, meek, peak, peek, peke, pic, pique, reek, screak, seek, sheik, sheikh, shriek, sic, Sikh, sleek, sneak, speak, squeak, steek, streak, streek, teak, tweak, weak, week, wreak antique, apeak, batik, Belgique, Belleek, bespeak, bezique, boutique, cacique, caique, critique, debeak, forepeak, forespeak, grosbeak, hairstreak, halfbeak, houseleek, misspeak, muzhik, mystique, newspeak, nonpeak, oblique, off-peak,

eaked 3 \ik-ad\ see icked1 eaken \e-kan\ see eacon eaker 1 \e-kar\ beaker, leaker, reeker, seeker, sneaker, speaker, squeaker loudspeaker, self-seeker, sunseeker doublespeaker —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at eak 1 eaker 2 \a-kar\ see aker eaking 1 \e-kirj\ freaking, sneaking, speaking, streaking heat-seeking, self-seeking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eak 1 eaking 2 \a-kin\ see aking1 eakish \e-kish\ bleakish, cliquish, freakish, weakish eakly \e-kle\ see eekly eaky \e-ke\ cheeky, cliquey, creaky, freaky, leaky, piki, reeky, sneaky, screaky, squeaky, streaky, tiki

eal daishiki, dashiki, Tajiki cock-a-leekie, Kurashiki, Manihiki eal 1 \e-al\ empyreal, hymeneal, laryngeal apophyseal, pharmacopeial 2

eal \el\ ceil, chiel, creel, deal, deil, eel, feel, heal, heel, he'll, keel, Kiel, kneel, leal, meal, Neal, Neil, peal, peel, real, reel, seal, seel, she'll, shiel, speel, spiel, squeal, steal, steel, Steele, Streel, teal, tuille, veal, weal, we'll, wheal, wheel, zeal aiguille, allheal, anneal, appeal, Arbil, bastille, Bastille, bonemeal, bonspiel, Camille, Castile, cartwheel, Cecile, chainwheel, chenille, cogwheel, conceal, congeal, cornmeal, enwheel, Erbil, flywheel, forefeel, four-wheel, freewheel, genteel, handwheel, ideal, inchmeal, Irbil, irreal, Kuril, Lucille, misdeal, mobile, Mobile, newsreel, nosewheel, oatmeal, O'Neill, ordeal, pastille, piecemeal, pinwheel, repeal, reveal, schlemiel, self-heal, side-wheel, singspiel, somedeal, stabile, surreal, tahsil, Tarheel, thumbwheel, unreal, unreel, unseal acetyl, airmobile, Ardabil, bidonville, beau ideal, blastocoel, bloodmobile, Bogomil, bookmobile, campanile, chamomile, cochineal, cockatiel, commonweal, difficile, dishabille, down-at-heel, glockenspiel, goldenseal, Guayaquil, manchineel, megadeal, mercantile, pimpmobile, skimobile, snowmobile, thunderpeal, waterwheel automobile, Solomon's seal, varicocele eal 3 \al\ see ail 4

eal \il\ see ill ealable Xe-la-balX peelable, reelable, stealable appealable, concealable, revealable, repealable irrepealable, unappealable

104 ealand \e-bnd\ see eland eald \eld\ see ield ealed \eld\ see ield ealer \e-lsr\ dealer, feeler, healer, heeler, kneeler, peeler, reeler, sealer, spieler, squealer, stealer, stelar, vealer, velar, wheeler appealer, concealer, four-wheeler, freewheeler, newsdealer, repealer, revealer, scene-stealer, side-wheeler, stern-wheeler, three-wheeler, twowheeler double-dealer, eighteen-wheeler, 18wheeler, snowmobiler, wheeler-dealer ealie \e-le\ see eely ealing \e-lirj\ see eeling eally 1 \e-s-le\ leally ideally hymeneally, industrially eally 2 \il-e\ see illy1 eally 3 \e-le\ see eely ealm \elm\ see elm eal merit \el-mant\ concealment, congealment, revealment ealot \el-st\ see ellate ealotry \el-a-tre\ see elotry ealous \el-9s\ Ellis, Hellas, jealous, trellis, zealous cancellous, ocellus ealousy \el-a-se\ see elacy ealth \elth\ health, stealth, wealth commonwealth ealthy \el-the\ healthy, stealthy, wealthy unhealthy ealty \el-te\ fealty, realty eam 1 \em\ beam, bream, cream, deem, deme, dream, gleam, mime, neem, Nimes, ream, scheme, scream,



eaman Xe-manX see emon 1

ean 1 \e-an\ aeon, eon, Ian, Leon, paean, peon, paeon, zein Achaean, Actaeon, Aegean, Antaean, Archean, Augean, Chaldean, Chilean, Fijian, Korean, Kuchean, Linnaean, Mandaean, Matthean, pampean, plebeian, protean, pygmaean, Tupian apogean, Aramaean, Atlantean, Caribbean, Cerberean, circadian, cyclopean, Clytherean, Damoclean, empyrean, epigean, European, Galilean, Hasmonaean, Herculean, Jacobean, kallikrein, Maccabean, Manichaean, Mycenaean, Odyssean, panacean, perigean, Sadducean, Sisyphean, Typhoean, Tyrolean antipodean, epicurean, Laodicean, Ponce de Leon, proboscidean, Pythagorean, terpsichorean, unEuropean epithalamion, Indo-European, TupiGuaranian

earned 1 \emt\ see empt

ean 2 \en\ see ine 3

earned 2 \emd\ beamed, steamed, teamed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at

ean 3 \6n\ see on 3


eane \en\ see ine 3

earner \e-mar\ creamer, dreamer, femur, lemur, reamer, schemer, screamer, seamer, steamer, streamer blasphemer, daydreamer, redeemer —also -er forms of adjectives listed ar earn 1

eaner \e-nar\ cleaner, gleaner, keener, meaner, preener, teener, weaner, weiner, wiener congener, convener, demeanor, fourteener carabiner, contravener, intervenor, misdemeanor, submariner, trampoliner

seam, seem, seme, steam, stream, team, teem, theme abeam, agleam, airstream, berseem, beseem, bireme, blaspheme, bloodstream, centime, daydream, downstream, esteem, extreme, grapheme, Gulf Stream, hakim, headstream, hornbeam, ice cream, inseam, kilim, lexeme, mainstream, midstream, millime, millstream, moonbeam, morpheme, onstream, phoneme, redeem, regime, sememe, sidestream, slipstream, sunbeam, supreme, Tarim, taxeme, toneme, trireme, unseam, upstream academe, disesteem, double-team, enthymeme, misesteem, monotreme, self-esteem, treponeme succes d'estime earn2 \im\ see im1


earning \e-mirj\ see eeming eamish \e-mish\ beamish, squeamish eamless \em-las\ dreamless, seamless eamon \e-man\ see emon 1 eamster \em-st9r\ seamster, teamster eamy \e-me\ beamy, creamy, dreamy, gleamy, preemie, seamy, steamy polysemy

ean 4 \a-sn\ see ayan 1

eanery \en-re\ beanery, deanery, greenery, scenery machinery turbomachinery ean id \e-3-nad\ Leonid Oceanid eanie \e-ne\ see ini1 eaning \e-nirj\ greening, leaning, meaning, screening housecleaning, spring-cleaning, sunscreening, unmeaning, wellmeaning


106 earance 1 \ir-ans\ see erence 1

overweening —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ine 3

earance 2 \er-ans\ see arence

eanist 1 \e-nast\ see inist2

earch \arch\ see urch

eanist 2 \e-a-nist\ see ianist

earchist Xar-chsstX see urchless

eanliness \en-le-nas\ see endliness

eard1 \ird\ beard, eared, tiered, weird afeard, bat-eared, bluebeard, cropeared, dog-eared, graybeard, lopeared, misleared, whitebeard chandeliered, engineered pre-engineered —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eer 2

eanling \en-lirj\ greenling, weanling, yeanling eanly 1 \en-le\ cleanly, greenly, leanly, meanly, queenly pristinely, routinely, uncleanly serpentinely eanly 2 \en-le\ see endly eanne \en\ see ine 3

eare \ir\ see eer 2

eanness \en-nas\ cleanness, greenness, meanness betweenness, uncleanness 1

eannie \e-ne\ see ini eano \e-no\ see ino


eanor \e-nar\ see eaner eanse \enz\ see ens 1 eant \ent\ see ent 1 eany \e-ne\ see ini1 eap \ep\ see eep eapen \e-pan\ see eepen eaper \e-par\ see eeper eapie \e-pe\ see eepy eapish \e-pish\ see eepish eapo \e-po\ see epot ear1 \er\ see are 4 2

ear \ir\ see eer

eard 2 \ard\ see ird


earable 1 \er-a-b3l\ bearable, shareable, terrible, wearable unbearable, unwearable earable 2 \ar-a-bal\ see arable earage \ir-ij\ see eerage

earean \ir-e-an\ see erian 1 eared 1 \erd\ see aired eared 2 \ird\ see eard 1 earer1 \er-9r\ airer, bearer, carer, error, sharer, terror casebearer, crossbearer, cupbearer, declarer, furbearer, live-bearer, pallbearer, seafarer, talebearer, torchbearer, trainbearer, wayfarer color-bearer, standard-bearer, stretcher-bearer —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at are 4 earer \ir-ar\ cheerer, clearer, fearer, hearer, mirror, shearer, smearer coherer, sheepshearer, veneerer electioneerer —also -er forms of adjectives listed at eer2 earful \ir-fal\ cheerful, earful, fearful, tearful earies \ir-ez\ see eries earing 1 \ir-irj\ clearing, earing, earring, gearing God-fearing, sheepshearing fictioneering, hard-of-hearing orienteering


107 —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eer 2 earing 2 \er-irj\ see aring 1 earish \er-ish\ see arish 1 earl \arl\ see irl1 earle \irl\ see irl1 earler \ar-for\ see irler earless \ir-las\ cheerless, fearless, gearless, peerless, tearless

brokenhearted, chickenhearted, heavyhearted, ironhearted, lionhearted, openhearted, singlehearted, stonyhearted, tenderhearted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at art1 earth 1 \arth\ see arth earth 2 \arth\ see irth eartha \ar-tha\ see ertha earthen \3r-than\ see urthen

earling 1 \ir-lirj\ shearling, yearling

earthy \9r-ihe\ see orthy

earling 2 \ar-tan\ see erlin

eartily \art- 3 l-e\ see artily


early \ir-le\ clearly, dearly, merely, nearly, queerly, yearly austerely, biyearly, severely, sincerely cavalierly, insincerely, semiyearly

eartless \art-tas\ see artless earty \art-e\ see arty1

earnist Xar-nastX see ernist

eary \ir-e\ aerie, beery, bleary, cheery, dreary, eerie, Erie, leery, Peary, peri, quaere, query, smeary, sphery, teary, veery, weary aweary, Kashmiri, Lake Erie, Valkyrie, world-weary hara-kiri, miserere, overweary, whigmaleerie Mount Dhaulagiri

earnt XarntX burnt, learnt, weren't

e a s \e-as\ see eus 1

earring \ir-irj\ see earing 1

easable 1 \e-s3-bsl\ peaceable increasable


early \ar-le\ see urly earn \arn\ see urn earned \9rnd\ see urned earner \3r-nar\ see urner

earsal \ar-s3l\ see ersal 1 earse \srs\ see erse

easable 2 \e-z3-bal\ see easible

earser \ar-sar\ see ursor

easand 1 \iz- 3 n\ see ison 2

earst \arst\ see urst

easand 2 \ez- a nd\ see easoned

eart \art\ see art 1

ease 1 \es\ see iece

earted \art-ad\ hearted, parted bighearted, coldhearted, downhearted, fainthearted, freehearted, good-hearted, greathearted, halfhearted, hardhearted, kindhearted, largehearted, lighthearted, proudhearted, softhearted, stouthearted, truehearted, uncharted, warmhearted, weakhearted, wholehearted

e a s e 2 \ez\ see eze eased 1 \ezd\ pleased diseased —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eze eased 2 \est\ see east 1 easel \e-zal\ bezel, deasil, diesel, easel, measle, teasel, weasel


easeless e a s e l e s s \e-slas\ ceaseless, creaseless, greaseless easel ly \e-zle\ see easly easement Xez-mantX easement appeasement easer 1 \e-S9r\ creaser, greaser, piecer degreaser, increaser, one-piecer, releaser, two-piecer easer 2 \e-z9r\ Caesar, freezer, geezer, greaser, pleaser, seizer, sneezer, squeezer, teaser, tweezer appeaser, brainteaser, crowd-pleaser, degreaser, misfeasor, stripteaser, timepleaser eash \esh\ see iche 2 easible \e-z3-bal\ feasible, squeezable appeasable, defeasible, infeasible inappeasable, indefeasible, unappeasable easil \e-z9l\ see easel easily \ez-le\ see easly

easoned \ez- 3 nd\ weasand unreasoned —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eason easoning \ez-nirj\ reasoning, seasoning unreasoning eason less \ez- 3 n-l9s\ reasonless, seasonless easor \e-zgr\ see easer 2 east 1 \est\ beast, east, East, feast, fleeced, geest, least, piste, priest, reest, triste, yeast archpriest, artiste, batiste, deceased, Far East, modiste, Near East, northeast, southeast, tachiste arriviste, dirigiste, hartebeest, Middle East, north-northeast, pointillist, wildebeest —also -ed forms of verbs listed at iece east 2 \est\ see est easted \es-tad\ see ested

easing 1 \e-sin\ leasing unceasing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at iece

easter \e-stsr\ Dniester, Easter, keister, leister, quaestor down-easter, northeaster, southeaster

easing 2 \e-zirj\ pleasing subfreezing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eze

eastly \est-le\ beastly, Priestley, priestly

easingly \e-sirj-le\ decreasingly, increasingly, unceasingly

easurable Xezh-ra-balX pleasurable, treasurable immeasurable

easle \e-z9l\ see easel easly \ez-9-le\ easily, measly, weaselly eason \ez- 3 n\ reason, season, seisin, treason disseisin, off-season, unreason diocesan easonable \ez-n9-bgl\ reasonable, seasonable, treasonable unreasonable, unseasonable

eastie \e-ste\ see easty

easty \e-ste\ beastie, yeasty

easure 1 \ezh-ar\ leisure, measure, pleasure, treasure admeasure, displeasure countermeasure easure 2 \a-zhar\ see azier easurer \ezh-3r-ar\ measurer, treasurer easy 1 \e-ze\ breezy, cheesy, easy, greasy, queasy, sleazy, sneezy, wheezy



pachisi, Parcheesi, speakeasy, uneasy, Zambezi easy 2 \e-se\ see eecy eat 1 \et\ beat, beet, bleat, cheat, cleat, Crete, deet, eat, feat, fleet, Geat, gleet, greet, heat, keet, lied, meat, meet, mete, neat, peat, Pete, pleat, seat, sheet, skeet, sleet, street, suite, sweet, teat, treat, tweet, weet, wheat accrete, aesthete, afreet, athlete, backbeat, backseat, backstreet, bedsheet, bolete, Bradstreet, broadsheet, browbeat, buckwheat, bystreet, clipsheet, compete, compleat, complete, conceit, concrete, crabmeat, deadbeat, deceit, defeat, delete, deplete, discreet, discrete, disseat, downbeat, drumbeat, effete, elite, en suite, entreat, escheat, esthete, excrete, facete, forcemeat, foresheet, groundsheet, heartbeat, heat-treat, helpmeet, hoofbeat, ill-treat, mainsheet, maltreat, mesquite, mincemeat, mistreat, offbeat, petite, preheat, receipt, recheat, regreet, repeat, replete, retreat, secrete, slipsheet, sweetmeat, terete, unmeet, unseat, upbeat, vegete, volkslied, zizith aquavit, biathlete, bittersweet, cellulite, corps d'elite, country seat, decathlete, exegete, incomplete, indiscreet, indiscrete, lorikeet, marguerite, Marguerite, Masorete, meadowsweet, Nayarit, obsolete, overeat, overheat, Paraclete, parakeet, pentathlete, plebiscite, polychaete, progamete, self-conceit, semisweet, superheat, triathlete, winding-sheet

conceited, deep-seated, repeated overheated, superheated —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eat 1 eated 2 \et-ad\ see etid eated 3 \it-ad\ see itted eaten 1 \et- 3 n\ eaten, beaten, Cretan, cretin, Eaton, Eton, neaten, sweeten, wheaten browbeaten, moth-eaten, secretin, unbeaten, worm-eaten overeaten, weather-beaten eaten 2 \at- a n\ see aten 1 eater 1 \et-ar\ beater, bleater, cheater, eater, fetor, greeter, heater, liter, meter, peter, Peter, pleater, praetor, rhetor, seater, sheeter, skeeter, teeter, treater, tweeter anteater, beefeater, blue peter, Demeter, drumbeater, eggbeater, excreter, fire-eater, flowmeter, maneater, Main Streeter, maltreater, preheater, propraetor, repeater, saltpeter, secretor, seedeater, toadeater, Wall Streeter, windcheater, worldbeater altimeter, centiliter, centimeter, deciliter, decimeter, lotus-eater, milliliter, millimeter, overeater, taximeter —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at eat 1 eater 2 \et-ar\ see etter eatery \et-a-re\ see etory

eat 3 \et\ see et 1

eath 1 \eth\ eath, heath, Keith, Meath, neath, sheath, wreath beneath, bequeath, hadith, monteith underneath

eat 4 \it\ see it1

eath 2 \eth\ see eathe


eat \at\ see ate


eatable \et-9-b3l\ eatable, heatable, treatable depletable, escheatable, repeatable, unbeatable eated 1 \et-ad\ heated, pleated

eathe \etji\ breathe, Meath, seethe, sheathe, teethe, wreathe bequeath, ensheathe, enwreathe, inbreathe, unsheathe, unwreathe, Westmeath

eathean eathean \e-the-an\ lethean Promethean eather 1 \eth-ar\ see ether eather 2 \e-thar\ see either eathern \eth-arn\ see ethern eathery \eth-re\ feathery, heathery, leathery eathing \e-thirj\ breathing, sheathing, teething firebreathing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eathe eathless \eth-las\ breathless, deathless eathy \e-the\ heathy, lethe, wreathy eating \et-irj\ beating, eating, fleeting, meeting, seating, sheeting, sweeting breast-beating, drumbeating, fireeating, man-eating, unweeting Sunday-go-to-meeting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eat1 eatise \et-ss\ see etus

110 eautiful Xiit-i-fslX see utiful eauty \ut-e\ see ooty1 eaux \ 6 \ see ow1 eavable Xe-va-balX see eivable eaval \e-val\ see ieval eave 1 \ev\ breve, cleave, eve, Eve, greave, grieve, heave, leave, lief, peeve, reave, reeve, reive, scrieve, sheave, shrieve, sleave, sleeve, steeve, Steve, thieve, weave, weve Abib, achieve, aggrieve, believe, bereave, conceive, deceive, inweave, khedive, Maldive, motive, naive, perceive, qui vive, receive, relieve, reprieve, retrieve, shirtsleeve, unreeve, unweave, upheave apperceive, by-your-leave, disbelieve, Genevieve, interleave, interweave, Laccadive, make-believe, misbelieve, misconceive, preconceive, semibreve, Tel Aviv, undeceive adam-and-eve, recitative, ticket-ofleave, underachieve Saint Agnes' Eve

eave 2 \iv\ see ive2

eatly 2 \et-le\ see eetly

eaved \evd\ leaved, sleeved aggrieved, bereaved, relieved —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eave 1

eaton \et- 3 n\ see eaten 1

eavement \ev-mant\ see evement

eatly 1 \at-le\ see ately1

eats 1 \ets\ Keats —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eat 1 eats 2 \ats\ see ates 1

eaven \ev-sn\ devon, Devon, Evan, heaven, Kevin, leaven, levin, Nevin, seven, Sevin, sweven eleven, replevin, South Devon

eature \e-char\ see eacher

eaver \e-var\ see iever

eaty \et-e\ meaty, peaty, sleety, sweetie, treaty, ziti entreaty, Tahiti Dolomiti, spermaceti

eavers \e-v9rz\ cleavers, vivers eaves \evz\ eaves, Treves shirtsleeves

eau \ 6 \ see ow1

eavey \e-ve\ peavey divi-divi

eaucracy \ak-rs-se\ see ocracy

eaward \e-ward\ see eeward

eauteous \ut-e-as\ see uteous

eaze 1 \ez\ see eze

111 eaze 2 \az\ see aze 1


eazo \e-zo\ see izo1

e b s 2 \ebz\ Debs —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eb

eazy \e-ze\ see easy 1

ebt \et\ see et1

eb \ e b \ bleb, deb, ebb, neb, pleb, reb, Reb, web ardeb, celeb, cobweb, cubeb, Deneb, Horeb, subdeb, Zagreb, zineb cause celebre, Johnny Reb, spiderweb

ebted \et-ad\ see etid

eba \e-ba\ Chiba, Reba, Sheba amoeba, zareba Curitiba ebate \ab-st\ see abit ebb \ e b \ see eb ebbie \eb-e\ see ebby ebble \eb-al\ pebble, rebel, treble ebbuck \eb-ak\ kebbuck, rebec

ebtor \et-ar\ see etter ebus \e-bas\ Phoebus, rebus ephebus ec 1 \ek\ see eck e c 2 \ets\ see ets eca \e-ka\ see ika1 ecal \e-ksl\ cecal, fecal, meikle, treacle intrathecal bibliothecal ecan \ek-an\ see eckon ecant \e-kant\ piquant, secant

ebby \eb-e\ blebby, Debbie, Debby, maybe, webby cobwebby

e c a s \a-kas\ Turks and Caicos, Zacatecas

ebe 1 \e-be\ BB, freebie, Hebe, phoebe, Phoebe, Seabee caribe, Galibi

ecca \ek-9\ Decca, mecca, Mecca, weka Rebecca, Rebekah, Rijeka

ebe 2 \ e b \ glebe, grebe, plebe ephebe, sahib

eccable \ek-3-bal\ see eckable eccan \ek-9n\ see eckon

ebec \eb-9k\ see ebbuck

e c c e \ek-e\ see ecky

(Video) British vs American vs Canadian ENGLISH Differences! (very different!) (+ Free PDF & Quiz)

ebel \eb-al\ see ebble

e c c o \ek-6\ see echo

eber \a-bar\ see abor

ecency \es- 3 n-se\ decency, recency indecency

e b e s \ebz\ Thebes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at ebe 2

ecent \es- 3 nt\ decent, recent indecent, obeisant

eble \eb-al\ see ebble

e c e s \e-sez\ see ecies

ebo \e-bo\ see ibo

ech 1 \ek\ see eck

ebral \e-bral\ cerebral, palpebral, vertebral

ech 2 \sk\ see uck

ebrity \eb-rat-e\ celebrity muliebrity

ebs1 \eps\ see eps

ech 3 \esh\ see esh 1 eche 1 \ash\ creche, fleche, Laoighis, Leix, resh, seiche bobeche, tete-beche



Bangladesh Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Himadral Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh eche 2 \esh\ see esh 1 eche 3 \e-che\ see eachy eche \esh\ see esh


eche \esh\ see esh 1 eched \echt\ see etched echerous \ech-ras\ lecherous, treacherous echery \ech-re\ lechery, treachery echie \ek-e\ see ecky echin \ek-an\ see eckon echo \ek-6\ deco, echo, gecko, secco El Greco, reecho echnical \ek-ni-k9l\ technical biotechnical, geotechnical echt \ekt\ see ect ecia \e-sha\ see esia 1 ecially \esh-le\ see eshly ecian \e-shan\ see etion1

ecious \e-shas\ specious capricious, facetious, Lucretius ecium \e-she-9m\ aecium lutecium, technetium, zoecium androecium, apothecium, gynoecium, Paramecium, perithecium eck \ek\ beck, check, cheque, Czech, deck, dreck, fleck, heck, lek, neck, pec, peck, reck,sec, sneck,spec, speck, trek, wreak, wreck Aztec, Baalbek, backcheck, bedeck, breakneck, Capek, cromlech, crookneck, cross-check, cusec, eweneck, exec, flyspeck, fore-check, foredeck, gooseneck, hacek, hatcheck, henpeck, high tech, kopeck, limbeck, low-tech, Lubeck, Mixtec, paycheck, pinchbeck, Quebec, rebec, ringneck, roll-neck, roughneck, samekh, shipwreck, spot-check, Steinbeck, tenrec, Toltec, Uzbek, wryneck, xebec afterdeck, a la grecque, Aquidneck, biotech, bodycheck, bottleneck, Chiang Kai-shek, countercheck, demisec, discotheque, double-check, double-deck, hunt-and-peck, leatherneck, littleneck, Pont l'eveque, quarterdeck, rubberneck, triple sec, turtleneck, Yucatec, Zapotec cinematheque, Melchizedek, Toulouse-Lautrec

ecibel \es-3-bal\ see essible

eckable Xek-a-balX checkable impeccable

ecie 1 \e-se\ see eecy

ecked \ekt\ see ect


ecie \e-she\ see ishi ecies \e-sez\ feces, species, theses prostheses, subspecies exegeses ecil 1 \e-sal\ Cecil, diesel ecil 2 \es-ai\ see estle 1 ecile \es-al\ see estle 1

ecker \ek-ar\ checker, chequer, decker, pecker, trekker, wrecker exchequer, three-decker, woodpecker dominicker, double-decker, rubbernecker, triple-decker ecking \ek-irj\ decking, necking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eck

ecily \es-s-le\ see essaly

ecklace \ek-lss\ see eckless

ecimal \es-3-m3l\ see esimal

eckle \ek-al\ deckle, freckle, heckle, shekel, speckle kenspeckle

eciman Xes-msiA see essman

113 eckless \ek-las\ feckless, checkless, necklace,reckless affectless

ectile ecta \ek-ta\ dejecta, ejecta, perfecta, trifecta

eckon \ek-an\ beckon, Brecon, Deccan, reckon, zechin Aztecan, misreckon, Toltecan Yucatecan

ectable \ek-t9-bal\ affectable, collectible, correctable, deflectable, delectable, detectable, ej ectable, electable, erectable, expectable, inflectable, injectable, perfectible, projectable, respectable disrespectable, indefectible

ecks \ecks\ eks\ see ex

ectacle \ek-ti-kal\ see ectical

ecky \ek-e\ Becky, recce, techie Shimonoseki

ectal \ek-t 3 l\ see ectile

ecko \ek-6\ see echo

econ \ek-an\ see eckon

ectance \ek-tans\ expectance, reflectance

econd 2 \ek-ant\ seeeccant

ectant \ek-tant\ expectant, humectant, injectant, protectant disinfectant

ecque \ek\ see eck

ectar \ek-tsr\ see ector

e c s \eks\ see ex

ectarous \ek-tras\ see ectress

econd 1 \ek-and\ see ecund

ect \ekt\ necked, sect, specked abject, affect, aspect, bisect, cathect, collect, confect, connect, convect, correct, defect, deflect, deject, detect, direct, dissect, effect, eject, elect, erect, ewe-necked, expect, goosenecked, infect, inflect, inject, insect, inspect, neglect, object, pandect, perfect, porrect, prefect, prelect, project, prospect, protect, rednecked, refect, reflect, reject, resect, respect, ring-necked, select, stiff-necked, subject, suspect, traject, transect, trisect, Utrecht, V-necked acrolect, architect, circumspect, deselect, dialect, disaffect, disconnect, disinfect, disrespect, double-decked, genuflect, grapholect, incorrect, indirect, intellect, interject, intersect, introject, introspect, misdirect, preselect, re-collect, recollect, redirect, reelect, resurrect, retrospect, self-respect, turtlenecked, vivisect aftereffect, hypercorrect, idiolect, interconnect, megaproject, semierect semi-indirect —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eck

ectary \ek-t9-re\ sectary insectary ected \ek-tad\ affected, collected, complected, dejected recollected, self-affected, selfcollected, self-elected, self-selected, unaffected, undirected, unexpected, unselected inner-directed, other-directed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at

ect ecten \ek-tan\ nekton, pecten, pectin fibronectin, ivermectin ecter \ek-tar\ see ector ectible \ek-t3-bsl\ see ectable ectic \ek-tik\ hectic, pectic cathectic, eclectic, synectic anorectic, apoplectic, catalectic, dialectic ectical \ek-ti-kal\ spectacle dialectical ectile \ek-t 3 l\ sectile erectile, insectile, projectile colorectal, dialectal

ectin ectin \ek-tan\ see ecten ecting \ek-tirj\ affecting self-correcting, self-respecting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ect ection \ek-shan\ flexion, lection, section abjection, advection, affection, bisection, collection, complexion, confection, connection, connexion, convection, correction, C-section, defection, deflection, dejection, detection, direction, dissection, ejection, election, erection, evection, infection, inflection, injection, inspection, midsection, objection, perfection, prelection, projection, protection, refection, reflection, rejection, resection, selection, subjection, subsection, trajection, transection, trisection by-election, circumspection, disaffection, disconnection, disinfection, genuflection, imperfection, indirection, introjection, introspection, insurrection, intellection, interjection, intersection, misdirection, predilection, preselection, recollection, redirection, reelection, reinfection, resurrection, retroflexion, retrospection, vivisection antirej ection, hypercorrection, interconnection Cesarean section

114 introspectionist, resurrectionist, vivisectionist ective \ek-tiv\ advective, affective, adjective, bijective, collective, connective, convective, corrective, defective, deflective, detective, directive, effective, elective, ejective, infective, inflective, inj ective, invective, objective, perfective, perspective, projective, prospective, reflective, respective, selective, subjective cost-effective, imperfective, ineffective, intellective, introspective, nondirective, nonobjective, retrospective cryoprotective, intersubjective ectless \ek-bs\ see eckless ectly \ekt-le\ abjectly, correctly, directly, erectly incorrectly, indirectly ectness \ekt-nas\ abjectness, correctness, directness, erectness, selectness incorrectness, indirectness hypercorrectness ecto \ek-to\ recto perfecto ecto my \ek-t9-me\ mastectomy, vasectomy appendectomy, hysterectomy, tonsillectomy clitoridectomy

ectional \ek-shnal\ sectional affectional, bisectional, complexional, connectional, convectional, correctional, crosssectional, directional, inflectional, proj ectional, reflectional bidirectional, introspectional, interjectional, resurrectional, vivisectional omnidirectional, unidirectional

ector \ek-tsr\ hector, Hector, lector, nectar, rector, sector, specter, vector bisector, collector, convector, corrector, defector, deflector, detector, director, dissector, effector, ejector, elector, erector, infector, injector, inspector, neglecter, objector, perfecter, projector, prospector, protector, reflector, selector, trisector vivisector

ectionist Xek-sha-nastX perfectionist, projectionist, protectionist, selectionist

ectoral \ek-trsl\ spectral, pectoral electoral, protectoral multispectral



ectorate \ek-t3-rat\ rectorate directorate, electorate, inspectorate, protectorate

ecutive \ek-st-iv\ consecutive, executive inconsecutive

ectory \ek-ta-re\ rectory directory, protectory, refectory, trajectory ex-directory

ed \ed\ seeead 1

ectral \ek-tral\ see ectoral ectress \ek-tras\ nectarous directress, electress, protectress ectrix \ek-triks\ rectrix directrix ectrum Xek-trarrA plectrum, spectrum electrum ectual 1 \ek-ch3-wal\ effectual ineffectual, intellectual anti-intellectual ectual 2 \eksh-wal\ see exual ectually \ek-cha-le\ effectually ineffectually, intellectually 1

ectural Xek-chs-ralX conjectural, prefectural architectural ectural 2 \ek-shral\ flexural conjectural architectural

e'd \ed\ see eed eda 1 \ed-a\ Freda, Frieda, Leda, Vida Machida alameda olla podrida eda 2 \ad-a\ see ada 3 edal 1 \ed- 3 l\ heddle, medal, meddle, pedal, peddle, treadle backpedal, bipedal, soft-pedal intermeddle edal 2 \ed- 3 l\ see eedle edance \ed- 3 ns\ see edence edar 1 \ed-ar\ see eader 2 edar 2 \ed-sr\ see eader 1 edator \ed-9t-ar\ see editor edd \ed\ see ead 1 edda \ed-a\ Jedda, Vedda eddar \ed-ar\ see eader 2 edded \ed-ad\ see eaded edden \ed- 3 n\ see eaden

ecture \ek-char\ lecture conjecture, prefecture architecture

edder \ed-ar\ see eader 2

ectus \ek-tas\ conspectus, prospectus

edding \ed-irj\ see eading 1

ecular Xek-ya-larX secular, specular molecular ecum \e-kam\ vade mecum subpoena duces tecum ecund \ek-and\ fecund, second femtosecond, microsecond, millisecond, nanosecond —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eckon

eddie \ed-e\ see eady 1

eddle \ed- 9 l\ see edal 1 eddler \ed-l9r\ meddler, medlar, peddler intermeddler eddon \ed- 3 n\ see eaden eddy \ed-e\ see eady 1 ede 1 \ad\ see ade 1 ede 2 \ed\ see eed


ede ede 3 \a-da\ see ayday edeas \ed-e-as\ see edious


eded \e-dad\ see eeded edel \ad-gl\ see adle eden \ed- 3 n\ Eden, Sweden Dunedin 3

edence \ed- ns\ credence impedance, precedence antecedence a

edent \ed- nt\ credent, needn't decedent, precedent, succedent antecedent

edian \ed-e-an\ median comedian, tragedian ediant \ed-e-gnt\ see edient edible \ed-3-bai\ credible, edible, spreadable incredible, inedible edic 1 \ed-ik\ comedic cyclopedic, logaoedic, orthopedic encyclopedic edic 2 \ed-ik\ Eddie, medic comedic paramedic, samoyedic edic 3 \ad-ik\ see adic 1


eder \ad-sr\ see ader eder 2 \ ed-ar\ see eader 1 e d e s \e-dez\ Archimedes, Diomedes edge \ e j \ dredge, edge, fledge, hedge, kedge, ledge, pledge, sedge, sledge, veg, wedge allege, frankpledge, gilt-edge, twoedged, hard-edge, knife-edge, nutsedge, straightedge featheredge, sortilege edged \ejd\ edged, wedged alleged, full-fledged, gilt-edged, twoedged, unfledged deckle-edged, double-edged —also -ed forms of verbs listed at edge edger \ej-9r\ dredger, edger, hedger, ledger, leger, pledger

edicable Xed-i-ka-balX medicable, predicable immedicable edical \ed-i-kal\ medical, pedicle premedical biomedical, paramedical edicate \ed-i-k9t\ dedicate, predicate edicle \ed-i-kal\ see edical edience \ed-e-9ns\ expedience, obedience disobedience, inexpedience edient \ed-e-ant\ mediant expedient, ingredient, obedient, submediant disobedient, inexpedient

edgie \ej-e\ see edgy

ediment Xed-a-mantX pediment, sediment impediment

edgy \ej-e\ edgy, ledgy, Reggie, sedgy, veggie, wedgie, wedgy Himeji

edin \ed- 3 n\ see eden

edi \ad-e\ see ady edia \ed-e-a\ media, Media acedia cyclopedia, via media encyclopedia edial \ed-e-sl\ medial, predial remedial

eding \ed-irj\ see eeding 1 edious 1 \ed-e-ss\ tedious supersedeas edious 2 \e-jas\ see egis edist \ed-3st\ orthopedist encyclopedist edit \ed-at\ credit, edit

117 accredit, coedit, discredit, noncredit, reedit, subedit copyedit editor \ed-3t-ar\ creditor, editor, predator coeditor, subeditor edium \ed-e-3m\ medium, tedium cypripedium edlar \ed-tar\ see eddler edley \ed-le\ deadly, medley, redly chance-medley edly \ed-le\ see edley edo 1 \ed-6\ credo, lido, Lido, speedo aikido, libido, Toledo, torpedo, tuxedo edo 2 \ad-6\ see ado 2 edo 3 \ed-s\ see eda 1 edo 4 \e-do\ Edo, meadow, Yedo edom \ed-9m\ see edum edon \ed- 3 n\ bleeding, Eden, steading, Sarpedon boustrophedon edouin \ed-wsn\ see edwin edra \e-dra\ Phaedra cathedra edral \e-drel\ cathedral, dihedral, trihedral hemihedral, holohedral, octahedral, pentahedral, polyhedral, procathedral, tetrahedral dodecahedral, icosahedral, tetartohedral edro \a-dro\ Pedro Murviedro edulous \ej-a-l9s\ credulous, sedulous incredulous edum \ed-am\ Edam, Edom, freedom, sedum edure \e-jar\ besieger, procedure supersedure

ee edwin \ed-wan\ Edwin bedouin ee \ e \ b, be, bee, Brie, c, cay, cee, Cree, d, dee, Dee, dree, e, fee, flea, flee, free, g, gee, ghee, gie, glee, gree, he, key, Key, Klee, knee, lea, lee, Lee, Leigh, li, me, mi, p, pea, plea, pree, quay, re, scree, sea, see, she, shri, si, ski, spree, sri, t, tea, tee, the, thee, three, ti, tree, Ts, Tshi, twee, Twi, v, vee, we, wee, whee, ye, z, zee agley, aiguille, agree, alee, ani, Bacchae, bailee, Bangui, banshee, bargee, bawbee, Belgae, Black Sea, bohea, bootee, bougie, buckshee, bungee, burgee, Bt, Capri, carefree, Castries, CB, CD, Chablis, Chaldee, chick-pea, Chi-li, chili, confit, cowpea, croquis, curie, Curie, Dead Sea, debris, decree, deep-sea, degree, Denis, donee, DP, draftee, drawee, Dundee, emcee, ennui, esprit, etui, farci, feoffee, foresee, fusee, GB, germfree, glacis, goatee, grand prix, grandee, grantee, GT, heart-free, he/she, Horae, IC, IV, Jaycee, jaygee, jayvee, Jiangxi, knock-knee, KP, latchkey, lessee, look-see, low-key, LP, mame, maquis, Marie, marquee, MC, metis, Midi, mille-feuille, muggee, must-see, Nancy, ngwee, OD, off-key, ogee, Osee, Parcae, pardie, passkey, Pawnee, payee, PC, perdie, per se, PG, pledgee, pongee, post-free, precis, puree, puttee, qt, raki, rani, razee, rooftree, rupee, rushee, RV, sati, scotfree, settee, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Shawnee, s/he, sightsee, signee, sirree, spadille, spahi, spondee, squeegee, squilgee, standee, strophe, suttee, sycee, T-3, TB, testee, 3-D, titi, to-be, topee, towhee, townee, trainee, trustee, trusty, Tupi, turfski, turnkey, tutee, Tutsi, tutti, TV, unbe, vendee, vestee, Volsci, vouchee, whangee, whoopee, would-be, Yang-Tze, yen-shee abatis, ABC, ABD, absentee, addressee, adoptee, advisee, alienee, allottee, ambergris, AMP, amputee, appellee, appointee, apres-ski,


ee arrestee, assignee, attendee, BVD, Bahai, barley-bree, batterie, billi-bi, bonhomie, booboisie, bourgeoisie, brasserie, brusquerie, bumblebee, camporee, cap-a-pie, causerie, CCD, chickaree, chimpanzee, coati, Coligny, committee, conferee, consignee, counselee, context-free, counterplea, Danae, DDD, Debussy, departee, DDT, debauchee, DDE, deportee, dernier cri, deshabille, designee, detainee, devisee, devotee, diploe, disagree, dischargee, dishabille, divorce, divorcee, DME, DMT, dungaree, duty-free, eau-de-vie, employee, endorsee, enlistee, enrollee, epopee, escadrille, escapee, ESP, evictee, expellee, FAD, fancy-free, fantasie, fantasy, fedayee, filigree, fleur-de-lis, formulae, franchisee, fricassee, galilee, Galilee, garnishee, gaucherie, Gemini, GTP, guarani, guarantee, Hawaii, HIV, honeybee, honoree, humble-bee, hydro-ski, IgE, IgG, inductee, internee, invitee, IUD, jacquerie, jamboree, jus soli, Kayseri, kidnappee, LCD, LED, legatee, libelee, licensee, LSD, maitre d', manatee, Medici, millidegree, murderee, NAD, nominee, obligee, oversea, oversee, parolee, parti pris, patentee, pedigree, peppertree, picotee, piroshki, point d'appui, potpourri, praecipe, presentee, promisee, rapparee, referee, refugee, rejectee, renminbi, repartee, retiree, retrainee, returnee, Rosemarie, RPV, saddletree, Sadducee, San Luis, sangaree, Savaii, selectee, Semele, shivaree, snickersnee, SST, STD, Tenebrae, Tennessee, thirty-three, TNT, toile de Jouy, torii, transferee, undersea, Uriimqi, vaccinee, valuefree, verdigris, VIP, vis-a-vis, warrantee Adar Sheni, Agri Dagi, alienee, biographee, bouquet garni, casus belli, charcuterie, charivari, chincherinchee, chinoiserie, covenantee, DBCP, dedicatee, de Medici, delegatee, distributee, ESOP, evacuee, examinee,

exuviae, facetiae, fait accompli, felode-se, fortunately, Galilei, HTLV, interrogee, interviewee, jaborandi, Jiamusi, minutiae, Omega-3, Pasiphae, patisserie, prima facie, reliquiae, relocatee, Sargasso Sea, Simon Legree, Sault Sainte Marie, Southend on Sea communicatee, HTLV-III, taedium vitae, Tupi-Guarani ignoratio elenchi, petitio principii ee 2 \a\ see ay1 ee \ a \ see ay1 eeable \e-9-bal\ seeable, skiable agreeable, foreseeable disagreeable eebie \e-be\ see ebe 1 e e c e \es\ see iece eeced \est\ see east 1 eech \ech\ see each eecher \e-chsr\ see eacher e e c h e s \ich-az\ see itches eeching \e-chirj\ breeching far-reaching —also -ing forms of verbs listed at each eechy \e-che\ see eachy eecy \e-se\ fleecy, greasy, specie Tbilisi AC/DC eed \ed\ bead, Bede, bleed, brede, breed, cede, creed, deed, feed, Gide, glede, gleed, greed, he'd, heed, keyed, knead, kneed, lead, mead, Mead, Mede, meed, need, plead, read, rede, reed, Reed, Reid, screed, seed, she'd, speed, steed, swede, Swede, treed, tweed, Tweed, we'd, weed accede, airspeed, allseed, bindweed, birdseed, blueweed, bourride, breastfeed, bugseed, burweed, cheerlead, chickweed, concede, crossbreed, cudweed, debride, degreed, duckweed, exceed, fairlead, fireweed, flaxseed,


119 Godspeed, gulfweed, half-breed, hand-feed, hawkweed, hayseed, highspeed, horseweed, impede, implead, inbreed, indeed, ironweed, Jamshid, jetbead, knapweed, knotweed, Lake Mead, linseed, lip-read, milkweed, misdeed, mislead, misread, moonseed, nosebleed, off-speed, oilseed, pigweed, pinweed, pokeweed, pondweed, Port Said, precede, proceed, proofread, ragweed, rapeseed, recede, reseed, rockweed, seaweed, secede, self-feed, Siegfried, sight-read, silkweed, smartweed, snakeweed, sneezeweed, speed-read, spoon-feed, stall-feed, stampede, stickseed, stickweed, stinkweed, succeed, ten-speed, tickseed, weakkneed, witchweed, wormseed aniseed, antecede, beggarweed, bitterweed, bottle-feed, bugleweed, butterweed, carpetweed, centipede, copyread, cottonseed, cottonweed, crazyweed, Ganymede, interbreed, intercede, interplead, jewelweed, jimsonweed, locoweed, millipede, overfeed, pedigreed, pickerelweed, pumpkinseed, retrocede, riverweed, rosinweed, Runnymede, silverweed, supersede, thimbleweed, tumbleweed, underfeed, waterweed velocipede eedal \ed- 9 l\ see eedle eeded \e-dad\ beaded, deeded, kneaded receded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eed eeder \ed-ar\ see eader 1 eedful \ed-fal\ heedful, needful eeding 1 \ed-irj\ bleeding, breeding, leading, reading, reeding inbreeding, linebreeding, lipreading, outbreeding, preceding, speed-reading —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eed eeding 2 \ed- 3 n\ see edon

eedle \ed- a l\ aedile, beadle, credal, creedal, daedal, needle, wheedle eedless \ed-las\ deedless, heedless, needless, seedless eedn't \ed- 9 nt\ see edent eedo \ed-6\ see edo 1 eedom \ed-9m\ see edum e e d s \edz\ Leeds, needs Beskids, proceeds —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eed eedsman \edz-m9n\ beadsman, seedsman eedy \ed-e\ beady, deedy, greedy, needy, reedy, seedy, speedy, tweedy, weedy

eef \ef \ see ief1 eefe \ef\ see ief1 eefy \e-fe\ beefy, leafy, reefy e e g e e \e-je\ see iji eeing \e-irj\ seeing, skiing farseeing, ill-being, sight-seeing, turfskiing, well-being heli-skiing, waterskiing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ee 1 eek 1 \ik\ see ick eek 2 \ek\ see eak 1 eeked \ekt\ see eaked 2 eeken \e-kan\ see eacon eeker \e-kar\ see eaker 1 eekie \e-ke\ see eaky eeking \e-kirj\ see eaking 1 eekly \e-kle\ bleakly, chicly, sleekly, weakly, weekly, treacly biweekly, midweekly, newsweekly, triweekly semiweekly


eeks eeks XeksX see ixe1

een 1 \in\ see in1

eeky \e-ke\ see eaky

een 2 \en\ see ine 3

eel \el\ see eal 2

e'en \en\ see ine 3

eelable Xe-la-balX see ealable

eena \e-na\ see ina 2

eele \el\ see eal 2

eene \en\ see ine 3

eeled \eld\ see ield eeler \e-lar\ see ealer eeley \e-le\ see eely eelie \e-le\ see eely eel in \ e - b n \ see el in eeling \e-lirj\ ceiling, dealing, Ealing, feeling, peeling, shieling, wheeling appealing, Darjeeling, freewheeling, self-dealing, self-feeling, self-sealing, unfeeling double-dealing, self-revealing, snowmobiling, unappealing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eal 2 eelson \el-san\ see elson eely \e-le\ Chi-li, dele, eely, Ely, freely, Greeley, mealie, mealy, really, seely, steelie, steely, stele, syli, vealy, wheelie scungilli, surreally, Swahili campanile, contumely, Isle of Ely, monostele, touchy-feely eem \em\ see earn 1

eener \e-nar\ see eaner eenery \en-re\ see eanery eening \e-nirj\ see eaning eenling \en-lin\ see eanling eenly \en-le\ see eanly1 e e n n e s s Xen-nssX see eanness e e n s \enz\ Queens, teens Grenadines, Philippines, smithereens eenwich \in-ich\ see inach eeny \e-ne\ see ini1 eep \ e p \ beep, bleep, cheap, cheep, clepe, creep, deep, heap, jeep, Jeep, keep, leap, neap, neep, peep, reap, seep, sheep, sleep, sneap, steep, sweep, threap, veep, weep asleep, barkeep, bopeep, dustheap, housekeep, knee-deep, skin-deep, upkeep, upsweep overleap, oversleep Lakshadweep Louis Philippe eepage \e-pij\ creepage, seepage

eeman Xe-manX see emon 1

eepen Xe-panX cheapen, deepen, steepen

eemer Xe-marX see earner

eepence Xap-ansX see uppance

eemie \e-me\ see eamy

eepenny \ap-ne\ see openny

eeming \e-min\ seeming, streaming redeeming unbeseeming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at earn 1

eeper \e-par\ beeper, creeper, keeper, leaper, Dnieper, peeper, reaper, sleeper, sweeper, weeper barkeeper, beekeeper, bookkeeper, crowkeeper, doorkeeper, gamekeeper, gatekeeper, goalkeeper, greenkeeper, groundskeeper, housekeeper, innkeeper, lockkeeper, minesweeper,

eemly \em-le\ seemly supremely, unseemly

121 peacekeeper, scorekeeper, shopkeeper, stockkeeper, storekeeper, timekeeper, zookeeper honeycreeper —also -er forms of adjectives listed ateep eepie \e-pe\ see eepy eeping \e-pirj\ creeping, keeping, weeping beekeeping, bookkeeping, gatekeeping, housekeeping, minesweeping, peacekeeping, safekeeping, timekeeping —also -ing forms of verbs listed at eep eepish \e-pish\ cheapish, sheepish eeple \e-pal\ see eople eepy \e-pe\ cheapie, creepy, seepy, sleepy, sweepy, tepee, tipi, weepie, weepy eer 1 \e-ar\ freer, seer, skier, we're CBer, decreer, foreseer, sightseer overseer, water-skier eer \ir\ beer, bier, blear, cere, cheer, clear, dear, deer, drear, ear, fear, fere, fleer, gear, hear, here, jeer, Lear, leer, mere, mir, near, peer, pier, Pierre, queer, rear, schmear, sear, seer, sere, shear, sheer, skirr, smear, sneer, spear, speer, sphere, spier, steer, tear, tier, Trier, Tyr, veer, we're, year adhere, Aesir, Ajmer, ambeer, appear, arrear, Asir, austere, Ayrshire, Berkshire, besmear, brassiere, Cape Fear, career, cashier, cashmere, Cheshire, chimere, clavier, cohere, compeer, destrier, dog-ear, Ellesmere, emir, Empire, endear, ensphere, eyrir, Fafnir, Fifeshire, Flintshire, footgear, frontier, gambier, Goodyear, haltere, Hampshire, headgear, inhere, Izmir, Kashmir, kefir, killdeer, laveer, lightyear, man-year, menhir, mishear, monsieur, mouse-ear, nadir, Nairnshire, out-year, Pamir, Perthshire, pickeer, portiere, premier, premiere, redear, rehear, reindeer,

eer revere, Revere, Robespierre, revers, Saint Pierre, santir, severe, Shakespeare, Shropshire, sincere, slick-ear, tapir, uprear, Vanir, veneer, vizier, voir dire, wheatear, Wiltshire, Ymir, Yorkshire, zaire, Zaire atmosphere, auctioneer, balladeer, bandolier, bayadere, Bedfordshire, Bedivere, belvedere, biosphere, blacktailed deer, bombardier, boutonniere, brigadier, buccaneer, budgeteer, Cambridgeshire, cameleer, cannoneer, cassimere, cavalier, chandelier, chanticleer, chevalier, chiffonier, chocolatier, commandeer, corsetiere, cuirassier, Denbighshire, Derbyshire, diapir, disappear, domineer, Dumfriesshire, ecosphere, Elzevir, engineer, fictioneer, financier, fourdrinier, fusilier, gadgeteer, gasolier, gazetteer, Gloucestershire, gondolier, grenadier, Guinevere, halberdier, hemisphere, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, IJsselmere, insincere, interfere, jardiniere, junketeer, kerseymere, Lanarkshire, Lancashire, lavaliere, leafleteer, marketeer, Meyerbeer, missileer, Monmouthshire, Morayshire, mountaineer, Mount Ranier, muleteer, musketeer, mutineer, Oxfordshire, overhear, overseer, oversteer, pamphleteer, Pembrokeshire, persevere, pioneer, pistoleer, pontonier, privateer, profiteer, puppeteer, racketeer, Radnorshire, rocketeer, Rutlandshire, scrutineer, Selkirkshire, sloganeer, sonneteer, souvenir, Staffordshire, stratosphere, summiteer, Tyne and Wear, understeer, volunteer, Warwickshire, white-tailed deer, Windermere, Worcestershire, yesteryear acyclovir, animalier, black marketeer, Buckinghamshire, Clackmannanshire, carabineer, Caernarvonshire, Cardiganshire, Carmarthenshire, charioteer, conventioneer, Dunbartonshire, electioneer, Eskisehir, Glamorganshire, free-marketeer,


e'er harquebusier, Huntingdonshire, Invernessshire, Kincardineshire, Montgomeryshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire Merionethshire

eeter \et-ar\ see eater 1 eethe \eth\ see eathe eether \e-thar\ see either

e'er \er\ see are 4 eerage \ir-ij\ peerage, steerage arrearage eered \ird\ see eard

eeten \et- 3 n\ see eaten 1


eerer \ir-ar\ see earer

eething \e-ihin\ see eathing eetie \et-e\ see eaty eeting \et-irj\ see eating


eeress \ir-as\ see erous eerful \ir-fal\ see earful eerie 1 \ir-e\ see eary eerie 2 \e-re\ see eirie eering \ir-in\ see earing 1 eerist \ir-ast\ see erist


eetle \et- 9 l\ see etal eetly \et-le\ featly, fleetly, neatly, sweetly completely, concretely, discreetly, discretely, effetely bittersweetly, incompletely, indiscreetly eety \et-e\ see eaty ee-um \e-am\ see eum 1

eerless \ir-las\ see earless

eeve \ev\ see eave 1

eerly \ir-le\ see early 1

eeved \evd\ see eaved

eersman Xirz-msnX steersman frontiersman

e e v e s \evz\ see eaves

eerut \ir-at\ see irit eery \ir-e\ see eary

eevil \e-v3l\ see ieval eevish \e-vish\ peevish, thievish

e e s \ez\ see eze

eeward \e-ward\ leeward, Leeward, seaward

e e s e \ez\ see eze

eewee \e-we\ kiwi, peewee, pewee

eesh \esh\ see iche 2

eewit \ii-9t\ see uet

eesi \e-ze\ see easy 1

eez \ez\ see eze

eesia \e-zha\ see esia 2

eezabie \e-z3-bal\ see easible

e e s o m e \e-sam\ gleesome, threesome

eeze \ez\ see eze

eest 1 \ast\ see aced eest 2 \est\ see east 1 eesy \e-ze\ see easy 1 eet \et\ see eat


eetah \et-a\ see ita2 eete \at-e\ see aty

eezer \e-zsr\ see easer 2 eezing \e-zirj\ see easing 2 eezy \e-ze\ see easy 1 ef1 \ef\ chef, clef, deaf, ef, f, lev, ref, teff aleph, Brezhnev, enfeoff, HF, Kiev, stone-deaf, tone-deaf emf, Kishinev



ef2 \ a \ see ay1

ega 3 \e-gs\ see iga1

ef3 \ef\ see ief1

efe \ef-e\ see effie

egal \e-gal\ beagle, eagle, egal, legal, regal illegal, porbeagle, spread-eagle, viceregal extralegal, paralegal medicolegal

eferable Xef-rs-bslX preferable, referable

egan \e-g9n\ Megan, vegan Mohegan

eference \ef-rans\ deference, preference, reference cross-reference

e g a s \a-gss\ see agus

efanie \ef-a-ne\ see ephony efany \ef-a-ne\ see ephony

eferent \ef-rant\ deferent, referent eff \ef\ see ef1 effer \ef-sr\ see ephor efic \ef-ik\ Efik benefic, malefic

ege 1 \ezh\ barege, cortege, Liege, manege, solfege e g e 2 \eg\ see eg 2 e g e 3 \ e j \ see edge e g e 4 \eg\ see igue e g e 5 \ig\ see ig

eficence \ef-3-sans\ beneficence, maleficence

eged \ejd\ see edged

efik \e-fik\ see efic

egent \e-J9nt\ regent, sejant allegiant, vice-regent

efsk \efsk\ Izhefsk Prokopyevsk

egel \agal\ see agel

eger \ej-ar\ see edger

eft \eft\ cleft, deft, eft, heft, klepht, left, theft, weft bereft

egg \eg\ see eg 2

efty \ef-te\ hefty, lefty

eggary \eg-a-re\ beggary, Gregory


eg \ag\ Craig, plague, vague stravage, The Hague eg 2 \eg\ beg, Craig, dreg, egg, gleg, Greg, Gregg, keg, leg, peg, reg, skeg, yegg blackleg, bootleg, bowleg, dogleg, foreleg, jackleg, jake leg, muskeg, nutmeg, redleg, renege, roughleg, Tuareg, unpeg Winnipeg mumblety-peg eg 3 \ e j \ see edge

eggar \eg-sr\ see egger

egger \eg-sr\ beggar bootlegger, Heidegger thousand-legger eggie \ej-e\ see edgy eggio \ej-e-6\ Reggio arpeggio, solfeggio e g g s \egz\ see egs eggy \eg-e\ dreggy, eggy, leggy, Peggy, plaguey Carnegie

ega 1 \eg-a\ omega rutabaga

egia \e-ja\ Ouija aqua regia, aquilegia, paraplegia, quadriplegia

ega 2 \a-ga\ see aga 2

egian \e-jan\ see egion



egiant \e-jant\ see egent

ei 3 \I\ seey 1

egiate \e-jat\ collegiate, elegit intercollegiate

eia 1 \e-9\ see ia1

egic \e-jik\ strategic paraplegic, quadriplegic

eial \e-al\ see eal 1

egie \eg-e\ see eggy egion \e-jan\ legion, region collegian, Norwegian, subregion egious \e-jas\ see egis

eia 2 \I-9\ see iah1 eian 1 \e-3n\ see ean 1 eian 2 \a-an\ see ayan 1 eic \e-ik\ oleic epigeic, logorrheic, mythopoeic onomatopoeic

egis \e-jas\ aegis, egis, Regis, tedious egregious

eich \ek\ see ei1

egit \e-jat\ see egiate

eickel \i-kal\ seeycle

egm \em\ see em 1

eid 1 \at\ see ate 1

egn \an\ see ane 1

eid 2 \lt\ see ite

egnant \eg-nant\ pregnant, regnant impregnant, unpregnant

eiche \ash\ see eche 1

eid 3 \ed\ see eed eidel 1 \ad-al\ see adle

egnly \an-le\ see ainly

eidel 2 \id- a l\ see idal

egno \an-yo\ see eno 1

eidi \Id-e\ see iday


ego \e-go\ chigoe, ego, Vigo amigo alter ego, impetigo, superego

eidon \Id- 3 n\ see iden

e g o 2 \a-go\ see ago 2

eifer \ef-ar\ see ephor

egory \eg-a-re\ see eggary

eige \azh\ beige assuage

e g s \egz\ sheerlegs yellowlegs butter-and-eggs, daddy longlegs —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eg

eier \ir\ see ire1

eiger \i-gar\ see iger eigh 1 \a\ see ay1 eigh 2 \ e \ see ee 1

egular \eg-tar\ see egler

eighbor \a-bar\ see abor

eh 1 \a\ see ay1

eight 1 \at\ see ate 1

eh 2 \ a \ see ah

eight 2 \lt\ see ite1

ehen \an\ see ane 1

eighter \at-sr\ see ator

ehner \a-nar\ see ainer

eightless \ a t - b s \ see ateless


ei \ek\ dreich, skeigh 2

ei \ a \ see ay


eights \lts\ see ights eighty \at-e\ see aty



gn \an\ see ane1

ein4 \In\ see ine1

gner \a-nsr\ see ainer

eine1 \an\ see ane1

i \a\ see ay1

eine2 \en\ see ine3

ian \a-an\ see ayan1

eine3 \I-ns\ see ina1

ji \a-je\ see agy

eine4 \en\ see en1

k \ek\ see eak


eined \and\ see ained

kh \ek\ see eak


einer1 \a-nsr\ see ainer

kle \e-ksl\ see ecal

einer2 \e-nsr\ see eaner

11 \al\ see ail

eing \e-in\ see eeing



einie \I-ne\ see iny1

1 \el\ see el 3

1 \el\ see eal 4


eining \a-nirj\ see aining


1 \fl\ see ile

einous \a-nas\ see ayness 1

la \e-b\ see ela

eins \anz\ see ains

led \ald\ see ailed

einsman Xanz-manX see ainsman

ler \I-tor\ see ilar

eint \ant\ see aint


ling \a-liri\ see ailing

einte \ant\ see ant5

ling2 \e-lir)\ see eeling

einture Xan-chsA see ancher2

II \el\ see eal2

einy \a-ne\ see ainy

llance \a-lsns\ see alence

eipt \et\ see eat1

llant \a-bnt\ see alant

eir \er\ see are4

lies1 \a\ see ay1

eira \ir-s\ see era2

lies2 \alz\ see ales

eird \ird\ see eard1

My \a-le\ see aily

eiress \ar-as\ see aris2

m1 \am\ see ame1

eiric \I-rik\ seeyric



eiro \er-6\ see ero2

m \Im\ see ime

mer M-marX see imer1 1


ms \a s\ see ance


eirs \erz\ see airs eis1 \as\ see ace1

ms \emz\ Reims, Rheims —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at earn ein1 \an\ see ane1

eis 2 \e-9s\ see eus1

ein2 \e-9n\ see ean1

eise \ez\ see eze


ein \en\ see ine


eis 3 \Is\ see ice1 eisant \es-ant\ see ecent eisel \i-zal\ see isal2


eisen eisen \Iz- 3 n\ see izen1 eiser 1 \I-sar\ see icer

imperceivable, inconceivable, irretrievable, unbelievable, unconceivable

eiser 2 \i-zar\ see izer

eive \ev\ see eave 1


eisha \a-sha\ see acia

eiver \e-var\ see iever

eisha 2 \e-sha\ see esia 1

eix \ash\ see eche 1


eisin \ez- n\ see eason e i s s \Is\ see ice



eissen \Is- n\ see ison

eize 1 \az\ see aze 1 eize 2 \ez\ see eze


eist 1 \a-ast\ see ayest eist 2 \ist\ see ist1

eizure \e-zhar\ leisure, seizure ejant \e-jant\ see egent eji \ej-e\ see edgy

eister 1 \I-star\ shyster, tryster concertmeister, kapellmeister

ejo \a-6\ see eo 1

eister 2 \e-stsr\ see easter

ek \ek\ see eck

eisure Xe-zharX see eizure

eka 2 \e-ka\ see ika1

eit1 \e-9t\ fiat albeit, howbeit

ekah \ek-a\ see ecca

eit 2 \it\ see it1 3

eit \et\ see eat

eka 1 \ek-a\ see ecca

eke \ek\ see eak 1 1

eit 4 \lt\ see ite1 eited \et-ad\ see eated 1 eiter1 \it-ar\ see itter eiter 2 \I-tar\ see iter1 eith \eth\ seeeath 1 either \e-lh9r\ breather, either, neither, teether eitus \It-9s\ see itis eity \e-9t-e\ deity velleity corporeity, spontaneity, synchroneity diaphaneity, homogeneity, incorporeity, instantaneity contemporaneity, extemporaneity, heterogeneity, inhomogeneity eivable Xe-va-balX cleavable achievable, believable, conceivable, deceivable, perceivable, receivable, relievable, retrievable

ekel \ek-al\ see eckle ekh \ek\ see eck eki \ek-e\ see ecky ekker \ek-ar\ see ecker ekoe \e-ko\ see icot ekton \ek-tan\ see ecten el 1 \el\ bel, bell, Bell, belle, eel, cell, dell, dwell, el, ell, fell, gel, Hel, hell, jell, knell, 1, mell, quell, sel, sell, shell, smell, snell, spell, swell, tell, they'll, well, yell Adele, Ardell, artel, barbell, befell, Blackwell, bluebell, boatel, bombshell, Boswell, botel, bridewell, cadelle, cartel, carvel, chandelle, clamshell, compel, cormel, cornel, corral, cowbell, Cromwell, cupel, Danielle, diel, dispel, doorbell, dumbbell, duxelles, echelle, eggshell, Estelle, excel, expel, farewell, foretell, gabelle, gazelle, Giselle, gromwell,



handbell, hard-shell, harebell, hotel, impel, indwell, inkwell, jurel, lampshell, lapel, marcel, maxwell, Maxwell, micelle, Michele, Michelle, misspell, morel, Moselle, motel, nacelle, Nobel, noel, nouvelle, nutshell, oat-cell, Orel, Orwell, outsell, pall-mall, Parnell, pastel, pellmell, pixel, pointelle, presell, propel, quenelle, rakehell, rappel, Ravel, rebel, refel, repel, respell, retell, riel, Rochelle, rondel, saurel, scalpel, seashell, sequel, Seychelles, soft-shell, solgel, speedwell, spinel, stairwell, unsell, unwell, upwell, Weddell, windbell Annabelle, APL, aquarelle, asphodel, Azazel, bagatelle, BAL, barbicel, bechamel, brocatelle, Camberwell, caramel, caravel, carousel, cascabel, chanterelle, chaparral, Charles Martel, citadel, clientele, cockleshell, Cozumel, damozel, decibel, demoiselle, fare-thee-well, fontanel, immortelle, Isabel, Isabelle, Jezebel, kiss-and-tell, lenticel, mangonel, muscatel, ne'er-do-well, Neufchatel, nonpareil, organelle, oversell, parallel, pedicel, pennoncel, personnel, petronel, Philomel, pimpernel, show-and-tell, tortoiseshell, undersell, T4 cell, villanelle, William Tell, zinfandel Aix-la-Chapelle, au naturel, creme caramel, mademoiselle, maitre d'hotel, materiel, Mont-Saint-Michel, spirituel, T-helper cell, Thompson's gazelle, VLDL antiparallel, antipersonnel, AWOL

elacy \el-9-se\ jealousy, prelacy

el 2 \al\ see ail

elder \el-dar\ elder, welder

ela 1 \ e - b \ Gila, Leila, Lela, selah, sheila, Sheila, stela, Vila Braila, candela, tequila, weigela Coahuila, Philomela, sinsemilla, Tutuila

eldom \el-dam\ beldam, seldom hoteldom

ela 2 \a-ta\ see ala 3

ele 1 \a-le\ see aily

ela 3 \el-a\ see ella

ele 2 \el\ see el

elable \el-9-bal\ see ellable

ele 3 \el-e\ see elly

elagh \a-le\ seeaily elah \ e - b \ see ela 1 eland \e-tand\ eland, Leland, Zealand New Zealand elanie \el-s-ne\ see elony elar \ e - b r \ see ealer elate \el-at\ see ellate elatin \el-at- 3 n\ seeeleton elative \el-at-iv\ relative appellative, correlative, irrelative elba \el-ba\ Elba, Elbe, Melba elbe \el-ba\ see elba elbert \el-bart\ Delbert, Elbert Mount Elbert elch \elch\ belch, squelch, welch, Welch eld 1 \eld\ eld, geld, held, meld, shelled, weld beheld, danegeld, handheld, hardshelled, upheld, withheld jet-propelled, self-propelled unparalleled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at el1 eld 2 \elt\ see elt elda \el-d9\ Zelda eldam \el-dam\ see eldom

eldon \el-dsn\ Sheldon, Weldon eldt \elt\ see elt



ele 4 \e-le\ see eely 1

eled \eld\ see eld eled 2 \eld\ see ield elen \el-an\ see elon elena \el-3-na\ Elena, Helena elens \el-anz\ Saint Helens Mount Saint Helens —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at elon

elible \el-3-bal\ see ellable elic 1 \e-lik\ parhelic autotelic elic 2 \el-ik\ melic, relic, telic angelic, Goidelic, smart aleck archangelic, autotelic, philatelic, psychedelic elical \el-i-k9i\ helical, pellicle angelical double-helical, evangelical

eleon \el-yan\ see elian 2

elier \el-yer\ see elure

eletal \el-9t- 3 l\ pelletal, skeletal

el in \e-tan\ shieling, theelin

eleton \el-at- 3 n\ gelatin, skeleton

elion 1 \el-e-an\ see ellian

eleus \e-le-as\ see elious

elion 2 \el-ysn\ see elian 2

elf \elf\ elf, Guelf, pelf, self, shelf bookshelf, herself, himself, itself, myself, nonself, oneself, ourself, topshelf, thyself, yourself mantelshelf do-it-yourself elfish \el-fish\ elfish, selfish unselfish

elion 3 \el-e-an\ see elian1 elios \e-le-ss\ see elious elious \e-le-as\ Helios, Peleus Cornelius contumelious elish \el-ish\ see ellish

elhi \el-e\ see elly

elist \el-ast\ cellist, trellised Nobelist, pastelist

eli \el-e\ see elly

elius 1 \a-le-as\ see alius

elia 1 \el-ya\ Delia, Lelia, Shelia Amelia, camellia, Camellia, Cecilia, Cornelia, Karelia, lobelia, obelia, Ophelia, Rumelia, sedilia, stapelia psychedelia, seguidilla

eli us 2 \e-le-ss\ see elious

elia 2 \il-e-9\ see ilia1

elk 2 \ilk\ see ilk

elial \e-le-al\ Belial epithelial

ell \el\ see el1


elian \e-le-an\ Melian, Pelion abelian, Karelian, Mendelian elian 2 \el-yan\ anthelion, aphelion, carnelian, chameleon, cornelian, Mendelian, parhelion perihelion Aristotelian, Mephistophelian elian 3 \el-e-an\ see ellian

elix \e-liks\ Felix, helix double helix elk1 \elk\ elk, whelk

e'll \el\ see eal 2 elia \el-9\ Celle, Delia, Ella, fella, fellah, stella, Stella Benguela, candela, Capella, Estella, favela, Gisela, glabella, lamella, Luella, Marcella, Mandela, novella, paella, patella, prunella, quiniela, rubella, sequela, umbrella, vanilla a cappella, Cinderella, citronella, columella, fraxinella, Isabella,

el low

129 mortadella, mozzarella, panatela, salmonella, sarsaparilla, subumbrella, tarantella, villanella valpolicella

elletal \el-9t- 3 l\ see eletal

ellable \el-9-bal\ fellable, gelable compellable, expellable, indelible

ellia \el-y9\ see elia

ellah \el-a\ see ella ellan \el-an\ see elon ellant \el-9nt\ gellant appellant, flagellant, propellant, repellent water-repellent ellar \el-sr\ see eller ellas \el-as\ see ealous el late \el-at\ helot, pellet, prelate, zealot appellate, flagellate, haustellate, lamellate, scutellate ellative \el-at-iv\ see elative 1

elle \el\ see el elle 2 \el-a\ see ella

elley \el-e\ see elly elli \el-e\ see elly

ellian \el-e-an\ Chellean Boswellian, pre-Chellean, Sabellian, triskelion Machiavellian, Pantagruelian ellicle \el-i-kal\ see elical ellie \el-e\ see elly elline \el-an\ see elon elling \el-irj\ belling, selling, spelling, swelling, telling bookselling, compelling, indwelling, misspelling, tale-telling, upwelling fortune-telling, self-propelling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at el1 ellington \el-irj-tan\ Ellington, Wellington beef Wellington

ellean \el-e-sn\ see ellian

el I Ion \el-yan\ hellion rebellion

elled \eld\ see eld1

ellis \el-as\ see ealous

ellen \el-an\ see elon

ellised \el-sst\ see elist

ellent \el-anf\ see ellant

ellish \el-ish\ hellish, relish disrelish, embellish

eller \el-ar\ cellar, dweller, feller, heller, Keller, seller, sheller, smeller, speller, stellar, teller, yeller best-seller, bookseller, compeller, expeller, foreteller, glabellar, impeller, indweller, lamellar, ocellar, patellar, propeller, rathskeller, repeller, rostellar, saltcellar, tale-teller cerebellar, circumstellar, columellar, fortune-teller, interstellar, Rockefeller, storyteller

elllst \el-ast\ see elist ello \el-6\ bellow, Bellow, cello, fellow, Jell-O, mellow, yellow, Yellow bargello, bedfellow, bordello, duello, hail-fellow, Longfellow, marshmallow, morello, niello, Othello, playfellow, schoolfellow, yokefellow Pirandello, punchinello, ritornello, saltarello Robin Goodfellow, violoncello

elles 1 \el\ see el

ell-o \el-6\ see ello

elles 2 \elz\ see ells

ellous \el-as\ see ealous

ellet \el-at\ see ellate

ellow 1 \el-a\ see ella


el low ellow 2 \el-6\ see ello ells \elz\ Welles Dardanelles —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at el ellum \el-3m\ blellum, skellum, vellum postbellum, rostellum antebellum, cerebellum ellus \el-as\ see ealous elly \el-e\ belly, Delhi, deli, felly, jelly, Kellie, Kelly, Nellie, shelly, Shelley, Shelly, smelly, tele, telly, wellie New Delhi, nice-nelly, potbelly, rakehelly, sowbelly Boticelli, nervous Nellie, underbelly, vermicelli Machiavelli Dadra and Nagar Haveli ellyn \el-an\ see elon elm \elm\ elm, helm, realm, whelm overwhelm, underwhelm elma \el-ma\ Selma, Velma elmar \el-msr\ see elmer elmer \el-mar\ Delmar, Delmer, Elmer elmet \el-mst\ helmet, Helmut, pelmet elmut \el-m9t\ see elmet elo \e-lo\ see ilo2 elon \el-gn\ Ellen, Ellyn, felon, Helen, melon avellan, Magellan, McClellan, muskmelon, vitelline Mary Ellen, watermelon Strait of Magellan elony \el-3-ne\ felony, Melanie elop \el-ap\ develop, envelop redevelop overdevelop

elopment Xel-ap-mantX development, envelopment redevelopment overdevelopment elos \ a - b s \ see ayless elot \el-at\ see ellate elotry \el-a-tre\ helotry, zealotry elp \elp\ help, kelp, skelp, whelp, yelp elsea \el-se\ see elsie elsie \el-se\ Chelsea, Elsie Kensington and Chelsea elson \el-ssn\ keelson, nelson, Nelson elt \elt\ belt, celt, Celt, dealt, delt, dwelt, felt, gelt, melt, pelt, Scheldt, smelt, spelt, svelte, veld, welt black belt, flybelt, forefelt, greenbelt, heartfelt, hot-melt, jacks melt, Krefeld, self-belt, snowbelt, snowmelt, Sunbelt Bielefeld, Roosevelt, shelterbelt elte \elt\ see elt elted \el-tad\ bias-belted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at elt elter \el-tar\ belter, melter, pelter, shelter, skelter, smelter, spelter, swelter, welter helter-skelter eltered \el-tard\ earth-sheltered —also -ed forms of verbs listed at elter elting \el-tirj\ belting, felting, melting, pelting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at elt elure \el-ysr\ velure hotelier elve \elv\ delve, helve, shelve, twelve elves \elvz\ elves, ourselves, themselves, yourselves



—also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at elve elvin \el-van\ Elvin, Kelvin, Melvin, Melvyn elvyn \el-van\ see elvin ely \e-le\ see eely em 1 \em\ Clem, creme, em, femme, gem, hem, m, mem, phlegm, REM, Shem, stem, them ad rem, ahem, AM, Arnhem, Belem, bluestem, condemn, contemn, FM, idem, in rem, item, mayhem, millieme, modem, poem, problem, pro tern, proem, Shechem ABM, anadem, apothegm, apothem, Bethlehem, diadem, exanthem, ibidem, IgM, meristem, OEM, SAM, stratagem ad hominem, carpe diem, creme de la creme, ICBM post meridiem, star-of-Bethlehem, terminus ad quern 2

em \am\ see um

emble 1 Xam-bslX wamble ensemble emble 2 \em-bsl\ tremble assemble, atremble, dissemble, resemble disassemble em bier \em-blar\ temblor, trembler assembler, dissembler emblor \em-blar\ see embler embly \em-ble\ trembly assembly disassembly, self-assembly, subassembly erne1 \em\ see em 1 erne 2 \em\ see earn 1 emel \a-msl\ see emile


emely \em-le\ see eemly

ema \e-ma\ bema, Lima, Pima, schema Colima, eczema, edema diastema, emphysema, Hiroshima, Iwo Jima, Kagoshima, Matsushima, terza rima, Tokushima ottava rima emacist \em-a-s3st\ see emicist 1

December, dismember, November, remember, September disremember

eman \em-an\ see emon


eman 2 Ne-manX see emon 1 emane \em-3-ne\ see emony emanence \em-3-nans\ see eminence emanent \em-3-nsnt\ see eminent ematis \em-3t-9s\ see emitus ematist \em-3t-3st\ see emitist ematous \em-3t-9s\ see emitus ember \em-b9r\ ember, member

emen 1 \e-man\ see emon 1 emen 2 \em-an\ see emon 2 emen 3 \a-man\ see amen 1 emer \e-mar\ see earner emeral \em-ral\ femoral ephemeral emery \em-re\ emery, Emery, Emory, memory emesis \em-a-s9s\ emesis, nemesis emi \em-e\ see emmy emia \e-me-a\ anemia, bohemia, Bohemia, leukemia, toxemia academia, septicemia, thalassemia hypoglycemia, hypokalemia beta-thalassemia emian \e-me-sn\ anthemion, Bohemian


emic emic 1 \e-mik\ emic anemic, graphemic, morphemic, lexemic, phonemic, taxemic, tonemic epistemic emic 2 \em-ik\ chemic alchemic, endemic, pandemic, polemic, sachemic, systemic, totemic academic, epidemic, epistemic emical \em-i-kal\ chemical alchemical, polemical academical, biochemical, epidemical, petrochemical biogeochemical emicist Xem-a-ssstA polemicist, supremacist emics \e-miks\ graphemics, morphemics, phonemics, proxemics emile Xa-malX Emile, Memel 3

eminal \em-an- l\ geminal, seminal eminate \em-3-nat\ geminate effeminate eminence \em-3-nans\ eminence, remanence preeminence eminent \em-3-n3nt\ eminent, remanent preeminent eming \em-irj\ Fleming, Heminge, lemming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at em 1 eminge \em-irj\ see eming

emitist \em-3t-ast\ Semitist systematist emitus \em-3t-3s\ clematis, fremitus edematous emlin \em-lan\ gremlin, kremlin emma \em-9\ Emma, gemma, lemma, stemma dilemma

emme \em\ see em1 emmer \em-ar\ emmer, hemmer, stemmer, tremor condemner, contemner emming \em-irj\ see eming em my \em-e\ Emmy, gemmy, jemmy, phlegmy, semi, stemmy emn \em\ see em 1 emner \em-3r\ see emmer emnity \em-nat-e\ indemnity, solemnity emo \em-6\ demo, memo emon 1 \e-man\ demon, freeman, Freeman, gleeman, Piman, seaman, semen Lake Leman, pentstemon, Philemon cacodemon, Lacedaemon emon \em-an\ Bremen, leman, lemon, Yemen emone \em-9-ne\ see emony

eminy \em-a-ne\ see emony

emony \em-s-ne\ Gemini, lemony anemone, bigeminy, Gethsemane, hegemony

emion \e-me-an\ see emian

emor \em-ar\ see emmer

emis \e-mas\ see emus

emoral \em-ral\ see emeral

emish \em-ish\ blemish, Flemish

emory \em-re\ see emery

emist \em-ast\ chemist polemist biochemist

emous \e-mas\ see emus

emini \em-3-ne\ see emony

emp \emp\ hemp, kemp, temp

133 emperer Xem-par-arX emperor, temperer emperor Vem-psr-srX see emperer emplar \em-pl3r\ Templar exemplar emple \em-p3l\ semple, temple emps \a n \ see ant 1 empt \emt\ dreamt, kempt, tempt attempt, contempt, exempt, preempt, undreamed, unkempt tax-exempt emptable Xem-ta-balX attemptable, contemptible

enate Phnom Penh, playpen, RN, Touraine, Tynmen, somewhen Adrienne, Debrecen, DPN, five-andten, FMN, julienne, Kerguelen, La Fontaine, LPN, madrilene, mise-enscene, samisen, Sun Yat-sen, TPN carcinogen, comedienne, equestrienne, tamoxifen, tragedienne, Valenciennes en 2 \en\ see ine 3 en 3 \a n \ see in4 en 4 \ s n \ see un en 5 \ a n \ see ant 1 ena 1 \a-na\ see aena 1

emptible Xem-ta-balX see emptable

ena 2 \a-na\ see ana 2

emption \em-shan\ exemption, preemption, redemption

ena 3 \an-ys\ see ania 3

emptive \em-tiv\ preemptive, redemptive

ena 4 \e-na\ see ina 2 enable \en-3-bal\ tenable amenable, untenable

emptor \em-tsr\ tempter preemptor caveat emptor

enace \en-as\ see enis 1

emptory \em-tre\ peremptory, redemptory

enae \e-ne\ see ini1

emulous \em-y9-tas\ emulous, tremulous

enal \en- 3 l\ penal, renal, venal adrenal, vaccinal duodenal

emur \e-mar\ see earner emus \e-mas\ Remus in extremis, Polyphemus, polysemous emy \e-me\ see eamy en 1 \en\ ben, Ben, den, en, fen, gen, glen, Glen, Glenn, Gwen, hen, ken, Ken, Len, men, n, pen, Penn, Rennes, Seine, sen, Sten, ten, then, wen, when, wren, Wren, yen, Zen again, amen, Ardennes, Big Ben, Cayenne, Cevennes, Cheyenne, Chosen, Dairen, doyen, doyenne, Duchenne, hapten, hymen, Karen, La Tene, moorhen, peahen, pigpen,

enacle \en-i-kal\ see enical

enancy \en-9n-se\ tenancy lieutenancy, subtenancy enant \en-ant\ pennant, tenant lieutenant, se tenant, subtenant sublieutenant, undertenant enary \en-s-re\ hennery, plenary, senary, venery centenary, millenary bicentenary, bimillenary, quincentenary, tercentenary quatercentenary, semicentenary, sesquicentenary enas \e-nss\ see enus 1 enate \en-at\ see ennet


enator enator \en-9t-sr\ see enitor enQal \en-sal\ see encil ence 1 \ens\ see ense ence 2 \a n s\ see ance 1 ence 3 \ans\ see ance 2 encel \en-sal\ see encil enceless \en-slas\ see enseless encer \en-sar\ see ensor ench \ench\ bench, blench, clench, drench, french, French, mensch, quench, stench, tench, trench, wench, wrench entrench, luftmensch, retrench, unclench, workbench Anglo-French Mariana Trench enchant \en-chant\ see entient enched \encht\ trenched unblenched —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ench encher \en-ch9r\ see enture enchman Xench-manX Frenchman, henchman encia \en-cha\ see entia encil \en-S9l\ mensal, pencel, pencil, stencil, tensile blue-pencil, commensal, extensile, Provencal, prehensile, red-pencil, utensil intercensal

addend, amend, append, ascend, attend, augend, befriend, Big Bend, bookend, boyfriend, closed-end, commend, compend, contend, dead end, dead-end, defend, depend, descend, distend, downtrend, emend, expend, extend, forfend, girlfriend, godsend, hornblende, impend, intend, Land's End, low-end, missend, misspend, offend, outspend, perpend, pitchblende, portend, pretend, propend, protend, rear-end, resend, South Bend, stipend, subtend, suspend, transcend, unbend, unkenned, upend, uptrend, weekend, year-end adherend, apprehend, bitter end, comprehend, condescend, Damavend, discommend, dividend, minuend, overspend, recommend, repetend, reprehend, subtrahend, vilipend hyperextend, misapprehend, overextend, superintend —also -ed forms of verbs listed at en 1 enda \en-ds\ Brenda, Glenda, Venda addenda, agenda, pudenda corrigenda, hacienda, referenda definienda endable Xen-da-bslX lendable, mendable, spendable, vendible amendable, ascendable, commendable, defendable, dependable, descendible, expendable, extendable, unbendable comprehendable, recommendable endal \en-d 9 l\ Grendel, Kendall, Mendel, Wendell prebendal, pudendal

encon \en-san\ see ensign

endall \en-d 3 l\ see endal

ency \en-se\ Montmorency, residency nonresidency

endance \en-dans\ see endence

end \end\ bend, blend, blende, end, fend, friend, lend, mend, rend, scend, send, shend, spend, tend, trend, vend, wend, Wend

endant \en-dant\ see endent

endancy \en-dsn-se\ see endency

ende 1 \end\ see end ende 2 \en-de\ see endi

135 ended \en-dad\ ended, splendid befriended, unfriended double-ended, open-ended, undescended —also -ed forms of verbs listed at end

endel \en-d3l\ see endal endell \en-dal\ see endal endence \en-dans\ tendance ascendance, attendance, intendance, resplendence, transcendence condescendence, independence, Independence superintendence endency \en-dan-se\ pendency, tendency ascendancy, dependency, resplendency, transcendency independency superintendency endent \en-dant\ pendant, pendent, splendent appendant, ascendant, attendant, defendant, dependent, descendant, impendent, intendant, respendent, transcendent independent superintendent semi-independent ender \en-dsr\ bender, blender, fender, gender, lender, mender, render, sender, slender, spender, splendor, tender, vendor amender, ascender, attender, auslander, bartender, commender, contender, defender, descender, emender, engender, expender, extender, fork-tender, goaltender, hellbender, intender, offender, pretender, surrender, suspender, tailender, weekender double-ender, moneylender, overspender, self-surrender endi \en-de\ bendy, Mende, trendy, Wendy effendi modus vivendi

ene endible Xen-ds-bslX see endable endid \en-dad\ see ended ending \en-dirj\ bending, ending, pending, sending ascending, attending, fencemending, goaltending, heartrending, mind-bending, unbending, unending unpretending uncomprehending —also -ing forms of verbs listed at end endium \en-de-9m\ compendium antependium endless \end-tas\ endless, friendless endliness \en-le-nas\ cleanliness, friendliness uncleanliness, unfriendliness endly \en-le\ cleanly, friendly uncleanly, unfriendly loop of Henle endment \en-mant\ amendment, intendment endo \en-do\ kendo crescendo, stringendo decrescendo, innuendo diminuendo endor \en-dsr\ see ender endous \en-dss\ horrendous, stupendous, tremendous endron \en-dran\ philodendron, rhododendron ends \enz\ see ens 1 endum \en-dam\ addendum, agendum, pudendum corrigendum, referendum definiendum endy \en-de\ see endi ene 1 \a-na\ nene, sene ene 2 \en\ see en 1 ene 3 \en-e\ see enny


ene ene 4 \e-ne\ see ini1 5

ene \en\ see ine


engthen \erj-than\ lengthen, strengthen

ene 6 \an\ see ane 1

engue \erj-ge\ see engi

enel \en- 3 l\ see ennel

enh \en\ see en 1

eneous \e-ne-as\ genius homogeneous heterogeneous

enia 1 \e-ne-a\ taenia Slovenia sarracenia, schizophrenia

ener \e-nar\ see eaner

enia 2 \e-nys\ Armenia, Encaenia, Eugenia, gardenia, Ruthenia, Tigrinya

enerable Xen-rs-balX generable, venerable regenerable eneracy \en-ra-se\ degeneracy, regeneracy enerate \en-rat\ degenerate, regenerate unregenerate enerative \en-rat-iv\ generative degenerative, regenerative neurodegenerative eneris \en-3-ras\ mons veneris sui generis enery 1 \en-a-re\ see enary 2 enery 2 \en-re\ see eanery enet 1 \en-st\ see ennet enet 2 \e-nat\ see eanut eng 1 \arj\ see ang 2 eng 2 \arj\ see ung 1 enge \enj\ venge avenge, revenge, Stonehenge engi \erj-ge\ dengue, sengi english \in-glish\ English, Yinglish engo \erj-go\ marengo camerlengo

enial \e-ne-al\ genial, menial, venial congenial enian \e-ne-3n\ Fenian Armenian, Essenian, Icenian, sirenian, Slovenian, Tyrrhenian Achaemenian, Magdalenian enic 1 \en-ik\ genie, scenic enic 2 \en-ik\ fennec, pfennig, phrenic, splenic, sthenic arsenic, asthenic, Edenic, Essenic, eugenic, Hellenic, hygienic, irenic, transgenic allergenic, androgenic, autogenic, calisthenic, chromogenic, cryogenic, cryptogenic, hygienic, mutagenic, Panhellenic, pathogenic, photogenic, Saracenic, schizophrenic, telegenic carcinogenic, cariogenic hallucinogenic, hypoallergenic enical \en-i-kal\ cenacle arsenical, galenical ecumenical enice \en-as\ see enis 1 enicist \en-a-sast\ eugenicist ecumenicist enics \en-iks\ eugenics, euphenics, euthenics, hygienics calisthenics, cryogenics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at enic

ength 1 \erjth\ length, strength full-length, half-length, wavelength understrength industrial-strength

enie 1 \en-e\ see enny

ength 2 \enth\ see enth

enie 2 \e-ne\ see ini1



enience \e-nysns\ lenience convenience, provenience inconvenience

enne 3 \an\ see an 5

enient \en-yant\ convenient, prevenient

enned \end\ see end

en nee \en-ik\ see enic 2

enim \en-3m\ see enom

ennel \en- a l\ crenel, fennel, kennel unkennel

enin \en-an\ see ennon

enner \en-ar\ see enor 1

enior \e-nyar\ senior monsignor

ennery \en-a-re\ see enary 2 ennes \en\ see en 1


enis \en-as\ Denis, Dennis, Denys, genus, menace, tenace, tennis, Venice summum genus

ennet \en-at\ Bennett, genet, jennet, rennet, senate, sennet, sennit, tenet

enis 2 \e-nas\ see enus 1

ennett \en-at\ see ennet

enison 1 \en-a-ssn\ benison, Tennyson, venison

enney \en-e\ see enny

enison 2 \en-a-zan\ benison, denizen, venison enist \en-ast\ tennist euthenist enitive \en-at-iv\ genitive, lenitive philoprogenitive polyphiloprogenitive enitor \en-3t-sr\ senator progenitor primogenitor enity \en-at-e\ see entity enium \e-ne-9m\ hymenium, proscenium

enni \en-e\ see enny ennial \en-e-al\ biennial, centennial, decennial, millennial, perennial, quadrennial, quinquennial, septennial, triennial, vicennial bicentennial, bimillennial, postmillennial, premillennial, quincentennial, tercentennial semicentennial, sesquicentennial, quadricentennial ennies \en-ez\ tennies —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at enny ennig \en-ik\ see enic 2 ennin \en-sn\ see ennon

enius \e-ne-3s\ see eneous

ennis \en-as\ see enis 1

enizen \en-3-zsn\ see enison 2

ennist \en-ast\ see enist

enn \en\ see en 1

ennit \en-st\ see ennet

enna \en-s\ Glenna, henna, senna antenna, duenna, Gehenna, sienna, Vienna

ennium \en-e-am\ biennium, decennium, millennium, quadrennium, quinquennium, triennium

ennae \en-e\ see enny

ennon \en-an\ Lenin, pennon, rennin, tenon antivenin

ennant \en-ant\ see enant enne 1 \en\ see en 1 enne 2 \en-e\ see enny

enny \en-e\ any, benne, benny, Benny, blenney, Dene, Denny, fenny,


ennyson genie, Jennie, jenny, Jenny, many, penni, penny, Penny antennae, catchpenny, halfpenny, Kilkenny, Na-dene, pinchpenny, sixpenny, tenpenny, threepenny, truepenny, twopenny lilangeni, spinning jenny ennyson Xen-s-sanX see enison 1 eno 1 \an-yo\ segno dal segno jalapefio eno 2 \en-6\ steno ripieno eno 3 \a-no\ see ano 2 enoch \e-nik\ see inic1 enom \en-sm\ denim, plenum, venom envenom

intense, missense, nonsense, offense, prepense, pretense, propense, sequence, sixpence, suspense, twopence accidence, antisense, commonsense, confidence, consequence, diffidence, evidence, frankincense, multisense, nondefense, providence, Providence, recompense, residence, self-defense, subsequence coincidence, ego-defense, inconsequence, New Providence, nonresidence, self-confidence, selfevidence enseful \ens-fal\ menseful, senseful suspenseful e n s e l e s s \en-slas\ fenceless, senseless defenseless, offenseless ensem \en-sam\ see ensum

enon \en-an\ see ennon

enser \en-sar\ see ensor

enor 1 \en-ar\ Brenner, Jenner, tenner, tenor, tenour countertenor, heldentenor

ensian \en-chan\ see ension


enor \e-nar\ see eaner enour \en-ar\ see enor 1 enous \e-nas\ see enus 1 ens 1 \enz\ cleanse, gens, lens amends, beam-ends, weekends sapiens definiens, locum tenens —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at en

ensible \en-s3-bai\ sensible compensable, condensable, defensible, dispensable, distensible, extensible, insensible, ostensible apprehensible, commonsensible, comprehensible, incondensable, indefensible, indispensable, reprehensible, supersensible incomprehensible ensign \en-san\ ensign alen§on

e n s 2 \ens\ see ense

ensil \en-s3i\ see encil

ensable \en-s9-bal\ see ensible

ensile \en-sal\ see encil

ensal \en-s9i\ see encil

ension \en-chan\ gentian, mention, pension, tension abstention, ascension, attention, contention, convention, declension, descension, detention, dimension, dissension, distension, extension, indention, intension, intention, invention, Laurentian, low-tension, posttension, prehension, pretension, prevention, recension, retention,

ensary \ens-re\ see ensory ensch \ench\ see ench e n s e \ens\ cense, dense, fence, flense, gens, hence, mense, pence, sense, spence, tense, thence, whence commence, condense, defense, dispense, expense, immense, incense,

139 subvention, suspension, sustention, Vincentian, Waldensian Albigensian, apprehension, circumvention, comprehension, condescension, contravention, hypertension, hypotension, inattention, reinvention, reprehension, salientian incomprehension, misapprehension, nonintervention, overextension, Premonstratensian ensional \ench-nal\ tensional ascensional, attentional, conventional, declensional, dimensional, extensional, intensional, intentional unconventional, tridimensional, unidimensional ensioner Xench-narX see entioner ensis \en-sss\ see ensus ensitive \en-s3t-iv\ sensitive insensitive hypersensitive, oversensitive, photosensitive, supersensitive ensity \en-sst-e\ density, tensity extensity, immensity, intensity, propensity ensive \en-siv\ pensive, tensive ascensive, defensive, expensive, extensive, intensive, offensive, ostensive, protensive, suspensive apprehensive, coextensive, comprehensive, hypertensive, hypotensive, inexpensive, inoffensive, reprehensive, selfdefensive counteroffensive, labor-intensive ensor \en-sar\ censer, censor, fencer, sensor, spencer, Spencer, Spenser, tensor commencer, condenser, dispenser, extensor, precensor, sequencer, suspensor biosensor —also -er forms of adjectives listed


ent ensory \ens-re\ sensory dispensary, suspensory extrasensory, multisensory, supersensory ensual 1 \en-chsl\ see ential ensual 2 \ench-wal\ see entual 1 ensum \en-S3m\ sensum per mensem ensurable \ens-r3-bal\ censurable, mensurable commensurable, immensurable incommensurable ensure \en-char\ see enture e n s u s \en-s3s\ census consensus, dissensus amanuensis ent 1 \ent\ bent, Brent, cent, dent, gent, Ghent, Gwent, hent, Kent, leant, lent, Lent, meant, pent, rent, scent, sent, sklent, spent, sprent, tent, Trent, vent, went absent, accent, Advent, anent, ascent, assent, augment, besprent, cement, chimkent, comment, concent, consent, content, convent, descent, detent, dissent, docent, event, extent, ferment, foment, forewent, forspent, fragment, frequent, hell-bent, indent, intent, invent, lament, loment, low-rent, mordent, outspent, outwent, percent, pigment, portent, present, prevent, quitrent, relent, repent, resent, segment, Tashkent, torment, unbent, well-meant, wisent accident, aliment, argument, circumvent, compartment, complement, compliment, confident, devilment, diffident, discontent, document, evident, heaven-sent, implement, instrument, Jack-a-Lent, malcontent, nonevent, Occident, ornament, orient, president, provident, regiment, reinvent, represent, represent, resident, sediment, selfcontent, Stoke on Trent, subsequent, supplement, underwent


ent coincident, disorient, experiment, ferro-cement, inconsequent, misrepresent, nonresident, privatdocent, self-evident ent 2 \ant\ see ant 2 ent 3 \a n \ see ant 1 enta \ent-a\ menta, yenta magenta, momenta, placenta, polenta, tegmenta, tomenta irredenta impedimenta entable \ent-a-bal\ fermentable, presentable, preventable documentable, representable, sedimentable entacle \ent-i-kal\ see entical entage \ent-ij\ tentage, ventage percentage

documentalist, fundamentalist, governmentalist, incrementalist, instrumentalist, orientalist, sacramentalist, sentimentalist, transcendentalist environmentalist, experimentalist ental n e s s \ent- 3 l-n9s\ see entleness entance \ent- 3 ns\ see entence entary \en-tre\ gentry, sentry passementerie, reentry, subentry alimentary, complementary, complimentary, documentary, elementary, filamentary, parliamentary, rudimentary, sedimentary, supplementary, tenementary, testamentary integumentary, uncomplimentary, unparliamentary semidocumentary

ental \ent- 3 l\ cental, dental, dentil, gentle, lentil, mental, rental cliental, fragmental, judgmental, parental, placental, segmental accidental, adjustmental, apartmental, biparental, compartmental, complemental, condimental, continental, departmental, detrimental, documental, excremental, elemental, firmamental, fundamental, governmental, grandparental, incidental, incremental, instrumental, managemental, monumental, nonjudgmental, occidental, oriental, ornamental, regimental, rudimental, sacramental, sentimental, supplemental, temperamental, transcendental, vestamental coincidental, developmental, environmental, experimental, presentimental, subcontinental, transcontinental, uniparental intercontinental, interdepartmental, intergovernmental, semigovemmental

entative \ent-at-iv\ tentative augmentative, fermentative, frequentative, presentative, preventative argumentative, representative misrepresentative

entalist \ent- a l-ast\ gentlest, mentalist

entence \ent- 3 ns\ sentence repentance

ente 1 \en-ta\ al dente lentamente ente 2 \ent-e\ see enty ente 3 \ant\ see ant 2 ented \ent-ad\ tented augmented, contented, demented, lamented, segmented, untented battlemented, malcontented, oriented, self-contented, unfrequented unprecedented overrepresented, underrepresented —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ent1 enten \ent- 3 n\ Benton, dentin, Denton, Kenton, Lenten, Quentin, Trenton

141 enter \ent-sr\ center, enter, mentor, renter, stentor, tenter, venter assenter, augmentor, cementer, concenter, consenter, dissenter, fermenter, frequenter, incenter, indenter, inventor, precentor, preventer, rack-renter, reenter, repenter, subcenter, tormentor documenter, epicenter, hypocenter, metacenter, representer, supplementer experimenter, hundred-percenter entered \en-tsrd\ centered face-centered, self-centered body-centered —also -ed forms of verbs listed at enter enterie \en-tre\ see entary entful \ent-fsl\ eventful, resentful uneventful enth \enth\ nth, strength, tenth creme de menthe enthe \enth\ see enth enthesis \en-tha-sas\ epenthesis, parenthesis enti \ent-e\ see enty entia \en-chs\ dementia, Florentia, sententia, Valencia differentia, in absentia ential \en-ch3l\ cadential, consensual, credential, demential, essential, eventual, potential, prudential, sciential, sentential, sequential, tangential, torrential componential, conferential, confidential, consequential, deferential, differential, evidential, existential, expedential, exponential, inessential, inferential, influential, nonessential, penitential, pestilential, preferential, presidential, providential, referential, residential, reverential, transferential, unessential circumferential, equipotential, experiential, inconsequential,

entioner intelligential, interferential, jurisprudential, multipotential, reminiscential entialist Xen-cha-lastX essentialist existentialist entian \en-chan\ see ension entiary \ench-re\ century penitentiary plenipotentiary entic \ent-ik\ lentic argentic, authentic, crescentic, identic inauthentic entical \ent-i-kal\ denticle, pentacle, tentacle conventicle, identical nonidentical, self-identical entice \ent-as\ see entous enticle \ent-i-kal\ see entical entient \en-ch9nt\ penchant, sentient, trenchant dissentient, insentient, presentient entil \ent- 3 l\ seeental entin \ent- 3 n\ see enten enting \ent-irj\ dissenting unrelenting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ent 1 ention \en-ch9n\ see ension entionable Xench-ns-balX mentionable, pensionable unmentionable entional \ench- nal\ see ensional entioned \en-chand\ aforementioned, well-intentioned —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ension entioner \ench-nar\ mentioner, pensioner, tensioner


entious entious \en-chss\ abstentious, contentious, dissentious, licentious, pretentious, sententious, tendentious conscientious, unpretentious entis \ent-as\ see entous entist \ent-ast\ dentist cinquecentist, irredentist entity \en-9t-e\ entity, lenity amenity, identity, nonentity, obscenity, serenity coidentity, self-identity entium \ent-e-9m\ jus gentium unnilpentium entive \ent-iv\ adventive, attentive, incentive, inventive, pendentive, preventive, retentive argumentive, disincentive, inattentive entle \ent- 3 l\ see ental entleness \ent- 9 l-nas\ gentleness accidentalness entment \ent-mant\ contentment, presentment, resentment discontentment, self-contentment ento \en-to\ cento, lento, Trento memento, pimento, pimiento, seicento, trecento cinquecento, Papiamento, portamento, quatrocento, Sacramento aggiornamento, divertimento, risorgimento pronunciamento enton \ent- 3 n\ see enten entor \ent-ar\ see enter entOUS \ent-as\ prentice apprentice, argentous, momentous, portentous compos mentis, filamentous, ligamentous non compos mentis in loco parentis entral \en-tral\ central, ventral subcentral dorsiventral

entress \en-tras\ gentrice inventress entric \en-trik\ centric acentric, concentric, dicentric, eccentric acrocentric, androcentric, Christocentric, egocentric, ethnocentric, Eurocentric, geocentric, phallocentric, polycentric, theocentric, topocentric anthropocentric, areocentric, Europocentric, heliocentric, selenocentric entrice \en-tras\ see entress entry \en-tre\ see entary ents \ents\ gents events dollars-and-cents —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ent entual 1 Xen-cha-wslX sensual accentual, consensual, conventual, eventual entual 2 \en-chal\ see ential entum \ent-9m\ centum, mentum cementum, momentum, per centum, tegmentum, tomentum argumentum enture \en-char\ bencher, censure, denture, drencher, trencher, venture, wencher adventure, backbencher, debenture, front-bencher, indenture, misventure misadventure, peradventure enturer \ench-rsr\ censurer, venturer adventurer enturess \ench-ras\ see enturous enturous Xench-rssX venturous adventuress, adventurous entury \ench-re\ see entiary enty \ent-e\ plenty, sente, senti, tenty, twenty


143 aplenty, licente cognoscente, twenty-twenty Deo volente dolce far niente enuis \en-y9-wss\ see enuous enum \en-am\ see enom enuous \en-ya-w9s\ strenuous, tenuis, tenuous ingenuous disingenuous enus 1 \e-nss\ genus, lenis, penis, venous, Venus Campinas, Delphinus, Maecenas, Quirinus, silenus intravenous 2

enus \en-as\ see enis


eny \a-ne\ see ainy

eopardess \ep-9rd-as\ leopardess, shepherdess eople \e-pal\ people, pipal, steeple craftspeople, dispeople, laypeople, newspeople, salespeople, spokespeople, townspeople, tradespeople, tribespeople, unpeople, workpeople anchorpeople, businesspeople, congresspeople eopled \e-psld\ unpeopled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eople eordie \6rd-e\ see ordy1 eorem \ir-9m\ see erum eorge \6rj\ see orge eorgian \6r-jsn\ see orgian

enys \en-as\ see enis


enza 1 \en-za\ Penza cadenza, credenza influenza enza 2 \en-sa\ Polenza, Vicenza Piacenza eo 1 \a-6\ mayo, Mayo cacao, paseo, rodeo aparejo, Bulawayo, cicisbeo, zapateo Montevideo e o 2 \e-6\ see io2 eoff1 \ef\ see ef

eorist \ir-sst\ see erist1 eoul \61\ see ole 1 e o u s \e-as\ seeeus 1 ep \ e p \ hep, pep, prep, rep, schlepp, skep, step, steppe, strep, yep Alep, crowstep, doorstep, footstep, goose-step, instep, lockstep, misstep, one-step, quickstep, salep, sidestep, two-step, unstep corbiestep, demirep, overstep, stepby-step Gaziantep eparable Xep-ra-balX reparable, separable inseparable, irreparable

eoff2 \ef\ see ief1 eoffor \ef-ar\ see ephor eolate \e-9-tat\ triolet alveolate, areolate, urceolate eoman \6-m9n\ see oman 1

eon \e-an\ see ean



eon \e-an\ eon, freon, neon, prion eonid \e-3-nad\ see eanid eopard \ep-ard\ jeopard, leopard, peppered, shepard, shepherd

epard \ep-ard\ see eopard epe \ a p \ see ape 1 epee \e-pe\ see eepy eper \ep-ar\ see epper eperous \ep-ras\ leprous obstreperous epey \a-pe\ see apey eph \ef \ see ef1


epha epha \e-fa\ ephah synalepha, synaloepha ephalin \ef-a-bn\ cephalin encephalon, enkephalin acanthocephalan ephaly \ef-a-le\ anencephaly, brachycephaly, microcephaly ephen \e-v9n\ see even epherd \ep-grd\ see eopard epherdess \ep-9rd-9s\ see eopardess ephone \ef-a-ne\ see ephony ephony \ef-9-ne\ Stefanie, Stefany Persephone, telephony ephor \ef-9r\ deafer, ephor, feoffor, heifer, zephyr hasenpfeffer ephrine \ef-ran\ epinephrine norepinephrine epht \eft\ see eft ephyr \ef-ar\ see ephor epi \a-pe\ see apey epid \ep-ad\ tepid, trepid intrepid epo \ep-6\ see epot epot \ep-6\ depot, Ipo, pepo el cheapo epp \ e p \ see ep eppe \ep\ see ep epped \ept\ see ept epper \ep-9r\ hepper, leper, pepper, stepper Colepeper, Culpeper, sidestepper eppy \ep-e\ peppy, preppy orthoepy

editio princeps —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ep epsis \ep-sas\ skepsis prolepsis, syllepsis omphaloskepsis epsy \ep-se\ catalepsy, epilepsy, narcolepsy, nympholepsy ept \ept\ crept, kept, sept, slept, stepped, swept, wept accept, adept, backswept, concept, except, incept, inept, percept, precept, transept, upswept, windswept, yclept high-concept, intercept, nympholept, overslept, self-concept —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ep eptable \ep-t9-bal\ see eptible eptacle \ep-ti-kal\ skeptical conceptacle, receptacle epter \ep-tar\ see eptor eptible \ep-t9-b9i\ acceptable, perceptible, susceptible imperceptible, insusceptible, unacceptable eptic \ep-tik\ peptic, septic, skeptic aseptic, dyspeptic, eupeptic, proleptic, sylleptic antiseptic, cataleptic, epileptic, narcoleptic, nympholeptic eptical \ep-ti-kgl\ see eptacle eptile \ep-t a l\ see eptal eption \ep-shan\ conception, deception, exception, inception, perception, reception, subreption apperception, contraception, interception, misconception, preconception, self-conception, selfperception

eprous \ep-ras\ see eperous

eptional \ep-shnal\ conceptional, deceptional, exceptional unexceptional

e p s \eps\ biceps, forceps, triceps quadriceps

eptive \ep-tiv\ acceptive, conceptive, deceptive, exceptive,


145 inceptive, perceptive, preceptive, receptive, susceptive apperceptive, contraceptive, imperceptive eptor \ep-tar\ scepter accepter, acceptor, inceptor, preceptor, receptor intercepter, interceptor

chimaera, chimera, hetaera, lempira, Madeira, mbira Altamira erable Xar-a-balX thurible conferrable, deferrable, deferrable, inferable, preferable, transferable erah \ir-a\ see era 2

eptual \ep-chal\ conceptual, perceptual

eral1 \ir-al\ Cyril, feral, serai, spheral, virile

eptus \ep-tas\ conceptus textus receptus

eral 2 \er-al\ see eril

epy \ep-e\ see eppy epys \eps\ Pepys —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eep equal \e-kwsl\ equal, prequel, sequel coequal, unequal eque \ek\ see eck equel \e-kwal\ see equal equence \e-kwans\ frequence, sequence infrequence, subsequence equency \e-kw3n-se\ frequency, sequency infrequency equent \e-kwant\ frequent, sequent infrequent equer \ek-ar\ see ecker er1 \a\ see ay1 er 2 \er\ see are 4 3

er \ar\ see eur


er 4 \ir\ see eer 2 era1 \er-s\ era, Sara, Sarah, sclera, terra caldera, Rivera, sierra, tiara aloe vera, ciguatera, cordillera, guayabera, habanera, Halmahera, riviera, Riviera, Santa Clara era 2 \ir-s\ era, gerah, Hera, lira, Pyrrha, sera, sirrah, Vera, wirra

eral 3 \ar-3l\ see erral erald \er-ald\ Gerald, Harold, herald, Jerald, Jerold, Jerrold Fitzgerald, FitzGerald eraph \er-af\ see erif erapy \er-ald\ therapy chemotherapy, chronotherapy aromatherapy eratin \er-at- 3 n\ keratin, Sheraton Samaritan erative \er-at-iv\ see arative1 eraton \er-9t- 3 n\ see eratin erb \ s r b \ blurb, curb, herb, kerb, Serb, verb acerb, adverb, disturb, exurb, perturb, potherb, pro-verb, proverb, reverb, suburb, superb erbal Xsr-balX burble, gerbil, herbal, verbal de verbal, nonverbal, pre verbal erbalist Xar-ba-bstX herbalist, verbalist hyperbolist erbally Xsr-bs-leA verbally hyperbole, nonverbally erber \9r-bsr\ see urber erberis Xar-bar-asX berberis, Cerberus erberus Xar-bar-ssX see erberis erbet \9r-b9t\ see urbit


erbia erbia \ar-be-3\ see urbia

erd \ard\ see ird

erbial \ar-be-3l\ adverbial, proverbial

erde 1 \erd\ see aired

erbid Xsr-badX see urbid

erde 3 \ard-e\ see urdy

erbil \9r-bsl\ see erbal

erde 2 \ard\ see ird

erbium Xar-be-amX erbium, terbium ytterbium

erder Xsrd-arX birder, girder, herder murder self-murder, sheepherder

erbole \ar-b3-le\ see erbally

erderer Xard-ar-arX see urderer

erbolist Xsr-ba-tastA see erbalist

erdi1 \ar-de\ see urdy

erby \sr-be\ derby, Derby, herby, Kirby

erdi2 \er-de\ Verdi Monteverdi

ercal Xar-kalX see ircle

erd in \3rd- 3 n\ see urden

erce \ars\ see erse

erding \ard-irj\ wording sheepherding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ird

erce \ers\ see arce


ercel \sr-s3l\ see ersal 1 ercement Xar-smantX amercement, disbursement reimbursement ercer \9r-sar\ see ursor ercery \ars-re\ see ursary erch \arch\ see urch ercia Xsr-shaX see ertia erciai \9r-shal\ Herschel, Hershel commercial, inertial controversial, uncommercial semicommercial ercian Xsr-shanX see ertian ercible Nar-sa-balX see ersible ercion Xar-zhsnX see ersion 1 ercis \ar-s3s\ see ersus ercive \ar-siv\ see ersive ercular Xar-kya-larX see ircular ercy \ar-se\ Circe, mercy, Percy, pursy gramercy controversy

erdu \ar-du\ perdu, perdue, Urdu erdue \ar-du\ see erdu erdure Xar-jarX see erger ere 1 \er\ see are 4 ere 2 \er-e\ seeary 1 ere 3 \ir\ see eer 2 ere 4 \ir-e\ see eary ere 5 \ar\ see eur 1 e're \e-ar\ see eer 1 ere \er\ see are 4 ereal \ir-e-sl\ see erial ereid \ir-e-ad\ see eriod erek \erik\ see eric1 erely \ir-le\ see early1 erement \er-9-m3nt\ see eriment erence 1 \ir-ans\ clearance adherence, appearance, coherence, inherence incoherence, interference, perseverance



erence 2 \ar-3ns\ see urrence 3

erence \er-ans\ see arence erency 1 \ir-an-se\ coherency, vicegerency 2

erency \er-an-se\ see errancy erent 1 \ir-snt\ gerent adherent, coherent, inherent, sederunt, vicegerent incoherent erent 2 \er-snt\ see arent 1 eren't1 \arnt\ see earnt eren't 2 \sr-3nt\ see urrent ereo \er-e-6\ see ario

ergative \sr-g9-tir\ ergative, purgative erge \ s r j \ see urge ergeant \ar-jant\ see argent ergen \ar-gan\ Bergen Spitzbergen ergence \3r-jans\ convergence, divergence, emergence, immergence, insurgence, resurgence, submergence ergency \3r-jsn-se\ urgency convergency, detergency, divergency, emergency, insurgency counterinsurgency ergent \sr-J3nt\ see urgent ergeon \ar-jin\ see urgeon

ereous \ir-e-ss\ see erious erer \ir-ar\ see earer 2 eres 1 \erz\ see airs

erger \3r-jsr\ merger, perjure, purger, scourger, urger, verdure, verger deterger

eres 2 \ir-ez\ see eries

ergh \srg\ see erg

eres 3 \ars\ see ers

ereth \er-at\ see erit

ergic \sr-jik\ allergic, synergic, theurgic demiurgic, dramaturgic, thaumaturgic alpha-adrenergic, beta-adrenergic

ereus \ir-e-as\ see erious

ergid \ar-jid\ see urgid

erf \srf\ see urf

ergne 1 \arn\ see urn

erg \arg\ berg, burg, erg Augsburg, Boksburg, exergue, hamburg, Hamburg, Hapsburg, homburg, iceberg, Lemberg, Limburg, Lindbergh, Newburg, Pittsburgh, Salzburg, Sandburg, Strasbourg, svedberg, Tilburg Drakensberg, Gutenberg, Harrisburg, Inselberg, Konigsberg, Luxembourg, Magdeburg, Nuremberg, Rube Goldberg, Toggenburg, Venusberg, Wallenberg, Wiirttemberg Johannesburg, St. Petersburg, von Hindenburg Baden-Wiirttemberg, Pietermaritzburg, Yekaterinburg Roodepoort-Maraisburg

ergne 2 \ern\ see em 1

eresy \er-3-se\ clerisy, heresy

ergo \9r-go\ ergo, Virgo ergue \arg\ see erg ergy \sr-je\ see urgy eri1 \er-e\ see ary1 eri2 \ir-e\ see eary eria1 \ir-e-a\ feria, Styria, Syria Algeria, Assyria, asteria, bacteria, collyria, criteria, diphtheria, Egeria, franseria, Illyria, Liberia, Nigeria, plumeria, porphyria, Siberia, wisteria cafeteria, cryptomeria, latimeria, opera seria, sansevieria, washateria


eria eria 2 \er-e-a\ see aria erial \ir-e-al\ aerial, cereal, ferial, serial arterial, bacterial, empyreal, ethereal, funereal, imperial, material, sidereal, venereal, vizierial immaterial, magisterial, managerial, ministerial, presbyterial

erics \er-iks\ sferics hysterics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at eric1 eried \ir-e-ad\ see eriod eries \ir-ez\ Ceres, series dundrearies miniseries —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eary

erian1 \ir-e-an\ Adlerian, Assyrian, Aterian, Cimmerian, criterion, Hesperian, Hutterian, Hyperion, Iberian, Illyrian, Mousterian, Mullerian, Pierian, Shakespearean, Spencerian, Spenglerian, Sumerian, valerian, Valerian, Wagnerian Hanoverian, Presbyterian Thraco-Illyrian

erif \er-af\ seraph, serif, sheriff, teraph sans serif

erian 2 \er-e-an\ see arian 1

erika \er-i-ka\ see erica

eric 1 \er-ik\ Berwick, cleric, Derek, derrick, Eric, Erich, Erik, ferric, Herrick, xeric aspheric, chimeric, choleric, entheric, generic, Homeric, mesmeric, numeric atmospheric, cholesteric, climacteric, congeneric, dysenteric, esoteric alphanumeric

eril \er-al\ beryl, Beryl, Cheryl, Errol, feral, ferrule, ferule, Merrill, peril, Sherrill, Sheryl, sterile, Terrell, Terrill imperil chrysoberyl

eric 2 \ir-ik\ lyric, pyric, pyrrhic, spheric, xeric aspheric, chimeric, empiric, satiric, satyric atmospheric, hemispheric, panegyric, stratospheric

erilous \er-3-las\ perilous, querulous glomerulus

erica \er-i-ka\ erica, Erica, Erika America esoterica, North America, South America Latin America

ering \ar-in\ see aring 1

erical1 \er-i-k9l\ clerical chimerical, numerical anticlerical

erion \ir-e-an\ see erian 1

eriff \er-af\ see erif erik \erik\ see eric1

erilant \er-9-lsnt\ see erulent erile \er-al\ see eril

eriment \er-3-mant\ cerement experiment gedankenexperiment erin \er-an\ see aron 1

eriod \ir-e-9d\ myriad, nereid, Nereid, period photoperiod

erical 2 \ir-i-k9l\ lyrical, miracle, spherical, spiracle empirical hemispherical

erior \ir-e-ar\ querier anterior, exterior, inferior, interior, posterior, superior, ulterior Lake Superior —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at eary

erich \erik\ see eric1

eriot \er-e-at\ see ariat1



erious \ir-e-9s\ cereus, Nereus, serious, Sirius cinereous, delirious, Guarnerius, imperious, mysterious, Tiberius deleterious eris 1 \ir-9s\ see erous eris 2 \er-as\ see errous 1

erist \ir-9St\ querist, theorist, verist careerist panegyrist — also -est forms of adjectives listed ateer2

erker \9r-kgr\ see orker1 erkin \9r-kgn\ see irkin erking \9r-kirj\ see orking erkly \gr-kle\ clerkly berserkly erky \gr-ke\ birkie, jerky, murky, perky, smirky, turkey, Turkey, Turki Albuquerque, herky-jerky erle \grl\ see irl1 erlie \er-le\ see airly

erist 2 \er-9st\ see arist

erlin \9r-tan\ merlin, Merlin, merlon, Merlyn, purlin, yearling

erisy \er-9-se\ see eresy

erling \9r-lirj\ see urling

erit \er-at\ ferret, merit, terret demerit, inherit disinherit Shemini Atzereth

erlon \gr-l9n\ see erlin

eritable \er-9t-9-bgl\ heritable, veritable inheritable

erma \9r-nti9\ dharma, Erma, herma, Irma scleroderma, terra firma

eritor \er-9t-9r\ ferreter, heritor inheritor

ermal \9r-m9l\ dermal, thermal nonthermal, subdermal, transdermal ectodermal, endothermal, epidermal, exothermal, hydrothermal, hypodermal, hypothermal

erity \er-9t-e\ ferity, ferrety, rarity, verity asperity, celerity, dexterity, legerity, posterity, prosperity, severity, sincerity, temerity insincerity ambidexterity, subsidiarity erium \ir-e-9m\ Miriam bacterium, collyrium, criterium, delirium, imperium, psalterium atmospherium, magisterium archaeobacterium

erlyn \9r-tan\ see erlin erm \9rm\ see orm 1

erman \9r-m9n\ ermine, german, German, germen, Herman, Hermann, merman, sermon, Sherman, Thurman, vermin determine, extermine, Mount Hermon cousin-german, predetermine Tibeto-Burman

erius 1 \er-e-9s\ see arious

ermanent \9rm-n9nt\ permanent determinant, impermanent semipermanent

erius 2 \ir-e-9s\ see erious

ermann \9r-m9n\ see erman

erjure \9r-jgr\ see erger

ermary \9rm-re\ see irmary

erjury \9ij-re\ perjury, surgery microsurgery, neurosurgery

erment \9r-mgnt\ averment, conferment, deferment, determent, interment, preferment disinterment

erk \grk\ see ork1


ermer ermer Xar-marX see urmur ermes Xsr-mezX Hermes, kermes ermi Xar-meX see ermy ermic Xar-mikX dharmic, thermic geothermic, hypodermic, taxidermic electrothermic ermin Xar-manX see erman erminable Xarm-na-balX terminable determinable, interminable indeterminable

erna Xsr-naX dharna, Myrna, sterna, Verna cisterna ernal \3rn- a l\ colonel, journal, kernel, sternal, vernal diurnal, eternal, external, fraternal, hibernal, infernal, internal, maternal, nocturnal, paternal, supernal coeternal, sempiternal semidiurnal ernary Xar-na-reX fernery, ternary, turnery quaternary

erminal Xarm-nslX germinal, terminal preterminal, subterminal

erne1 \ern\ see em 1

erminant Xarm-nsntX see ermanent

erned \arnd\ see urned

ermine Xar-manX see erman

ernel \arn- 3 l\ see ernal

ermined Xar-mandX ermined determined self-determined overdetermined

erner Xar-nsrX see urner

erminous Xar-ma-nasX terminus, verminous conterminous, coterminous

erne2 \arn\ see urn

ernes1 \ern\ see em 1 ernes2 \arn\ see urn ernest \ar-nast\ see ernist ernia \ar-ne-3\ hernia Hibernia

erminus Xar-ma-nasX see erminous

ernian \ar-ne-9n\ Hibernian, quaternion, Saturnian

ermis Xar-mssX dermis, kermis, kirmess, thermos endodermis, epidermis, exodermis

ernible Xar-na-bslX see urnable ernie \ar-ne\ see ourney1

ermit Xar-matX hermit, Kermit, Thermit

ernier \ar-ne-3r\ see ourneyer

ermon Xsr-msnX see erman

ernist Xar-nastX earnest, Earnest, Ernest internist

ermos Xar-masX see ermis ermy Xar-meX fermi, germy, squirmy, wormy diathermy, endothermy, taxidermy ern1 \ern\ bairn, Bern, cairn, hern, Nairn Auvergne, moderne, Pitcairn, Sauternes, Ygerne art moderne ern2 XarnX see urn

ernion \ar-ne-3n\ see ernian

ernity Xar-nat-eX eternity, fraternity, maternity, modernity, paternity, quaternity coeternity, confraternity, sempiternity ernment Xarn-msntX adjournment, attornment, concernment, discernment, internment ernum Xar-nanA see urnum



erny \sr-ne\ see ourney1 1

ero \e-ro\ giro, gyro, hero, Hero, Nero, zero subzero antihero, superhero ero 2 \er-6\ aero, cero, Duero, Faeroe, faro, Faroe, pharaoh, taro, tarot bolero, bracero, cruzeiro, Guerrero, Herero, Madero, montero, pampero, primero, ranchero, sombrero, torero, vaquero burladero, caballero, Mescalero, novillero banderillero, carabinero, embarcadero Rio de Janeiro ero 3 \ir-6\ giro, guiro, gyro, hero, zero primero erod \er-9d\ Herod out-Herod, viverrid

errant \er-ant\ see arent1 erre \er\ see are4 errell \er-al\ see eril errence1 \ar-3ns\ see urrence errence2 \er-sns\ see arence errent Xsr-antX see urrent errer \ar-3r\ burrer, stirrer conferrer, deferrer, demurrer, deterrer, inferrer, preferrer, referrer, transferrer erret \er-at\ see erit erreter \er-9t-ar\ see eritor erria \er-e-a\ see aria errible \er-9-bal\ see earable1 erric \er-ik\ see eric1

erold \er-9ld\ see erald eron \er-sn\ see aron

errand \er-and\ errand, gerund


erous \ir-9s\ cerous, cirrus, Eris, peeress, Pyrrhus, scirrhous, seeress, serous erp \arp\ see urp erpe \ar-pe\ see irpy erque \ar-ke\ see erky err1 \er\ see are4 err2 \ar\ see eur1 erra \er-a\ see era1 errable Xar-a-balX see erable errace \er-as\ see errous erral \ar-3l\ bharal, scurrile, squirrel conferral, deferral, demurral, referral, transferal errance \er-sns\ see arence errancy \er-an-se\ errancy aberrancy, coherency, inerrancy

errick \er-ik\ see eric1 errid \er-ad\ see erod errie \er-e\ see ary1 erried \er-ed\ berried, serried, varied —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ary 1 errier \er-e-ar\ burier, terrier, varier bullterrier —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at ary 1 errill \er-al\ see eril errily \er-9-le\ see arily erring1 \ar-irj\ see aring1 erring2 \ar-irj\ see urring erris \er-as\ see errous errol \er-al\ see eril errold \er-ald\ see erald erron \er-an\ see aron1


error error \er-ar\ see earer 1

ershel Xar-shalX see ercial

errous \er-9s\ derris, Eris, ferrous, parous, terrace nonferrous millionairess

ersial Xar-shalX see ercial

errule \er-al\ see eril erry \er-e\ see ary 1 ers 1 \arz\ furze, hers somewheres Voyageurs —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eur ers 2 \ a \ see ay1 ersa \ar-sa\ bursa, Bursa vice versa ersable Xar-sa-bslX see ersible ersal 1 \ar-S3l\ bursal, tercel, versal dispersal, rehearsal, reversal, transversal, traversal universal

ersian Xar-zhanX see ersion 1 ersible Xsr-sa-bslX coercible, conversable, dispersible, eversible, immersible, reversible, submersible, traversable incoercible, irreversible semisubmersible ersion 1 W-zhsnX Persian, version aspersion, aversion, coercion, conversion, dispersion, diversion, emersion, eversion, excursion, immersion, incursion, inversion, perversion, recursion, reversion, submersion, subversion ambiversion, extroversion, interspersion, introversion, reconversion, retroversion animadversion, seroconversion ersion 2 Xar-shanX see ertian

ersal 2 \ar-sal\ see arsal

ersional Xarzh-nalX versional conversional, re versional

ersant \srs- 3 nt\ versant conversant

ersionist Xsrzh-nastX diversionist, excursionist

ersary \ars-re\ see ursary

ersity 1 \ar-s3t-e\ adversity, diversity multiversity, university biodiversity

erse \ars\ birse, burse, curse, Erse, hearse, nurse, perse, purse, terce, terse, thyrse, verse, worse adverse, amerce, asperse, averse, coerce, commerce, converse, cutpurse, disburse, disperse, diverse, immerse, inverse, Nez Perce, obverse, perverse, rehearse, reverse, sesterce, stressverse, submerse, transverse, traverse intersperse, reimburse, universe

ersity 2 \ar-ste\ see irsty ersive \ar-siv\ cursive ambersive, aversive, coercive, detersive, discursive, dispersive, excursive, inversive, perversive, recursive, subversive extroversive, introversive

ersey \ar-ze\ furzy, jersey, Jersey, kersey, Mersey New Jersey

erson \ars- 3 n\ person, worsen chairperson, craftsperson, draftsperson, houseperson, MacPherson, newsperson, nonperson, salesperson, spokesperson, unperson anchorperson, businessperson, gentleperson, weatherperson

erschel Xar-shalX see ercial

erst \arst\ see urst

ersed \arst\ see urst erser \3r-ssr\ see ursor



— also -ed forms of verbs listed at

ersted \sr-st3d\ oersted, worsted kilooersted


ersus Xsr-sasX cercis, thyrsus, versus excursus

ertedly Xart-ad-leA assertedly, concertedly, pervertedly

ersy \ar-se\ see ercy

ertence \art- a ns\ advertence inadvertence

ert1 \srt\ Bert, blurt, Burt, chert, curt, dirt, flirt, girt, hurt, Kurt, pert, quirt, shirt, skirt, spurt, squirt, sturt, vert, wert, wort advert, alert, assert, avert, bellwort, birthwort, Blackshirt, brownshirt, Cape Vert, colewort, concert, convert, covert, desert, dessert, dissert, divert, evert, exert, expert, exsert, figwort, fleawort, frankfurt, glasswort, hoopskirt, hornwort, inert, insert, invert, lousewort, lungwort, madwort, milkwort, nightshirt, outskirt, overt, pervert, pilewort, ragwort, redshirt, revert, ribwort, saltwort, sandwort, seagirt, Schubert, soapwort, spearwort, spleenwort, stitchwort, stonewort, subvert, sweatshirt, toothwort, T-shirt, ungirt ambivert, bladderwort, butterwort, controvert, disconcert, extrovert, feverwort, inexpert, introvert, liverwort, malapert, miniskirt, mitrewort, moneywort, overshirt, overskirt, pennywort, pettiskirt, preconcert, reconvert, Saint-John'swort, spiderwort, swallowwort, thoroughwort, undershirt, underskirt animadvert, interconvert ert2 \er\ see are 4 3

ert \at\ see at


erta \art-3\ Gerta Alberta, Roberta ertain \art- 3 n\ burton, Burton, certain, curtain, Merton uncertain ertant \art- 3 nt\ see ertent erted \art-3d\ skirted concerted, perverted, T-shirted extroverted, miniskirted, undershirted

ertent \art- 9 nt\ advertent, revertant inadvertent erter \srt-3r\ blurter, skirter, squirter, stertor converter, inverter, subverter controverter —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ert 1 ertes 1 \art-ez\ certes Laertes ertes 2 \srts\ see erts ertford \art-fsrd\ see artford erth \arth\ see irth ertha Xsr-thsX Bertha, Eartha ertia Xsr-shaX Mercia, Murcia inertia ertial Xsr-shalX see ercial ertian Xar-shanX Mercian, tertian assertion, Cistercian, desertion, exertion, insertion self-assertion ertible Xart-s-balX convertible, invertible controvertible, inconvertible incontrovertible, interconvertible ertile \srt- a l\ curtal, fertile, hurtle, kirtle, myrtle, Myrtle, spurtle, turtle cross-fertile, exsertile, infertile interfertile ertinence \grt- 9 n-3ns\ pertinence, purtenance appurtenance, impertinence ertinent1 \9rt- 3 n-snt\ pertinent appurtentant, impertinent

ertinent ertinent 2 Xart-nsntX see irtinent erting \art-irj\ shirting, skirting disconcerting, self-asserting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ert1 ertion Xar-shanX see ertian ertisement Xart-as-mantX advertisement, divertissement ertium Xar-shsnA see urtium ertive \art-iv\ furtive assertive self-assertive, unassertive

154 erve \arv\ curve, MIRV, nerve, serve, swerve, verve conserve, deserve, disserve, hors d'oeuvre, incurve, observe, preserve, reserve, self-serve, subserve, unnerve unreserve erved \srvd\ nerved decurved, deserved, recurved, reserved underserved, unreserved — also -ed forms of verbs listed at erve ervency Xar-van-seA fervency conservancy

erton \art-n\ see ertain

ervent Xar-vantA see ervant

ertor \art-3r\ see erter

erver \ar-var\ fervor, server deserver, observer, preserver, timeserver

erts \arts\ certes, hertz, nerts weltschmerz gigahertz, kilohertz, megahertz —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ert1 erty \sr-te\ see irty ertz \arts\ see erts erule \er-al\ see eril erulent \er-3-lant\ sterilant puberulent, pulverulent erulous \er-3-las\ see erilous erum \ir-9m\ theorem, serum erund \er-and\ see errand erunt \er-ant\ see arent 1 erval \9r-vsl\ see ervil ervancy \ar-v3n-se\ see ervency ervant \9r-vant\ fervent, servant maidservant, manservant, observant

ervice \sr-v9s\ nervous, service disservice, full-service, in-service, self-service interservice ervil Xsr-vslX chervil, serval, servile ervile Xar-valX see ervil erviness Xar-ve-nasX nerviness topsy-turviness erving \sr-virj\ Irving, serving deserving, self-serving, timeserving, unswerving —also -ing forms of verbs listed at erve ervitor W-vat-srX servitor conservator ervor \ar-v9r\ see erver ervous Xar-vasX see ervice ervy \sr-ve\ see urvy erwick \er-ik\ see eric1

ervative \ar-v3t-iv\ conservative, preservative archconservative neoconservative, semiconservative

erwin Xar-wanX Irwin, Sherwin

ervator Xsr-vat-arX see ervitor

ery 2 \ir-e\ see eary

ery1 \er-e\ see ary1


155 eryl \er-sl\ see eril erz \erts\ see ertz


es 1 \a\ see ay1 e s 2 \as\ see ace 1 e s 3 \az\ see aze 1 e s 4 \es\ see ess e s 5 \ez\ see eze e's \ez\ see eze esa 1 \a-sa\ mesa, Mesa, presa omasa, Teresa, Theresa esa 2 \a-za\ presa impresa, marchesa Bel Paese Maria Theresa e s a g e \es-ij\ see essage esan 1 \az- 3 n\ see azon esan 2 \ez- 3 n\ see eason esant \ez- 3 nt\ bezant, peasant, pheasant, pleasant, present unpleasant omnipresent e s a s \a-zas\ Marquesas —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at esa 2

luminescence, obsolescence, opalescence, prepubescence preadolescence escency \es- a n-se\ excrescency, incessancy escent \es- 3 nt\ crescent, Crescent candescent, canescent, concrescent, decrescent, depressant, excrescent, fluorescent, frutescent, incessant, increscent, liquescent, pearlescent, pubescent, putrescent, quiescent, rufescent, senescent, suppressant,tumescent, turgescent, virescent acaulescent, acquiescent, adolescent, arborescent, coalescent, convalescent, detumescent, effervescent, efflorescent, evanescent, incandescent, inflorescent, intumescent, irridescent, juvenescent, luminescent, opalescent, phosphorescent, prepubescent, recrudescent, viridescent antidepressant, preadolescent escible \es-3-bal\ see essible escience \esh-ans\ nescience, prescience escive \es-iv\ see essive e s c o \es-ko\ alfresco e s c u e \es-kyu\ fescue, rescue ese 1 \es\ see iece

e s c e \es\ see e s s

e s e 2 \ez\ see eze

e s c e n c e \es- 3 ns\ essence candescence, concrescence, excrescence, florescence, fluorescence, pearlescence, pubescence, putrescence, quiescence, quintessence, senescence, tumescence, turgescence, virescence acquiescence, adolescence, arborescence, coalescence, convalescence, decalescence, defervescence, deliquescence, detumescence, effervescence, efflorescence, evanescence, incandescence, inflorescence, iridescence, juvenescence,

e s e 3 \a-se\ see acy e s e n c e \ez- 3 ns\ pleasance, presence omnipresence e s e u s \e-se-as\ Theseus Tiresias esh 1 \esh\ creche, fleche, flesh, fresh, mesh, thresh afresh, bobeche, caleche, creme fraiche, enmesh, gooseflesh, horseflesh, immesh, parfleche, refresh, tete-beche Bangladesh, Gilgamesh, intermesh, Marrakech



Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh Himachral Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh e s h 2 \ash\ see eche 1 esh 3 \ash\ see ash 3 eshed \esht\ fleshed, meshed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at esh 1 eshen \esh-3n\ see ession eshener \esh-nsr\ see essioner esher \esh-ar\ see essure eshly \esh-le\ fleshly, freshly, specially especially

esiccant \es-i-ksnt\ desiccant, vesicant esidency \ez-3d-sn-se\ presidency, residency nonresidency, vice-presidency esident \ez-ad-3nt\ president, resident nonresident, vice-president esima Xes-a-maX Quinquagesima, Sexagesima Septuagesima esimal \es-9-mal\ centesimal, millesimal, vigesimal duodecimal, planetesimal, sexagesimal infinitesimal

eshment \esh-mant\ fleshment enmeshment, refreshment

esin \ez- 3 n\ resin muezzin oleoresin

esi 1 \a-ze\ see azy

esion \e-zhan\ see esian 1

esi 2 \a-se\ see acy

e s i s \e-S9s\ Croesus, thesis, tmesis ascesis, askesis, esthesis, mimesis, prosthesis anamnesis, catachresis, catechesis, Dionysus, exegesis hyperkinesis, Peloponnesus, psychokinesis, telekinesis amniocentesis

esia 1 \e-sha\ geisha, Moesia Letitia, Lucretia, Magnesia, Phoenicia alpoecia esia 2 \e-zha\ freesia amnesia, esthesia, frambesia, magnesia, rafflesia, Silesia, Tunisia analgesia, anesthesia, Austronesia, Indonesia, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, synesthesia

esley \es-le\ see essly


esian \e-zhan\ Friesian, Frisian, lesion adhesion, Cartesian, cohesion, etesian, Salesian Austronesian, Holstein-Friesian, Indonesian, Melanesian, Micronesian, Polynesian esian \e-shan\ see etion

esive \e-siv\ adhesive, cohesive self-adhesive esk \esk\ see esque

esial \e-ze-9i\ mesial ecclesial


esium \e-ze-am\ see ezium


eslie \es-le\ see essly e s n e \en\ see ine 3 eso 1 \a-so\ peso, say-so e s o 2 \es-6\ see esso e s p a s s \es-pss\ Thespis, trespass espis \es-pas\ see espass

esias \e-se-as\ see eseus

espite \es-pat\ see espot

esicant \es-i-k9nt\ see esiccant

espot \es-pat\ despot, respite

157 esque \esk\ desk burlesque, grotesque, moresque arabesque, Bunyanesque, copydesk, gigantesque, humoresque, Junoesque, Kafkaesque, picaresque, picturesque, plateresque, Romanesque, Rubenesque, sculpturesque, statuesque churrigueresque e s s \es\ bless, cess, chess, cress, dress, ess, fess, guess, Hesse, jess, less, loess, mess, ness, press, s, stress, tress, yes abscess, access, address, aggress, assess, caress, clothespress, coatdress, compress, confess, CS, depress, digress, distress, duress, egress, excess, express, finesse, handpress, headdress, housedress, impress, ingress, largess, Meknes, nightdress, noblesse, obsess, oppress, outguess, pantdress, possess, precess, prestress, princess, process, profess, progress, recess, redress, regress, re-press, repress, shirtdress, sidedress, SS, success, sundress, suppress, top-dress, transgress, undress, unless, winepress ABS, acquiesce, baroness, coalesce, convalesce, DES, decompress, deliquesce, derepress, dispossess, effervesce, effloresce, evanesce, gentilesse, GR-S, IHS, in-process, incandesce, intumesce, inverness, Inverness, letterpress, luminesce, Lyonnesse, minidress, nonetheless, obsolesce, otherguess, overdress, pennycress, phosphoresce, politesse, prepossess, preprocess, recrudesce, repossess, reprocess, retrogress, second-guess, SOS, sweaterdress, unsuccess, watercress, window-dress another-guess, nevertheless e s s a \es-s\ see e s s e 3 essable \es-3-bal\ see essible e s s a g e \es-ij\ message, presage expressage essaly \es-s-le\ Cecily, Thessaly essamine Xes-manX see essman

ession essan \es- 3 n\ see essen e s s a n c y \es- 3 n-se\ see escency essant \es- 3 nt\ see escent e s s e 1 \es\ see e s s e s s e 2 \es-e\ see essy e s s e 3 \es-a\ Hesse Odessa, Vanessa e s s e d \est\ see est essedly \es-ad-le\ blessedly, confessedly, professedly, possessedly self-possessedly essel \es-9l\ see estle 1 e s s e n \es- 3 n\ Essen, lessen, lesson, messan delicatessen e s s e n c e \es- 3 ns\ see escence esser \es-ar\ see essor e s s e x \es-iks\ Essex, Wessex essful \es-fal\ stressful distressful, successful unsuccessful essian \esh-an\ see ession essible \es-3-bsl\ decibel accessible, addressable, compressible, confessable, depressible, expressible, impressible, processible, putrescible, suppressible inaccessible, incompressible, inexpressible, insuppressible, irrepressible e s s i e \es-e\ see essy essile \es-al\ see estle 1 ession \esh-an\ cession, freshen, hessian, session accession, aggression, compression, concession, confession, depression, digression, discretion, egression, expression, impression, ingression, obsession, oppression, possession, precession, procession, profession,

essional progression, recession, refreshen, regression, repression, secession, succession, suppression, transgression decompression, dispossession, indiscretion, intercession, intersession, introgression, misimpression, prepossession, reimpression, repossession, retrogression, selfconfession, self-expression, selfpossession, supersession essional \esh-nal\ sessional accessional, concessional, congressional, diagressional, expressional, obsessional, possessional, precessional, processional, professional, progressional, recessional, successional preprofessional, subprofessional paraprofessional, semiprofessional

158 e s s o n \es- 3 n\ see essen essor \es-ar\ dresser, guesser, lesser, pressor, stressor addresser, aggressor, assessor, caresser, compressor, confessor, depressor, expressor, hairdresser, oppressor, processor, professor, regressor, repressor, successor, suppresssor, transgressor, vinedresser antecessor, dispossessor, intercessor, predecessor, repossessor, secondguesser microprocessor, multiprocessor essory \es-a-re\ pessary accessory, possessory intercessory essure \esh-ar\ pressure impressure, low-pressure, refresher acupressure, overpressure

essioner \esh-nsr\ freshener concessioner

e s s y \es-e\ Bessie, dressy, Jesse, Jessie, messy

essionist \esh-nast\ expressionist, impressionist, repressionist, secessionist

est \est\ best, breast, Brest, chest, crest, gest, geste, guest, hest, jessed, jest, lest, nest, pest, prest, quest, rest, test, tressed, vest, west, West, wrest, zest abreast, appressed, armrest, arrest, attest, backrest, beau geste, behest, bequest, bird's-nest, celeste, Celeste, compressed, congest, conquest, contest, detest, devest, digest, divest, egest, field-test, flight-test, footrest, gabfest, hard-pressed, headrest, hillcrest, houseguest, imprest, incest, infest, ingest, inquest, interest, invest, low-test, Mae West, Midwest, molest, northwest, posttest, pretest, professed, protest, redbreast, repressed, request, retest, revest, slugfest, southwest, suggest, trapnest, Trieste, t-test, unblessed, undressed, unrest, unstressed almagest, anapest, Bucharest, Budapest, decongest, disinfest, disinvest, empty-nest, galley-west, manifest, north-northwest, palimpsest, predigest, reinvest, rinderpest, secondbest, self-addressed, self-confessed,

essity \es-te\ see esty essive \es-iv\ crescive aggressive, caressive, compressive, concessive, degressive, depressive, digressive, excessive, expressive, impressive, ingressive, obsessive, oppressive, possessive, progressive, recessive, regressive, successive, suppressive, transgressive inexpressive, retrogressive, unexpressive manic-depressive essly \es-le\ Leslie, Lesley, Wesley expressly essman Xes-manX chessman, pressman expressman, jessamine, specimen essment Xes-mantX see estment e s s o \es-6\ gesso espresso



self-interest, self-possessed, sweatervest, uninterest, unprofessed autosuggest, disinterest, robin redbreast, supraprotest, underinvest thirty-second rest —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ess

estible Xes-ta-balX testable comestible, detestable, digestible, ingestible, investable, suggestible incontestable, indigestible

esta \es-ta\ cesta, cuesta, testa, vesta, Vesta Avesta, celesta, egesta, fiesta, ingesta, siesta Zend-Avesta

esticai \es-ti-kal\ see esticle

estable \es-ta-b9l\ see estiblG estae \es-te\ see esty estal \es-t 3 l\ crestal, pestle, vestal estan \es-tan\ see estine estant \es-tent\ arrestant, contestant, infestant, protestant, Protestant decongestant, disinfestant, manifestant este \est\ see est ested \es-tad\ bested, crested, nested, tested, vested time-tested barrel-chested, double-breasted, hairy-chested, indigested, singlebreasted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at

est ester \es-tar\ Chester, ester, Esther, fester, Hester, jester, Leicester, Lester, nester, Nestor, pester, quaestor, quester, questor, nester, tester, wester, yester, zester ancestor, arrester, contester, detester, digester, infester, investor, Manchester, molester, northwester, Rochester, semester, sequester, south wester, sou'wester, suggester, Sylvester, trimester, Winchester arbalester, empty-nester, monoester, polyester esti \es-te\ see esty

estial \es-te-al\ celestial, forestial

estic \es-tik\ gestic domestic, majestic anapestic, catachrestic

esticle \es-ti-kal\ testicle catachrestical estimate Xes-ts-matX estimate, guesstimate estinate \es-t3-nat\ festinate predestinate estine \es-tan\ destine, Preston Avestan, clandestine, intestine, predestine esting \es-tirj\ cresting, vesting, westing arresting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at est estion \es-chsn\ question congestion, cross-question, digestion, egestion, ingestion, selfquestion, suggestion decongestion, indigestion, selfsuggestion autosuggestion estis \es-tss\ cestus, testis Alcestis, asbestos, Hephaestus estival \es-ta-v9l\ estival, festival estive \es-tiv\ festive, restive congestive, digestive, egestive, ingestive, suggestive decongestive estle 1 \es-3l\ Bessel, Cecil, decile, nestle, pestle, sessile, trestle, vessel, wrestle Indian-wrestle estle 2 \as-al\ see assel 2 estle 3 \as-3l\ see ustle

estless estless \est-las\ crestless, restless estment \es-m9nt\ vestment arrestment, assessment, divestment, impressment, investment disinvestment, reinvestment esto \es-to\ pesto, presto manifesto eston \es-tan\ see estine estor \es-tar\ see ester e s t o s \es-t9s\ see estis estra \es-tr9\ fenestra, orchestra, palaestra Clytemnestra estral \es-tral\ estral, kestrel ancestral, campestral, fenestral, orchestral, semestral estrel \es-tral\ see estral estress \es-tras\ see estrus estrial \es-tre-9l\ semestrial, terrestrial extraterrestrial estrian \es-tre-an\ equestrian, pedestrian estrous \es-tras\ see estrus estrum Xes-trsnA estrum sequestrum estrus \es-trss\ estrous, estrus ancestress estry \es-tre\ vestry ancestry estuous \es-cha-was\ incestuous, tempestuous esture \es-cb.9r\ gesture, vesture estus \es-tas\ see estis esty \es-te\ chesty, pesty, testae, testy, zesty necessity, res gestae, Tibesti e s u s \e-sss\ see esis

160 et1 \et\ bet, Bret, Brett, debt, et, fret, get, jet, let, Lett, met, net, pet, ret, set, stet, sweat, Tet, threat, vet, wet, whet, yet abet, aigrette, Annette, asset, Babette, backset, baguette, banquette, barbette, Barnet, Barnett, barquette, barrette, beget, beset, blanquette, boneset, brevet, briquette, brochette, brunet, burette, burnet, cadet, cassette, cermet, Claudette, Colette, coquet, coquette, cornet, corselet, corvette, coset, courgette, croquette, curette, curvet, cuvette, daleth, dinette, diskette, dragnet, duet, egret, fan-jet, fishnet, flechette, forget, frisette, gazette, georgette, Georgette, gillnet, godet, grisette, handset, hard-set, headset, ink-jet, inlet, inset, Janette, Jeanette, Jeannette, Juliet, kismet, layette, lorgnette, lunette, Lynette, maquette, Marquette, mind-set, moonset, moquette, motet, musette, Nanette, Nannette, noisette, nonet, nymphet, octet, offset, onset, Osset, outlet, outset, paillette, palet, pallette, palmette, Paulette, pipette, piquet, planchette, poussette, preset, quartet, quickset, quintet, raclette, ramet, regret, reset, revet, rocket, roomette, rosette, roulette, saw-whet, septet, sestet, sextet, sharp-set, soubrette, spinet, stylet, sublet, subset, sunset, Syrette, tacet, thickset, Tibet, toilette, tonette, trijet, twinset, typeset, unset, upset, vedette, vignette, well-set, Yvette aiguillette, alphabet, anchoret, andouilette, anisette, Antoinette, avocet, banneret, basinet, bassinet, bayonet, Bernadette, bobbinet, briolette, burgonet, calumet, canzonet, castanet, cellarette, chemisette, cigarette, clarinet, consolette, coronet, corselet, crepe suzette, dragonet, electret, en brochette, epaulet, epithet, etiquette, falconet, farmerette, featurette, flageolet, flannelette, guillemet, heavy set, jaconet, Juliett, kitchenette, Lafayette, landaulet, lanneret, launderette, Leatherette,


(Video) The ants go marching one by one song | Ants at war

161 luncheonette, maisonette, majorette, marmoset, marquisette, martinet, mignonette, minaret, minuet, miquelet, novelette, Olivet, oubliette, parapet, paupiette, photoset, pirouette, quodlibet, rondelet, Samoset, satinet, scilicet, sermonette, serviette, silhouette, sobriquet, solleret, somerset, Somerset, soviet, spinneret, statuette, stockinette, suffragette, superjet, swimmeret, taboret, thermoset, towelette, trebuchet, tricolette, underlet, usherette, vinaigrette, wagonette analphabet, bachelorette, drum majorette, electrojet, Hospitalet, marionette, microcassette, micropipette, musique concrete, photo-offset, videlicet audiocassette, caulifloweret, hailfellow-well-met, Marie Antoinette, videocassette

—also -ed forms of verbs listed at etch etcher \ech-ar\ etcher, catcher, fetcher, fletcher, Fletcher, lecher, sketcher, stretcher cowcatcher, dogcatcher, eye-catcher, flycatcher, gnatcatcher etching \ech-irj\ etching, fletching —also -ing forms of verbs listed at etch etchy \ech-e\ sketchy, stretchy, tetchy ete 1 \at\ see ate ete 2 \et\ see et1 ete 3 \et\ see eat 1 ete 4 \at-e\ see aty ete \at\ see ate 1

et 2 \a\ see ay1

eted \ad\ see ade 1

et 3 \at\ see ate 1

etel \et- a l\ see etal

et 4 \es\ see e s s

etely \et-le\ see eetly

eta 1 \at-a\ see ata 2

eteor \et-e-ar\ meteor confiteor —also -er forms of adjectives listed at eaty

eta 2 \et-s\ see etta eta 3 \et-a\ see ita2

eter \et-ar\ see eater 1


etable \et-9-bal\ see ettable etable 2 \et-9-bal\ see eatable etal1 \et- 3 l\ beetle, betel, fetal decretal, excretal etal 2 \et- 3 l\ see ettle etan 1 \et- 3 n\ Breton, threaten Cape Breton, Tibetan etan 2 \et- 3 n\ see eaten 1 etch \ech\ catch, etch, fetch, fletch, ketch, kvetch, lech, letch, retch, sketch, stretch, vetch, wretch backstretch, homestretch, outstretch etched \echt\ teched farfetched

etera \e-tra\ see etra eterate \et-3-rat\ see eterit eterit \et-3-r9t\ preterit inveterate etes \et-as\ see etus eth 1 \eth\ Beth, breath, breadth, death, saith, Seth, snath daleth, handbreadth, hairbreadth, Macbeth Ashtoreth, isopleth, megadeath, shibboleth Elisabeth, Elizabeth eth 2 \as\ see ace 1 eth 3 \at\ see ate 1

eth eth 4 \et\ see et1 etha \e-ths\ Aretha, Ibiza ethane \e-than\ ethane, methane nitromethane dichloroethane ethe \e-the\ see eathy ether 1 \elh-ar\ blether, feather, heather, Heather, leather, nether, tether, weather, wether, whether aweather, bellwether, pinfeather, together, untether altogether, get-together

ether2 \3th-ar\ see other ethic \eth-ik\ ethic erethic ethral \e-thral\ urethral bulbourethral ethyl \eth-al\ bethel, Ethel, ethyl, methyl triethyl eti1 \et-e\ see eaty eti 2 \at-e\ see aty etia \e-shs\ see esia 1 etian \e-shsn\ see etion1 etic 1 \et-ik\ thetic acetic, docetic etic 2 \et-ik\ etic, thetic aesthetic, ascetic, athletic, balletic, bathetic, cosmetic, docetic, eidetic, emetic, frenetic, gametic, genetic, hermetic, kinetic, limnetic, magnetic, mimetic, noetic, Ossetic, paretic, pathetic, phenetic, phonetic, phrenetic, phyletic, poetic, prophetic, prosthetic, pyretic, splenetic, syncretic, syndetic, synthetic, tonetic, Venetic alphabetic, analgetic, anesthetic, antithetic, apathetic, asyndetic, copacetic, cybernetic, diabetic, dietetic, digenetic, diphyletic, diuretic, empathetic, energetic, epithetic, geodetic, homiletic, Masoretic,

162 nomothetic, parenthetic, sympathetic, synergetic, synesthetic aeromagnetic, antimagnetic, antipathetic, antipoetic, antipyretic, apologetic, epexigetic, epigenetic, ferrimagnetic, ferromagnetic, geomagnetic, gyromagnetic, homogametic, hydrokinetic, hydromagnetic, hyperkinetic, isomagnetic, monophyletic, morphogenetic, ontogenetic, optokinetic, palingenetic, paramagnetic, pathogenetic, peripatetic, phylogenetic, polyphyletic, psychokinetic, telekinetic, thermomagnetic aposiopetic, cyanogenetic, electrokinetic, electromagnetic, heterogametic, parasympathetic, parthenogenetic, psychotomimetic, unapologetic onomatopoetic etical \et-i-kal\ metical, reticle aesthetical, genetical, heretical, phonetical antithetical, arithmetical, catechetical, cybernetical, epithetical, exegetical, geodetical, hypothetical, parenthetical, theoretical atheoretical, epexegetical eticist \et-3-sast\ geneticist, kineticist cyberneticist etics \et-iks\ aesthetics, athletics, genetics, kinetics, phonetics, poetics, tonetics cybernetics, dietetics, homiletics apologetics, cytogenetics immunogenetics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at etic etid \et-ad\ fetid, fretted, sweated indebted parapeted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at et 1 etin \et- 3 n\ see eaten 1



etion 1 \e-shsn\ Grecian accretion, Capetian, completion, concretion, deletion, depletion, excretion, Ossetian, Phoenician, repletion, secretion, suppletion, Tahiti an Austronesian, Diocletian, Melanesian, Polynesian Taracahitian 2

etion \esh-an\ see ession

etous \et-ss\ see etus etra1 \e-trg\ Petra, tetra etcetera etra 2 \e-tra\ Petra Kenitra etral1 \e-tral\ petrel, retral etral2 \e-trgl\ see etrel1

etious \e-shss\ see ecious

etre \etr 3 \ fete champetre, raison d'etre

etis 1 \et-as\ see etus

etrel1 \e-tral\ petrel, petrol, retral

etis 2 \et-as\ see ettuce

etrel 2 \e-tral\ see etral1

etist \et-9St\ cornetist, librettist, vignettist clarinetist, exegetist, operettist —also -est forms of adjectives listed aret 1

etric \e-trik\ metric obstetric, symmetric asymmetric, barometric, decametric, dekametric, diametric, dissymmetric, geometric, hypsometric, isometric, optometric, psychometric, telemetric, volumetric acidometric, amperometric, sociometric

etitive \et-9t-iv\ competitive, repetitive uncompetitive anticompetitive etium \e-she-am\ see ecium etius \e-shss\ see ecious etive \et-iv\ accretive, completive, decretive, depletive, secretive, suppletive etl1 \at- 3 l\ see atal

etrical \e-tri-kal\ metrical obstetrical, symmetrical asymmetrical, barometrical, diametrical, geometrical, unsymmetrical etrics \e-triks\ obstetrics geometries, isometrics, sabermetrics

etl 2 \et- 3 l\ see ettle

etrist \e-trsst\ metrist belletrist

etiand \et-bnd\ Shetland, wetland

etrol \e-tral\ see etrel1

etment \et-m9nt\ abetment, besetment, curettement, revetment

ets \ets\ let's Donets, rillettes, Steinmetz pantalets, solonetz, Sosnowiec —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at et1

eto 1 \at-6\ see ato 2 eto 2 \et-6\ see ito1

etor1 \et-ar\ see etter

etsk \etsk\ Donetsk, Kuznetsk, Lipetsk Novokuznetsk

etor 2 \et-ar\ see eater 1

ett \et\ see et1

etory \et-9-re\ eatery decretory, secretory, suppletory

etta \et-a\ betta, Etta, feta, geta, Greta, Quetta

eton \et- 3 n\ see eaten 1


ettable biretta, cabretta, galleta, Loretta, mozzetta, pancetta, poinsettia, Rosetta, Valletta, vendetta anchoveta, arietta, cabaletta, Henrietta, Marietta, operetta, sinfonietta ettable \et-3-bal\ retable, wettable forgettable, regrettable unforgettable ette \et\ see et1 etter \et-ar\ better, bettor, debtor, fetter, getter, letter, netter, rhetor, setter, sweater, tetter, wetter, whetter abettor, begetter, bonesetter, enfetter, gill-netter, go-getter, jet-setter, newsletter, pacesetter, pinsetter, redletter, regretter, trendsetter, typesetter, unfetter, vignetter carburettor —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at et1 ettered \et-ard\ fettered, lettered unfettered, unlettered ettes \ets\ see ets ettia \et-s\ see etta ettie \et-e\ see etty1 ettier \it-e-ar\ see ittier ettiness \it-e-nas\ see ittiness etting \et-irj\ netting, setting bed-wetting, bloodletting, gogetting, onsetting, typesetting thermosetting phototypesetting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at et 1 ettish \et-ish\ fetish, Lettish, pettish, wettish coquettish novelettish ettle \et- 3 l\ fettle, kettle, metal, mettle, nettle, petal, settle, shtetl bimetal, gunmetal, nonmetal, teakettle, unsettle

Citialtepetl Popocatepetl ettlesome \et- 3 l-S3m\ mettlesome, nettlesome ettling \et-lirj\ fettling, settling unsettling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at

ettle etto \et-6\ ghetto, stretto cavetto, falsetto, in petto, larghetto, libretto, palmetto, stiletto, zucchetto allegretto, amaretto, amoretto, fianchetto, Kazan Retto, lazaretto, Tintoretto, vaporetto ettor \et-ar\ see etter ettuce \et-as\ lettuce, Thetis Hymettus ettus \et-as\ see ettuce etty1 \et-e\ Betty, jetty, Nettie, netty, petit, petty, sweaty, yeti brown Betty, cavetti, confetti, libretti, machete, Rossetti, spaghetti amoretti, cappelletti, cavalletti, Donizetti, Serengeti, spermacetti, vaporetti etty 2 \it-e\ see itty etum \et-3m\ pinetum arboretum, equisetum etus \et-as\ Cetus, fetus, Thetis, treatise acetous, Admetus, boletus, coitus, quietus diabetes etzsche \e-che\ see eachy euben \u-ban\ Cuban, Reuben, Ruben von Steuben euce \iis\ see use 1 euced \u-sad\ see ucid eucey \ii-se\ see uicy euch \iik\ see uke



euchre \u-kar\ see ucre

eulah \u-la\ see ula

shirr, sir, skirr, slur, spur, stir, thir, 'twere, were, whir, your, you're as per, astir, auteur, aver, bestir, chasseur, chauffeur, claqueur, coiffeur, concur, confer, danseur, defer, demur, deter, douceur, du jour, farceur, flaneur, friseur, frondeur, hauteur, him/her, his/her, incur, infer, inter, jongleur, larkspur, liqueur, longspur, masseur, millefleur, occur, Pasteur, poseur, prefer, recur, refer, sandbur, sandspur, seigneur, transfer, voyeur accoucheur, amateur, cocklebur, colporteur, connoisseur, cri de coeur, cross-refer, cubature, curvature, de rigueur, disinter, force majeure, franctireur, monseigneur, nonconcur, pasticheur, prosateur, raconteur, rapporteur, regisseur, saboteur, secateur, underfur, voyageur arbitrageur, carillonneur, entrepreneur, litterateur, provocateur, restaurateur conglomerateur agent provocateur

eulean \u-le-an\ see ulean

eur 2 \ u r \ see ure 1

eum 1 \e-3m\ geum lyceum, museum, no-see-um, odeum, per diem, Te Deum athenaeum, coliseum, colosseum, hypogeum, mausoleum

eure \ar\ see eur 1

eucid \u-sad\ see ucid eud 1 \iid\ see ude eud 2 \6id\ see oid1 eudal \ud- 3 l\ see oodle eudist \iid-3st\ see udist1 eudo \iid-6\ see udo eue \ u \ see ew1 euer \u-sr\ see ewer 1 euil \al\ see ail euille \ e \ see ee 1 euk \iik\ see uke eukin Xii-karA see ucan eul 1 \al\ see ull eul 2 \arl\ see irl

eum 2 \a-am\ see ahum 3

eum \iim\ see oom


euma \u-ma\ see uma eume \tim\ see oom 1 eumon Xu-marA see uman eumy \u-me\ see oomy eunice Yii-nasX see ewness eunt \iint\ see unt1 eunuch \ii-nik\ see unic eur1 \ar\ birr, blur, buhr, burr, Burr, chirr, churr, cur, curr, err, fir, for, fur, her, knur, murre, myrrh, per, purr,

eurial \ur-e-al\ see urial1 eurish \ar-ish\ seeourish eurs \arz\ seeers 1 eury \ur-e\ see ury1 eus 1 \e-as\ Aeneas, Aggeus, Alpheus, Arius, Chryseis, Linnaeus, Micheas, Piraeus, uraeus coryphaeus, epigeous, scarabaeus prelate nullius Duque de Caxias, Judas Maccabaeus e u s 2 \ u s \ see use 1 euse 1 \az\ buzz, 'cause, coz, does, fuzz, 'twas, was abuzz, because, outdoes, undoes overdoes e u s e 2 \us\ see use 1 e u s e 3 \iiz\ see use 2


eusel eusel 1 \u-ssl\ see usal 1 2

eusel \u-zal\ see usal


eut \iit\ see ute euter \ut-ar\ see uter euth \iith\ seeooth 2 eutian Xii-shanX see ution

evement \ev-mant\ achievement, aggrievement, bereavement underachievement even \e-van\ even, Stephen, Steven breakeven, break-even, Genevan, Kesteven, uneven eventh \ev-9nth\ seventh eleventh

euve \sv\ see ove 1

ever 1 \ev-ar\ clever, ever, lever, never, sever, Trevor dissever, endeavor, forever, however, soever, whatever, whenever, wherever, whichever, whoever, whomever cantilever, howsoever, live-forever, whatsoever, whencesoever, whensoever, wheresoever, whichsoever, whomsoever, whosesoever, whosoever whithersoever

euver \u-var\ see over 3

ever 2 \e-var\ see iever

eux \ix\ see ew1

everage \ev-rij\ beverage, leverage

ev 1 \ef\ see ef1 ev \6f\ see off

everence \ev-r9ns\ reverence, severance disseverance, irreverence

eva \e-v9\ see iva2

every \ev-re\ every, reverie

eval \e-vsl\ see ieval

eves \evz\ see eaves

evalent \ev-9-bnt\ see evolent

eviate \e-ve-3t\ deviate, qiviut

eutic \ut-ik\ see utic eutical \ut-i-kal\ see utical eutics \iit-iks\ toreutics hermeneutics, therapeutics eutist \ut-ast\ see utist euton \ut- 3 n\ see utan eutonist \ut- 3 n-ast\ see utenist


evan 1 \e-van\ see even evan 2 \ev-an\ see eaven eve 1 \ev\ breve, rev, Sevres Negev alia breve eve 2 \ev\ see eave 1 evel \ev-9l\ bevel, devil, level, Neville, revel baselevel, bedevil, bi-level, daredevil, dishevel, go-devil, splitlevel entry-level

evice \ev-ss\ clevis, crevice Ben Nevis evil \e-vsl\ see ieval eville \ev-al\ see evel evilry \ev-al-re\ devilry, revelry evin \ev-3n\ see eaven evious \e-ve-as\ devious, previous evis 1 \ev-ss\ see evice evis 2 \e-vas\ see evus

eveler \ev-lsr\ leveler, reveler

evity \ev-at-e\ brevity, levity longevity

evelly \ev-9-le\ heavily, levelly, reveille

evo \e-vo\ in vivo, relievo, ring-alievo

167 alto-relievo, basso-relievo, mezzorelievo, recitativo Antananavivo evocable Xev-a-ka-balX evocable, revocable irrevocable evolence \ev-9-l9ns\ prevalence benevolence, malevolence evolent \ev-3-lant\ prevalent benevolent, malevolent evor \ev-ar\ see ever1 evous \e-vas\ grievous, Nevis, nevus longevous redivivus Saint Kitts and Nevis evsk \efsk\ see efsk evus \e-vas\ see evous evy \ev-e\ bevy, heavy, levee, levy replevy, top-heavy ew 1 \ii\ blue, boo, brew, chew, clew, clue, coo, coup, crew, cue, dew, do, doux, drew, due, ewe, few, flew, flu, flue, fou, glue, gnu, goo, hew, hue, Hugh, Jew, knew, lieu, loo, Lou, mew, moo, moue, mu, new, nu, ooh, pew, phew, piu, pooh, prau, q, queue, roux, rue, screw, shoe, shoo, shrew, Sioux, skew, slew, slough, slue, smew, sou, sous, spew, sprue, stew, strew, sue, Sue, thew, threw, thro, through, to, too, true, two, u, view, whew, who, woo, Wu, xu, yew, you, zoo accrue, adieu, ado, aircrew, airscrew, anew, Anjou, askew, au jus, Baku, bamboo, battu, battue, bedew, beshrew, bestrew, bijou, boubou, brand-new, breakthrough, burgoo, cachou, can-do, canoe, caoutchouc, Cebu, Cheng-du, Chongju, Chonju, construe, Corfu, corkscrew, coypu, CQ, debut, ecu, endue, ensue, eschew, floor-through, fondue, fordo, foreknew, Gansu, Gentoo, Gifu, gumshoe, guru, hairdo, hereto, Honshu, horseshoe, how-to, HQ,

ew Hutu, imbrue, imbue, IQ, jackscrew, K2, Kansu, karoo, Karoo, kazoo, Khufu, kung fu, Kwangju, leadscrew, lean-to, make-do, Matthew, me-too, mildew, milieu, miscue, misdo, misknew, muumuu, Nehru, non-U, old-shoe, one-two, outdo, outgrew, perdu, Peru, poilu, preview, pursue, purview, ragout, redo, renew, Ren Crew, review, revue, rough-hew, runthrough, sandshoe, see-through, set-to, setscrew, shampoo, Shih Tzu, skiddoo, snafu, snowshoe, soft-shoe, span-new, subdue, surtout, taboo, Taegu, tattoo, thank-you, thereto, thumbscrew, to-do, too-too, undo, undue, unglue, unscrew, untrue, vatu, vendue, venue, vertu, virtu, wahoo, walk-through, wherethrough, whereto, who's who, withdrew, worldview apercu, avenue, babassu, ballyhoo, barbecue, barley-broo, billet-doux, black-and-blue, buckaroo, bugaboo, callaloo, caribou, catechu, clerihew, cockapoo, cockatoo, Cotonou, counterview, deja vu, derring-do, detinue, feverfew, follow-through, gardyloo, hitherto, honeydew, Ignacu, ingenue, interview, IOU, jabiru, Jiangsu, kangaroo, Kathmandu, kinkajou, loup-garou, Makalu, manitou, marabou, Masaru, Montague, Montesquieu, ormolu, overdo, overdue, overflew, overgrew, overshoe, overstrew, overthrough, overview, parvenu, parvenue, pas de deux, passe-partout, PDQ, peekaboo, Port Salut, rendezvous, residue, retinue, revenue, Richelieu, Ryukyu, seppuku, Shikoku, succes fou, switcheroo, talking-to, teleview, Telugu, thereunto, thirty-two, thitherto, Timbuktu, tinamou, trou-deloup, twenty-two, view halloo, vindaloo, w, wallaroo, Waterloo, wellto-do, whoop-de-do, Xanadu Aracaju, Brian Boru, didgeridoo, Guangxi Zhuangzu, hullabaloo, Ningxia Huizu, Ouagadougou, pirarucu, Port du Salut, tu-whit tu-whoo, Vanuatu


ew Daman and Diu, Kota Baharu, Nova Iguacu 2


ew \ 6 \ see OW 1

ewable \6-3-bal\ see owable


ewable 2 \u-3-bal\ see uable ewage \ii-ij\ brewage, sewage ewal \u-al\ see uel1

ewing 1 \6-irj\ see oing1 ewing 2 \u-in\ see oing 2 ewis \ii-3s\ see ouis 2 ewish \ii-ish\ bluish, Hewish Jewish, newish, shrewish aguish ewl \ul\ see ool1

ewar \u-sr\ see ewer1

ewless \u-lss\ clueless, crewless, dewless, shoeless, viewless

eward1 \iird\ see ured 1

ewly \u-le\ see uly

eward 2 \u-ard\ Seward, steward

ewman \u-man\ see uman

ewd \iid\ see ude ewdness \ud-nas\ see udinous

ewment Xu-mantX strewment accruement

ewe 1 \ 6 \ see ow1

ewn \iin\ seeoon 1

ewe 2 \ii\ see ew1 ewed \ud\ see ude

e w n e s s \u-nas\ blueness, dueness, Eunice, newness, skewness, Tunis askewness

ewee \e-we\ see eewee

ewpie \u-pe\ see oopy

ewel \u-9l\ see uel


eweled \iild\ see ooled ewel I \u-sl\ see uel1 ewer 1 \u-ar\ brewer, chewer, dewar, doer, ewer, fewer, hewer, queuer, screwer, sewer, skewer, spewer, suer, viewer, wooer, you're horseshoer, me-tooer, misdoer, previewer, renewer, reviewer, shampooer, snowshoer, tattooer, undoer, wrongdoer barbecuer, evildoer, interviewer, revenuer, televiewer —also -ex forms of adjectives listed a?ew 1 ewer 2 \iir\ see ure 1 ewer 3 \6-sr\ see oer 4 ewerage \ur-ij\ see oorage 1 ewery \iir-e\ see ury1 ewey \u-e\ see ewy ewie \ii-e\ see ewy

ewry \ur-e\ see ury1 ews \iiz\ see use 2 ewsman Xiiz-manX bluesman, newsman ewsy \xi-ze\ see oozy ewt \iit\ see ute ewter \ut-ar\ see uter ewterer Xiit-sr-arX see uiterer ewton \iit- 3 n\ see utan ewy \ii-e\ bluey, buoy, chewy, Dewey, dewy, flooey, gluey, gooey, hooey, Louie, Louis, newie, phooey, rouille, screwy, sloughy, viewy chop suey, mildewy, Port Louis ratatouille, waterzooi ex \eks\ dex, ex, flex, hex, lex, rex, Rex, sex, specs, vex, x annex, apex, carex, codex, complex, convex, cortex, culex, desex, duplex, DX, fourplex, ibex, ilex, index,

169 Kleenex, Lastex, latex, mirex, murex, MX, narthex, perplex, Perspex, pollex, Pyrex, reflex, remex, Rx, scolex, silex, silvex, simplex, spandex, telex, TexMex, triplex, unsex, vertex, vortex analects, belowdecks, biconvex, circumflex, cross-index, googolplex, haruspex, intersex, Malcolm X, Middlesex, multiplex, PBX, pontifex, retroflex, spinifex, subindex, unisex videotex —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eck exas \ek-s9s\ see exus exed \ekst\ see ext exedly \ek-s9d-le\ vexedly perplexedly exer \ek-ssr\ flexor, hexer duplexer, indexer multiplexer demultiplexer exia \ek-se-a\ dyslexia anorexia

eyen extrous \ek-stras\ see exterous extual \eks-chal\ textual contextual, subtextual exual \eksh-wal\ sexual asexual, bisexual, effectual, pansexual, transsexual ambisexual, homosexual, hypersexual, intersexual, parasexual, psychosexual, unisexual heterosexual, sociosexual anti-intellectual exural \ek-shral\ see ectural 2 exus \ek-sas\ lexis, nexus, plexus, texas, Texas Alexis exy \ek-se\ prexy, sexy apoplexy ey 1 \a\ see ay1 ey 2 \ e \ see ee 1 ey 3 \ i \ see y1 eya 1 \a-a\ see aia 1

exic \ek-sik\ dyslexic anorexic

eya 2 \e-a\ see ia1

exical \ek-si-kal\ lexical indexical, nonlexical

eyance \a-ans\ abeyance, conveyance, purveyance, surveillance reconveyance

exion \ek-shsn\ see ection exis \ek-sas\ see exus

eyant \a-snt\ mayn't abeyant, surveillant

exity \ek-sat-e\ complexity, convexity, perplexity

eyas \I-as\ see ias

exor \ek-sar\ see exer ext \ekst\ next, sexed, sext, text, vexed context, deflexed, inflexed, perplexed, plaintext, pretext, reflexed, subtext, urtext ciphertext, oversexed, teletext, undersexed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ex extant \ek-stant\ extant, sextant exterous \ek-strgs\ dexterous ambidextrous

ey'd \ad\ see ade 1 eye \I\ seey 1 eyed 1 \ed\ see eed eyed 2 \Id\ see ide1 eyedness \Id-nss\ eyedness, snideness cockeyedness eyeless \I-bs\ see ilus eyelet \ i - b t \ see ilot eyen \ln\ see ine1


eyer eyer 1 \a-sr\ see ayer1 eyer 2 \Ir\ see ire1 eyes \Iz\ see ize eying \a-irj\ see aying ey'll1 \al\ see ail ey'll2 \el\ see el1 eyn \in\ see in1 eynes \anz\ see ains e y n e s s \a-nas\ see ayness eyor \a-ar\ see ayer1 eyre \er\ see are 4 ey're \er\ see are 4 eyrie \Ir-e\ see iry1 eys \ez\ see eze eyser \I-zsr\ see izer eyte \a-te\ see aty ey've \av\ see ave 2 ez 1 \ez\ see ays 1 ez 2 \a\ see ay1 ez 3 \as\ see ace 1 eza \e-za\ Giza, Lisa, Pisa, visa mestiza lespedeza eze \ez\ bise, breeze, cheese, ease, feaze, feeze, freeze, frieze, he's, jeez, lees, please, res, seize, she's, sleaze, sneeze, squeeze, tease, tweeze, wheeze Andes, appease, Aries, Belize, betise, Burmese, camise, Castries, cerise, chemise, Chinese, deep-freeze, Deep-freeze, degrease, Denise, disease, displease, disseise, d.t.'s, Elise, fasces, fauces, Ganges, headcheese, heartsease, Hermes, Kirghiz, Louise, Maltese, marquise,

menses, nates, Pisces, quick-freeze, Ramses, reprise, sharp-freeze, soubise, striptease, Tabriz, Thales, trapeze, unease, unfreeze, Xerxes Amboinese, Androcles, Annamese, antifreeze, Assamese, Balinese, Brooklynese, Cantonese, Cervantes, Chersonese, Congolese, Cyclades. Damocles, diocese, Eloise, Erinyes, expertise, Faeroese, federalese, genovese, gourmandise, Hebrides, Heracles, Hercules, Hunanese, Hyades, Japanese, Javanese, Johnsonese, journalese, Kanarese, Lake Louise, legalese, litotes, manganese, Nipponese, overseas, Pekinese, Pekingese, Pericles, Pleiades, Portuguese, Pyrenees, Siamese, Silures, Sinhalese, Socrates, Sophocles, Sporades Albigenses, antipodes, Aragonese, archdiocese, Averroes, bona fides, bureaucratese, cheval-de-frise, computerese, Diogenes, Dodecanese, Eumenides, Euripides, Florida Keys, Gaucher's disease, governmentese, Great Pyrenees, Hesperides, Hippocrates, Hippomenes, Hodgkin's disease, Indo-Chinese, nephritides, officialese, pentagonese, Philoctetes, Sammarinese, superficies, telegraphese, Themistocles, Thucydides, Vietnamese Alcibiades, Aristophanes, educationese, ferromanganese, Lou Gehrig's disease, Mephistopheles, sociologese, sword of Damocles muscae volitantes, Pillars of Hercules —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ee ezel \e-zal\ see easel ezi \e-ze\ see easy 1 ezium \e-ze-am\ cesium magnesium, trapezium ezzle \ez-sl\ bezel embezzle

i1 \ e \ see ee 1 2

i \I\ see y


i3 \a\ see ay1 ia1 \e-a\ Gaea, kea, Leah, Mia, rhea, Rhea, rya, via Achaea, althaea, Apia, Bahia, Baile Atha Cliath, buddleia, cabrilla, cattleya, Chaldea, Crimea, Euboea, Hygeia, idea, Judea, Kaffiyeh, Korea, mantilla, Maria, Medea, mens rea, Morea, Nicaea, ohia, Omiya, Oriya, ouguiya, rupiah, Sangria, Sofia, Sophia, spirea, tortilla Banranquilla, barathea, bougainvillea, camarilla, Caesarea, cascarilla, Cytherea, dulcinea, Eritrea, fantasia, Galatea, gonorrhea, granadilla, hamartia, Hialeah, Idumea, Ikaria, Jicarilla, Kampuchea, latakia, Latakia, logorrhea, Manzanilla, mausolea, mythopoeia, Nabatea, Nicosia, panacea, Parousia, pizzeria, ratafia, sabadilla, Santeria, sapodilla, seguidilla, sinfonia, Tanzania, trattoria alfilaria, Andalucia, Andalusia, Ave Maria, Cassiopeia, echeveria, Ismailia, peripeteia, pharmacopoeia, prosopopoeia Diego Garcia, onomatopoeia Joseph of Arimathea 2

ia \I-a\ see iah

qualifiable, quantifiable, rectifiable, satisfiable, specifiable, undeniable, unifiable, verifiable emulsifiable, identifiable, unfalsifiable iable 2 \e-3-bal\ see eeable iacal \I-3-kal\ dandiacal, heliacal, maniacal, theriacal, zodiacal ammoniacal, elegiacal, simoniacal dipsomaniacal, egomaniacal, hypochondriacal, monomaniacal, nympomaniacal, pyromaniacal, paradisiacal bibliomaniacal, megalomaniacal iad \i-ad\ see yad iah1 \I-a\ ayah, maya, Maya, playa, Praia, stria, via Aglaia, Marian, messiah, papaya, pariah, Thalia Hezekiah, jambalaya, Jeremiah, Nehemiah, Obadiah, Surabaja, Zechariah, Zephaniah Atchafalaya, Iphigenia, peripeteia iah 2 \e-a\ see ia1 ial1 \i-al\ dial, diel, pial redial ial2 \il\ see ile1


ia3 \a\ see a 1

ialer \I-tar\ see ilar ially \e-s-le\ see eally1


iable \i-3-b9l\ dryable, dyeable, flyable, friable, liable, pliable, triable, viable deniable, inviable, reliable certifiable, classifiable, justifiable, liquefiable, notifiable, pacifiable,

iam \i-am\ Priam per diem ian1 \e-sn\ see ean 1 ian 2 \i-an\ see ion1


lance iance \I-ans\ science affiance, alliance, appliance, compliance, defiance, nonscience, reliance mesalliance, misalliance iancy \I-3n-se\ pliancy compliancy ianist \e-t-nist\ pianist Indo-Europeanist iant \I-ant\ Bryant, client, giant, pliant, riant affiant, compliant, defiant, reliant incompliant, self-reliant, supergiant iao \aii\ see ow2 iaour \aur\ see ower 2

iath2 \e-a\ see ia1 iatry \I-3-tre\ podiatry, psychiatry iaus \aus\ see ouse 2 ib1 \ib\ bib, bibb, crib, drib, fib, gib, glib, jib, lib, nib, rib, sib, squib ad-lib, corncrib, midrib, sahib memsahib ib 2 \ e b \ see ebe 2 ib 3 \ev\ see eave 1 iba \e-ba\ see eba ibable M-ba-balX bribable ascribable, describable indescribable

iaper \I-par\ see iper

ibal \i-bal\ bible, Bible, libel, scribal, tribal

iar \ir\ see ire1

ibb \ib\ see ib1

iary1 \I-3-re\ diary, fiery, priory

ibband \ib-an\ see ibbon

iary2 \ir-e\ see iry1

ibbed \ibd\ bibbed rock-ribbed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ib1


ias \I-3s\ Aias, bias, dais, eyas, Laius, Lias, pious, Pius Abdias, Elias, Messias, Tobias Ananias, Jeremias, Malachias, Nehemias, Roncesvalles, Sophonias, Zacharias Mount Saint Elias ias 2 \e-as\ see eus 1 ias 3 \ash\ see ash 1 iasis \I-3-s3s\ diesis, diocese archdiocese, psoriasis acariasis, amebiasis, ascariasis, bilharziasis, helminthiasis, leishmaniasis, satyriasis elephantiasis, hypochondriasis, schistosomiasis iat1 \e-at\ see eit1 iat2 \I-3t\ see iet iate \I-at\ see iet iath1 \I-3th\ Wyeth Goliath

ibber \ib-ar\ bibber, cribber, dibber, fibber, gibber, glibber, jibber, ribber ibbet \ib-9t\ gibbet exhibit, inhibit, prohibit flibbertigibbet ibbing \ib-irj\ cribbing, ribbing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ib1 ibble \ib-al\ dibble, dribble, fribble, gribble, kibble, nibble, quibble, scribble, sibyl, Sibyl ibbler \ib-br\ dribbler, nibbler, quibbler, scribbler ibbly \ib-le\ dribbly, ghibli, glibly ibbon \ib-sn\ gibbon, Gibbon, ribbon inhibin ibby \ib-e\ Libby, ribby

173 ibe 1 \Ib\ bribe, gibe, gybe, jibe, kibe, scribe, tribe, vibe ascribe, conscribe, describe, imbibe, inscribe, prescribe, proscribe, subscribe, transcribe circumscribe, diatribe, redescribe, superscribe oversubscribe ibe 2 \e-be\ see ebe 1 ibel \I-b9l\ see ibal iber \i-bsr\ briber, fiber, giber, Khyber, scriber, Tiber describer, inscriber, prescriber, proscriber, subscriber, transcriber ibi \e-be\ see sbG ibia \i-be-a\ Lybia, tibia Namibia ibin \ib-an\ see ibbon


attribute, contribute, distribute redistribute ibute 2 \ib-at\ see ibbet ibutive \ib-y9t-iv\ attributive, contributive, distributive, retributive redistributive ibutor \ib-9t-ar\ see ibitor ibyl \ib-al\ see ibble ic1 \ik\ see ick ic 2 \ek\ see eak 1 ica 1 \i-ka\ mica, Micah, pica, pika, plica, spica, Spica Formica, lorica balalaika ica 2 \e-ks\ see ika1

ibit \ib-9t\ see ibbet

icable \ik-3-bsl\ despicable, explicable, extricable inexplicable, inextricable

ibitive \ib-at-iv\ exhibitive, prohibitive

icah \i-ka\ see ica1

ibitor \ib-3t-ar\ exhibitor, inhibitor ACE inhibitor

ical \ik-sl\ see ickle

ible M-bslX see ibal

icament \ik-3-mant\ medicament, predicament

iblet \ib-bt\ driblet, giblet, riblet

ican \e-kgn\ see eacon

ibli \ib-le\ see ibbly

icar \ik-ar\ see icker1

ibly \ib-le\ see ibbly ibo \e-bo\ Ibo, Kibo gazebo

icative \ik-at-iv\ fricative, siccative affricative, explicative, indicative, vindicative multiplicative

iboly \i-a-le\ see ybele

iccative \ik-at-iv\ see icative

ibrous \i-bras\ fibrous, hybris

iccio \e-cho\ capriccio, pasticcio

ibs \ibz\ dibs, nibs spareribs —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ib

ice 1 \Is\ Bryce, dice, fice, fyce, gneiss, ice, lice, lyse, mice, nice, pice, price, rice, rise, slice, spice, splice, syce, thrice, trice, twice, vice, vise advice, allspice, Brandeis, brideprice, concise, cut-price, deice, device, entice, excise, precise, suffice beggars-lice, cockatrice, edelweiss, imprecise, merchandise, overprice,

ibular \ib-v3-tor\ fibular mandibular, vestibular infundibular ibute1 \ib-yat\ tribute


ice paradise, point-device, sacrifice, underprice imparadise, self-sacrifice

ichen 2 \ich-sn\ see itchen

ice 2 \e-cha\ see iche 1

icher \ich-ar\ see itcher

ice 3 \es\ see iece

iches \ich-az\ see itches

ice 4 \I-se\ see icy ice 5 \Iz\ see ize ice 6 \et-za\ see itza1 iceless \I-slas\ iceless, priceless icely \is-le\ see istly iceous \ish-9s\ see icious1 icer \I-S9r\ dicer, Dreiser, nicer, pricer, ricer, slicer, splicer deicer, sufficer sacrificer self-sacrificer ices \I-sez\ Pisces Anchises Polynices Coma Berenices icety \I-ste\ see eisty icey \I-se\ see icy ich 1 \ich\ see itch ich 2 \ik\ see ick ichael \I-kal\ see ycle1 iche 1 \e-cha\ ceviche, seviche Beatrice, cantatrice iche 2 \esh\ fiche, leash, quiche, sneesh baksheesh, corniche, hashish, maxixe, pastiche, schottische, unleash microfiche, nouveau riche iche 3 \ish\ see ish1 iche 4 \ich\ see itch 5

iche \e-che\ see eachy 1

ichen \I-kan\ lichen, liken proteoglycan

ichener Xich-narX see itchener

ichi1 \e-che\ see eachy ichi 2 \e-she\ see ishi ichment \ich-mant\ see itchment ichore \ik-re\ see ickery ichu \ish-ii\ see issue 1 icia1 \ish-a\ see itia icia 2 \esh-9\ see esia 1 icial \ish-al\ altricial, comitial, initial, judicial, official, simplicial, solstitial, surficial artificial, beneficial, cicatricial, interstitial, prejudicial, sacrificial, superficial ician \e-shan\ see etion1 icience \ish-ans\ omniscience insufficience iciency \ish-an-se\ deficiency, efficiency, proficiency, sufficiency inefficiency immunodeficiency icient \ish-snt\ deficient, efficient, omniscient, proficient, sufficient coefficient, cost-efficient, inefficient, insufficient, self-sufficient icinable Xis-ns-balX see istenable icinal \is- 3 n-9l\ vicinal medicinal, officinal, vaticinal icing 1 \I-sirj\ icing, splicing self-sufficing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ice1 icing 2 \I-zirj\ see izing icious 1 \ish-as\ vicious ambitious, auspicious, capricious, delicious, factitious, fictitious,


175 flagitious, judicious, lubricious, malicious, Mauritius, nutritious, officious, pernicious, propitious, pumiceous, seditious, sericeous, suspicious adscititious, adventitious, avaricious, expeditious, inauspicious, injudicious, meretricious, prejudicious, subreptitious, superstitious, suppositious, surreptitious excrementitious, supposititious icious 2 \e-shss\ see ecious icipal \is-3-bal\ see issible icipant \is-9-p9nt\ anticipant, participant icit \is-st\ licit complicit, elicit, explicit, illicit, implicit, solicit inexplicit icitor1 \is-at-9r\ elicitor, solicitor icitor2 \is-tar\ see ister icitous \is-3t-as\ complicitous, duplicitous, felicitous, solicitous infelicitous icity1 \is-9t-e\ basicity, causticity, centricity, chronicity, complicity, conicity, cyclicity, duplicity, ethnicity, felicity, lubricity, mendicity, plasticity, publicity, rhythmicity, seismicity, simplicity, spasticity, sphericity, tonicity, toxicity, triplicity atomicity, authenticity, canonicity, catholicity, concentricity, domesticity, eccentricity, elasticity, electricity, ellipticity, endemicity, ergodicity, historicity, iconicity, impudicity, infelicity, multiplicity, organicity, pneumaticity, quadruplicity, specificity, synchronicity, volcanicity aromaticity, automaticity, ecumenicity, egocentricity, epidemicity, ethnocentricity, hydrophilicity, hydrophobicity, inauthenticity, inelasticity, pathogenicity, periodicity, theocentricity

aeroelasticity, anthropocentricity, aperiodicity, carcinogenicity, homoscedasticity quasiperiodicity icity 2 \is-te\ christie, Christie, misty, twisty, wristy Corpus Christi, sacahuiste ick \ik\ brick, chick, click, crick, creek, Dick, flick, hick, kick, KWIC, lick, mick, nick, Nick, pic, pick, prick, quick, rick, shtick, sic, sick, slick, snick, stick, strick, thick, tic, tick, trick, wick airsick, bluetick, bootlick, boychick, brainsick, broomstick, carsick, chopstick, cowlick, crabstick, dabchick, dead-stick, detick, dik-dik, dipstick, drop-kick, drumstick, firebrick, flagstick, goldbrick, greensick, handpick, hayrick, heartsick, homesick, joystick, lipstick, lovesick, matchstick, moujik, muzhik, nightstick, nitpick, nonstick, nutpick, outslick, peacenik, pigstick, pinprick, placekick, redbrick, rubric, seasick, self-stick, shashlik, sidekick, slapstick, slipstick, Tajik, toothpick, topkick, unpick, unstick, uptick, yardstick bailiwick, biopic, Bolshevik, candlestick, candlewick, Dominic, dominick, Dominick, double-quick, EBCDIC, fiddlestick, hemistich, heretic, lunatic, Menshevik, meters tick, overtrick, politic, politick, polyptych, Reykjavik, singlestick, taperstick, undertrick, Watson-Crick arithmetic, carrot-and-stick, computernik, impolitic, kinnikinnick icka \e-ka\ see ika1 icked 1 \ik-sd\ picked, wicked icked 2 \ikt\ see ict1 ickel \ik-al\ see ickle icken \ik-an\ chicken, quicken, sicken, stricken, thicken awestricken panic-stricken, planet-stricken poverty-stricken


ickens ickens \ik-anz\ dickens, Dickens, pickings —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at icken icker1 \ik-ar\ bicker, dicker, flicker, icker, kicker, liquor, nicker, picker, pricker, sicker, slicker, snicker, sticker, ticker, tricker, vicar, whicker, wicker billsticker, bootlicker, dropkicker, flea-flicker, nitpicker, pigsticker, placekicker, pot likker, ragpicker dominicker, politicker —also -er forms of adjectives listed at \ck icker2 \ek-sr\ see ecker ickery \ik-re\ chicory, flickery, hickory, snickery, trickery Terpsichore icket \ik-at\ cricket, picket, Pickett, pricket, spigot, stickit, thicket, ticket, wicket Big Thicket, big-ticket ickett \ik-9t\ see icket ickety \ik-at-e\ rickety, thickety pernickety, persnickety ickey \ik-e\ see icky icki \ik-e\ see icky ickie \ik-e\ see icky icking \ik-irj\ ticking, wicking brain-picking, flat-picking, highsticking, nit-picking cotton-picking, finger-picking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ick ickings \ik-anz\ see ickens ickish \ik-ish\ hickish, sickish, trickish ickit \ik-at\ see icket ickle \ik-al\ brickie, chicle, fickle, mickle, nickel, pickle, prickle, sickle, stickle, strickle, tical, tickle, trickle

bicycle, icicle, obstacle, Popsicle, spectacle, tricycle, vehicle pumpernickel ickler \ik-tar\ stickler, tickler bicycler, particular ickly \ik-le\ fickly, prickly, quickly, sickly, slickly impoliticly ickness \ik-nss\ lychnis, quickness, sickness, slickness, thickness airsickness, heartsickness, homesickness, lovesickness, seasickness icksy \ik-se\ see ixie icky \ik-e\ dickey, hickey, icky, kicky, Mickey, picky, quickie, rickey, sickie, sticky, tricky, Vicki, Vickie, Vicky doohickey icle \ik-sl\ see ickle icly1 \ik-le\ see ickly icly2 \e-kle\ see eekly ico \e-ko\ see icot icope \ik-a-pe\ see icopy icopy \ik-a-pe\ wicopy pericope icory \ik-re\ see ickery icot \e-ko\ fico, pekoe, picot, tricot Tampico Puerto Rico ics \iks\ see ix1 ict1 \ikt\ picked, Pict, strict, ticked addict, afflict, conflict, constrict, convict, delict, depict, edict, evict, inflict, lipsticked, predict, restrict, unlicked benedict, Benedict, contradict, derelict, interdict, maledict, retrodict eggs Benedict —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ick ict 2 \It\ see ite1



ictable Mt-a-balX see itable1 3

ictal \ik-t l\ fictile, rictal edictal icted \ik-tad\ conflicted, evicted, restricted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ict icter \ik-tar\ see ictor ictic \ik-tik\ deictic, panmictic amphimictic, apodictic 3

ictile \ik-t l\ see ictal ictim \ik-t9m\ see ictum iction \ik-shan\ diction, fiction, friction, stiction addiction, affliction, confliction, constriction, conviction, depiction, eviction, indiction, infliction, nonfiction, prediction, reliction, restriction, transfixion benediction, contradiction, crucifixion, dereliction, jurisdiction, malediction, metafiction, valediction ictional \ik-shn9l\ fictional, frictional nonfictional jurisdictional ictionist \ik-shnast\ fictionist restrictionist ictive \ik-tiv\ Active addictive, afflictive, connective, constrictive, inflictive, restrictive, vindictive nonrestrictive ictment Mt-mantX see itement ictor \ik-tar\ lictor, stricter, victor constrictor, depicter, evictor, inflicter contradictor vasoconstrictor ictory \ik-t9-re\ victory benedictory, contradictory, maledictory, valedictory ictual \it- 3 l\ see ittle ictualler \it- 3 l-ar\ see italer

ictum \ik-t3m\ dictum, victim obiter dictum icture \ik-char\ picture, stricture ictus \ik-tas\ ictus, rictus Benedictus icula \ik-y3-ls\ auricula, Canicula iculant Xik-ya-lsntX gesticulant, matriculant icular1 \ik-y3-lar\ spicular acicular, articular, auricular, canicular, clavicular, curricular, cuticular, fascicular, follicular, funicular, lenticular, navicular, orbicular, ossicular, particular, radicular, reticular, testicular, vehicular, ventricular, vermicular, versicular, vesicular appendicular, perpendicular extracurricular, extravehicular, intraarticular, supraventricular icular2 \ik-lar\ see ickler iculate \ik-v3-tat\ articulate, denticulate, geniculate, particulate, reticulate, straticulate, vermiculate inarticulate iculous Xik-ya-lasX meticulous, pediculous, ridiculous iculum \ik-y9-lam\ curriculum, reticulum diverticulum icuous \ik-ya-w3s\ conspicuous, perspicuous, transpicuous inconspicuous icy \i-se\ dicey, icy, pricey, spicy id1 \id\ bid, chid, Cid, did, fid, gid, grid, hid, id, kid, Kidd, lid, mid, quid, rid, skid, slid, squid, SQUID, whid amid, backslid, bifid, El Cid, equid, eyelid, forbid, grandkid, Madrid, nonskid, outdid, resid, schoolkid, trifid, undid katydid, ootid, overbid, overdid, pyramid, underbid tertium quid, Valladolid



id2 \ed\ see eed I'd \Id\ see ide

iddish \id-ish\ kiddish, Yiddish



ida \ed-a\ see eda

iddity \id-at-e\ see idity 1

ida 2 \I-ds\ Haida, Ida, Vida idable1 Md-a-bslX guidable decidable, dividable subdividable idable 2 \id-3-bal\ see iddable idal \Id- 3 l\ bridal, bridle, idle, idol, idyll, seidel, sidle, tidal unbridle Barmecidal, fratricidal, fungicidal, genocidal, germicidal, herbicidal, homicidal, intertidal, lunitidal, matricidal, parricidal, patricidal, septicidal, spermicidal, suicidal, viricidal, virucidal bactericidal, infanticidal, insecticidal 3

idance \Id- ns\ guidance, stridence abidance, misguidance idas \Id-as\ Midas, nidus iday \id-e\ Friday, Heidi, tidy, vide alcaide, man Friday, untidy mala fide idays \Id-ez\ see ides 1 idd \id\ see id1 iddable \id-3-bal\ biddable formidable iddance \id- 3 ns\ riddance forbiddance idden \id- 3 n\ bidden, chiden, hidden, midden, ridden, stridden, swidden backslidden, bedridden, bestridden, forbidden, outbidden, unbidden overridden idder \id-sr\ bidder, gridder, kidder, siddur, skidder consider, forbidder reconsider, underbidder iddie \id-e\ see iddy

iddle \id- 3 l\ diddle, fiddle, griddle, middle, piddle, riddle, twiddle unriddle paradiddle, taradiddle iddler \id-tar\ diddler, fiddler, middler, riddler, tiddler idd ling \id-lirj\ fiddling, middling, piddling, riddling iddly \id-le\ diddly, ridley, tiddly iddock \id-ik\ see idic iddur \id-sr\ see idder iddy \id-e\ biddy, giddy, kiddie, middy, midi, skiddy, widdy ide1 \Id\ bide, bride, chide, Clyde, eyed, fried, glide, guide, hide, I'd, pied, plied, pride, ride, side, slide, snide, stride, thighed, tide, tried, wide abide, allied, applied, aside, astride, backside, backslide, bankside, beachside, bedside, beside, bestride, betide, blear-eyed, blindside, blowdried, blue-eyed, broadside, bromide, bug-eyed, Burnside, cleareyed, cockeyed, cold-eyed, collide, confide, courtside, cowhide, crosseyed, curbside, dayside, decide, deride, divide, dockside, doe-eyed, downside, downslide, dry-eyed, elide, fireside, fluoride, foreside, four-eyed, freeze-dried, glass-eyed, graveside, green-eyed, hagride, hawkeyed, hayride, hillside, horsehide, inside, ironside, joyride, kingside, lakeside, landslide, lynx-eyed, misguide, mooneyed, nearside, nightside, noontide, offside, onside, outride, outside, pieeyed, poolside, pop-eyed, preside, provide, quayside, queenside, rawhide, reside, ringside, riptide, roadside, seaside, sharp-eyed, shipside, shoreside, Shrovetide, sloe-eyed, snowslide, springtide, squint-eyed, stateside, statewide, storewide,


179 Strathclyde, streamside, subside, tailslide, Tayside, tongue-tied, topside, trackside, trailside, untried, upside, vat-dyed, walleyed, waveguide, wayside, wide-eyed, wild-eyed, worldwide, yuletide alkoxide, almond-eyed, alongside, Argus-eyed, Barmecide, bleary-eyed, bona fide, chicken-fried, Christmastide, citified, citywide, classified, coincide, countrified, countryside, countrywide, cut-anddried, cyanide, deicide, demand-side, dewy-eyed, dignified, double-wide, Eastertide, eventide, feticide, formamide, fratricide, fungicide, genocide, germicide, gimlet-eyed, glassy-eyed, goggle-eyed, googlyeyed, harbor-side, herbicide, homicide, Humberside, humified, matricide, Merseyside, misty-eyed, miticide, monoxide, mountainside, nationwide, Naugahyde, open-eyed, override, overstride, parricide, Passiontide, patricide, pesticide, planetwide, qualified, rarefied, raticide, regicide, riverside, Riverside, set-aside, silverside, sissified, slickenside, spermicide, starry-eyed, subdivide, suicide, supply-side, trisulfide, underside, verbicide, vermicide, viricide, waterside, Whitsuntide, wintertide acrylamide, antimonide, borohydride, dissatisfied, formaldehyde, infanticide, insecticide, interallied, Jekyll and Hyde, preoccupied, rodenticide, selfsatisfied, thalidomide, Trinitytide, tyrannicide, uxoricide monoglyceride, overqualified, parasiticide —also -ed forms of verbs listed at y ide 2 \ed\ see eed idean \id-e-sn\ see idian ided \Id-sd\ sided lopsided, misguided, one-sided, slabsided, two-sided many-sided, sobersided

—also -ed forms of verbs listed at ide1 ideless \id-las\ idlesse, tideless iden \Id- 3 n\ guidon, Haydn, widen Poseidon idence \Id- a ns\ see idance ideness Md-nssX see eyedness ident \id- 9 nt\ strident, trident ideon \id-e-an\ see idian ideous \id-e-as\ see idious ider1 \Id-sr\ bider, cider, eider, glider, guider, hider, rider, slider, spider, strider, stridor abider, backslider, confider, decider, derider, divider, insider, joyrider, misguider, outrider, outsider, presider, provider, resider, rough rider, TopSider subdivider, supply-sider supercollider —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ide1 ider2 \id-ar\ see idder ides 1 \id-ez\ Fridays Aristides —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at iday ides 2 \Idz\ ides besides, burnsides silversides, sobersides —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ide idge \ i j \ bridge, fidge, fridge, midge, ridge abridge, Blue Ridge, browridge, drawbridge, footbridge, Oxbridge, teethridge idged \ijd\ ridged unabridged —also -ed forms of verbs listed at idge idgen \ij-sn\ seeygian


idget idget \ij-at\ Brigitte, digit, fidget, midget, widget double-digit idgin \ij-sn\ seeygian idi \id-e\ see iddy idia \i-de-9\ Lydia basidia, chlamydia, Clostridia, coccidia, conidia, glochidia, nephridia, Numidia, oidia, peridia, Pisidia, presidia, pycnidia, pygidia antheridia, enchiridia, hesperidia, miricidia, ommatidia idian \id-e-sn\ Gideon, Lydian, Midian ascidian, Dravidian, euclidean, Floridian, meridian, obsidian, ophidian, quotidian, viridian enchiridion, non-euclidean idic \id-ik\ piddock acidic, bromidic, Davidic, druidic, fatidic, fluidic, Hasidic, nuclidic

gelidity, gravidity, hispidity, humidity, hybridity, limpidity, liquidity, lividity, lucidity, morbidity, rabidity, rapidity, rigidity, sapidity, solidity, stupidity, tepidity, timidity, torridity, turbidity, turgidity, validity, vapidity, viridity, viscidity illiquidity, insipidity, intrepidity, invalidity idium \id-e-am\ see idiem idle \Id- 3 l\ see idal idlesse \ld-las\ see ideless idley \id-le\ see iddly idney \id-ne\ kidney, Sidney, Sydney ido 1 \id-6\ dido, Dido, fido Hokkaido ido 2 \ed-6\ see edo idol \Id- 3 l\ see idal

idical \id-i-kal\ druidical, fatidical, juridical, veridical pyramidical

ids 1 \idz\ Beskids, rapids Grand Rapids —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at id

id ice \id-9-se\ Chalcidice, Eurydice

ids 2 \edz\ see eeds

idiem \id-e-am\ idiom iridium, presidium, rubidium post meridiem ante meridiem

idst \idst\ didst, midst amidst

iding \Id-irj\ riding, Riding, siding, tiding abiding, confiding, East Riding, joyriding, West Riding law-abiding, nondividing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ide1

idual 2 \ij-al\ see igil

idiom \id-e-am\ see idiem

iduum \ij-3-w3m\ triduum residuum

idious \id-e-ss\ hideous fastidious, insidious, invidious, perfidious idity \id-9t-e\ quiddity acidity, aridity, avidity, cupidity, fluidity, flaccidity, floridity, frigidity,

idual1 \ij-wal\ residual individual

idulent \ij-9-lant\ see igilant idlllOUS \ij-3-las\ stridulous acidulous idus \Id-3s\ see idas

idy \id-e\ see iday idyll \Id- 3 l\ see idal ie 1 \ a \ see ay1 ie 2 \ e \ see ee 1

181 ie 3 \I\ see y1 iece \es\ cease, crease, fleece, grease, Greece, kris, lease, Nice, niece, peace, piece apiece, Bernice, Burmese, camise, caprice, cassis, cerise, chemise, Chinese, Clarice, Cochise, codpiece, coulisse, crosspiece, decease, decrease, degrease, Denise, Dumfries, earpiece, Elise, eyepiece, Felice, fieldpiece, grandniece, hairpiece, headpiece, heelpiece, increase, Janice, lend-lease, Matisse, Maurice, mouthpiece, nosepiece, obese, onepiece, pastis, pelisse, police, re-lease, release, seapiece, shankpiece, showpiece, sidepiece, stringpiece, sublease, surcease, tailpiece, Therese, timepiece, toepiece, two-piece, valise, workpiece afterpiece, altarpiece, Amboinese, Annamese, Assamese, Balinese, Brooklynese, Cantonese, centerpiece, Chersonese, chimneypiece, diocese, directrice, ex libris, expertise, Faeroese, frontispiece, mantelpiece, masterpiece, Nipponese, Pekinese, Pekingese, Portugese, predecease, rerelease, S„o Luis, Siamese, Sinhalese, timed-release, verdigris archdiocese, computerese, Dodecanese, officialese, telegraphese, Vietnamese educationese iecer \e-ssr\ see easer 1 ied1 \ed\ see eed ied 2 \et\ see eat 1 ied 3 \id\ see ide1 ieda \ed-s\ see eda ief1 \ef\ beef, brief, chief, fief, grief, kef, leaf, lief, reef, sheaf, thief belief, debrief, endleaf, enfeoff, flyleaf, loose-leaf, massif, motif, naif, O'Keefe, relief, sharif, sherif, shinleaf bas-relief, cloverleaf, disbelief, handkerchief, leatherleaf, neckerchief,

ieler leitmotiv, misbelief, overleaf, unbelief, waterleaf aperitif, Capitol Reef, Vinson Massif Great Barrier Reef Santa Cruz de Tenerife ief2 \ev\ see eave 1 iefless \e-flss\ briefless, leafless ief ly \e-fle\ briefly, chiefly ieg 1 \eg\ see igue ieg 2 \ig\ see ig iege 1 \ e j \ liege, siege besiege, prestige iege 2 \ezh\ see ige1 ieger \e-jar\ see edure iek \ek\ see eak 1 iel1 \el\ see eal 2 iel2 \I-al\ see ial iela \el-a\ see ella ield \eld\ bield, field, keeled, shield, weald, wheeled, wield, yield afield, airfield, backfield, brickfield, coalfield, cornfield, downfield, Enfield, four-wheeled, Garfield, goldfield, grainfield, infield, Masefield, midfield, minefield, outfield, playfield, Sheffield, Smithfield, snowfield, Springfield, subfield, unsealed, upfield, wellheeled, windshield, Winfield battlefield, broken-field, chesterfield, Chesterfield, color-field, Huddersfield, track-and-field, unaneled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eal 2 ielder \el-dsr\ fielder, shielder, wielder, yielder infielder, outfielder ields \eldz\ South Shields —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ield ieler \e-lar\ see ealer



ieless \I-l9s\ see ilus

ierial \ir-e-sl\ seeerial


ieling \e-bn\ see elin

ierian \ir-e-9n\ seeerian1

ieling2 \e-lirj\ see eeling

ierly \ir-le\ see early1

iem1 \e-am\ see eum1

ierre1 \ir\ see eer 2

iem2 \I-3m\ see iam

ierre2 \er\ see are4

ien \en\ see ine3

iers \irz\ Algiers, Pamirs —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eer

ience \I-9ns\ see iance iend \end\ see end

iersman \irz-man\ see eersman

iendless \en-tas\ see endless

iery \I-9-re\ see iary1

iendliness \en-le-n9s\ see endliness

ies1 \ez\ see eze

iendly \en-le\ see endly

ies 2 \e\ see ee 1

iene \en\ see ine3

ies 3 \es\ see iece

iener1 Xe-narX see eaner

iesel1 \e-zal\ see easel

iener2 \e-ne\ see ini1

iesel2 \e-sal\ see ecil1

ienic \en-ik\ see enic2

ieseling \ez-lirj\ see esling

ienics \en-iks\ see enics

iesian \e-zhan\ see esian1

ienie \e-ne\ see ini1

iesis \I-9-s3s\ see iasis 2

ienist \e-nast\ see inist iennes \en\ see en


iesling \ez-lirj\ see esling iest \est\ see east1

ient \I-9nt\ see iant

iester \e-stsr\ see easter

ieper \e-par\ see eeper

iestley \est-le\ see eastly


ier \ir\ see eer 2


ier \e-ar\ see eer 3

iestly \est-le\ see eastly 1


ier \ir\ see ire

ierate \ir-9t\ see irit ierce \irs\ Bierce, birse, fierce, pierce, Pierce, tierce transpierce

iet \i-at\ diet, fiat, quiet, riot, striate, Wyatt disquiet, unquiet ietal \I-3t-3l\ parietal, societal, varietal ieter \I-3t-9r\ dieter, quieter, rioter proprietor

iere1 \er\ see are4

ietor \I-9t-9r\ see ieter

iere2 \ir\ see eer 2

iety \I-9t-e\ piety anxiety, dubiety, impiety, nimiety, propriety, satiety, sobriety, society, Society, variety

iered \ird\ see eard1 ieria \ir-e-9\ see eria1



contrariety, impropriety, inebriety, insobriety, notoriety

ife2 \ef\ see ief

ietzsche \e-che\ see eachy

ifeless M-ftasN lifeless, strifeless, wifeless

ieu \xi\ see ew1

iter \i-far\ see ipher

ieur \ir\ see eer



iev \ef \ see ef

ievable \e-v3-bal\ see eivable ieval \e-val\ evil, shrieval, weevil coeval, khedival, medieval, primeval, reprieval, retrieval, upheaval ieve 1 \iv\ see ive2 2

ieve \ev\ see eave


ieved \evd\ see eaved ievement \ev-mant\ see evement iever \e-var\ beaver, cleaver, fever, griever, leaver, reaver, reiver, weaver achiever, believer, conceiver, deceiver, enfever, perceiver, receiver, reliever, retriever, upheaver school-leaver, transceiver cantilever, disbeliever, misbeliever, misconceiver, unbeliever overachiever, underachiever ievish \e-vish\ see eevish ievo \e-vo\ see evo ievous \e-vas\ see evous ieze \ez\ see eze

iferous \if-3r-as\ coniferous, floriferous, lactiferous, luciferous, pestiferous, somniferous, splendiferous, vociferous carboniferous, luminiferous, odoriferous, salutiferous, seminiferous, soporiferous, sudoriferous iff \if\ biff, cliff, glyph, if, iff, jiff, kif, miff, quiff, riff, Riff, skiff, sniff, spiff, spliff, stiff, syph, tiff, whiff Er Rif, midriff, Plovdiv, triglyph, what-if, Wycliffe anaglyph, bindle stiff, hieroglyph, hippogriff, logogriph, petroglyph iffany \if-a-ne\ see iphony iffe \if\ see iff iffed \ift\ see ift iff en \if-an\ see iff in iffey \if-e\ see iffy iffian \if-e-an\ Riffian Pecksniffian iff in \if-9n\ griffin, griffon, stiffen, tiffin iffish \if-ish\ sniffish, stiffish

if1 \if \ see iff

iffle \if-sl\ piffle, riffle, skiffle, sniffle, whiffle, Wiffle

if2 \ef\ see ief1

iffler \if-lar\ riffler, sniffler, whiffler


ife \If \ fife, Fife, knife, life, rife, strife, wife alewife, drawknife, fishwife, flickknife, goodwife, half-life, housewife, jackknife, loosestrife, lowlife, midlife, nightlife, oldwife, penknife, pro-life, true-life, wakerife, whole-life, wildlife afterlife, antilife, Duncan Phyfe, nurse-midwife, pocketknife, right-tolife, Yellowknife

iffness \if-nas\ stiffness, swiftness iffon \if-an\ see iff in iffy \if-e\ iffy, cliffy, jiffy, Liffey, sniffy, spiffy ific \if-ik\ glyphic calcific, febrific, horrific, magnific, pacific, Pacific, prolific, salvific, specific, terrific, vivific



anaglyphic, beatific, calorific, colorific, felicific, frigorific, hieroglyphic, honorific, scientific, soporific, sudorific, tenebrific prescientific

igan 2 \ig-an\ see iggin

ifical \if-i-kal\ magnifical, pontifical

igand \ig-and\ brigand, ligand

ificate \if-i-kat\ certificate, pontificate

igas \i-g3s\ seeygous

ificent \if-9-sant\ magnificent, omnificent ifle \i-fsl\ rifle, stifle, trifle if ling \I-flirj\ rifling, stifling, trifling ift \ift\ drift, gift, grift, lift, rift, shift, shrift, sift, squiffed, swift, Swift, thrift adrift, airlift, blueshift, downshift, face-lift, festschrift, forklift, frameshift, gearshift, Great Rift, makeshift, redshift, shoplift, snowdrift, spendthrift, spindrift, spoondrift, unshift, uplift, upshift —also -ed forms of verbs listed at iff ifter \if-tar\ drifter, snifter, swifter sceneshifter, shape-shifter, shoplifter ifth \ith\ see ith2 iftness \if-nas\ see iffness ifty \if-te\ drifty, fifty, nifty, shifty, thrifty, wifty fifty-fifty, LD 50 ig \ig\ big, brig, dig, fig, gig, Grieg, grig, jig, pig, prig, rig, sprig, swig, trig, twig, vig, Whig, wig, zig, bagwig, bigwig, bushpig, earwig, hedgepig, lime-twig, renege, shindig, unrig caprifig, infra dig, jury-rig, periwig, thimblerig, whirligig, WYSIWYG, Zagazig thingamajig 1

igamy \ig-3-me\ bigamy, digamy polygamy igan 1 \i-gan\ ligan, tigon

igate \ig-at\ see igot1 ige 1 \ezh\ siege prestige noblesse oblige ige 2 \ e j \ see iege 1 igel \ij-9l\ see igil igenous \ij-3-nas\ see iginous igeon \ij-an\ seeygian iger \I-gsr\ tiger braunschweiger igerent \ij-rant\ belligerent, refrigerant cobelligerent iggan \ig-an\ see iggin iggard \ig-ard\ niggard, triggered —also -ed forms of verbs listed at igger igged \igd\ twigged, wigged bewigged, cat-rigged, square-rigged periwigged —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ig igger \ig-ar\ bigger, chigger, digger, jigger, rigger, rigor, snigger, swigger, trigger, vigor, vigour ditchdigger, outrigger, rej igger, reneger, square-rigger thimblerigger iggered \ig-ard\ see iggard

iga \e-ga\ Riga, Vega, viga Antigua, omega, quadriga

iggery \ig-a-re\ piggery, priggery, Whiggery

iga 2 \l-gs\ see aiga

iggie \ig-e\ see iggy

igamous \ig-9-m3s\ bigamous polygamous

iggin \ig-an\ biggin, piggin, wigan balbriggan


185 iggish \ig-ish\ biggish, piggish, priggish, Whiggish iggle \ig-al\ giggle, higgle, jiggle, niggle, sniggle, squiggle, wiggle, wriggle iggler \ig-tar\ giggler, higgler, niggler, wiggler, wriggler iggy \ig-e\ biggie, piggy, twiggy igh \I\ see y1 ighed \Id\ see ide1 ighland M-lsndX highland, Highland, island, Thailand Long Island, Rhode Island Staten Island Prince Edward Island ighlander \i-lan-d3r\ highlander, islander '%, %.. ighlands \Manz\ Highlands Virgin Islands ighly \Me\ see yly ighness \i-nas\ see inus 1 ight \It\ see ite1 ightable Mt-a-balX see itable1 ighted \it-sd\ blighted, sighted, whited attrited, benighted, clear-sighted, farsighted, foresighted, longsighted, nearsighted, sharp-sighted, shortsighted, skylighted, united unrequited —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ite1 ighten \It- 3 n\ brighten, Brighton, chitin, chiton, frighten, heighten, lighten, tighten, titan, Titan, triton, Triton, whiten enlighten ightener \It-nsr\ brightener, lightener, tightener, whitener ightening \It-nirj\ see ightning ighter \it-ar\ see iter1

ightful \It-f3l\ frightful, rightful, spiteful, sprightful delightful, despiteful, foresightful, insightful ightie \lt-e\ see ite2 ightily \it- 3 l-e\ flightily, mightily ightiness \It-e-nas\ flightiness, mightiness almightiness ighting \It-irj\ see iting ightless \it-tas\ flightless, lightless, sightless ightly \It-le\ brightly, knightly, lightly, nightly, rightly, sightly, slightly, sprightly, tightly, tritely, whitely contritely, finitely, forthrightly, fortnightly, midnightly, outrightly, politely, unsightly, uprightly eruditely, impolitely, reconditely ightment Mt-msntX see itement ightning \It-nirj\ lightning, tightening belt-tightening —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ighten ightn't \lt- 3 nt\ see itant ighton \it-9n\ see ighten ights \Its\ lights, nights, tights footlights, houselights, weeknights Dolomites, Golan Heights —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ite1 ightsome Mt-ssnA lightsome delightsome ighty \It-e\ see ite2 igian \ij-9n\ see ygian igid \ij-sd\ Brigid, frigid, rigid igil \ij-al\ Rigel, sigil, strigil, vigil residual igilant Xij-a-lantX vigilant acidulent



igine \ij-a-ne\ polygyny aborigine

ignon \in-yan\ see inion

iginous \ij-s-n9s\ caliginous, fuliginous, indigenous, polygynous, vertiginous

igo 1 \I-go\ Sligo prurigo vitiligo

igion \ij-an\ see ygian

igo 2 \e-go\ see ego

ignor \e-nyar\ see enior

igious \ij-as\ litigious, prestigious, prodigious, religious irreligious

igoe \e-go\ see ego

igit \ij-3t\ see idget

igor \ig-ar\ see igger

igitte \ij-at\ see idget

igorous \ig-ras\ rigorous, vigorous

iglet \ig-lat\ piglet, wiglet

igot1 \ig-at\ bigot, frigate, gigot, spigot

igm1 \im\ see im1

igon \I-gan\ see igan1

igot 2 \ik-at\ see icket

igm 2 \Im\ see ime1 igma \ig-ma\ sigma, stigma enigma, kerygma igment \ig-mant\ figment, pigment

igour \ig-ar\ see igger igrapher Xig-ra-fsrX calligrapher, epigrapher, polygrapher, serigrapher

ign \In\ see ine1

igraphist \ig-ra-fsst\ calligraphist, epigraphist, polygraphist

ignable M-na-balX see inable

igraphy \ig-ra-fe\ calligraphy, epigraphy pseudepigraphy

ignancy \ig-nan-se\ benignancy, malignancy ignant \ig-nant\ benignant, indignant, malignant igned \Ind\ see ind1 igneous \ig-ne-as\ igneous, ligneous igner \i-nar\ see iner1 igness \ig-nss\ bigness, Cygnus ignet \ig-nat\ see ygnet igning \I-nin\ see ining ignity \ig-nst-e\ dignity indignity, malignity ignly \In-le\ see inely


ignment \In-m3nt\ alignment, assignment, confinement, consignment, enshrinement, refinement nonalignment, realignment

igua \e-gs\ see iga1 igue \eg\ gigue, Grieg, league blitzkrieg, colleague, fatigue, garigue, intrigue, squeteague wampumpeag iguer \e-gar\ see eager iguous \ig-y9-was\ ambiguous, contiguous, exiguous unambiguous igured \ig-ard\ see iggard ii \ i \ seey 1 iing \e-irj\ see eeing ija \e-js\ see egia ijah \I-ja\ Elijah steatopygia iji \e-je\ Fiji, squeegee ijl \I1\ see lie1

187 ijn \In\ see ine1


ijssel \I-S3\ see isal

ikes \Iks\ yikes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ike

ik1 \ik\ see ick

ikey \I-ke\ see ike1

ik2 \ek\ see eak

ikh \ek\ see eak 1

ika1 \e-ks\ pika, theca areca, eureka, Frederica, Fredericka, paprika, Topeka Costa Rica, Dominica, oiticica, Tanganyika bibliotheca

iki1 \ik-e\ see icky

ika2 \I-ka\ see ica1 ike1 \I-ke\ crikey, Nike, Psyche, spiky ike2 \ik\ bike, caique, dike, fyke, haik, hike, like, mike, Mike, pike, psych, shrike, sike, spike, strike, trike, tyke alike, belike, catlike, childlike, clocklike, dislike, fly-strike, garpike, godlike, handspike, hitchhike, homelike, Klondike, lifelike, mislike, pealike, prooflike, push-bike, rampike, restrike, scalelike, sheaflike, shunpike, suchlike, ten-strike, turnpike, unlike, Updike, Vandyke, warlike, wifelike, winglike berrylike, businesslike, fatherlike, ladylike, look-alike, machinelike, marlinespike, marlinspike, minibike, motorbike, rubberlike, Scafell Pike, soundalike, thunderstrike, womanlike, workmanlike unsportsmanlike iked1 \ikt\ liked, piked, spiked vandyked —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ike2 iked 2 \I-kad\ see ycad iken \I-ksn\ see ichen1 iker \I-kar\ biker, diker, duiker, hiker, piker, spiker, striker disliker, hitchhiker, shunpiker minibiker

iki2 \e-ke\ see eaky iking \I-kirj\ liking, striking, Viking shunpiking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ike2 ikker \ik-ar\ see icker1 iky \I-ke\ see ike1 il1 \il\ see ill il2 \el\ see e a r iia1 \il-a\ see ilia iia2 \ e - b \ see ela 1 iia3 \ I - b \ Lila Delilah ilae \i-le\ see yly Mage \I-lij\ mileage, silage ilah \i-ta\ see iia3 ilament \il-9-mant\ filament habiliment monofilament ilar \I-lsr\ dialer, filar, flier, hilar, miler, smiler, stylar, styler, tiler, Tyler beguiler, bifilar, compiler, defiler, freestyler, profiler, rottweiler, stockpiler ilary \il-a-re\ see illary ilate \I-bt\ see Not ilbe \il-be\ see ilby ilbert \il-bart\ filbert, gilbert, Gilbert ilby \il-be\ trilby astilbe ilch1 \ilk\ see ilk

ilch ilch 2 \ilch\ filch, milch, zilch 1

ild \Hd\ mild, piled, wild, Wilde brainchild, godchild, grandchild, hog-wild, man-child, pantiled, Rothschild, schoolchild, self-styled, stepchild —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ile1 ild2 \il\ see ill ild3 \ilt\ see ilt ild4 \ild\ see illed ilda \il-ds\ Hilda, tilde, Wilda ilde1 \il-da\ see ilda ilde 2 \Hd\ see ild1 ilder 1 \il-dsr\ builder, gilder, guilder, wilder bewilder, boatbuilder, shipbuilder, upbuilder bodybuilder, jerry-builder ilder 2 \Il-dar\ milder, wilder, Wilder ilding \il-dirj\ building, gilding, hilding abuilding, outbuilding, shipbuilding bodybuilding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at illed ildish \Il-dish\ childish, wildish

188 pensile, profile, puerile, quartile, quintile, redial, reptile, resile, retrial, revile, sandpile, scissile, sectile, senile, servile, sessile, stabile, stockpile, sundial, tactile, tensile, textile, turnstile, typestyle, unpile, utile, vagile, virile, woodpile, worthwhile afebrile, airmobile, Anglophile, chamomile, contractile, crocodile, discophile, domicile, endostyle, epistyle, erectile, extensile, Francophile, Gallophile, halophile, homophile, hypostyle, infantile, interfile, juvenile, low-profile, mercantile, oenophile, otherwhile, pedophile, percentile, peristyle, prehensile, projectile, protractile, pulsatile, reconcile, refractile, retractile, self-denial, Slavophile, spermophile, technopile, thermopile, turophile, urostyle, versatile, vibratile, xenophile ailurophile, amphiprostyle, audiophile, bibliophile, electrophile, fluviatile, Germanophile, heterophile, Italophile, nucleophile ile 2 \il\ see ill ile 3 \e-le\ see eely ile 4 \el\ see eal 2 ile 5 \il-e\ see illy1

ildly \fld-le\ childly, mildly, wildly

Mead \il-e-ad\ see iliad

ile1 \fl\ aisle, bile, dial, faille, file, guile, I'll, isle, Kyle, lisle, Lyle, mile, Nile, phial, pile, rile, roil, smile, spile, stile, style, tile, trial, vial, vile, viol, while, wile abseil, aedile, agile, anile, argyle, Argyll, audile, awhile, axile, beguile, Blue Nile, Carlyle, compile, condyle, cross-file, de Stijl, decile, defile, denial, docile, ductile, enisle, ensile, erewhile, erstwhile, espial, exile, febrile, fictile, fissile, flexile, fragile, freestyle, futile, genial, gentile, gracile, habile, hairstyle, Kabyle, labile, life-style, meanwhile, mistrial, mobile, motile, nubile, pantile, penile,

ileage \I-lij\ see ilage ileal \il-e-al\ see ilial1 ileless \Il-l3s\ guileless, pileless, smileless Her1 \ e - b r \ see ealer iler2 \I-lar\ see ilar iles \Ilz\ Giles, Miles, Niles Wade-Giles British Isles, Western Isles ileum \il-e-3m\ see ilium iley \I-le\ see yly ilford \il-fard\ Milford, Wilford


189 ili1 \il-e\ see illy1 2

Hi \e-le\ see eely ilia1 \il-e-a\ Celia, cilia Cecelia, Cecilia, Massilia Anglophilia, basophilia, coprophilia, hemophilia, juvenilia, necrophilia, neophilia, pedophilia, sensibilia memorabilia ilia2 \il-ya\ Brasilia, sedilia bougainvillea, sensibilia memorabilia ilia3 \el-ys\ see elia iliad \il-e-ad\ Gilead, Iliad balm of Gilead ilial \il-e-al\ filial, ileal familial, unfilial ilian1 \il-e-an\ Gillian, Ilian, Lillian Basilian, reptilian Abbevillian, crocodilian, preexilian, vespertilian ilian2 Xil-ysrA see illion ilias \il-e-9s\ see ilious1 iliate \il-e-st\ ciliate affiliate ilic \il-ik\ killick acrylic, allylic, Cyrillic, dactylic, exilic, idyllic, sibylic amphiphilic, Anglophilic, hemophilic, necrophilic, pedophilic, postexilic, zoophilic bibliophilic ilica \il-i-ks\ silica basilica ilican \il-i-kan\ see ilicon ilicon \il-i-kan\ Millikan, silicon, spillikin basilican ferrosilicon ilience \il-yans\ see illiance iliency Vl-yan-seA see illiancy ilient \il-ysnt\ brilliant resilient

iliment Xil-a-msntX see ilament iling1 \I-lirj\ filing, piling, spiling, styling, tiling hairstyling iling 2 \e-lirj\ see eeling ilion1 Xil-yarA see illion ilion 2 \il-e-an\ see ilian1 ilious 1 \il-e-9s\ punctilious supercilious materfamilias, paterfamilias ilious 2 \il-yas\ bilious atrabilious, supercilious ilip \il-ap\ see illip ilitant \il-3-tant\ militant rehabilitant ility \il-at-e\ ability, agility, anility, civility, debility, docility, ductility, facility, fertility, fragility, futility, gentility, gracility, hostility, humility, lability, mobility, motility, nobility, nubility, scurrility, sectility, senility, stability, sterility, suability, tactility, tranquility, utility, vagility, virility actability, affability, arability, audibility, bearability, biddability, breathability, brushability, capability, changeability, coilability, contractility, countability, credibility, crossability, culpability, curability, cutability, disability, disutility, drapability, drillability, drinkability, durability, dyeability, edibility, equability, erectility, fallibility, feasibility, fishability, fiammability, flexibility, forgeability, formability, frangibility, friability, gullibility, imbecility, immobility, inability, incivility, indocility, infantility, infertility, instability, inutility, juvenility, laudability, leachability, legibility, liability, likability, livability, mailability, meltability, miscibility, movability, mutability, notability, packability, placability, plausibility, playability, portability, possibility,

ility potability, pregnability, prehensility, printability, probability, puerility, readability, risibility, roadability, salability, sensibility, sewability, shareability, sociability, solubility, solvability, spreadability, squeezability, stainability, stretchability, tenability, testability, traceability, treatability, tunability, usability, vendability, versatility, viability, visibility, volatility, washability, wearability, wettability, workability absorbability, acceptability, accessibility, accountability, adaptability, adjustability, admirability, admissibility, adoptability, adorability, advisability, affectability, agreeability, alterability, amenability, amiability, amicability, appealability, applicability, approachability, assumability, attainability, automobility, availability, believability, collapsibility, combustability, comparability, compatibility, compensability, compressability, computability, conceivability, conductability, confirmability, contemptibility, contractibility, controllability, convertibility, corrigibility, corruptibility, cultivability, damageability, decidability, deductibility, defeasibility, defensibility, delectability, demonstrability, deniability, dependability, desirability, destructibility, detachability, detectability, deterrability, detonability, digestibility, dilatability, dispensability, disposability, dissociability, dissolubility, distensibility, distractibility, divisibility, educability, electability, eligibility, employability, enforceability, equitability, erasability, erodability, exchangeability, excitability, excludability, exhaustibility, expansibility, expendability, explosibility, exportability, extensibility,

190 extractibility, extrudability, fashionability, fatigability, filterability, fissionability, formidability, habitability, heritability, illegibility, immiscibility, immovability, immutability, impalpability, impassability, impassibility, impeccability, implacability, implausibility, impossibility, impregnability, impressibility, improbability, improvability, inaudibility, incapability, incredibility, indelibility, inductibility, ineffability, infallibility, infeasibility, inflammability, inflexibility, infrangibility, infusibility, insensibility, insolubility, insurability, intangibility, invincibility, invisibility, irascibility, irritability, knowledgeability, machinability, maintainability, manageability, marketability, merchantability, measurability, modulability, navigability, negligibility, nonflammability, openability, operability, opposability, palatability, penetrability, perceptibility, perdurability, perfectibility, performability, perishability, permeability, permissibility, pleasurability, practicability, preferability, presentability, preservability, preventability, processibility, programmability, punishability, reasonability, refundability, reliability, renewability, repeatability, reputability, resistibility, respectability, responsibility, retrievability, reusability, reversability, salvageability, separability, severability, serviceability, suggestability, supportability, suppressibility, survivability, susceptibility, sustainability, tolerability, trafficability, transferability, translatability, transmissibility, transplantability, transportability, unflappability, unthinkability, untouchability, variability, violability, vulnerability, weatherability


191 alienability, analyzability, assimilability, codifiability, commensurability, communicability, comprehensibility, decomposability, deliverability, discriminability, disrespectability, distinguishability, enumerability, exceptionability, hypnotizability, illimitability, impenetrability, imperishability, impermeability, impermissibility, imponderability, impracticability, impressionability, inaccessibility, inadmissibility, inadvisability, inalterability, inapplicability, incalculability, incombustibility, incomparability, incompatibility, incompressibility, inconceivability, incontestability, inconvertibility, incorrigibility, incorruptibility, indefeasibility, indefensibility, indefinability, indestructibility, indigestibility, indispensability, indissolubility, indivisibility, indomitability, indubitability, ineducability, ineffaceability, ineligibility, ineluctability, inevitability, inexhaustibility, inexplicability, inexpressibility, inextricability, inheritability, insatiability, inseparability, insociability, insusceptibility, intelligibility, interchangeability, intolerability, invariability, invulnerability, irreducibility, irreformability, irrefutability, irremovability, irrepealability, irreplaceability, irrepressibility, irreproachability, irresistibility, irresponsibility, irretrievability, irreversibility, irrevocability, maneuverability, manipulability, negotiability, polarizability, recognizability, recoverability, rectifiability, reprehensibility, reproducibility, substitutability, unacceptability, unaccountability, understandability, undesirability, verifiability biocompatability, biodegradability, differentiability, inalienability, incommensurability,

incommunicability, incomprehensibility, incontrovertibility, indefatigability, indistinguishability, ineradicability, interoperability, irreconcilability, irreproducibility ilium \il-e-am\ cilium, ileum, ilium, Ilium, milium, trillium beryllium penicillium ilk \ilk\ bilk, ilk, milch, milk, silk buttermilk, liebfraumilch ilker \il-kar\ bilker, milker ilky \il-ke\ milky, silky ill \il\ bill, Bill, brill, chill, dill, drill, fill, frill, gill, grill, grille, hill, ill, Jill, kill, krill, mil, mill, mille, nil, nill, Phil, pill, prill, quill, rill, shill, shrill, sild, sill, skill, spill, squill, still, swill, thill, thrill, til, till, trill, twill, vill, will, Will anthill, backfill, bluegill, Brazil, Catskill, Churchill, cranesbill, crossbill, de Mille, dentil, deskill, distill, doorsill, downhill, duckbill, dullsville, dunghill, foothill, freewill, fulfill, goodwill, Granville, gristmill, handbill, hawksbill, hornbill, Huntsville, instill, Knoxville, lambkill, landfill, limekiln, manille, Melville, molehill, mudsill, Nashville, no-till, playbill, quadrille, refill, roadkill, sawmill, self-will, Seville, sheathbill, shoebill, sidehill, sigil, spadille, spoonbill, stabile, standstill, stockstill, storksbill, T-bill, treadmill, unreal, until, uphill, vaudeville, waxbill, waybill, windchill, windmill Brazzaville, chlorophyll, daffodil, deshabille, de Toqueville, dishabille, escadrille, espadrille, Evansville, fiberfill, Francophil, Hooverville, Jacksonville, Libreville, Louisville, minimill, overfill, overkill, overspill, razorbill, rototill, tormentil, verticil, windowsill, whippoorwill, winter-kill, Yggdrasil acidophil, ivorybill, minoxydil, Nizhni Togil, run-of-the-mill



I'll \I1\ see ile1 1

ilia \e-ys\ barilla, cuadrilla banderilla, quesadilla Ilia2 \il-9\ scilla, Scylla, squilla, villa, Willa ancilla, Aquila, Attila, axilla, Camilla, cedilla, chinchilla, flotilla, gorilla, guerrilla, manila, Manila, megillah, papilla, perilla, Priscilla, scintilla, vanilla camarilla, cascarilla, granadilla, potentilla, sabadilla, sapodilla, sarsaparilla ilia3 \e-a\ see ia1 ilia4 \el-ya\ see elia ilia5 \e-l9\ see ela 1 illable \il-3-bal\ billable, drillable, fillable, spillable, syllable, tillable disyllable, refillable, trisyllable decasyllable, monosyllable, octosyllable, polysyllable hendecasyllable illage \il-ij\ grillage, millage, pillage, spillage, tillage, village no-tillage, permillage Greenwich Village 2

Brynhild, engild, gold-filled, goodwilled, rebuild, self-willed, spoonbilled, unbuild, unskilled, upbuild, wergild jerry-build, overbuild, semiskilled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ill illedness \il-ngs\ see ilness illein \il-an\ see illon iller \il-ar\ biller, chiller, driller, filler, giller, griller, hiller, killer, miller, Miller, pillar, schiller, spiller, swiller, thriller, tiller, triller axillar, distiller, fulfiller, painkiller, pralltriller, von Schiller caterpillar, lady-killer, Rototiller —also -er forms of adjectives listed at\\\ illery \il-re\ pillory artillery, distillery illes \il-ez\ see illies illet \il-at\ billet, fillet, millet, rillet, skillet, willet distillate illful \il-fal\ skillful, willful unskillful illi1 \il-e\ see illy1

illah \il-a\ see ilia

illi2 \e-le\ see eely

illain \il-sn\ see illon

illian1 \il-e-9n\ see ilian1

illar \il-ar\ see iller

illian2 \il-yan\ see illion

illary \il-a-re\ Hilary, Hillary, phyllary codicillary

illiance \il-yans\ brilliance resilience

i I late \il-9t\ see illet

illiancy \il-y9n-se\ brilliancy resiliency

ille1 \il\ see ill

illiant \il-y9nt\ see ilient


ille \ e \ see ee 3

illick \il-ik\ see ilic


ille \el\ see eal


illea \il-y9\ see ilia2 illed \ild\ build, dilled, drilled, gild, gilled, guild, skilled, twilled, willed

illie \il-e\ see illy1 illies \il-ez\ willies Achilles, Antilles Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles Netherlands Antilles


193 —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at illy1 illikan \il-i-kan\ see ilicon illikin \il-i-kan\ see ilicon illin1 \il-3m\ see ilium illin2 \il-an\ see illon illing \il-irj\ billing, drilling, filling, killing, milling, schilling, shilling, skilling, twilling, willing fulfilling, spine-chilling, unwilling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at\\\ illion \il-ysn\ billion, jillion, Lillian, million, pillion, trillion, zillion caecilian, Castilian, centillion, civilian, cotillion, decillion, modillion, nonillion, octillion, pavilion, postilion, quadrillion, Quintilian, quintillion, reptilian, septillion, sextillion, toubillion, vaudevillian, vermilion crocodilian, Maximilian, preexilian, quindecillion, sexdecillion, tredecillion, undecillion, vespertilian, vigintillion duodecillion, novemdecillion, octodecillion, septendecillion quattuordecillion illip \il-ap\ fillip, Philip illis \il-9s\ see illus illium \il-e-9m\ see ilium illness \il-n9s\ chillness, illness, shrillness, stillness illo1 \il-6\ billow, pillow, willow Negrillo, tornillo Amarillo, armadillo, cigarillo, coyotillo, peccadillo, tamarillo illo2 \e-6\ see io2 illon \il-9n\ billon, Dylan, Uilleann, villain, villein tefillin penicillin amoxycillin illory \il-re\ see illery

illous \il-as\ see illus illow1 \il-a\ see ilia2 illow2 \il-6\ see illo1 illowy \il-3-we\ billowy, pillowy, willowy ills \ilz\ Black Hills, no-frills Alban Hills —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ill ilium \il-3m\ chillum vexillum illus \il-as\ Phyllis, villous, Willis bacillus, lapillus amaryllis toga virilis illy1 \il-e\ Billie, billy, Chile, chili, chilly, dilly, filly, frilly, gillie, hilly, illy, Lillie, lily, Lily, Millie, really, Scilly, silly, stilly, Willie, Willy bacilli, Caerphilly, daylily, fusilli, guidwillie, hillbilly piccalilli, rockabilly, willy-nilly illy2 \il-le\ shrilly, stilly iln1 \il\ see ill iln2 \iln\ kiln, Milne ilne \iln\ see iln2 ilo1 \I-16\ milo, Milo, phyllo, silo ilo 2 \e-lo\ helo, kilo, phyllo Iloilo ilom M-larrA see ilum iloquence \il-3-kwans\ grandiloquence, magniloquence iloquent \il-3-kwant\ grandiloquent, magniloquent iloquist \il-9-kwast\ soliloquist, ventriloquist iloquy \il-a-kwe\ soliloquy, ventriloquy


ilot ilot \i-lat\ eyelet, islet, Pilate, pilot, stylet copilot autopilot, Pontius Pilate

im 2 \em\ see earn 1

ils \ils\ fils, grilse, Nils

imable M-ma-balX climable sublimable, unclimbable

ilse \ils\ see ils ilt \ilt\ built, gilt, guilt, hilt, jilt, kilt, lilt, milt, quilt, silt, stilt, tilt, wilt atilt, bloodguilt, Brunhild, homebuilt, inbuilt, rebuilt, unbuilt, uptilt carvel-built, clinker-built, custombuilt, purpose-built ilter \il-tar\ filter, kilter, milter, philter off-kilter Mth \ilth\ filth, spilth, tilth

I'm \Im\ see ime1 ima \e-ma\ see ema

imace \im-as\ grimace, tzimmes image \im-ij\ image, scrimmage self-image afterimage iman Xe-marA see emon 1 imate \i-mat\ climate, primate acclimate imb1 \im\ see im1 imb 2 \im\ see ime1

iltie \il-te\ see ilty

imba \im-ba\ limba kalimba, marimba

Mton \ilt- 3 n\ Hilton, Milton, Stilton, Wilton

imbable M-ma-balX see imable

ilty \il-te\ guilty, kiltie, milty, silty bloodguilty

imbale Xim-balX see imble

ilum M-bmX filum, hilum, phylum, whilom, xylem asylum

imbed \imd\ limbed, rimmed clean-limbed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at im1

ilus \i-las\ eyeless, pilus, stylus, tieless

imber1 \im-bar\ limber, timber sawtimber, unlimber

ily1 \i-le\ seeyly

imber 2 M-marX see imer1



ily \il-e\ see illy

im1 \im\ bream, brim, dim, glim, grim, Grimm, gym, him, hymn, Jim, Kim, limb, limn, mim, nim, prim, rim, scrim, shim, skim, slim, swim, Tim, trim, vim, whim bedim, dislimn, forelimb, passim, prelim, Purim, Sikkim, slim-jim, snapbrim acronym, anonym, antonym, eponym, homonym, metonym, paradigm, paronym, pseudonym, seraphim, synonym, tautonym, toponym, underbrim ad interim, heteronym

imbal \im-bal\ see imble

imble \im-bal\ cymbal, gimbal, nimble, symbol, thimble, timbal, timbale, wimble imbo \im-bo\ bimbo, limbo akimbo gumbo-limbo imbral \am-brsl\ see ambrel imbre \am-bar\ see ambar 2 imbrel \im-br3l\ timbrel, whimbrel imbus Xim-bssX limbus, nimbus ime 1 \Im\ chime, climb, clime, crime, dime, disme, grime, I'm, lime,


195 mime, prime, rhyme, rime, slime, stime, thyme, time airtime, all-time, bedtime, begrime, big time, birdlime, daytime, downtime, dreamtime, enzyme, flextime, foretime, halftime, lifetime, longtime, lunchtime, Mannheim, Maytime, mealtime, meantime, nighttime, noontime, old-time, onetime, part-time, pastime, peacetime, playtime, quicklime, ragtime, schooltime, seedtime, smalltime, sometime, space-time, springtime, sublime, teatime, twotime, uptime, wartime aftertime, Anaheim, anytime, beforetime, Christmastime, dinnertime, double-time, harvesttime, Jotunheim, lysozyme, maritime, monorhyme, overtime, pantomime, paradigm, summertime, wintertime nickel-and-dime ime 2 \em\ see earn 1 imel \im-9l\ gimel, gimmal, kiimmel imeless \Im-las\ rhymeless, timeless imely \Im-le\ primely, timely untimely imen M-manX flyman, hymen, Hymen, limen, Lyman, Simon imeon \im-e-9n\ see imian imeous M-mssX see imis imer1 M-marX chimer, climber, dimer, mimer, primer, rhymer, timer, trimer full-timer, old-timer, small-timer, sublimer, two-timer wisenheimer imer2 \im-3r\ see immer imerick \im-rik\ see ymric imes 1 \Imz\ times betimes, daytimes, sometimes betweentimes, oftentimes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ime

imes 2 \em\ see earn 1 imeter \im-3t-ar\ dimeter, limiter, scimitar, trimeter altimeter, delimiter, perimeter, tachymeter imetry \im-3-tre\ symmetry gravimetry polarimetry, sypersymmetry imian \im-e-an\ Simeon, simian Endymion, prosimian imic \im-ik\ see ymic2 imical \im-i-kal\ inimical, metonymical, synonymical, toponymical imicry \im-i-kre\ gimmickry, mimicry imilar \im-3-l9r\ similar dissimilar imile \im-9-le\ simile, swimmily facsimile iminal1 \im-9n- 3 l\ criminal, liminal subliminal supraliminal iminal2 \im-n9l\ see ymnal iminy \im-9-ne\ see imony imis \I-mas\ primus, thymus, timeous imprimis, untimeous imitable \im-at-3-b3l\ imitable illimitable, inimitable imitar \im-9t-9r\ see imeter imiter \im-9t-9r\ see imeter imits \im-its\ limits, Nimitz imity \im-9t-e\ dimity proximity, sublimity anonymity, equanimity, longanimity, magnanimity, pseudonymity, synonymity, unanimity pusillanimity imitz \im-its\ see imits


imm imm \im\ see im1 immable \im-a-b9l\ dimmable, swimmable immage \im-ij\ see image immal \im-3l\ see imel

imple \im-pal\ dimple, pimple, simple, wimple oversimple imply \im-ple\ dimply, limply, pimply, simply

imme \i-me\ see immy

impy \im-pe\ crimpy, gimpy, scrimpy, shrimpy, skimpy, wimpy

immed \imd\ see imbed

imsy \im-ze\ flimsy, slimsy, whimsy

immer \im-3r\ brimmer, dimmer, glimmer, krimmer, limmer, limner, primer, shimmer, simmer, skimmer, slimmer, swimmer, trimmer —also -er forms of adjectives listed at im1

imulus \im-ya-tas\ limulus, stimulus

immes \im-as\ see imace immick \im-ik\ see ymic


immickry \im-i-kre\ see imicry immily \im-9-le\ see imile immy \im-e\ gimme, jimmy, limby, shimmy, swimmy imn \im\ see im1 imner \im-ar\ see immer imo \e-mo\ primo sentimo imon Xi-msnX see imen imony \im-a-ne\ simony niminy-piminy imothy \im-3-the\ timothy, Timothy polymathy imp \imp\ blimp, chimp, crimp, gimp, guimpe, imp, limp, pimp, primp, scrimp, shrimp, simp, skimp, wimp impe \imp\ see imp imper \im-par\ limper, shrimper, simper, whimper imping Njm-panX seeympan impish \im-pish\ blimpish, impish

imus M-masX see imis imy \I-me\ grimy, limey, limy, rimy, slimy, stymie, thymy old-timey in1 \in\ been, bin, blin, chin, din, fin, Finn, gin, grin, Gwyn, hin, in, inn, kin, linn, Lynn, Lynne, pin, shin, Shin, sin, skin, spin, thin, tin, twin, whin, win, wyn, yin, zin again, agin, akin, all-in, backspin, bearskin, begin, Benin, Berlin, Boleyn, bowfin, break-in, buckskin, built-in, burn-in, calfskin, capeskin, cave-in, chagrin, check-in, Chongjin, close-in, clothespin, coonskin, Corinne, crankpin, cut-in, deerskin, doeskin, drive-in, drop-in, duckpin, dustbin, fade-in, fill-in, foreskin, goatskin, Guilin, hairpin, Harbin, hasbeen, headpin, herein, Jilin, Kerin, kidskin, kingpin, lambskin, lead-in, lie-in, linchpin, live-in, lived-in, lobefin, locked-in, look-in, love-in, moleskin, munchkin, Nankin, ninepin, no-win, oilskin, Pekin, phone-in, pigskin, pinyin, plug-in, pushpin, ruin, run-in, saimin, scarfpin, scarfskin, sealskin, set-in, sharkskin, sheepskin, shoo-in, shut-in, sidespin, sit-in, sleepin, snakeskin, stand-in, step-in, stickpin, swanskin, tailspin, take-in, tap-in, teach-in, tenpin, therein, tholepin, threadfin, throw-in, tie-in, tiepin, tip-in, toe-in, trade-in, tuned-in, turn-in, unpin, walk-in, weigh-in, wherein, wineskin, within, woolskin, write-in


197 candlepin, catechin, Ha-erh-pin, Ho Chi Minh, Lohengrin, lying-in, mandolin, maximin, Mickey Finn, onionskin, palanquin, Tianjin, underpin, underspin, Vietminh, violin, whipper-in canthaxanthin in 2 \en\ see ine 3 in3 \an\ see an 5

inach \in-ich\ Greenwich, spinach inah1 \e-na\ see ina2 inah 2 \I-na\ see ina1 inal1 \In- 3 l\ clinal, final, rhinal, spinal, trinal, vinyl matutinal, officinal, quarterfinal, semifinal, serotinal inal2 \en- 3 l\ see enal


in \a \ Chopin, doyen, Gauguin, moulin, Petain, Rodin, serin coq au vin, coup de main, fleur de coin, Mazarin

inally \In- 3 l-e\ clinally, finally, spinally matutinally

in5 \an\ see un1

inary \I-na-re\ binary, trinary

ina1 \I-na\ china, China, Dina, Dinah, Heine, Ina, mina, mynah Aegina, angina, Lucina, nandina, piscina, Regina, salina, shechinah, vagina Cochin China, Carolina, Indochina, kamaaina, Poland China North Carolina, South Carolina

inas 1 \I-nas\ see inus1

ina2 \e-ns\ Deena, Dena, kina, Lena, Nina, plena, Shina, Tina, vena, vina arena, Athena, cantina, catena, Christina, coquina, corbina, corvina, czarina, Edwina, euglena, farina, fontina, Georgina, hyena, kachina, Kristina, marina, Marina, medina, Medina, Messina, nandina, novena, patina, piscina, platina, Regina, retsina, Rowena, salina, sestina, Shechinah, subpoena, verbena Agrippina, amberina, Angelina, Argentina, ballerina, casuarina, Carolina, Catalina, catilena, cavatina, Chianina, concertina, Filipina, javelina, Katerina, ocarina, Palestrina, Pasadena, Saint Helena, semolina, signorina, sonatina, Taormina, Teresina, Wilhelmina Herzegovina, Pallas Athena, Strait of Messina inable M-na-balX minable consignable, declinable, definable, inclinable indeclinable, indefinable

inas 2 \e-nas\ see enus 1 i native \in-9t-iv\ see initive inc \irjk\ see ink inca \irj-ka\ Dinka, Inca, vinca Mandinka incal \in-k9l\ see inkle incan \irj-kan\ Incan Lincoln ince 1 \ins\ blintz, chintz, mince, prince, quince, rinse, since, wince convince, evince, shinsplints Port-au-Prince ince 2 \ans\ see ance 3 incely \in-sle\ princely, tinselly incer \in-ch3r\ see incher inch \inch\ chinch, cinch, clinch, finch, flinch, grinch, inch, lynch, pinch, squinch, winch bullfinch, goldfinch, greenfinch, hawfinch, unclinch incher \in-chsr\ clincher, flincher, lyncher, pincer, pincher, wincher affenpinscher, penny-pincher Doberman pinscher inching \in-chirj\ unflinching

incible penny-pinching —also -ing forms of verbs listed at

inch incible \in-s3-bal\ principal, principle, vincible evincible, invincible inconvincible incing \in-sirj\ ginseng, mincing convincing unconvincing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ince1

198 ind 2 \ind\ finned, Ind, Sind, skinned, wind buckskinned, crosswind, downwind, exscind, prescind, rescind, soft-finned, thick-skinned, thin-skinned, upwind, whirlwind, woodwind Amerind, spiny-finned, tamarind —also -ed forms of verbs listed at in

ind \int\ see int

incipal Xin-sa-balX see incible

inda \in-d9\ Linda Lucinda, Melinda Samarinda

incipie \in-s3-bal\ see incible

indar \in-dar\ see inder 2

inck \irjk\ see ink incky \irj-ke\ see inky incoln \irj-k9n\ see incan inct \int\ linked, kinked, tinct distinct, extinct, instinct, precinct, succinct, unlinked indistinct inction Xirj-shsnX distinction, extinction contradistinction inctive \irj-tiv\ distinctive, extinctive, instinctive indistinctive incture \in-ch3r\ cincture, tincture ind1 \Ind\ bind, blind, find, grind, hind, kind, mind, rind, signed, spined, tined, wind, wynd affined, behind, confined, inclined, in-kind, night-blind, purblind, refined, remind, rewind, sand-blind, snowblind, spellbind, stone-blind, streamlined, unbind, unkind, unwind color-blind, double-blind, gavelkind, gravel-blind, hoodman-blind, humankind, mastermind, nonaligned, single-blind, unaligned, undersigned, well-defined, womankind —also -ed forms of verbs listed at


inded 1 \in-d9d\ minded, rinded broad-minded, fair-minded, highminded, large-minded, like-minded, low-minded, right-minded, smallminded, strong-minded, toughminded, weak-minded absentminded, bloody-minded, civicminded, evil-minded, feebleminded, narrow-minded, open-minded, simpleminded, single-minded, socialminded, tender-minded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ind1 inded 2 \in-dad\ brinded, long-winded, short-winded broken-winded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ind2 inder1 \In-d9r\ binder, blinder, finder, grinder, hinder, minder, winder bookbinder, faultfinder, highbinder, netminder, pathfinder, reminder, ring binder, self-binder, sidewinder, spellbinder, stem-winder, viewfinder organ-grinder —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ind1 inder2 \in-dar\ cinder, hinder, Pindar, tinder indful \In-f3l\ mindful remindful, unmindful

199 indhi \in-de\ see indy indi \in-de\ see indy indie \in-dik\ Indie, syndic indie \in-de\ see indy inding \In-dirj\ binding, finding, winding bookbinding, fact-finding, faultfinding, pathfinding, self-winding, spellbinding, stem-winding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ind1 indlass \in-bs\ see inless indie \in-d 3 l\ brindle, dwindle, kindle, spindle, swindle enkindle indless \In-bs\ kindless, mindless, spineless indling1 \in-lsn\ pindling, kindling indling 2 \ind-lirj\ dwindling, kindling, pindling, spindling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at indie1 indly1 \in-le\ see inly indly2 \m-le\ see inely1 indness \fn-n9s\ blindness, fineness, kindness purblindness, unkindness loving-kindness indowed \in-dad\ see inded 2 indus \in-das\ Indus, Pindus indy \in-de\ Cindy, Hindi, indie, lindy, shindy, Sindhi, windy Rawalpindi ine1 \In\ bine, brine, chine, cline, dine, dyne, eyen, fine, Jain, kine, line, Line, Main, mine, nine, pine, Rhein, Rhine, rind, shine, shrine, sign, spine, spline, stein, Stein, swine, syne, thine, tine, trine, twine, vine, whine, wine A-line, affine, airline, align, alkyne, alpine, assign, balkline, baseline,

me beeline, benign, Bernstein, bloodline, bovine, bowline, branchline, breadline, buntline, bustline, byline, canine, caprine, carbine, carmine, cervine, clothesline, coastline, combine, compline, condign, confine, consign, corvine, cutline, dateline, deadline, decline, define, design, divine, dragline, driveline, earthshine, Einstein, eiswein, enshrine, ensign, entwine, equine, ethyne, feline, ferine, fraulein, frontline, gantline, grapevine, guideline, hairline, hard-line, headline, hemline, hipline, Holbein, Holstein, incline, indign, in-line, jawline, landline, lang syne, lifeline, longline, lupine, mainline, malign, midline, moline, moonshine, off-line, old-line, opine, outline, outshine, ovine, Pauline, Pennine, Petrine, pipeline, piscine, plotline, pontine, Pontine, porcine, potline, propine, quinine, rapine, recline, redline, refine, reline, repine, resign, ridgeline, roofline, Sabine, saline, setline, shoreline, sideline, Sixtine, skyline, soft-line, straight-line, strandline, streamline, strychnine, subline, sunshine, supine, syncline, taurine, tie-line, time-line, topline, touchline, towline, tramline, trapline, trephine, trotline, truckline, tumpline, turbine, untwine, ursine, vespine, vulpine, waistline, woodbine, zayin, zebrine aerodyne, alkaline, androgyne, Angeline, anodyne, anserine, anticline, aquiline, argentine, asinine, auld lang syne, borderline, bottomline, Byzantine, calamine, calcimine, Caroline, catarrhine, Catiline, celandine, centerline, cisalpine, Cisalpine, clandestine, colubrine, columbine, Columbine, concubine, Constantine, countermine, countersign, crystalline, cytokine, disincline, eglantine, endocrine, exocrine, falconine, fescennine, Frankenstein, gregarine, infantine, interline, intertwine, iodine, Johannine, leonine, Liechtenstein, monkeyshine, muscadine, opaline,

me palatine, Palestine, passerine, porcupine, psittacine, realign, redefine, redesign, riverine, Rubenstein, saccharine, sapphirine, saturnine, serpentine, sibylline, sixtynine, subalpine, Theatine, timberline, turnverein, turpentine, underline, undermine, Ursuline, uterine, valentine, vespertine, viperine, vulturine, waterline, zibeline accipitrine, adamantine, adulterine, alexandrine, amaranthine, Capitoline, elephantine, Evangeline, Frankfurt am Main, Rembrandt van Rijn, Schleswig-Holstein nonoxynol-9 ine 2 \e-na\ fine wahine ine 3 \en\ bean, clean, dean, Dean, Deane, dene, e'en, gene, Gene, glean, green, Green, greene, jean, Jean, Jeanne, keen, lean, lien, mean, mesne, mien, peen, preen, quean, queen, scene, screen, seen, sheen, shin, sin, skean, skene, spean, spleen, teen, tween, wean, ween, wheen, yean Aileen, Arlene, baleen, beguine, Beguine, Benin, Bernstein, between, boreen, bovine, buckbean, caffeine, canteen, carbine, careen, Carlene, Cathleen, Charlene, chlorine, chopine, chorine, Christine, citrine, Claudine, codeine, colleen, Colleen, convene, Coreen, cotquean, cuisine, Darlene, dasheen, dauphine, demean, demesne, dentine, Doreen, dry-clean, dudeen, eighteen, Eileen, Essene, Eugene, fanzine, fascine, fifteen, fluorine, fourteen, Francine, gamine, gangrene, glassine, gyrene, Helene, Hellene, Hermine, hoatzin, holstein, Holstein, horsebean, houseclean, hygiene, Ilene, Irene, Jacqueline, Jeanine, Jeannine, Jolene, Justine, Kathleen, khamsin, Kristine, Ladin, lateen, latrine, Lorene, Lublin, machine, malines, marine, Marlene, Maureen, Maxine, moline, moreen, morphine, Nadine, nankeen, naphthene, Nicene, nineteen, nongreen, Noreen, obscene, offscreen,

200 on-screen, patine, Pauline, piscine, Pontine, poteen, praline, preteen, pristine, propine, protein, quinine, Rabin, Racine, ratteen, ravine, routine, saline, saltine, Salween, sardine, sateen, scalene, serene, shagreen, Sharlene, shebeen, siren, Sistine, sixteen, Slovene, soybean, spalpeen, strychnine, subteen, sunscreen, Szczecin, takin, taurine, terrene, terrine, thirteen, Tolkien, tontine, tureen, umpteen, unclean, undine, unseen, vaccine, vitrine, windscreen, yestreen, Yibin, zechin Aberdeen, almandine, Angeline, argentine, Argentine, Augustine, barkentine, bengaline, Bernadine, bombazine, Borodin, brigandine, brigantine, brilliantine, Byzantine, carotene, carrageen, celandine, clandestine, columbine, Constantine, contravene, crepe de chine, crystalline, damascene, Dexedrine, Dramamine, duvetyn, eglantine, endocrine, Eocene, epicene, Ernestine, estaurine, evergreen, fescennine, figurine, Florentine, fukerene, gabardine, gaberdine, gadarene, galantine, gasoline, Geraldine, Ghibelline, gobetween, grenadine, Gretna Green, guillotine, Halloween, haute cuisine, Hippocrene, histamine, Holocene, Imogene, in-between, indigene, intervene, Jeraldine, Josephine, Kalinin, kerosene, langoustine, legatine, libertine, limousine, Ml6, magazine, mangosteen, margravine, Medellin, melamine, messaline, Methedrine, mezzanine, Miocene, mousseline, Nazarene, nectarine, nicotine, overseen, opaline, organzine, palanquin, palatine, pelerine, percaline, peregrine, philhellene, Philistine, plasticene, plasticine, Pleistocene, Pliocene, riverine, quarantine, reserpine, saccharine, Sakhalin, Saladin, San Joaquin, San Martin, sapphirine, schizophrene, serpentine, seventeen, silkaline, Stelazine, submarine, subroutine, supervene, tambourine, tangerine,

201 Theatine, tourmaline, trampoline, transmarine, travertine, Tridentine, Vaseline, velveteen, wintergreen, wolverine, Ursuline adamantine, alexandrine, amphetamine, aquamarine, Benedictine, bromocriptine, carbon 13, doxycycline, elephantine, Evangeline, internecine, leukotirene, methylxanthene, mujahideen, niphedipine, nouvelle cuisine, Oligocene, Paleocene, pentamedine, tricothecene, ultramarine antihistamine, benzoapyrene, diphenhydramine, Mary Magdalene, NC-17, polybutadiene alpha-fetaprotein, apolipoprotein, buckminsterfullerene, General San Martin, oleomargarine ine 4 \in-e\ see inny ine 5 \e-ne\ see ini1 ine 6 \an\ see un inea \in-e\ see inny

ing designer, diviner, eyeliner, hardliner, headliner, incliner, jetliner, long-liner, moonshiner, one-liner, recliner, refiner, repiner, sideliner, soft-liner, streamliner Asia Minor, Canis Minor, fortyniner, party-liner, superliner, Ursa Minor iner2 \e-nar\ see eaner inery1 \in-re\ finery, pinery, vinery, winery refinery inery 2 \en-re\ see eanery ines 1 \en\ see ine 3 ines 2 \enz\ see eens ines 3 \Inz\ Mainz Appenines —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ine1 inest M-nastX see inist1 inet \in-9t\ see innet

ineal \in-e-al\ finial, lineal matrilineal, patrilineal, unilineal

inew \in-yii\ see inue

ined \Ind\ see ind1

infield \in-feld\ infield, Winfield

inee \I-ne\ see iny1

ing \irj\ bring, Ching, cling, ding, fling, king, King, ling, Ming, ping, ring, sing, sling, spring, sting, string, swing, thing, wing, wring, zing backswing, Baoding, bedspring, Beijing, bi-swing, bitewing, bowstring, bullring, Chongqing, clearwing, downswing, drawstring, D ring, earring, first-string, forewing, G-string, greenwing, hairspring, hamstring, handspring, headspring, heartstring, Kunming, lacewing, lapwing, latchstring, mainspring, Nanjing, Nanning, O-ring, offspring, Paoting, plaything, redwing, shoestring, showring, unsling, unstring, upspring, upswing, wellspring, whitewing, wind-wing, wingding, Xining a la king, anything, buck-and-wing, ding-a-ling, double-ring, everything,

ineless \in-tas\ see indless inely1 \In-le\ blindly, finely, kindly affinely, condignly, equinely, felinely, purblindly, unkindly inely 2 \en-le\ see eanly 1 inement Mn-mantX see ignment ineness Mn-nasX see indness ineous \in-e-ss\ gramineous, sanguineous consanguineous, ignominious iner1 \I-n9r\ briner, diner, finer, liner, miner, minor, shiner, Shriner, signer, twiner, whiner airliner, aligner, baseliner, byliner, combiner, confiner, cosigner, definer,



innerspring, Liaoning, pigeonwing, superstring, underwing

—also -ing forms of verbs listed at ing

inga \irj-ga\ anhinga, syringa

ingit Xin-kstX see inket

inge \inj\ binge, cringe, dinge, fringe, hinge, singe, springe, swinge, tinge, twinge, whinge impinge, infringe, syringe, unhinge

ingle \irj-gal\ cringle, dingle, jingle, mingle, shingle, single, tingle atingle, commingle, immingle, Kriss Kringle, surcingle intermingle

inged \irjd\ ringed, stringed, winged net-winged —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ing

inglet \in-l3t\ kinglet, ringlet, winglet

ingement Xinj-mantX impingement, infringement

ingletree \irj-gsl-tre\ singletree, swingletree

ingency \in-jan-se\ stringency astringency, contingency

ingli \irj-gle\ see ingly

ingent \in-J9nt\ stringent astringent, constringent, contingent, refringent

ingly \in-gle\ jingly, shingly, singly, tingly, Zwingli

inger1 \irj-sr\ bringer, dinger, dinger, flinger, pinger, ringer, singer, springer, stinger, stringer, swinger, winger, wringer, zinger folksinger, gunslinger, humdinger, left-winger, mudslinger, right-winger mastersinger, Meistersinger, minnesinger inger 2 \irj-gsr\ finger, linger five-finger, forefinger, malinger ladyfinger inger 3 \in-jar\ ginger, Ginger, injure, singer, swinger ingery \inj-re\ gingery, injury inghy \irj-e\ see ingy1 ingi \irj-e\ see ingy1 ingian \in-jan\ Thuringian Carlovingian, Carolingian, Merovingian inging \irj-irj\ ringing, springing, stringing, swinging folksinging, free-swinging, gunslinging, handwringing, mudslinging, upbringing

ingler \irj-glsr\ jingler, shingler

inglish \irj-glish\ see english

ingo \irj-go\ bingo, dingo, jingo, lingo, pingo flamingo, Mandingo Santo Domingo ings \irjz\ Kings, springs eyestrings, Hot Springs Colorado Springs —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ing ingue \arj\ see ang 2 inguish \irj-wish\ distinguish, extinguish ingy 1 \irj-e\ clingy, dinghy, springy, stringy, swingy, zingy shilingi ingy 2 \in-je\ dingy, mingy, stingy inh \in\ see in1 ini1 \e-ne\ beanie, djinni, genie, greeny, Jeanie, Jeannie, meanie, meany, jinni, Meany, sheeny, spleeny, teeny, weanie, weeny, wienie Alcmene, Athene, Bellini, Bernini, bikini, Bikini, Cabrini, Cellini, Eugenie, linguine, martini, Mazzini, Mbini, Mycenae, Puccini, rappini,



Rossini, Selene, tahini, wahine, zucchini fantoccini, fettucine, kundalini, malihini, Mussolini, Mytilene, nota bene, scaloppine, spaghettini, teenyweeny, tetrazzini, tortellini

champignon, dominion, Justinian, opinion, Sardinian Abyssinian

ini2 \in-e\ see inny

inis 2 \I-nas\ see inus1

inia \in-e-3\ zinnia Bithynia, Gdynia, gloxinia, Lavinia, Sardinia, Virginia Abyssinia, West Virginia

inish \in-ish\ finish, Finnish, thinnish diminish, refinish

inial \in-e-3l\ see ineal

inist 2 \e-nast\ hygienist, machinist, Orleanist Byzantinist, magazinist, trampolinist


inian \in-e-an\ Arminian, Darwinian, Latinian, Sardinian, Socinian Apollinian, Argentinian, Augustinian, Carolinian inian2 \in-yan\ see inion inic1 \e-nik\ Enoch nicotinic inic 2 \in-ik\ clinic, cynic, Finnic platinic, rabbinic Jacobinic, mandarinic, misogynic, muscarinic, nicotinic, parafinic inical \in-i-kal\ binnacle, clinical, cynical, finical, pinnacle dominical Jacobinical inican \in-i-ksn\ see inikin inikin \in-i-kan\ minikin Dominican inim \in-9m\ minim Houyhnhnm ining \I-nirj\ lining, mining, shining declining, designing, inclining, longlining interlining, undesigning —also -ing forms of verbs listed at

ine inion \in-yan\ minion, minyan, pinion, pinon

inis \in-as\ finis, pinnace Erinys

inist 1 \I-nast\ dynast, finest

initive \in-at-iv\ carminative, definitive, infinitive inity \in-3t-e\ trinity, Trinity affinity, bovinity, concinnity, divinity, felinity, feminity, infinity, latinity, salinity, sanguinity, vicinity, virginity alkalinity, aquitinity, clandestinity, consanguinity, crystallinity, femininity, inconcinnity, masculinity, saccharinity inium \in-e-am\ delphinium, triclinium condominium injure \in-jar\ see inger 3 injury \inj-re\ see ingery ink \irjk\ blink, brink, chink, clink, dink, drink, fink, gink, ink, jink, kink, link, mink, pink, plink, prink, rink, shrink, sink, skink, slink, stink, swink, sync, think, wink, zinc bethink, chewink, cross-link, eyewink, groupthink, hoodwink, iceblink, lip-synch, misthink, outthink, preshrink, rethink, snowblink, unkink bobolink, countersink, distelfink, doublethink, interlink, kitchen-sink, Maeterlinck, rinky-dink inka \irj-ka\ see inca


inkable inkable Xirj-ks-bslX drinkable, sinkable, thinkable undrinkable, unsinkable, unthinkable inkage \in-kij\ linkage, shrinkage, sinkage inke \irj-ke\ see inky inked \int\ see inct inker \irj-kar\ blinker, clinker, drinker, pinker, sinker, skinker, stinker, tinker, winker diesinker, freethinker, headshrinker inket \in-kat\ Tlingit, trinket inkey \irj-ke\ see inky inkgo \irj-ko\ see inko inki \irj-ke\ see inky inkie \irj-ke\ see inky inking \irj-kirj\ freethinking, unblinking, unthinking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ink inkle \irj-kal\ crinkle, inkle, sprinkle, tinkle, twinkle, winkle, wrinkle besprinkle periwinkle, Rip van Winkle inkling \irj-klirj\ inkling, sprinkling, twinkling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at inkle

inley \in-le\ see inly inly \in-le\ inly, spindly, thinly McKinley Mount McKinley inn \in\ see in1 innace \in-as\ see inis1 innacle \in-i-kal\ see inical inned \ind\ see ind2 inner \in-ar\ dinner, ginner, grinner, inner, pinner, sinner, skinner, spinner, spinor, thinner, tinner, winner beginner, breadwinner, prizewinner money-spinner innet \in-3t\ linnet, minute, spinet inney \in-e\ see inny inni \e-ne\ see ini1 innia \in-e-a\ see inia innic \in-ik\ see inic2 innie \in-e\ see inny inning \in-in\ ginning, inning, spinning, winning beginning, breadwinning, prizewinning underpinning —also -ing forms of verbs listed at in

inkly \in-kle\ crinkly, pinkly, tinkly, twinkly, wrinkly

innish \in-ish\ see inish

inko \irj-ko\ ginkgo, pinko

in now \in-6\ minnow, winnow topminnow

inks \ins\ see inx

innity \in-at-e\ see inity

inland \in-land\ Finland, inland, Vinland

inny \in-e\ cine, finny, ginny, guinea, Guinea, hinny, mini, Minnie, ninny, pinny, Pliny, shinny, skinny, spinney, squinny, tinny, whinny, Winnie ignominy, micromini Papua New Guinea Equatorial Guinea

inless \in-lss\ chinless, sinless, skinless, spinless, windlass

ino 1 \I-no\ lino, rhino, Taino, wino albino

inky \irj-ke\ dinkey, dinky, inky, kinky, pinkie, pinky, slinky, stinky, zincky Helsinki, Malinke



ino \e-no\ beano, chino, fino, keno, leno, Pinot, vino, Zeno bambino, casino, cioppino, ladino, merino, sordino, zecchino andantino, Angeleno, Bardolino, campesino, cappuccino, concertino, Filipino, maraschino, palomino, San Marino, pecorino, sopranino Cape Mendocino, San Bernardino

intal2 \ant- 9 l\ see antle

ino 3 \e-na\ see ina2

integer \int-i-jar\ integer, vintager

inon \in-ysn\ see inion

intel \int- 3 l\ see intal1


inor \in-sr\ see inner

intage \int-ij\ mintage, vintage intager \int-i-jar\ see integer intain \int- 3 n\ see inton intal1 \int- 3 l\ lintel, pintle, quintal Septuagintal

inot \e-no\ see ino2

inter \int-ar\ hinter, linter, minter, printer, sinter, splinter, sprinter, squinter, tinter, winter imprinter, midwinter, reprinter overwinter, teleprinter

inous \I-n3s\ see inus1

intery \int-9-re\ printery, splintery

inscher \in-char\ see incher

inth \inth\ plinth, synt helminth colocynth, labyrinth, terebinth

inor2 \i-nar\ see iner1 inos \I-nas\ see inns

inse \ins\ see ince inselly \in-sle\ see incely inseng \in-sirj\ see incing

inthia \in-the-a\ Cynthia Carinthia

insk \insk\ Minsk Dzerzhinsk Semipalatinsk

inthian \in-the-3n\ Corinthian labyrinthian

insky \in-ske\ buttinsky, kolinsky, Nijinsky, Stravinsky

inthine \in-than\ hyacinthine, labyrinthine

inster \in-star\ minster, spinster Axminster, Westminster Kidderminster

inting \int-irj\ imprinting, unstinting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at int

int \int\ bint, Clint, dint, flint, Flint, glint, hint, lint, mint, print, quint, skint, splint, sprint, squint, stint, suint, tint blueprint, catmint, footprint, forint, gunflint, handprint, hoofprint, horsemint, imprint, in-print, largeprint, newsprint, offprint, preprint, remint, reprint, skinflint, spearmint, thumbprint, voiceprint aquatint, calamint, cuckoopint, fingerprint, mezzotint, monotint, overprint, peppermint, photoprint, wunderkind Septuagint

intle \int- 3 l\ see intal1 into1 \in-to\ pinto, Shinto, spinto into 2 \in-tii\ thereinto, whereinto inton \int- 3 n\ Clinton, quintain, Winton badminton ints \ins\ see ince inty \int-e\ flinty, linty, minty, squinty pepperminty intz \ins\ see ince


inue iolet 2 \e-9-bt\ see eolatG

inue \in-yii\ sinew continue discontinue inuous \in-y3-was\ sinuous continuous discontinuous inus 1 \I-nss\ dryness, finis, highness, Minas, Minos, minus, shyness, sinus, slyness, spinous, vinous, wryness Aquinas, Delphinus, echinus, Quirinus Antoninus Pontus Euxinus 2

inus \e-nss\ see enus


inute \in-9t\ see innet inx \irjs\ jinx, links, lynx, minx, sphinx hijinks, methinks tiddledywinks iny1 \I-ne\ briny, heinie, liny, piny, shiny, spiny, tiny, twiny, viny, whiny, winy enshrinee, sunshiny iny2 \in-e\ see inny inya \e-nya\ see enia 2 inyan \in-yan\ see inion iny I \m- 3 l\ see inal1 inys \in-as\ see inis1 io1 \I-6\ bayou, bio, Clio, Io Lucayo, Ohio io 2 \e-6\ brio, Cleo, clio, guyot, Krio, Leo, Rio, trio caudillo, con brio, Negrillo, tornillo, Trujillo cigarillo, Hermosillo, Manzanillo, ocotillo iocese \I-3-sas\ see iasis iolate \I-9-l9t\ see iolet1 iolet1 \I-3-lst\ triolet, violate, violet, Violet inviolate ultraviolet near-ultraviolet

ion 1 \I-an\ ayin, Brian, Bryan, cyan, ion, lion, Lyon, Mayan, Ryan, scion, Sion, Zion Amphion, anion, Bisayan, Ixion, Orion, Visayan counterion, dandelion, zwitterion ion 2 \e-9n\ see ean 1 ion 3 \e-an\ see eon 2 ior \Ir\ see ire1 iory \I-9-re\ see iary1 iot \i-9t\ see iet ioter \I-3t-sr\ see ieter iouan Xii-aiA see uan ious \I-3s\ see ias ioux \ u \ see ew1 ip \ip\ blip, chip, clip, dip, drip, flip, grip, grippe, gyp, hip, kip, lip, nip, pip, quip, rip, scrip, ship, sip, skip, slip, snip, strip, tip, trip, whip, yip, zip airship, airstrip, atrip, bullwhip, catnip, chiefship, clerkship, courtship, cowslip, deanship, equip, fieldstrip, filmstrip, flagship, friendship, guildship, gunship, half-slip, handgrip, hardship, harelip, headship, horsewhip, inclip, judgeship, kingship, kinship, landslip, lightship, lordship, nonslip, outstrip, oxlip, pip-pip, princeship, Q-ship, queenship, reship, round-trip, saintship, sheep-dip, sideslip, spaceship, steamship, thaneship, township, transship, troopship, unship, unzip, wardship, warship airmanship, authorship, battleship, biochip, brinkmanship, censorship, chairmanship, chaplainship, chieftainship, churchmanship, coverslip, dealership, draftsmanship, ego-trip, externship, fellowship, fingertip, gamesmanship, Gaza Strip, grantsmanship, helmsmanship, horsemanship, internship, ladyship,

207 leadership, lectureship, listenership, marksmanship, membership, microchip, oarsmanship, overslip, ownership, partnership, penmanship, pogonip, premiership, readership, ridership, rulership, salesmanship, scholarship, seamanship, showmanship, skinny-dip, speakership, sponsorship, sportsmanship, statesmanship, stewardship, studentship, swordsmanship, trusteeship, underlip, upmanship, viewership, workmanship assistantship, attorneyship, championship, chancellorship, citizenship, companionship, containership, cross-ownership, dictatorship, directorship, goodfellowship, guardianship, instructorship, landownership, laureateship, governorship, musicianship, one-upmanship, outdoorsmanship, professorship, protectorship, receivership, relationship, survivorship, treasurership ambassadorship, associateship, bipartisanship, entrepreneurship, librarianship, nonpartisanship, proprietorship, secretaryship, solicitorship interrelationship

ipient daguerreotype, electrotype, stereotype anti-idiotype iped 1 \I-ped\ biped parallelepiped iped 2 \Ipt\ stiped, striped pin-striped —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ipe ipend \I-pand\ ripened, stipend iper \i-par\ diaper, griper, hyper, piper, riper, sniper, striper, viper, wiper bagpiper, sandpiper candy-striper stereotyper iperous \I-pr9s\ seeypress ipetal \ip-9t- 9 l\ basipetal, bicipital, centripetal, occipital ipety \ip-9t-e\ snippety peripety serendipity iph \if\ see iff iphany \if-9-ne\ see iphony

ipal \e-pal\ see eople

ipher \I-f9r\ cipher, lifer, rifer decipher, encipher, pro-lifer right-to-lifer

ipari \ip-re\ see ippery

iphery \if-re\ see ifery

ipatus \ip-9t-as\ see ipitous

iphon \I-f9n\ seeyphen

ipe \Ip\ Cuyp, gripe, hype, pipe, ripe, slype, snipe, stipe, stripe, swipe, tripe, type, wipe bagpipe, blowpipe, downpipe, drainpipe, hornpipe, hosepipe, leadpipe, n-type, p-type, panpipe, pinstripe, rareripe, sideswipe, standpipe, stovepipe, tintype, touchtype, unripe, windpipe archetype, calotype, Dutchman'spipe, guttersnipe, haplotype, Linotype, liripipe, logotype, monotype, overripe, prototype, stenotype, Teletype

iphony \if-9-ne\ tiffany, Tiffany antiphony, epiphany, polyphony ipi \e-pe\ see eepy ipid \ip-9d\ lipid insipid ipience \ip-e-9ns\ incipience, percipience impercipience ipient \ip-e-9nt\ excipient, incipient, percipient, recipient impercipient


iping iping \I-pirj\ piping, striping blood-typing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ipe

blue-chipper, day-tripper, mudskipper, Yom-Kippur double-dipper, gallinipper, lady's slipper, skinny-dipper

ipit \ip-st\ see ippet

ippery \ip-re\ frippery, Lipari, slippery

ipital \ip-3t-al\ see ipetal ipitance \ip-3t-sns\ see ipotence

ippet \ip-at\ pipit, sippet, snippet, tippet, trippet, whippet

ipitant \ip-at-3nt\ see ipotent

ippety \ip-at-e\ see ipety

ipitous \ip-3t-ss\ peripatus, precipitous serendipitous

ippi \ip-e\ see ippy ippie \ip-e\ see ippy

iple \ip-al\ see ipple

ippily \ip-9-le\ nippily, tripoli, Tripoli Gallipoli

iple 2 \i-pal\ seeypal

ippin \ip-an\ see ippen

ipity \ip-at-e\ see ipety 1

ipless \ip-l9s\ dripless, lipless, zipless ipling \ip-lirj\ Kipling, stripling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ipple ipment Xip-mantX shipment equipment, transshipment ipo \ep-6\ see epot ipoli \ip-9-le\ see ippily ipotence \ip-3t-3ns\ omnipotence, precipitance ipotent \ip-at-ant\ omnipotent, plenipotent, pluripotent, precipitant ippe 1 \ip\ see ip ippe 2 \ip-e\ see ippy ippe 3 \ep\ see eep ipped \ipt\ see ipt ippee \ip-e\ see ippy ippen \ip-sn\ lippen, pippin ipper \ip-sr\ chipper, clipper, dipper, dripper, flipper, gripper, hipper, kipper, nipper, ripper, shipper, sipper, skipper, slipper, snipper, stripper, tipper, tripper, whipper, zipper

ipping \ip-in\ chipping, clipping, dripping, lipping, nipping, ripping, shipping double-dipping, skinny-dipping —also -ing forms of verbs listed at IP

ippingly \ip-irj-le\ grippingly, nippingly, trippingly ipple \ip-sl\ cripple, nipple, ripple, stipple, tipple, triple participle ippur \ip-ar\ see ipper ippy \ip-e\ chippy, dippy, drippy, flippy, grippy, hippie, hippy, Lippi, lippy, nippy, slippy, snippy, tippy, trippy, whippy, yippee, yippie, zippy Xanthippe Mississippi ips \ips\ snips, thrips, yips eclipse, ellipse, midships amidships, athwartships, fish-andchips, tidytips, apocalypse —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ip ipse \ips\ see ips ipso \ip-so\ dipso calypso, Calypso


209 ipster \ip-stsr\ hipster, quipster, tipster

ir2 \ar\ see eur 1

ipsy \ip-se\ see ypsy

ira2 \i-ra\ see yra

ipt \ipt\ crypt, hipped, lipped, ripped, script, tipped conscript, decrypt, encrypt, harelipped, postscript, prescript, rescript, subscript, tight-lipped, transcript, typescript eucalypt, filter-tipped, manuscript, nondescript, superscript, swivelhipped —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ip ipter \ip-tar\ scripter lithotripter

ira1 \ir-a\ see era 2

irable M-ra-balX wirable acquirable, desirable, respirable undesirable iracle \ir-i-kgl\ see erical 2 irae \fr-e\ see iry1 ira I \i-ral\ chiral, gyral, spiral, viral irant \I-rant\ spirant, tyrant aspirant, retirant irate \ir-at\ see irit

iptic \ip-tik\ seeyptic

irby \ar-be\ see erby

iption \ip-shan\ ascription, conniption, conscription, decryption, description, Egyptian, encryption, inscription, prescription, proscription, subscription, transcription circumscription, nonprescription

irca \ar-k9\ see urka1

iptive \ip-tiv\ ascriptive, descriptive, inscriptive, prescriptive, proscriptive iptych \ip-tik\ seeyptic ipular \ip-y3-lar\ stipular manipular ipy \I-pe\ stripy, typey stenotypy daguerrotypy, stereotypy iquant \e-kant\ see ecant ique \ek\ see eak 1 iquey \e-ke\ see eaky iquish \e-kish\ seeeakish iquitous \ik-wat-3s\ iniquitous, ubiquitous iquity \ik-wat-e\ antiquity, iniquity, obliquity, ubiquity iquor \ik-ar\ see icker1 ir1 \ir\ see eer 2

irce \sr-se\ see ercy irch \arch\ see urch irchen 1 Xar-chanX see urchin irchen 2 Xsr-kanX see irkin ircher Xar-chsrX Bircher, lurcher, nurture irchist Xar-chastX Birchist researchist ircon \3r-ksn\ see irkin ircuit \9r-kst\ circuit trifurcate microcircuit ircular Xar-kya-lsrX circular opercular, tubercular semicircular ird \ard\ bird, burred, curd, furred, gird, heard, herd, nerd, spurred, surd, third, word absurd, begird, bellbird, blackbird, bluebird, buzzword, byword, Cape Verde, catbird, catchword, cowbird, cowherd, crossword, cussword, engird, goatherd, headword, jailbird, jaybird, kingbird, loanword, lovebird, lyrebird, oilbird, password, potsherd,



railbird, rainbird, redbird, reword, ricebird, seabird, Sigurd, shorebird, snakebird, snowbird, songbird, sunbird, surfbird, swearword, swineherd, textured, ungird, unheard, watchword, yardbird afterword, bowerbird, butcher-bird, cedarbird, dollybird, hummingbird, ladybird, mockingbird, ovenbird, overheard, riflebird, tailorbird, thunderbird, undergird, wattlebird, weaverbird, whirlybird —also -ed forms of verbs listed at eur1

down-to-the-wire, identifier, intensifier, Second Empire —also -er forms of adjectives listed aty'1 ire2 \ir\ see eer 2 ire3 \I-re\ see iary1 ire4 \Ir-e\ see iry1 ire5 \ar\ see eur

irder \srd-9r\ see erder

ired \Ird\ fired, spired, tired, wired hardwired, retired —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ire1

irdie \srd-e\ see urdy

ireless \ir-las\ tireless, wireless


irdle \srd- l\ see urdle

ireman Mr-manX fireman, wireman

irdum Xard-amA dirdum reductio ad absurdum

irement Mr-msntA environment, requirement, retirement

ire1 \ir\ briar, brier, byre, choir, dire, drier, fire, flier, friar, fryer, gyre, hire, ire, liar, lyre, mire, prier, prior, pyre, quire, shire, sire, Speyer, spier, spire, squire, tier, tire, trier, tyer, Tyre, wire, zaire acquire, admire, afire, Altair, aspire, attire, backfire, balefire, barbed wire, barbwire, bemire, Blantyre, blowdryer, bonfire, brushfire, bushfire, catbrier, cease-fire, compiler, conspire, defier, denier, desire, drumfire, empire, Empire, entire, esquire, expire, flytier, grandsire, greenbrier, gunfire, haywire, hellfire, highflier, hot-wire, inquire, inspire, misfire, outlier, perspire, pismire, prior, quagmire, require, respire, retire, rimfire, samphire, sapphire, satire, Shropshire, spitfire, surefire, suspire, sweetbrier, tightwire, transpire, umpire, vampire, wildfire amplifier, Biedermeier, butterflyer, classifier, fly-by-wire, fortifier, lammergeier, magnifier, modifier, multiplier, nitrifier, nullifier, pacifier, qualifier, quantifier, rapid-fire, rectifier, retrofire, sanctifier, signifier, testifier, versifier

iren \i-ran\ Byron, gyron, Myron, siren environ ribavirin irge \arj\ see urge irgin \ar-j9n\ see urgeon irgo \ar-go\ see ergo iri \ir-e\ see eary iriam \ir-e-3m\ see erium iric \ir-ik\ see eric 2 irile \ir-sl\ see eral1 irin \I-ran\ see iren irine \I-rsn\ see iren iring \fr-in\ firing, wiring retiring —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ire irious \ir-e-9s\ see erious iris \T-r9s\ see irus irish \Ir-ish\ Irish, squirish

211 irit \ir-at\ Meerut, spirit dispirit, emirate, inspirit, vizierate irium \ir-e-sm\ see erium irius \ir-e-as\ see erious irk1 \irk\ birk, skirk irk2 \ark\ see ork1

irsch irn1 \irn\ firn, girn, pirn irn2 \grn\ see urn iro1 \ir-6\ see ero 3 iro2 \e-ro\ see ero 1 iro3 \I-ro\ seeyro 1

irker \ar-k9r\ see orker1

iron1 \Irn\ iron andiron, environ, flatiron, gridiron

irkie \ar-ke\ see erky

iron2 \I-ran\ see iren

irkin \ar-kan\ firkin, gherkin, jerkin, zircon Gelsenkirchen

ironment Mr-mantX see irement

irky \sr-ke\ see erky

irps \arps\ stirps, turps —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at urp

irl1 \arl\ birl, burl, churl, curl, dirl, earl, Earl, Earle, furl, girl, hurl, knurl, merle, Merle, pearl, Pearl, purl, skirl, squirrel, swirl, thirl, thurl, tirl, twirl, virl, whirl, whorl aswirl, awhirl, cowgirl, impearl, pas seul, playgirl, salesgirl, schoolgirl, showgirl, uncurl, unfurl mother-of-pearl irl2 \irl\ dirl, skirl irler Xar-larX birler, curler, pearler, twirler, whirler

irp \arp\ see urp

irpy \ar-pe\ chirpy Euterpe irque \ark\ see ork1 irr1 \ir\ see eer 2 irr2 \ar\ see eur 1 irra \ir-a\ see era 2 irrah \ir-s\ see era 2 irrel1 \arl\ see irl

irley \9r-le\ see urly

irrel2 \sr-3l\ see erral

irlie \ar-le\ see urly

irrely \ar-le\ see urly

irling \3r-lirj\ see urling

irrer \ar-9r\ see errer

irlish \ar-lish\ see urlish

irrhous \ir-as\ see erous

irly \ar-le\ see urly

irring \ar-irj\ see urring

irm \ s r m \ see orm1

irror \ir-ar\ see earer 2

irma Xar-maX see erma

irrup \sr-3p\ chirrup, stirrup, syrup

irmary \3rm-re\ spermary infirmary

irrupy Xar-s-peX chirrupy, syrupy

irmess Xsr-masX see ermis irmity Xsr-mat-eA furmity infirmity irmy Xar-meA see ermy

irrus \ir-9s\ see erous irry \ar-e\ see urry irs \irz\ see iers irsch \irsh\ see irsh


irse irse 1 \irs\ see ierce

is 1 \is\ see iss 1

irse 2 \srs\ see erse

is 2 \iz\ see iz1

irsh \irsh\ girsh, kirsch

is 3 \ e \ see ee 1

irst \arst\ seeurst

is 4 \es\ see iece

irsty \sr-ste\ thirsty bloodthirsty

is 5 \ish\ see ish1

irt \art\ see ert 1 irted \grt-9d\ see erted irter Nart-arN see erter irth \arth\ berth, birth, dearth, earth, firth, girth, mirth, Perth, worth childbirth, Fort Worth, rebirth, selfworth, stillbirth, unearth, Wordsworth afterbirth, down-to-earth, pennyworth irthful \9rth-fal\ mirthful, worthful irthless Xsrth-tasX mirthless, worthless irtinent Xart-nsntX pertinent appurtenant, impertinent

i's \Iz\ see ize isa 1 \e-z9\ see eza isa 2 \I-Z9\ Lisa, Liza Elisa, Eliza isabeth \iz-9-b9th\ see izabeth isable \I-z9-bgl\ see izable isal1 \I-s9l\ Faisal, Ijssel, sisal, skysail, trysail isal 2 \I-Z9l\ Geisel incisal, reprisal, revisal, surprisal paradisal isan \is- 3 n\ see isten isbane \iz-b9n\ see isbon

irting \9rt-irj\ see erting

isbe \iz-be\ Frisbee, Thisbe

irtle \3rt- 3 l\ see ertiile

isbee \iz-be\ see isbe

irtually \arch-le\ see urchly irtue \9r-chs\ see ercha irty \9rt-e\ dirty, QWERTY, shirty, thirty irus \I-r9s\ Cyrus, iris, Iris, Skyros, virus desirous, Epirus, Osiris, papyrus lentivirus, parvovirus, rotavirus papillomavirus irv \arv\ see erve irving \9r-virj\ see erving irwin \9r-wan\ see erwin iry \ir-e\ eyrie, friary, miry, spiry, wiry expiry, inquiry, venire praemunire anno hegirae

isbon \iz-bgn\ Brisbane, Lisbon isc \isk\ see isk iscable \is-k9-b9l\ confiscable, episcopal iscan \is-kgn\ see iskin iscate \is-k9t\ see isket isce \is\ see iss 1 iscean 1 \I-se-9n\ Piscean Dionysian iscean 2 \is-ke-gn\ Piscean saurischian ornithischian iscean 3 \is-e-9n\ seeysian 1 iscence \is- 3 ns\ puissance dehiscence, impuissance


213 indehiscence, reminiscence, reviviscence iscent \is- 3 nt\ puissant dehiscent, impuissant indehiscent, reminiscent, reviviscent isces \T-sez\ see ices ische \esh\ see iche 2 ischian \is-ke-an\ see iscean 2 iscia \ish-a\ see itia iscible \is-3-bal\ see issible iscience \ish-9ns\ see icience iscient \ish-snt\ see icient iSCO \is-ko\ cisco, disco Francisco, Jalisco, Morisco San Francisco iscopal \is-k3-bal\ see iscable

iser \I-zar\ see izer ises \I-sez\ see ices ish 1 \ish\ dish, fiche, fish, flysch, Nis, pish, squish, swish, whish, wish blackfish, blowfish, bluefish, bonefish, catfish, codfish, crawfish, crayfish, dogfish, filefish, finfish, flatfish, garfish, globefish, goldfish, goosefish, Irtysh, kingfish, knish, lungfish, lumpfish, monkfish, pigfish, pipefish, ratfish, redfish, rockfish, sailfish, sawfish, shellfish, spearfish, starfish, stonefish, sunfish, swordfish, tilefish, unwish, weakfish, whitefish angelfish, anglerfish, archerfish, butterfish, candlefish, cuttlefish, damselfish, devilfish, jellyfish, John Bullish, ladyfish, lionfish, microfiche, muttonfish, needlefish, overfish, paddlefish, ribbonfish, silverfish, surgeonfish, triggerfish ish 2 \esh\ see iche 2

iscous \is-kas\ see iscus isha \ish-a\ see itia iscuit \is-kat\ see isket iscus \is-kss\ discus, viscous, viscus hibiscus, meniscus ise 1 \es\ see iece ise 2 \ez\ see eze ise 3 \Is\ see ice1 ise 4 \iz\ see ize ised 1 \ist\ see ist1 ised 2 \Izd\ see ized isel \iz-sl\ see izzle iseled \iz-ald\ see izzled iseler \iz-tar\ see izzler isement \Iz-m9nt\ advisement, chastisement, despisement, disguisement advertisement, disfranchisement, enfranchisement disenfranchisement

ishable \ish-3-b3l\ fishable justiciable ished \isht\ dished, whisht —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ish1 isher \ish-sr\ fisher, fissure, swisher ill-wisher, kingfisher, well-wisher ishery \ish-re\ fishery, Tishri shellfishery ishi \e-she\ chichi, specie maharishi ishing \ish-irj\ bonefishing, flyfishing, sportfishing, well-wishing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ish1 ishioner \ish-nar\ see itioner ishna \ish-na\ Krishna, Mishnah ishnah \ish-na\ see ishna isht \isht\ see ished

ishu ishu \ish-ii\ see issue 1 ishy \ish-e\ dishy, fishy, squishy, swishy isi1 \e-ze\ see easy 1 isi 2 \e-se\ see eecy isia 1 \izh-s\ baptisia artemisia, Dionysia isia 2 \e-zha\ see esia 2 isian 1 \izh-an\ see ision

214 decisive, derisive, divisive, incisive indecisive isive 2 \iz-iv\ visive derisive, divisive isk \isk\ bisque, brisk, disc, disk, fisc, frisk, risk, whisk lutefisk asterisk, basilisk, blastodisc, compact disc, laserdisc, obelisk, odalisque, tamarisk videodisc

isian 2 \e-zb.9n\ see esian 1

isker \is-kar\ brisker, frisker, risker, whisker

isible \iz-3-bal\ risible, visible divisible, invisible indivisible

isket \is-kat\ biscuit, brisket, frisket

isin \i-zan\ see ison 2

iskie \is-ke\ see isky

ising \I-zirj\ see izing

iskin \is-kan\ siskin Franciscan

ision \izh-an\ fission, Frisian, scission, vision abscission, collision, concision, decision, derision, division, elision, elysian, envision, excision, incision, misprision, precisian, precision, prevision, provision, recision, rescission, revision circumcision, Dionysian, imprecision, indecision, subdivision, supervision, television

iskey \is-ke\ see isky

isky \is-ke\ frisky, pliskie, risky, whiskey island M-landX see ighland islander M-lsn-darX see ighlander islands \I-tonz\ see ighlands isle \il\ see ile1 isles \Ilz\ see iles

isional \izh-nsl\ visional collisional, decisional, divisional, excisional, previsional, provisional

islet \I-l3t\ see ilot

isis \I-S3s\ crisis, Isis, lysis, nisus Dionysus stare decisis

isly \iz-le\ see izzly

isit \iz-at\ visit exquisite, revisit isite \iz-9t\ see isit isitive \iz-at-iv\ acquisitive, inquisitive isitor \iz-9t-ar\ visitor acquisitor, inquisitor isive 1 \I-siv\ visive

isling \iz-lirj\ brisling, quisling

ism \iz-3m\ chrism, chrisom, ism, prism, schism abysm, autism, baalism, baptism, Birchism, bossism, Buddhism, casteism, centrism, charism, Chartism, chemism, classism, cubism, cultism, czarism, deism, dwarfism, faddism, fascism, fauvism, Gaullism, Grecism, Hobbism, holism, Jainism, Klanism, leftism, lyrism, Mahdism, Maoism, Marxism, monism, mutism, Nazism, nudism, Orphism, priggism, purism, racism, Ramism, rightism, sadism,

215 Saivism, sapphism, Scotism, sexism, Shaktism, Shiism, Sikhism, simplism, snobbism, sophism, statism, Sufism, tachism, Tantrism, Taoism, theism, Thomism, tourism, tropism, truism, Turkism, verism, Whiggism, Yahwism absurdism, activism, Adventism, alarmism, albinism, alpinism, altruism, amorphism, anarchism, aneurysm, anglicism, animism, aphorism, Arabism, archaism, asterism, atavism, atheism, atomism, atticism, Bahaism, barbarism, Benthamism, biblicism, blackguardism, bolshevism, boosterism, botulism, bourbonism, Brahmanism, Briticism, Byronism, cabalism, Caesarism, Calvinism, careerism, Castroism, cataclysm, catechism, Catharism, centralism, chauvinism, chimerism, classicism, colorism, communism, concretism, conformism, cretinism, criticism, cronyism, cynicism, dadaism, dandyism, Darwinism, defeatism, de Gaullism, despotism, die-hardism, dimorphism, dirigisme, Docetism, dogoodism, dogmatism, Donatism, Don Juanism, druidism, dualism, dynamism, egoism, egotism, elitism, embolism, endemism, erethism, ergotism, erotism, escapism, Essenism, etatism, eunuchism, euphemism, euphuism, exorcism, expertism, extremism, fairyism, familism, fatalism, feminism, feudalism, fideism, Fidelism, fogyism, foreignism, formalism, futurism, Galenism, gallicism, galvanism, gangsterism, genteelism, Germanism, giantism, gigantism, globalism, gnosticism, Gongorism, Gothicism, gourmandism, gradualism, grangerism, greenbackism, Hasidism, heathenism, Hebraism, hedonism, Hellenism, helotism, hermetism, hermitism, heroism, highbrowism, Hinduism, hipsterism, hirsutism, hispanism, Hitlerism, hoodlumism, hoodooism, hucksterism, humanism, Hussitism, hybridism, hypnotism,

ism Ibsenism, idealism, imagism, Irishism, Islamism, Jansenism, jingoism, journalism, John Bullism, Judaism, Junkerism, kaiserism, Krishnaism, Ku Kluxism, laconism, laicism, Lamaism, Lamarckism, landlordism, Latinism, legalism, Leninism, lobbyism, localism, locoism, Lollardism, luminism, lyricism, magnetism, mammonism, mannerism, Marcionism, masochism, mechanism, melanism, meliorism, Menshevism, Mendelism, mentalism, mesmerism, methodism, me-tooism, modernism, Mohockism, monachism, monadism, monarchism, mongolism, Montanism, moralism, Mormonism, morphinism, mullahism, mysticism, narcissism, nationalism, nativism, nepotism, neutralism, new dealism, nihilism, nomadism, occultism, onanism, optimism, oralism, Orangeism, organism, ostracism, pacifism, paganism, Pan-Slavism, pantheism, paroxysm, Parsiism, passivism, pauperism, pessimism, phallicism, pianism, pietism, plagiarism, Platonism, pleinairism, Plotinism, pluralism, pointillism, populism, pragmatism, presentism, privatism, prosaism, Prussianism, puerilism, pugilism, Puseyism, Pyrrhonism, Quakerism, quietism, rabbinism, racialism, rationalism, realism, reformism, rheumatism, rigorism, robotism, Romanism, Rousseauism, rowdyism, royalism, satanism, savagism, scapegoatism, schematism, scientism, sciolism, Scotticism, Semitism, Shakerism, Shamanism, Shintoism, skepticism, socialism, solecism, solipsism, Southernism, specialism, speciesism, Spartanism, Spinozism, spiritism, spoonerism, Stalinism, standpattism, stoicism, syllogism, symbolism, synchronism, syncretism, synergism, talmudism, tarantism, tectonism, tenebrism, terrorism, Teutonism, titanism, Titoism, tokenism, Toryism, totalism, totemism, transvestism, traumatism,

ism tribalism, tritheism, Trotskyism, ultraism, unionism, urbanism, utopism, Vaishnavism, vampirism, vandalism, vanguardism, Vedantism, veganism, verbalism, virilism, vitalism, vocalism, volcanism, voodooism, vorticism, voyeurism, vulcanism, vulgarism, Wahhabism, warlordism, welfarism, Wellerism, witticism, yahooism, Yankeeism, Yiddishism, Zionism, zombiism absenteeism, absolutism, abstractionism, adoptionism, adventurism, aestheticism, Africanism, agnosticism, alcoholism, alienism, amateurism, amoralism, anabaptism, anachronism, Anglicanism, animalism, antagonism, Arianism, astigmatism, athleticism, asynchronism, Atlanticism, atonalism, Australianism, automatism, avantgardism, behaviorism, Big Brotherism, bilingualism, biologism, bipedalism, biracialism, Bonapartism, bureaucratism, cannibalism, capitalism, Cartesianism, catastrophism, Catholicism, cavalierism, charlatanism, clericalism, collectivism, Colonel Blimpism, commensalism, commercialism, communalism, Confucianism, conservatism, constructivism, consumerism, corporatism, creationism, credentialism, determinism, diabolism, didacticism, diffusionism, dilettantism, doctrinairism, do-nothingism, eclecticism, ecumenism, egocentrism, Eleatism, empiricism, epicenism, epicurism, epigonism, eremitism, eroticism, erraticism, essentialism, ethnocentrism, eudaemonism, euhemerism, evangelism, exclusivism, exoticism, expansionism, expressionism, externalism, Fabianism, factionalism, factualism, fanaticism, favoritism, federalism, Fenianism, feuilletonism, fifth columnism, flagellantism, Fourierism, fraternalism, freneticism, Freudianism, funambulism,

216 functionalism, gallicanism, gutturalism, henotheism, hermeticism, Hispanicism, historicism, hooliganism, Huguenotism, hypocorism, idiotism, illiberalism, illuminism, illusionism, immanentism, immobilism, impressionism, indifferentism, Indianism, infantilism, inflationism, initialism, insularism, invalidism, iotacism, irredentism, Ishmaelitism, Italianism, Jacobinism, Jacobitism, Jesuitism, Keynesianism, know-nothingism, legitimism, lesbianism, liberalism, libertinism, literalism, Lutheranism, Lysenkoism, Magianism, malapropism, mandarinism, McCarthyism, medievalism, mercantilism, messianism, metabolism, metamorphism, militarism, minimalism, misoneism, monasticism, monetarism, monotheism, mosaicism, mutualism, naturalism, Naziritism, necrophilism, negativism, neologism, neo-Nazism, neuroticism, nicenellyism, nominalism, nonconformism, objectivism, obscurantism, obstructionism, officialism, opportunism, organicism, pacificism, Pantagruelism, parallelism, parasitism, pastoralism, paternalism, patriotism, Peeping Tomism, perfectionism, personalism, Pharisaism, physicalism, plebeianism, poeticism, polyglotism, polytheism, positivism, postmodernism, pragmaticism, primitivism, probabilism, progressivism, proselytism, protectionism, Protestantism, provincialism, pseudomorphism, psychologism, puritanism, radicalism, rationalism, recidivism, reductionism, refugeeism, regionalism, relativism, restrictionism, revisionism, revivalism, ritualism, romanticism, ruffianism, Sadduceeism, salvationism, sansculottism, sardonicism, scholasticism, secessionism, sectionalism, secularism, sensualism, separatism, serialism, Slavophilism,

217 solidarism, somnambulism, sovietism, Stakhanovism, structuralism, subjectivism, suprematism, surrealism, Sybaritism, sycophantism, systematism, Tammanyism, teetotalism, theocentrism, triumphalism, Uncle Tomism, vagabondism, ventriloquism, vigilantism, voluntarism, volunteerism, Wesleyanism, workaholism, Zwinglianism abolitionism, academicism, agrarianism, Americanism, analphabetism, anthropomorphism, anthropopathism, anti-Semitism, Arminianism, autoerotism, barbarianism, bibliophilism, bicameralism, biculturalism, biloquialism, bipartisanism, bohemianism, colloquialism, colonialism, conceptualism, confessionalism, constitutionalism, conventionalism, corporativism, cosmopolitism, deviationism, ecumenicism, emotionalism, esotericism, Europocentrism, evolutionism, exceptionalism, exhibitionism, existentialism, expatriatism, fundamentalism, governmentalism, Hegelianism, hermaphroditism, hypercriticism, hyperrealism, hyperurbanism, imperialism, incendiarism, incrementalism, indeterminism, industrialism, instrumentalism, interventionism, introspectionism, irrationalism, isolationism, Malthusianism, Manichaeanism, manorialism, materialism, millennialism, Monarchianism, mongolianism, Monophysitism, Muhammadanism, multilingualism, neoclassicism, Neoplatonism, neorealism, Nestorianism, Occidentalism, operationism, orientalism, Palladianism, parajournalism, parochialism, particularism, pedestrianism, Pelagianism, Pentecostalism, phenomenalism, photojournalism, pictorialism, pococurantism,

isme Postimpressionism, professionalism, pseudoclassicism, reconstructionism, republicanism, Rosicrucianism, sacerdotalism, sacramentalism, selfdeterminism, sadomasochism, sectarianism, sensationalism, sentimentalism, Socinianism, spiritualism, theatricalism, Tractarianism, traditionalism, transcendentalism, transsexualism, trilateralism, ultramontanism, universalism, utopianism, vernacularism, Victorianism, vocationalism, voluntaryism Albigensianism, anticlericalism, antiquarianism, apocalypticism, assimilationism, associationism, Augustinianism, autoeroticism, ceremonialism, collaborationism, Congregationalism, cosmopolitanism, ecclesiasticism, ecumenicalism, environmentalism, epicureanism, Evangelicalism, experimentalism, Hamiltonianism, homoeroticism, immaterialism, individualism, institutionalism, intellectualism, internationalism, libertarianism, middle-of-the-roadism, millenarianism, neo-conservatism, neo-impressionism, operationalism, Pan-Americanism, Peripateticism, photoperiodism, Pre-Raphaelitism, Presbyterianism, Pythegoreanism, Rastafarianism, reactionaryism, Sabbatarianism, supernaturalism, Swedenborgianism, territorialism, Trinitarianism, unitarianism, vegetarianism, Zoroastrianism Aristotelianism, authoritarianism, egalitarianism, Episcopalianism, humanitarianism, Machiavellianism, neocolonialism, neo-Expressionism, predestinarianism, representationalism, utilitarianism establishmentarianism, latitudinarianism isma \iz-ma\ charisma, melisma ismal \iz-msl\ see ysmal isme 1 \im\ see ime1


isme isme 2 \iz 3 m\ see ism

issel \is-sl\ see istle

ismo \ez-mo\ machismo, verismo caudillismo

isser \is-ar\ hisser, kisser

iSO \e-so\ miso, piso isom \iz-9m\ see ism ison 1 \Is- 9 n\ bison, hyson, Meissen streptomycin Aureomycin, erythromycin ison 2 \iz- 3 n\ dizen, mizzen, prison, risen, weasand, wizen arisen, imprison, Tok Pisin, uprisen

issible \is-3-b9l\ kissable, miscible admissible, immiscible, municipal, omissible, permissible, remissible, transmissible impermissible, inadmissible issile \is-al\ see istle ission 1 \ish-an\ see ition ission 2 \izh-an\ see ision

isor \i-zsr\ see izer

issionable Xish-na-balX fissionable conditionable

isored \I-zard\ guisard, visored

issioner \ish-n9r\ see itioner

isory \Iz-re\ advisory, provisory, revisory supervisory

issive \is-iv\ missive admissive, derisive, dismissive, emissive, permissive, submissive, transmissive

isp \isp\ crisp, lisp, LISP, wisp will-o-the-wisp isper \is-psr\ crisper, lisper, whisper ispy \is-pe\ crispy, wispy isque \isk\ see isk iss \is\ bis, bliss, cis, Chris, cuisse, Dis, hiss, kiss, miss, sis, Swiss, this, vis, wis abyss, amiss, coulisse, dehisce, dismiss, iwis, koumiss, remiss, submiss ambergris, hit-and-miss, hit-or-miss, reminisce, verdigris

issome \is-am\ lissome alyssum issor \iz-ar\ scissor, whizzer issue 1 \ish-ii\ fichu, issue, tissue reissue Mogadishu, overissue issue 2 \ish-a\ see itia issure \ish-ar\ see isher issus \is-as\ byssus, missus, Mrs. narcissus, Narcissus ISSy \is-e\ hissy, missy, prissy, sissy

issable \is-3-bai\ see issible

ist1 \ist\ Christ, feist, heist, hist, tryst Zeitgeist Antichrist, black-a-vised, poltergeist —also -ed forms of verbs listed at

issal \is-al\ see istle


issa \is-a\ abscissa, mantissa, Melissa, Orissa, vibrissa

issance \is- 3 ns\ see iscence issant \is- 3 nt\ see iscent isse 1 \is\ see iss isse 2 \es\ see iece issed \ist\ see ist 2

ist 2 \ist\ cist, cyst, fist, gist, grist, kist, list, Liszt, mist, schist, tryst, twist, whist, wist, wrist assist, backlist, blacklist, checklist, consist, delist, desist, encyst, enlist, entwist, exist, handlist, insist, persist, playlist, protist, Rehnquist, resist, shortlist, subsist, untwist


219 catechist, coexist, dadaist, exorcist, intertwist, preexist love-in-a-mist —also -ed forms of verbs listed at iss ist 3 \est\ see east 1 ista 1 \e-sta\ turista camorrista, Fidelista ista 2 \is-ta\ crista, vista arista, ballista sacahuiste istaed \is-tad\ see isted istal \is-t 3 l\ Bristol, crystal, Crystal, distal, listel, pistil, pistol istan \is-tan\ see iston istance \is-tsns\ see istence istant \is-t9nt\ see istent iste 1 \is-te\ see icity2 iste 2 \est\ see east 1 iste 3 \is-ts\ see ista 2 isted \is-tad\ twisted, vistaed closefisted, enlisted, ham-fisted, hardfisted, limp-wristed, tightfisted, two-fisted, unlisted, untwisted, whitelisted ironfisted, unassisted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ist2 istel \is-t a l\ see ist 2 isten \is- 3 n\ christen, glisten, listen, Nisan istenable Xis-ns-baiX listenable medicinable istence \is-tsns\ distance assistance, consistence, existence, insistence, outdistance, persistence, resistance, subsistence coexistence, inconsistence, inexistence, nonexistence, nonresistance, preexistence

istency \is-tan-se\ consistency, insistency, persistency inconsistency istent \is-tant\ distant assistant, consistent, existent, insistent, persistent, resistant, subsistent coexistent, equidistant, inconsistent, inexistent, nonexistent, nonpersistent, nonresistant, preexistent ister \is-tsr\ bister, blister, clyster, glister, klister, lister, Lister, mister, sister, twister resister, resistor, solicitor, stepsister, transistor istery \is-tre\ see istory istful \ist-fal\ tristful, wistful isthmus Nis-masX see istmas isti \is-te\ see icity2 istic \is-tik\ cystic, distich, fistic, mystic artistic, autistic, ballistic, cladistic, cubistic, eristic, fascistic, faunistic, floristic, heuristic, holistic, hubristic, juristic, linguistic, logistic, meristic, monistic, patristic, phlogistic, puristic, sadistic, simplistic, sophistic, statistic, stylistic, Taoistic, theistic, Thomistic, touristic, truistic, veristic, wholistic, Yahwistic activistic, agonistic, alchemistic, altruistic, amoristic, anarchistic, animistic, aphoristic, archaistic, atavistic, atheistic, atomistic, belletristic, cabalistic, Calvinistic, casuistic, catechistic, Catharistic, centralistic, chauvinistic, communistic, crosslinguistic, dadaistic, dualistic, dyslogistic, egoistic, egotistic, essayistic, eucharistic, eulogistic, euphemistic, euphuistic, exorcistic, fabulistic, familistic, fatalistic, feministic, fetishistic, feudalistic, fideistic, formalistic, futuristic, gongoristic, haggadistic, Hebraistic, hedonistic,

istical Hellenistic, humanistic, humoristic, idealistic, imagistic, inartistic, Jansenistic, jingoistic, journalistic, Judaistic, Lamaistic, legalistic, masochistic, mechanistic, melanistic, mentalistic, methodistic, modernistic, moralistic, narcissistic, nationalistic, nativistic, nepotistic, nihilistic, novelistic, onanistic, optimistic, pantheistic, pessimistic, pianistic, pietistic, plagiaristic, Platonistic, pluralistic, pointillistic, populistic, pugilistic, quietistic, realistic, Romanistic, sciolistic, shamanistic, shintoistic, socialistic, solecistic, solipsistic, specialistic, surrealistic, syllogistic, symbolistic, synchronistic, syncretistic, synergistic, terroristic, totalistic, totemistic, ultraistic, unrealistic, urbanistic, utopistic, vandalistic, verbalistic, vitalistic, voodooistic, voyeuristic, Zionistic absolutistic, adventuristic, anachronistic, animalistic, anomalistic, antagonistic, behavioristic, cannibalistic, capitalistic, characteristic, collectivistic, commercialistic, contortionistic, deterministic, evangelistic, eudaemonistic, euhemeristic, expansionistic, expressionistic, extralinguistic, functionalistic, Hinayanistic, hypocoristic, immanentistic, impressionistic, liberalistic, literalistic, Mahayanistic, melioristic, mercantilistic, militaristic, mediumistic, metalinguistic, misogynistic, monopolistic, monotheistic, naturalistic, negativistic, neologistic, opportunistic, paternalistic, physicalistic, polytheistic, probabilistic, propagandistic, psycholinguistic, rationalistic, recidivistic, reductionistic, relativistic, revivalistic, ritualistic, secularistic, sensualistic, separatistic, sociolinguistic, somnambulistic, ventriloquistic, violinistic, voluntaristic

220 colonialistic, Deuteronomistic, emotionalistic, exhibitionistic, fundamentalistic, existentialistic, imperialistic, indeterministic, introspectionistic, irrationalistic, materialistic, oligopolistic, Postimpressionistic, sadomasochistic, sensationalistic, sociolinguistic, spiritualistic, traditionalistic individualistic istical \is-ti-kal\ mystical deistical, eristical, linguistical, logistical, monistical, patristical, sophistical, statistical, theistical alchemistical, atheistical, casuistical, egoistical, egotistical, exorcistical, pantheistical anomalistical, hypocoristical, monotheistical, polytheistical istich \is-tik\ see istic istics \is-tiks\ ballistics, ekistics, linguistics, logistics, patristics, statistics, stylistics futuristics criminalistics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at istic istie \is-te\ see icity2 istil \is-t 3 l\ see istal istin \is-tan\ see iston istine \is-tan\ see iston istle \is-al\ bristle, fissile, gristle, missal, missile, scissile, thistle, whistle abyssal, dickcissel, dismissal, epistle penny whistle istler \is-br\ whistler, Whistler epistler istless \ist-las\ listless resistless istly \is-le\ bristly, gristly, thistly sweet cicely istmas \is-mas\ Christmas, isthmus Kiritimati


221 isto \is-to\ aristo, Callisto a

istol \is-t l\ see istal iston \is-tan\ Kristin, piston, Tristan Philistine, phlogiston amethystine

intromit, manumit, megahit, recommit, retrofit cost-benefit, lickety-split, overcommit jack-in-the-pulpit it2 \ e \ see ee 1

istor \is-tar\ see ister

it3 \et\ see eat 1

istory \is-tre\ blistery, history, mystery consistory, prehistory

ita1 \it-9\ vita baryta amanita

istral \is-tral\ mistral sinistral

ita2 \et-a\ cheetah, eta, Greta, Nita, pita, Rita, theta, vita, zeta Akita, Anita, Bonita, bonito, casita, excreta, Granita, Juanita, Lolita, partita, Suita amanita, arboreta, feterita, incognita, manzanita, margarita, senhorita, senorita Bhagavad Gita

istress \is-trss\ mistress headmistress, postmistress, schoolmistress, sinistrous, taskmistress, toastmistress istrophe \is-tra-fe\ antistrophe, epistrophe

isty \is-te\ see icity2

itable1 \it-9-bal\ citable, writable excitable, indictable copyrightable, extraditable

isus \I-S3s\ see isis

itable 2 \it-9-bal\ see ittable

iszt \ist\ see ist 2

itae \It-e\ see ite 2

it1 \it\ bit, bitt, brit, Brit, chit, dit, fit, flit, frit, git, grit, hit, it, kit, knit, lit, mitt, nit, pit, Pitt, quit, sit, skit, slit, snit, spit, split, Split, sprit, teat, tit, twit, whit, wit, writ, zit acquit, admit, armpit, backbit, backfit, befit, bowsprit, Brigitte, bushtit, cesspit, close-knit, cockpit, commit, culprit, demit, Dewitt, dimwit, emit, fleapit, gaslit, godwit, half-wit, henbit, house-sit, legit, lit crit, misfit, mishit, moonlit, nitwit, obit, omit, outfit, outwit, peewit, permit, pinch-hit, Prakrit, pulpit, refit, remit, sandpit, Sanskrit, snakebit, starlit, submit, sunlit, switch-hit, tidbit, tight-knit, titbit, tomtit, transmit, turnspit, twilit, two-bit, unfit, unknit, well-knit baby-sit, benefit, candlelit, counterfeit, hypocrite, intermit,

itain \it-n\ see itten

istrous \is-tras\ see istress

ital1 \It- 3 l\ title, vital detrital, entitle, nontitle, recital, requital, subtitle disentitle, intravital, supravital ital2 \it- 3 l\ see ittle italer \it- 3 l-ar\ whittler, victualler belittler, Hospitaler italist \It- 3 l-9st\ titlist, vitalist recitalist itan \it- a n\ see ighten itant \It- 3 nt\ mightn't excitant, incitant, renitent itany \it- 3 n-e\ Brittany, dittany, litany itch \ich\ bitch, ditch, fitch, flitch, glitch, hitch, itch, kitsch, niche, pitch,

itchen quitch, rich, snitch, stitch, such, switch, twitch, which, witch backstitch, bewitch, cross-stitch, enrich, fast-twitch, hemstitch, lockstitch, slow-pitch, slow-twitch, topstitch, unhitch, whipstitch czarevitch, featherstitch, microswitch itchen \ich-an\ kitchen, richen itchener \ich-nar\ Kitchener, Michener itcher \ich-ar\ hitcher, pitcher, richer, snitcher, stitcher, switcher enricher, hemstitcher Lubavitcher, water witcher itchery \ich-a-re\ bitchery, stitchery, witchery bewitchery, obituary itches \ich-az\ britches, riches Dutchman's-breeches —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at itch itchman \ich-man\ pitchman, switchman itchment Xich-mantX bewitchment, enrichment itchy \ich-e\ bitchy, itchy, kitschy, pitchy, twitchy, witchy it'd \it-ad\ see itted ite1 \It\ bight, bite, blight, bright, byte, cite, dight, dite, Dwight, fight, flight, fright, height, hight, kite, knight, krait, kyte, light, lite, might, mite, night, plight, quite, right, rite, sight, site, sleight, slight, smite, spite, sprite, tight, trite, white, White, wight, Wight, wite, wright, Wright, write affright, airtight, albite, alight, all right, all-night, aright, backbite, backlight, bedight, Birchite, birthright, bobwhite, bombsight, bullfight, campsite, cockfight, contrite, Cushite, daylight, deadlight, delight, despite, dogfight, downright, droplight, earthlight, excite, eyebright, eyesight,

222 fanlight, finite, firefight, firelight, fistfight, flashlight, fleabite, floodlight, foresight, forthright, fortnight, frostbite, Gadite, gaslight, gastight, ghostwrite, graphite, gunfight, Gunite, half-light, Hamite, handwrite, headlight, highlight, hindsight, Hittite, homesite, hoplite, Hussite, ignite, illite, infight, in-flight, incite, indict, indite, insight, invite, jacklight, jadeite, lamplight, Levite, lighttight, lignite, limelight, lintwhite, lowlight, Lucite, Luddite, lyddite, Melchite, midnight, millwright, miswrite, moonlight, night-light, off-site, offwhite, on-site, outright, outsight, partite, penlight, playwright, polite, prizefight, pyrite, recite, requite, respite, rushlight, safelight, searchlight, Semite, Servite, Shemite, Shiite, shipwright, sidelight, skintight, skylight, skywrite, smectite, snakebite, snow-white, spaceflight, speedlight, spotlight, starlight, sticktight, stoplight, streetlight, sunlight, Sunnite, taillight, termite, tonight, torchlight, trothplight, twilight, twi-night, typewrite, unite, unsight, upright, uptight, wainwright, weeknight, wheelwright acolyte, aconite, Ammonite, Amorite, amosite, anchorite, anthracite, antiwhite, apartheid, appetite, Bakelite, Benthamite, bipartite, black-and-white, blatherskite, bleacherite, chalcocite, Canaanite, Carmelite, castroite, catamite, cellulite, copyright, disinvite, disunite, dynamite, erudite, expedite, extradite, Fahrenheit, featherlight, fly-by-night, gelignite, gesundheit, gigabyte, Hashemite, Hepplewhite, Himyarite, Hitlerite, hug-me-tight, impolite, Ishmaelite, Israelite, Jacobite, Josephite, Kimberlite, laborite, Leninite, leukocyte, lily-white, localite, malachite, manganite, Marcionite, Masonite, Mennonite, Minorite, Moabite, muscovite, Nazirite, out-ofsight, overbite, overflight, overnight,



oversight, overwrite, parasite, perovskite, plebiscite, proselyte, Puseyite, pyrrhotite, recondite, reunite, satellite, shergottite, socialite, sodalite, sodomite, Stagirite, stalactite, stalagmite, Sybarite, time-of-flight, transfinite, transvestite, tripartite, troglodyte, Trotskyite, ultralight, underwrite, urbanite, Wahhabite, watertight, Wycliffite, yesternight adipocyte, anthophyllite, cosmopolite, exurbanite, geir^tlichkeit, hermaphrodite, IndoHittite, McCarthyite, multipartite, quadripartite, suburbanite, theodolite Areopagite, Pre-Raphaelite Great Australian Bight ite 2 \it-e\ flighty, mighty, nightie, righty, whity almighty, Almighty, Venite Aphrodite, aqua vitae, arborvitae, lignum vitae ite 3 \it\ see it1 4

ite \et\ see eat

copywriter, expediter, fly-by-nighter, Gastarbeiter, underwriter teletypewriter —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ite1 iter2 \it-ar\ see itter iter3 \et-ar\ see eater 1 iteral \it-3-rsl\ clitoral, literal, littoral sublittoral, triliteral iterally \it-ar-le\ see itterly iterate \it-9-rst\ literate illiterate, nonliterate, postliterate, preliterate, presbyterate, subliterate semiliterate ites 1 \It-ez\ barytes, sorites, Thersites —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at ite2 ites 2 \its\ see ights


ited \lt-sd\ see ighted

itey \it-e\ see ite2

itener Mt-narX see ightener

ith \ith\ fifth, frith, grith, kith, myth, pith, sith, smith, Smith, swith, with, withe blacksmith, forthwith, goldsmith, Goldsmith, gunsmith, herewith, locksmith, songsmith, therewith, tinsmith, tunesmith, wherewith, whitesmith, wordsmith coppersmith, eolith, Granny Smith, Hammersmith, megalith, metalsmith, microlith, monolith, neolith, silversmith paleolith

itent \it- 3 nt\ see itant

ith 3 \et\ see eat 1

iteor \et-e-ar\ see eteor

ith4 \eth\ see eath

iter1 \It-ar\ blighter, fighter, lighter, miter, niter, titer, writer all-nighter, braillewriter, exciter, first-nighter, lamplighter, nail-biter, one-nighter, prizefighter, screenwriter, scriptwriter, songwriter, speechwriter, sportswriter, states righter, typewriter

ithe1 \Ith\ blithe, kithe, lithe, scythe, tithe, withe, writhe

iteful \it-fal\ see ightful itely \It-le\ see ightly item \it-9m\ item ad infinitum itement Mt-mantX alightment, excitement, incitement, indictment iten \It- 3 n\ see ighten

ithe 2 \ith\ see ith2 ithe 3 \ith\ see ith1 ithee 1 \ith-e\ see ithy2


ithee ithee 2 \ith-e\ see ithy1 ither \ith-ar\ blither, cither, dither, hither, slither, swither, thither, whither, wither, zither come-hither, nowhither, somewhither itherward Xith-sr-wardX thitherward, whitherward ithesome Mth-sairA blithesome, lithesome ithia \ith-e-s\ see ythia ithic \ith-ik\ lithic ornithic batholithic, Eolithic, granolithic, megalithic, Mesolithic, monolithic, neolithic Paleolithic ithing \I-thirj\ tithing, trithing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ithe1 ithmic \ith-mik\ seeythmic ithy1 \ith-e\ prithee, withy ithy2 \ith-e\ mythy, pithy, prithee, smithy, withy

anaclitic, analytic, anchoritic, catalytic, cenobitic, copralitic, crystallitic, diacritic, dialytic, dynamitic, eremitic, Himyaritic, hypercritic, Jesuitic, paralytic, parasitic, sodomitic, stalactitic, stalagmitic, sybaritic, thallophytic, thrombolytic, troglodytic cryptanalytic, electrolytic, hermaphroditic, meteoritic, Monophysitic psychoanalytic itical \it-i-kal\ critical Levitical, political analytical, apolitical, cenobitical, diacritical, eremitical, hypercritical, hypocritical, impolitical, Jacobitical, Jesuitical, parasitical, sodomitical, supercritical geopolitical, meteoritical sociopolitical itics \it-iks\ Semitics analytics meteoritic s —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at itic itid \it-ad\ see itted

iti \et-e\ see eaty

itimati \is-m9s\ see istmas

itia1 \ish-a\ Lycia, Mysia, wisha Alicia, Cilicia, comitia, episcia, Galicia, indicia, Letitia, militia, Patricia, Phoenicia Dionysia

itin \it- 3 n\ see ighten

itia2 \e-sha\ see esia 1 itial \ish-9l\ see icial itian1 \ish-an\ see ition itian2 \e-shsn\ see etion1 itiate \ish-at\ initiate, novitiate uninitiate itic \it-ik\ clitic, critic arthritic, bronchi tic, dendritic, enclitic, granitic, graphitic, Hamitic, jaditic, mephitic, proclitic, pruritic, rachitic, Sanskritic, Semitic, Shemitic, Sinitic

iting \It-irj\ biting, flyting, lighting, whiting, writing backbiting, bullfighting, cockfighting, daylighting, exciting, freewriting, frostbiting, handwriting, infighting, inviting, newswriting, prewriting, prizefighting, skywriting, song writing, sports writing, typewriting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ite1 ition \ish-an\ fission, hycian, mission, titian, Titian addition, admission, ambition, attrition, audition, beautician, clinician, cognition, coition, commission, condition, contrition, demission, dentition, dismission, Domitian, edition, emission, ethician,

225 fruition, ignition, lenition, logician, magician, monition, mortician, munition, musician, nutrition, omission, optician, partition, patrician, perdition, permission, petition, Phoenician, physician, position, punition, remission, rendition, sedition, submission, suspicion, tactician, technician, tradition, transition, transmission, tuition, volition abolition, acquisition, admonition, aesthetician, air-condition, ammunition, apparition, apposition, coalition, competition, composition, cosmetician, decommission, decondition, definition, demolition, deposition, dietitian, Dionysian, disposition, disquisition, electrician, erudition, exhibition, expedition, exposition, extradition, imposition, inhibition, inquisition, intermission, intromission, intuition, linguistician, logistician, malnutrition, malposition, manumission, mathematician, mechanician, micturition, obstetrician, opposition, Ordovician, parturition, phonetician, politician, precognition, precondition, premonition, preposition, prohibition, proposition, recognition, recondition, repetition, requisition, rhetorician, statistician, submunition, superstition, supposition, transposition academician, arithmetician, decomposition, diagnostician, dialectician, disinhibition, geometrician, geriatrician, indisposition, interposition, juxtaposition, metaphysician, onomastician, pediatrician, presupposition, redefinition, semiotician, theoretician superimposition itionable Xish-na-balX see issionable itional \ish-nal\ additional, attritional, cognitional, coitional, conditional, nutritional, positional, traditional, transitional, tuitional, volitional

itment apparitional, appositional, compositional, definitional, depositional, expositional, inquisitional, oppositional, prepositional, propositional, repetitional, suppositional, transpositional, unconditional juxtapositional, presuppositional itioner \i-shs-nar\ missioner commissioner, conditioner, parishioner, partitioner, petitioner, practitioner exhibitioner, malpractitioner, nursepractitioner itionist \i-sh3-nast\ nutritionist, partitionist abolitionist, coalitionist, demolitionist, exhibitionist, intuitionist, oppositionist, prohibitionist itious \ish-9s\ see icious1 itis \it-as\ situs, Titus arthritis, botrytis, bronchitis, bursitis, colitis, cystitis, detritus, gastritis, iritis, mastitis, nephritis, neuritis, phlebitis dermatitis, enteritis, gingivitis, hepatitis, Heracleitus, ileitis, laryngitis, meningitis, pharyngitis, pneumonitis, prostatitis, retinitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, spondylitis, tendinitis, urethritis, vaginitis appendicitis, conjunctivitis, encephalitis, endocarditis, endometritus, folliculitis, Hermaphroditus, peritonitis analysis situs, diverticulitis, gastroenteritis, poliomyelitis itish \it-ish\ British, skittish itius \ish-ss\ see icious itle \It- 9 l\ see ital1 it'll \it- 9 l\ see ittle itment \it-msnt\ fitment commitment, remitment recommitment overcommitment



itness \it-nas\ fitness, witness earwitness, eyewitness, unfitness itney \it-ne\ jitney, Whitney Mount Whitney

ittany \it- 3 n-e\ see itany itte \it\ see it1

ito \et-6\ keto, Leto, Quito, Tito, veto bonito, burrito, graffito, magneto, Miskito, mosquito, Negrito Hirohito, incognito, sanbenito

itted \it-ad\ fitted, it'd, nitid, pitted, teated, witted committed, dim-witted, half-witted, quick-witted, sharp-witted, slowwitted, thick-witted, unbitted, unfitted uncommitted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at it

ito 2 \et-a\ see ita2

ittee \it-e\ see itty


iton1 \it- 3 n\ see itten 2


iton \it- n\ see ighten itoral \it-9-ral\ see iteral itra \e-tra\ see etra 2 itral \i-trsl\ mitral, nitrile itrile \I-tral\ see itral its \its\ blitz, ditz, Fritz, glitz, grits, its, it's, quits, spitz Chemnitz, Saint Kitts slivovitz —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at it it's \its\ see its itsail \it-sal\ see itzel itsch \ich\ see itch itschy \ich-e\ see itchy

itten \it- 3 n\ bitten, Britain, Briton, Britten, kitten, litten, Lytton, mitten, smitten, witting, written backbitten, flea-bitten, Great Britain, hard-bitten, New Britain, rewritten, snakebitten, unwritten ittence \it- 3 ns\ see ittance ittent \it- 3 nt\ remittent intermittent, intromittent itter \it-ar\ bitter, chitter, critter, fitter, flitter, fritter, glitter, hitter, jitter, knitter, litter, quitter, quittor, sitter, skitter, slitter, spitter, titter, twitter aglitter, atwitter, bed-sitter, embitter, emitter, hairsplitter, no-hitter, outfitter, rail-splitter, remitter, shipfitter, steamfitter, switch-hitter, transmitter benefiter, counterfeiter, intromitter

itsy \it-se\ see itzy

itterer \it-3r-sr\ fritterer, litterer, twitterer

itt \it\ see it1

itterly \it-9r-le\ bitterly, literally

itta \it-a\ shittah, vitta

ittern \it-arn\ bittern, cittern, gittern

ittable Xit-a-bslX committable, habitable, hospitable, remittable, transmittable inhospitable

ittery \it-3-re\ glittery, jittery, littery, skittery, twittery

ittah \it-a\ see itta

ittier \it-e-ar\ grittier, prettier, Whittier, wittier


ittie \it-e\ see itty

ittal \it- l\ see ittle ittance \it- 3 ns\ pittance, quittance acquittance, admittance, emittance, immittance, remittance, transmittance intermittence

ittiness \it-e-nss\ grittiness, prettiness, wittiness itting1 \it-irj\ fitting, sitting, splitting, witting



(Video) Old MacDonald Had A Farm | Nursery Rhymes | Super Simple Songs

befitting, earsplitting, fence-sitting, formfitting, hairsplitting, hard-hitting, house-sitting, resitting, sidesplitting, unfitting, unwitting, unremitting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at it1

itzy \it-se\ bitsy, glitzy, Mitzi, ritzy, schizy

itting2 \it- 3 n\ see itten

iu \ u \ see ew1

ittish \it-ish\ see itish

ius 1 \e-as\ see eus 1


ittle \it- l\ brittle, it'll, kittle, little, skittle, spital, spittle, tittle, victual, whittle, wittol acquittal, belittle, committal, embrittle, hospital, lickspittle, remittal, transmittal noncommittal, recommittal ittler \it- 3 l-ar\ see italer ittol \it- 3 l\ see ittle ittor \it-ar\ see itter ittoral \it-s-r9l\ see iteral itts \its\ see its itty \it-e\ bitty, city, ditty, gritty, kitty, Kitty, pity, pretty, tittie, witty committee, self-pity, itty-bitty, Kansas City, megacity, nitty-gritty, Salt Lake City, subcommittee, supercity, Walter Mitty Ho Chi Minh City itual \ich-3-wsl\ ritual habitual ituary \ich-3-re\ see itchery1 itum \It-am\ see item itus \It-3s\ see itis ity1 \it-e\ see itty ity2 \It-e\ see ite2 itz \its\ see its itza1 \et-sa\ pizza czaritza Chichen Itza, Katowice 2

itza \it-sa\ czaritza tamburitza

itzel \it-s9l\ schnitzel, spritsail Wiener schnitzel itzi \it-se\ see itzy

ius 2 \I-3s\ see ias 1 iv1 \iv\ see ive2 iv2 \ef\ see ief1 iv3 \if\ see iff iv4 \ev\ see eave iva1 \I-va\ Saiva gingiva, Godiva, saliva iva 2 \e-va\ diva, Eva, kiva, Shiva, siva, Siva, viva geneva, Geneva, yeshiva iva 3 \iv-a\ Shiva, Siva ivable1 \I-v3-bal\ drivable derivable, revivable, survivable ivable 2 \iv-3-bsl\ livable forgivable ival \I-val\ rival archival, arrival, revival, survival adjectival, conjunctival, genitival, substantival infinitival ivalent \iv-9-bnt\ ambivalent, equivalent unambivalent ivan \iv-sn\ see iven ivance \I-vans\ connivance, contrivance, survivance ivative \iv-at-iv\ privative derivative ive 1 \Iv\ chive, dive, drive, five, gyve, hive, I've, jive, live, rive, shrive, skive, strive, thrive, wive


ive alive, archive, Argive, arrive, beehive, connive, contrive, deprive, derive, endive, nosedive, ogive, revive, self-drive, skin-dive, survive, testdrive forty-five, overdrive, power-dive ive 2 \iv\ give, live, sheave, shiv, sieve, spiv forgive, misgive, outlive, relive, unlive underactive ive 3 \ev\ see eave 1 ivel \iv-al\ civil, drivel, frivol, shrivel, snivel, swivel iven \iv-an\ driven, given, riven, Sivan, striven, thriven forgiven menu-driven iver1 \I-var\ diver, driver, fiver arriver, cabdriver, conniver, contriver, deriver, reviver, screwdriver, survivor iver2 \iv-ar\ flivver, giver, liver, quiver, river, shiver, sliver almsgiver, aquiver, deliver, downriver, forgiver, lawgiver, upriver Guadalquivir ivers 1 \I-varz\ divers, vivers —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at iver1 ivers 2 \e-varz\ see eavers ivery \iv-re\ livery, shivery delivery ives \ivz\ fives, hives, Ives —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ive1

ivid \iv-ad\ livid, vivid ivil \iv-al\ see ivel ivilly \iv-a-le\ civilly, privily uncivilly ivily \iv-a-le\ see ivilly iving \iv-in\ giving, living almsgiving, forgiving, free-living, misgiving, thanksgiving —also -ing forms of verbs listed at

ive2 ivion \iv-e-sn\ Vivian oblivion ivious \iv-e-9s\ lascivious, oblivious

ivir \iv-ar\ see iver2 ivity \iv-at-e\ privity acclivity, activity, captivity, declivity, festivity, motivity, nativity, proclivity absorptivity, adaptivity, additivity, affectivity, aggressivity, coercivity, cognitivity, collectivity, compulsivity, conductivity, connectivity, creativity, destructivity, diffusivity, directivity, effectivity, emissivity, emotivity, exclusivity, exhaustivity, expansivity, expressivity, impassivity, inactivity, infectivity, negativity, perceptivity, perfectivity, permittivity, positivity, primitivity, productivity, progressivity, reactivity, receptivity, reflexivity, relativity, resistivity, retentivity, selectivity, sensitivity, subjectivity, susceptivity, transitivity distributivity, hyperactivity, insensitivity, overactivity, retroactivity hypersensitivity, radioactivity ivium \iv-e-3m\ trivium quadrivium

ivet \iv-at\ civet, divot, pivot, privet, rivet, swivet, trivet

iviut \e-ve-at\ see eviate

ivi1 \iv-e\ see ivvy

ivo \e-vo\ see evo


ivi \e-ve\ see eavey ivia \iv-e-a\ Bolivia, Olivia ivial \iv-e-3l\ trivial convivial, quadrivial

ivocal \iv-3-k9i\ equivocal, univocal unequivocal

ivol \iv-3l\ see ivel ivor \i-var\ see iver1


229 ivorous \iv-ras\ carnivorous, granivorous, omnivorous insectivorous ivot \iv-at\ see ivet

ixer \ik-ssr\ fixer, mixer elixir ixia \ik-se-s\ asphyxia, panmixia

ivus \e-vas\ see evous

ixie \ik-se\ Dixie, nixie, Nixie, pixie, pyxie, tricksy

ivver \iv-ar\ see iver2

ixion \ik-shan\ see iction

ivvy \iv-e\ chivy, civvy, divvy, Livy, privy, skivvy tantivy divi-divi

ixir \ik-sar\ see ixer

ivy \iv-e\ see ivvy iwi \e-we\ see eewee ix1 \iks\ Brix, Dix, fix, mix, nix, pyx, six, Styx admix, affix, blanc fixe, commix, deep-six, immix, infix, postfix, prefix, premix, prix fixe, prolix, subfix, suffix, transfix, unfix antefix, cicatrix, crucifix, eighty-six, intermix, politics, six-o-six, superfix geopolitics RU486 —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ick ix2 \ e \ see ee 1 ixal \ik-sal\ pixel affixal, prefixal, suffixal ixe1 \eks\ breeks prix fixe idee fixe Macgillicuddy's Reeks —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at eak

ixit \ik-sat\ quixote ipse dixit ixon \ik-san\ see ixen ixote \ik-sat\ see ixit ixt \ikst\ see ixed ixture \iks-char\ fixture, mixture admixture, commixture intermixture iya \e-a\ see ia1 iyeh \e-s\ see ia1 iz \iz\ biz, fizz, frizz, his, is, Ms., phiz, quiz, 'tis, whiz, wiz gee-whiz, show biz iz2 \ez\ see eze iza1 \e-za\ see eza iza 2 \e-tha\ see etna izabeth \iz-3-bath\ Elisabeth, Elizabeth Port Elizabeth

ixed \ikst\ fixed, mixed, twixt betwixt, well-fixed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ix

izable \I-z3-bal\ sizable advisable, cognizable, devisable, excisable amortizable, analyzable, criticizable, dramatizable, exercisable, fertilizable, hypnotizable, inadvisable, localizable, magnetizable, mechanizable, memorizable, pulverizable, recognizable, vaporizable computerizable, generalizable, uncompromisable

ixel \ik-sal\ see ixal

izar \I-Z9r\ see izer

ixen \ik-san\ vixen, Nixon Mason-Dixon

izard \iz-ard\ blizzard, gizzard, izzard, lizard, vizard, wizard

ixe 2 \iks\ see ix1 ixe 3 \esh\ see iche 2


ize \Iz\ guise, prise, prize, rise, size, wise abscise, advise, apprise, apprize, arise, assize, baptize, breadthwise, capsize, chastise, clockwise, cognize, comprise, crabwise, crosswise, demise, despise, devise, disguise, disprize, downsize, earthrise, edgewise, emprise, endwise, excise, fanwise, franchise, full-size, grecize, high-rise, incise, king-size, leastwise, lengthwise, Levi's, life-size, likewise, low-rise, man-size, midsize, misprize, moonrise, nowise, outsize, piecewise, pint-size, premise, quantize, remise, reprise, revise, slantwise, streetwise, stylize, suffice, sunrise, surmise, surprise, twin-size, uprise advertise, aggrandize, agonize, alchemize, amortize, analyze, anglicize, anywise, aphorize, arabize, atomize, authorize, autolyze, balkanize, barbarize, bastardize, bestialize, bolshevize, botanize, bowdlerize, brutalize, burglarize, canalize, canonize, capsulize, caramelize, carbonize, cartelize, catalyze, catechize, cauterize, centralize, channelize, Christianize, cicatrize, circumcise, civilize, classicize, colonize, communize, compromise, concertize, concretize, creolize, criticize, crystalize, customize, demonize, deputize, dialyze, digitize, disfranchise, dogmatize, dramatize, elegize, empathize, emphasize, energize, enfranchise, enterprise, equalize, erotize, eternize, etherize, eulogize, euphemize, exercise, exorcise, factorize, fantasize, fascistize, feminize, fertilize, feudalize, Actionize, finalize, formalize, formulize, fossilize, fragmentize, fraternize, gallicize, galvanize, germanize, ghettoize, glamorize, globalize, gormandize, gothicize, gourmandize, grecianize, harmonize, heathenize, hebraize, hellenize, hierarchize, humanize, hybridize, hypnotize, idolize, immunize,

230 improvise, ionize, ironize, Islamize, itemize, jeopardize, journalize, Judaize, laicize, latinize, legalize, lionize, liquidize, localize, magnetize, marbleize, martyrize, maximize, mechanize, melanize, melodize, memorize, merchandise, mesmerize, methodize, metricize, minimize, mobilize, modernize, moisturize, monetize, mongrelize, moralize, motorize, mythicize, narcotize, nasalize, neutralize, normalize, notarize, novelize, obelize, odorize, optimize, organize, ostracize, otherwise, oversize, oxidize, paganize, paradise, paralyze, pasteurize, patronize, pauperize, penalize, pennywise, pidginize, plagiarize, plasticize, Platonize, pluralize, pocket-size, poetize, polarize, polemize, pressurize, privatize, prussianize, publicize, pulverize, randomize, realize, recognize, rhapsodize, robotize, romanize, rubberize, sanitize, satirize, scandalize, schematize, schismatize, scrutinize, sensitize, sermonize, signalize, simonize, sinicize, slenderize, sloganize, socialize, sodomize, solarize, sonnetize, specialize, stabilize, Stalinize, standardize, sterilize, stigmatize, strategize, subsidize, summarize, supervise, syllogize, symbolize, sympathize, synchronize, syncretize, synopsize, synthesize, systemize, tantalize, televise, temporize, tenderize, terrorize, tetanize, teutonize, texturize, theorize, thermalize, totalize, tranquilize, traumatize, tyrannize, unionize, unitize, urbanize, utilize, valorize, vandalize, vaporize, verbalize, vernalize, victimize, vitalize, vocalize, vulcanize, vulgarize, weather-wise, weatherize, westernize, winterize, womanize, worldly-wise accessorize, acclimatize, actualize, allegorize, alphabetize, analogize, anatomize, anesthetize, animalize, annualize, antagonize, anthologize, anticlockwise, apologize, apostatize,

231 apostrophize, arabicize, aromatize, baby blue-eyes, bureaucratize, cannibalize, capitalize, categorize, catholicize, characterize, commercialize, communalize, computerize, conservatize, containerize, contrariwise, conveyorize, cosmeticize, counterclockwise, criminalize, cryptanalize, decentralize, decolonize, de-emphasize, de-energize, dehumanize, deionize, demagnetize, demobilize, democratize, demoralize, deodorize, depersonalize, depolarize, desalinize, desensitize, destabilize, digitalize, disenfranchise, disorganize, economize, emotionalize, epitomize, epoxidize, eroticize, eternalize, euthanatize, evangelize, extemporize, externalize, familiarize, fanaticize, federalize, fictionalize, formularize, gelatinize, generalize, geologize, Hispanicize, homogenize, hospitalize, hypothesize, idealize, illegalize, immobilize, immortalize, impersonalize, Indianize, indigenize, initialize, internalize, italicize, legitimize, liberalize, literalize, lobotomize, lysogenize, macadamize, metabolize, metastasize, militarize, mineralize, monopolize, mythologize, nationalize, naturalize, parenthesize, philosophize, politicize, popularize, proselytize, regularize, reorganize, revitalize, romanticize, secularize, sexualize, sovietize, subjectivize, suburbanize, subvocalize, systematize, temporalize, theologize, traditionalize, transistorize, trivialize, ventriloquize, visualize Americanize, apotheosize, colonialize, compartmentalize, conceptualize, contextualize, decriminalize, demilitarize, denaturalize, departmentalize, depoliticize, desexualize, Europeanize, exteriorize, ideologize, immaterialize, individualize, industrialize, internationalize, legitimatize, materialize, miniaturize, particularize, politicalize,


psychoanalyze, self-actualize, sentimentalize, spiritualize, underutilize, universalize constitutionalize, dematerialize, editorialize, intellectualize deinstitutionalize —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at y ize 2 \ez\ see eze ized \Izd\ sized advised, outsized ergotized, ill-advised, pearlized, Sanforized, unadvised, undersized, varisized, well-advised elasticized, modularized, unexercised immunocompromised —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ize1 izen 1 \Iz- 3 n\ bison, dizen, greisen bedizen, horizon spiegeleisen izen 2 \iz- 3 n\ see ison 2 izer \i-zar\ Dreiser, geyser, kaiser, miser, prizer, riser, sizar, visor, wiser adviser, divisor, incisor appetizer, atomizer, energizer, enterpriser, equalizer, exerciser, fertilizer, organizer, oxidizer, stabilizer, supervisor, synthesizer, totalizer, tranquilizer, tyrannizer, vaporizer complementizer, deodorizer izing \I-zirj\ rising, sizing uprising appetizing, enterprising, merchandising, self-sufficing, unsurprising self-sacrificing, uncompromising —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ize1 izo 1 \e-zo\ sleazo chorizo, mestizo izo 2 \e-so\ see iso izon \Iz- 3 n\ see izen1 izy \it-se\ see itzy



izz \iz\ see iz1 izza \et-sa\ see itza


izzard \iz-ard\ see izard izzen \iz- 3 n\ see ison 2 izzer \iz-ar\ see issor izzical \iz-i-kal\ seeysical izzie \i-ze\ see izzy izzle \iz-3i\ chisel, drizzle, fizzle, frizzle, grizzle, mizzle, pizzle, sizzle, swizzle

izzled \iz-sld\ chiseled, grizzled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at izzle izzler \iz-lsr\ chiseler, sizzler, swizzler izzly \iz-le\ drizzly, grisly, grizzly, mizzly izzy \iz-e\ busy, dizzy, fizzy, frizzy, tizzy tin lizzie

o 0 1 \ii\ see ew1

oak \6k\ see oke

0 2 \ 6 \ see ow1

oaken \6-kan\ see oken

oa \6-s\ boa, Goa, koa, moa, Noah, proa, stoa aloha, balboa, Balboa, jerboa, Samoa Krakatoa, Mauna Loa, Shenandoah, Sinaloa Guanabacoa, Joao Pessoa

oaker \6-k9r\ see oker

oa 2 \ 6 \ see ow1

oalie \6-le\ see oly1

oable \ii-3-b9l\ see uable

oam 1 \6-am\ seeoem 1

oach \6ch\ broach, brooch, coach, loach, poach, roach abroach, approach, caroche, cockroach, encroach, reproach, stagecoach

oam 2 \6m\ see ome 1

oachable \6-ch3-b3l\ coachable approachable inapproachable, irreproachable, unapproachable oacher \6-char\ broacher, coacher, cloture, poacher encroacher oad 1 \6d\ see ode oad 2 \6d\ see aud 1 oader \6d-ar\ see Oder oadie \6d-e\ see ody 2 oady \6d-e\ see ody 2 oaf \6f\ loaf, oaf, qoph meatloaf, witloof sugarloaf oafer \6-far\ see ofer oagie \6-ge\ see ogie oah \6-a\ see oa 1

oakum \6-k3m\ see okum oaky \6-ke\ see oky oal \61\ see ole 1

oamer Xo-marX see omer 1 oaming \6-mirj\ coaming, combing, gloaming Wyoming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ome 1 oamy \6-me\ foamy, homey, loamy, show-me Dahomey, Naomi, Salome oan 1 \6-an\ Owen, roan, rowan Minoan, Samoan, waygoing Eskimoan, protozoan oan 2 \6n\ see one 1 oaner \6-nar\ see oner 1 oaning \6-nirj\ see oning 2 oap \ 6 p \ see ope oaper \6-psr\ see oper oapy \6-pe\ see opi oar \6r\ see or1 oard \6rd\ board, bored, chord, cord, cored, floored, ford, Ford, gourd,


oarder hoard, horde, lord, Lord, oared, pored, poured, sward, sword, toward, ward, Ward aboard, accord, afford, award, backboard, backsword, baseboard, billboard, blackboard, breadboard, broadsword, buckboard, cardboard, chalkboard, chessboard, chipboard, clapboard, clipboard, concord, corkboard, dashboard, discord, duckboard, fjord, flashboard, floorboard, footboard, freeboard, garbord, Gaylord, greensward, hardboard, headboard, inboard, keyboard, kickboard, landlord, lapboard, leeboard, longsword, matchboard, moldboard, onboard, outboard, packboard, pasteboard, patchboard, pegboard, pressboard, punchboard, rearward, record, reward, sailboard, scoreboard, seaboard, shipboard, sideboard, signboard, skateboard, slumlord, smallsword, snowboard, soundboard, splashboard, springboard, surfboard, switchboard, tailboard, untoward, wallboard, washboard, word-hoard, warlord, whipcord aboveboard, bungee cord, centerboard, checkerboard, clavichord, disaccord, fiberboard, fingerboard, harpsichord, mortarbord, motherboard, overboard, overlord, paddleboard, paperboard, pinafored, plasterboard, pompadoured, shuffleboard, smorgasbord, storyboard, teeterboard, tetrachord, untoward, weatherboard misericord, particleboard —also -ed forms of verbs listed at or1 oarder \6rd-sr\ see order oarding \6rd-irj\ see ording1 oared \6rd\ see oard oarer \6r-9r\ see orer oaring \6r-irj\ see oring oarious \6r-e-as\ see orious

oarish \6r-ish\ see orish1 oarse \6rs\ see orse 1 oarsen \6rs- 3 n\ coarsen, hoarsen, whoreson oarsman \6rz-m3n\ oarsman outdoorsman oart \6rt\ see ort1 oary \6r-e\ see ory oast \6st\ see ost 2 oastal \6s-t 3 l\ see ostal 1 oaster \6-star\ coaster, poster, roaster, throwster, toaster billposter, four-poster roller-coaster, roller coaster oasty \6-ste\ see osty oat \6t\ bloat, boat, coat, cote, dote, float, gloat, goat, groat, haute, moat, mote, note, oat, quote, rote, shoat, smote, stoat, throat, tote, vote, wrote afloat, airboat, bareboat, bluecoat, bumboat, capote, catboat, compote, connote, coyote, cutthroat, demote, denote, devote, dovecote, eighth note, emote, endnote, fireboat, fistnote, flatboat, footnote, greatcoat, gunboat, half note, headnote, Hohhot, houseboat, housecoat, iceboat, keelboat, keynote, lifeboat, longboat, one-note, pigboat, promote, Q-boat, raincoat, Rajkot, redcoat, remote, rewrote, rowboat, sailboat, scapegoat, sheepcote, showboat, speedboat, steamboat, stoneboat, Sukkot, Sukkoth, surfboat, tailcoat, topcoat, towboat, tugboat, turncoat, U-boat, unquote, wainscot, whaleboat, whitethroat, whole note, woodnote, workboat anecdote, antidote, asymptote, creosote, entrecote, ferryboat, Huhehot, motorboat, overcoat, paddleboat, papillote, petticoat, powerboat, quarter note, redingote, riverboat, rubythroat, Shabuoth,



Sialkot, sugarcoat, symbiote, table d'hote, sixteenth note, undercoat, yellowthroat thirty-second note

ob 2 \ 6 b \ see obe 1

oate \6-at\ see oet 1

obably \ab-le\ see obbly

oated \6t-ad\ coated, noted, throated devoted, tailcoated petticoated —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oat

obal \6-bal\ see oble


oaten \6t- n\ see oton oater \6t-ar\ bloater, boater, coater, doter, floater, gloater, motor, noter, oater, rotor, scoter, toter, voter houseboater, iceboater, keynoter, promoter, pulmotor, sailboater, tiltrotor, trimotor locomotor, motorboater oath \6th\ see owth oathe \6th\ see othe

oba \6-b9\ arroba, jojoba algaroba, Manitoba

Obally \6-ba-le\ globally primum mobile obar \6-bsr\ see obGr obber \ab-ar\ bobber, caber, clobber, cobber, jobber, robber, slobber, swabber, throbber hobnobber, Micawber, Skibobber, stockjobber obbery \ab-re\ bobbery, jobbery, robbery, slobbery, snobbery corroboree obbes \abz\ Hobbes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ob

oathing \6-thirj\ see othing

Obbet \ab-at\ gobbet, probit

oating \6t-irj\ boating, coating, floating free-floating, sailboating, scapegoating, speedboating, wainscoting motorboating, undercoating —also -ing forms of verbs listed at oat

obbie \ab-e\ see obby

oatswain \6s- 3 n\ see osin oaty \6t-e\ see ote 1 Oax \6ks\ coax, hoax —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at oke Ob1 \ a b \ Ab, blob, bob, Bob, cob, daub, fob, glob, gob, hob, job, knob, lob, mob, nob, Ob, rob, slob, snob, sob, squab, stob, swab, throb, yob bedaub, corncob, demob, doorknob, heartthrob, hobnob, kabob, macabre, memsahib, nabob, nawab, Punjab, skibob shish kebab thingamabob

obbin \ab-an\ see obin obbish \ab-ish\ slobbish, snobbish obble \ab-al\ see abble 1 Obbler \ab-lsr\ cobbler, gobbler, hobbler, nobbier, squabbler, wobbler Obbly \ab-le\ knobbly, probably, wobbly, Wobbly obby \ab-e\ Bobbie, bobby, Bobby, cobby, dobby, globby, hobby, knobby, lobby, nobby, snobby, swabbie Mesabi, Punjabi, Wahhabi Abu Dhabi, Hammurabi obe 1 \ 6 b \ daube, globe, Job, lobe, probe, robe, strobe bathrobe, conglobe, disrobe, earlobe, enrobe, microbe, wardrobe Anglophobe, claustrophobe, Francophobe, homophobe, negrophobe, xenophobe ailurophobe, computerphobe



obe 2 \6-be\ see oby

obra \6-bra\ cobra, dobra

obeah \6-be-a\ see obia

obster \ab-star\ lobster, mobster

obee \6-be\ see oby

obular Xab-ya-larX globular, lobular

obelus \ab-3-bs\ see abilis

obule \ab-yxil\ globule, lobule

ober \6-b9r\ lobar, sober October

Oby \6-be\ Gobi, goby, Kobe, obi, Obie, toby, Toby adobe, Nairobi Okeechobee

obi \6-be\ see oby Obia \6-be-s\ cobia, obeah, phobia acrophobia, algophobia, Anglophobia, claustrophobia, homophobia, hydrophobia, negrophobia, photophobia, technophobia, xenophobia agoraphobia triskaidekaphobia obic \6-bik\ phobic aerobic anaerobic, claustrophobic, homophobic, hydrophobic, photophobic, xenophobic obile 1 \6-ba-le\ see obally obile 2 \6-bal\ see oble obin \ab-an\ bobbin, dobbin, graben, robin, Robin, Robyn round-robin Obit1 \6-bat\ obit, Tobit post-obit 2

obit \ab-at\ see obbet oble \6-bal\ coble, global, mobile, noble airmobile, ennoble, Grenoble, ignoble, immobile San Cristobal

obyn \ab-sn\ see obin oc 1 \6k\ see oke OC2 \ak\ see ock1 OC3 \6k\ see alk oca \6-ka\ coca, mocha, oca Asoka carioca, Fukuoka, mandioca, Shizuoka, tapioca ocable \6-k9-bal\ smokable, vocable evocable ocage \ak-ij\ see ockage ocal \6-kal\ focal, local, socle, vocal, yokel bifocal, subvocal, trifocal, unvocal OCally \6-k9-le\ locally, vocally ocative \ak-at-iv\ locative, vocative evocative, provocative occa \ak-s\ see aka 1 occer \ak-ar\ see ocker OCCie \ach-e\ see otchy occhi \6-ke\ see alkie

obo \6-bo\ gobo, hobo, kobo, lobo, oboe adobo

OCCO \ak-6\ socko, taco cheechako, guanaco, morocco, Morocco, scirocco, sirocco

oboe \6-bo\ see obo

occule \ak-yul\ floccule, locule

obol \ab-sl\ seeabble 1

occulent Xak-ya-bntX flocculent inoculant

oboree \ab-a-re\ see obbery obot \6-bat\ see obit1

OCCUlus \ak-y3-tas\ flocculus, loculus, oculus

237 oce \6-che\ see oche 1 ocean \6-sh3n\ see otion ocent \6s- 3 nt\ docent, nocent o c e s s \as-as\ Knossos, process colossus, proboscis och 1 \ak\ see ock1 och 2 \6sh\ see ash 2 och 3 \6k\ see alk ocha \6-ka\ see oca ochal \ak-al\ see ockle ochan \a-kan\ see achen oche 1 \6-che\ Kochi, Sochi penoche, veloce mezza voce, sotto voce oche 2 \6sh\ cloche, gauche, skosh brioche, caroche, guilloche oche 3 \6-ke\ see oky oche 4 \6ch\ see oach oche 5 \6sh\ see ash 2 ochee \6-ke\ see oky ocher \6-ksr\ see oker ochi \6-che\ see oche 1 ochle \sk-3l\ see uckle ochs \aks\ see ox ochum \6-k9m\ see okum ocia \6-sha\ see otia1 ociable \6-sh3-bal\ sociable associable, dissociable, insociable, negotiable, unsociable indissociable, renegotiable OCial \6-shsl\ social asocial, dissocial, precocial, unsocial antisocial ocile \as-sl\ see ossal OCiOUS \6-shas\ atrocious, ferocious, precocious Theodosius

ock ock 1 \ak\ Bach, bloc, block, bock, brock, chock, clock, cock, croc, crock, doc, dock, floe, flock, frock, hock, Jacque, Jacques, jock, knock, lakh, loch, lock, Locke, lough, Mach, moc, mock, nock, pock, roc, rock, schlock, shock, smock, sock, stock, wok, yak, yock acock, ad hoc, amok, Arak, backblock, Balzac, bangkok, Bangkok, baroque, Bartok, bawcock, bedrock, bemock, bibcock, bitstock, blackcock, blesbok, bloodstock, bois d'arc, Brecknock, breechblock, burdock, buttstock, caprock, coldcock, Comstock, deadlock, debacle, defrock, dry dock, duroc, Dvorak, earlock, en bloc, epoch, fatstock, feedstock, fetlock, firelock, flintlock, forelock, foreshock, gamecock, gemsbok, gridlock, gunlock, Hancock, havelock, haycock, headlock, headstock, hemlock, Hickock, Iraq, jazz-rock, Kanak, Kazak, Kazakh, kapok, kneesock, livestock, lovelock, matchlock, Mohock, Nisroch, nostoc, o'clock, oarlock, padlock, peacock, penstock, petcock, pibroch, picklock, pinchcock, post doc, post hoc, rhebok, rimrock, roadblock, rootstock, Rorschach, Rostock, rowlock, shamrock, Sheetrock, sherlock, shylock, Sirach, slick rock, Slovak, springbok, steenbok, stopcock, Tarlak, tarok, ticktock, traprock, van Gogh, warlock, wedlock, woodcock, wristlock, zwieback aftershock, alpenstock, Anahuac, antiknock, antilock, Antioch, Arawak, Ayers Rock, billycock, chockablock, hammerlock, hollyhock, interlock, John Hancock, lady's-smock, Languedoc, laughingstock, Little Rock, manioc, mantlerock, monadnock, Offenbach, Otomac, poppycock, Ragnarok, Sarawak, shuttlecock, spatterdock, turkey-cock, weathercock Czechoslovak, Bialystok, electroshock, Inupiaq, Pontianak, Vladivostok


ock ock 2 \6k\ see alk

ocks \aks\ see ox

ockage \ak-ij\ blockage, brockage, dockage,lockage, socage

ocky \ak-e\ blocky, cocky, hockey, jockey, pocky, rocky, Rocky, sake, schlocky, stocky, Yaqui Abnaki, Iraqi, Ontake, peacocky, rumaki jabberwocky, Kawasaki, Miyazaki, Nagasaki, Okazaki, sukiyaki, teriyaki Amagasaki, enokidake

ocke \ak\ see ock1 ocked \akt\ blocked, crocked concoct, decoct, entr'acte, halfcocked, landlocked entoproct —also -ed forms of verbs listed at

ock1 OCker \ak-ar\ blocker, docker, cocker, docker, hocker, knocker, locker, makar, mocker, rocker, shocker, soccer, stocker footlocker appleknocker, beta-blocker, knickerbocker ockery \ak-re\ crockery, mockery, rockery OCket \ak-at\ brocket, crocket, Crockett, docket, locket, pocket, rocket, socket, sprocket pickpocket, skyrocket out-of-pocket, retro-rocket

ocle \6-kal\ see ocal ocne \ak-ne\ see ockney OCO \6-ko\ coco, cocoa, loco, poco Bioko, iroko, rococo creme de cacao, Locofoco, Orinoco poco a poco ocoa \6-ko\ see OCO ocracy \ak-r9-se\ autocracy, bureaucracy, democracy, hypocrisy, mobocracy, plutocracy, slavocracy, technocracy, theocracy aristocracy, gerontocracy, gynecocracy, meritocracy, thalassocracy ocre \6-kar\ see oker

ockett \ak-at\ see ocket

ocrisy \ak-rs-se\ see ocracy

ockey \ak-e\ see ocky

ocsin \ak-san\ seeoxin

ockian \ak-e-an\ Comstockian, Slovakian Czechoslovakian

oct \akt\ see ocked OCtion \ak-shsn\ concoction, decoction

ockiness \ak-e-nas\ cockiness, rockiness, stockiness

octor \ak-tar\ doctor, proctor concocter

ocking \ak-in\ flocking, shocking, smocking, stocking bluestocking, silk-stocking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ock1

oculant Xak-ya-lsntX see occulent ocular \ak-y3-lar\ jocular, locular, ocular binocular, monocular intraocular

OCkish \ak-ish\ blockish, stockish

ocule \ak-yul\ see occule

OCkle \ak-9i\ coccal, cockle, socle debacle, epochal

oculus \ak-y3-bs\ see occulus ocum \6-k3m\ see okum

ockney \ak-ne\ cockney, Procne ocko \ak-6\ see occo

OCUS \6-kss\ crocus, focus, hocus, locus


239 prefocus, refocus, soft-focus hocus-pocus ocused \6-kast\ see ocust ocust \6-kast\ locust unfocused ocutor \ak-yat-3r\ prolocutor interlocutor Od1 \ad\ bod, clod, cod, fade, Fahd, gaud, god, hod, mod, nod, od, odd, plod, pod, prod, quad, quod, rod, scrod, shod, sod, squad, tod, trod, wad Akkad, Arad, aubade, ballade, Belgrade, bipod, Cape Cod, couvade, croustade, dry-shod, ephod, facade, fantod, glissade, hot-rod, jihad, lingcod, Nimrod, oeillade, pomade, peasecod, ramrod, Riyadh, roughshod, roulade, saccade, scalade, seedpod, slipshod, synod, tie-rod, tightwad, tomcod, torsade, tripod accolade, amphipod, arthropod, Ashkhabad, Bacolod, Beograde, bigarade, carbonnade, chiffonade, defilade, demigod, enfilade, esculade, esplanade, fusillade, gallopade, gastropod, goldenrod, hexapod, lycopod, monkeypod, Novgorod, Novi Sad, octopod, promenade, pseudopod Ahmadabad, Allahabad, cephalopod, degringolade, Faisalabad, fanfaronade, Islamabad, ornithopod, prosauropod, rodomontade, Scheherazade, Upanishad Nizhni Novgorod od 2 \ 6 \ see ow1 od 3 \6d\ see ode Od4 \ud\ see ood 1 od 5 \6d\ see aud 1 o'd \ud\ see ude oda \6d-a\ coda, Rhoda, soda Baroda, pagoda, sal soda odal \6d- 3 l\ Godel, modal, nodal, yodel cathodal intermodal

odden \ad- 3 n\ sodden, trodden downtrodden, Ibadan Odder \ad-ar\ dodder, fodder, khaddar, modder, nodder, odder, plodder, prodder, solder, wadder glissader, hot-rodder promenader —also -ex forms of adjectives listed atotf oddery \ad-re\ see awdry o d d e s s \ad-ss\ bodice, goddess demigoddess Oddish \ad-ish\ cloddish, kaddish oddle \ad- 3 l\ coddle, model, noddle, swaddle, toddle, twaddle, waddle remodel mollycoddle Oddler \ad-tar\ coddler, modeler, toddler, twaddler, waddler mollycoddler oddly \ad-le\ see odly oddy \ad-e\ seeody 1 ode \6d\ bode, bowed, code, goad, load, lode, mode, node, ode, road, rode, Spode, strode, toad, toed, woad, wood abode, bestrode, boatload, busload, byroad, carload, cartload, caseload, commode, corrode, crossroad, decode, displode, embowed, encode, epode, erode, explode, forebode, freeload, geode, highroad, implode, inroad, noload, off-load, outmode, payload, planeload, postcode, railroad, rhapsode, sarod, shipload, squaretoed, threnode, trainload, truckload, two-toed, unload, upload a la mode, antipode, Comstock Lode, discommode, eigenmode, electrode, episode, impastoed, incommode, Kozhikode, Nesselrode, overrode, palinode, pigeon-toed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at



odeine odeine Xod-e-anX see odian odel \6d- l\ see odal

Odical \ad-i-kal\ methodical, monodical, prosodical, synodical episodical, immethodical, periodical

odeler \ad-lar\ see oddler

odice \ad-ss\ see oddess

oden \6d- 3 n\ loden, Odin, Woden

odicy \ad-9-se\ see odesy

odeon \6d-e-an\ see odian

odie \6-de\ see ody 2

Oder \6d-ar\ coder, loader, Oder, odor breechloader, decoder, freeloader, malodor, railroader, unloader middle-of-the-roader

odin \6d- 3 n\ see oden

oderate \ad-rat\ moderate, quadrate immoderate

Odity \ad-3t-e\ oddity commodity incommodity


o d e s \6dz\ Rhodes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ode Odest \ad-ast\ Mahdist, modest haggadist, immodest —also -est forms of adjectives listed afOd1 Odesy \ad-a-se\ odyssey geodesy, theodicy odeum \6d-e-3m\ see odium odge \aj\ see age 1 odger \aj-9r\ codger, dodger, lodger, roger, Roger Jolly Roger Odgy \aj-e\ dodgy, podgy, stodgy mystagogy, pedagogy Odian \6d-e-sn\ Cambodian, custodian, melodeon nickelodeon OdiC \ad-ik\ zaddik cathodic, ergodic, melodic, methodic, monodic, prosodic, rhapsodic, spasmodic, synodic, threnodic episodic, periodic antispasmodic, aperiodic, upanishadic quasiperiodic

odious \6d-e-as\ odious commodious, melodious, Methodius incommodious

odium \6d-e-am\ odeum, odium, podium, rhodium, sodium Odius \6-de-as\ see odious odless \ad-las\ godless, rodless odling \ad-lirj\ codling, godling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at oddle odly \ad-le\ godly, oddly ungodly odo \6d-6\ dodo Komodo Quasimodo odom \ad-3m\ shahdom, Sodom odor \6d-sr\ see Oder odsk \atsk\ see atsk Odular \aj-3-lar\ modular, nodular odule \aj-ul\ module, nodule ody 1 \ad-e\ body, cloddy, gaudy, Mahdi, noddy, sadhe, shoddy, toddy, waddy, wadi anybody, blackbody, dogsbody, embody, homebody, nobody, somebody, wide-body antibody, busybody, disembody, everybody, Irrawaddy, underbody

241 ody 2 \6d-e\ Cody, Jodie, Jody, roadie, toady polypody

off oer 2 \u-ar\ see ewer 1 oer 3 \ur\ see ure 1

oea 1 \6i-9\ see oia

oer 4 \6-ar\ blower, knower, lower, mower, sewer, shower, sower beachgoer, churchgoer, flamethrower, filmgoer, foregoer, forgoer, mindblower, snowblower, snowthrower, winegrower concertgoer, moviegoer, whistleblower, cinemagoer, operagoer, theatergoer

oea 2 \e-s\ see ia1

o'er \6r\ see or1

oeba \e-ba\ see eba

oes 1 \az\ see euse 1

oebe \e-be\ see ebe 1

o e s 2 \6z\ see ose 2

oebel \a-bsl\ see able

o e s 3 \iiz\ see use 2

oebus \e-bss\ see ebus

oesia \e-shs\ see esia 1

oed \6d\ see ode

oesn't \az- a nt\ see asn't

oehn \9n\ see un

oest \ii-9st\ see ooist

oeia \e-a\ see ia1

o e s u s \e-s9s\ see esis

oeic \e-ik\ see eic

oet \6-at\ poet inchoate, introit

odyssey \ad-a-se\ see odesy odz \iij\ see uge 1 oe 1 \ 6 \ see ow1 oe 2 \6-e\ see owy oe 3 \ e \ see ee 1

oek \iik\ see ook1

o e t e s s \6-9t-3s\ coitus, poetess

oel \6-9l\ Joel, Lowell, Noel bestowal Baden-Powell, protozoal

oeuf \af\ see uff

oeless 1 \ 6 - b s \ seeolus

oeuvre \arv\ see erve

o e l e s s 2 \ii-bs\ see ewless

oey \6-e\ see owy

oem 1 \6-am\ poem, proem jeroboam

of1 \av\ see olve 2

oem 2 \6m\ see ome 1 oeman \6-m3n\ seeoman oena \e-n9\ see ina 2 oentgen 1 Xen-charA see ension oentgen 2 Xan-chsnX see uncheon oepha \e-fa\ see epha oer 1 \6r\ see or1

oeur \ar\ see eur 1

of2 \av\ see ove 1 Of3 \6f\ see Off2 ofar \6-far\ see ofer Ofer \6-far\ chauffeur, gofer, gopher, loafer, Ophir, shofar Off1 \af\ boff, coif, doff, goif, kaph, prof, quaff, scoff, shroff, taw, toff carafe, cook-off, pilaf, Wroclaw Romanov



off2 \6f\ cough, doff, off, scoff, taw, trough Azov, beg off, blast-off, brush-off, cast-off, castoff, checkoff, Chekhov, cook-off, cutoff, die-off, drop-off, face-off, falloff, far-off, goof-off, hands-off, jump-off, Khartov, kickoff, Kirov, knockoff, Khrushchev, layoff, leadoff, lift-off, Lvov, one-off, Pavlov, payoff, pick-off, pickoff, play-off, rake-off, rip-off, roll-off, Rostov, runoff, sawed-off, sell-off, send-off, setoff, show-off, shutoff, spin-off, standoff, takeoff, Tambov, tap-off, tipoff, trade-off, turnoff, well-off, Wolof, write-off better-off, cooling-off, damping-off, Gorbachev, Molotov, Nabokov, philosophe, Pribilof beef Stroganoff, Rachmaninoff Rimsky-Korsakov offal1 \af-al\ see afel offal2 \6-fal\ see awful offaly \6f-a-le\ see awfully offee \6-fe\ coffee, toffee offer1 \af-sr\ coffer, gauffer, goffer, offer, proffer, quaffer, scoffer, troffer reoffer Offer2 \6f-ar\ goffer, offer, troffer reoffer Off in \6-f9n\ coffin, dauphin, soften uncoffin off it \af-3t\ see of it offie \6-fal\ see awful of it \af-3t\ profit, prophet, soffit nonprofit not-for-profit ofle \u-fal\ see ueful 1

Oft \6ft\ croft, loft, oft, soft, toft aloft, hayloft undercroft —also -ed forms of verbs listed at Off2

Oft2 \aft\ see aft1 often \6-f9n\ see offin ofty \6f-te\ lofty, softy toplofty og 1 \ag\ bog, clog, cog, flog, fog, frog, grog, hog, jog, log, nog, Prague, prog, quag, shog, slog, smog, tog agog, backlog, bullfrog, defog, eclogue, eggnog, footslog, groundhog, gulag, photog, prologue, putlog, quahog, Rolvaag, sandhog, stalag, warthog analog, analogue, antilog, apalogue, catalog, decalogue, demagogue, dialogue, golliwog, monologue, mummichog, mystagogue, nouvelle vague, pedagogue, pollywog, semilog, sinologue, synagogue, Taganrog, theologue, waterlog og 2 \6g\ bog, clog, dog, fog, frog, hog, jog, log, smog backlog, bandog, befog, bird-dog, bulldog, bullfrog, coydog, defog, eclogue, firedog, groundhog, hangdog, hedgehog, hotdog, lapdog, leapfrog, prologue, quahog, sandhog, seadog, sheepdog, warthog, watchdog analog, analogue, apologue, catalog, decalogue, dialogue, dog-eat-dog, duologue, epilogue, homologue, monologue, mummichog, overdog, pettifog, pollywog, sinologue, Tagalog, theologue, travelogue, underdog, waterlog, yellow-dog ideologue og 3 \6g\ see ogue 1 oga \6-ga\ toga, yoga Conestoga ogamous \ag-3-m3s\ endogamous, exogamous, monogamous heterogamous ogamy \ag-a-me\ endogamy, exogamy, homogamy, misogamy, monogamy

243 ogan \6-gsn\ brogan, shogun, slogan Mount Logan ogany \ag-s-ne\ see ogony ogative \ag-st-iv\ derogative, prerogative interrogative oge 1 \ 6 j \ doge gamboge horologe oge 2 \6zh\ loge Limoges

ogic oggery 1 \ag-re\ toggery demagoguery oggery 2 \6-ga-re\ augury, doggery oggin \ag-an\ noggin toboggan Copenhagen oggle \ag-sl\ boggle, goggle, joggle, ogle, toggle boondoggle, hornswoggle synagogal

oge 3 \6-je\ see oji

oggy 1 \ag-e\ boggy, foggy, groggy, moggy, quaggy, smoggy, soggy, yagi demagogy

o g e 4 \iizh\ see uge 2

oggy 2 \6g-e\ foggy, soggy

ogel \6-gsl\ see ogle 1

ogh 1 \6g\ see ogue 1

ogenous \aj-3-nas\ androgynous, erogenous, homogenous, monogynous heterogenous

ogh 2 \6k\ see oke

ogeny \aj-a-ne\ progeny androgeny, autogeny, homogeny, misogyny, monogyny, ontogeny, phylogeny heterogeny oger 1 \aj-ar\ see odger oger 2 \6g-ar\ see ogger 2 o g e s \6zh\ see oge 2 ogey 1 \6-ge\ see ogie ogey 2 \iig-e\ see oogie oggan \ag-9n\ see oggin oggar \ag-ar\ see ogger 1 ogger 1 \ag-ar\ agar, dogger, flogger, Hoggar, jogger, laager, lager, logger, slogger Ahaggar, defogger, footslogger agar-agar, cataloger, pettifogger ogger 2 \6g-ar\ auger, augur, dogger, jogger, logger, maugre, sauger defogger, hotdogger cataloger, pettifogger

ogh 3 \ak\ see ock1 ogh 4 \ 6 \ see ow ogi \6-ge\ see ogie ogian \6-jan\ see ojan ogic \aj-ik\ logic choplogic, illogic anagogic, analogic, biologic, chronologic, cryptologic, cytologic, demagogic, dendrologic, dialogic, ecologic, ethnologic, geologic, histologic, horologic, hydrologic, mythologic, neurologic, nosologic, oncologic, pathologic, pedagogic, pedologic, petrologic, phonologic, proctologic, psychologic, serologic, technologic, theologic, virologic, zoologic dermatologic, etiologic, gerontologic, gynecologic, hagiologic, hematologic, ideologic, immunologic, ophthalmologic, ornithologic, pharmacologic, physiologic, roentgenologic, sociologic, teleologic, teratologic, toxicologic, volcanologic bacteriologic, endocrinologic, meteorologic, paleontologic,

ogical parasitologic, sedimentologic, symptomatologic epidemiologic ogical \aj-i-k9l\ logical alogical, illogical anagogical, analogical, biological, Christological, chronological, cosmological, cryptological, cytological, dendrological, ecological, enological, ethnological, ethological, extralogical, gemological, geological, graphological, histological, horological, hydrological, limnological, morphological, mycological, mythological, necrological, neurological, nomological, oncological, pathological, pedagogical, pedological, penological, petrological, philological, phonological, phrenological, phycological, proctological, psephological, psychological, scatological, seismological, serological, sinological, tautological, technological, theological, topological, typological, ufological, virological, zoological abiological, anthropological, archaeological, cardiological, climatological, criminological, demonological, dermatological, embryological, entomological, eschatological, etiological, etymological, futurological, genealogical, gerontological, gynecological, hagiological, hematological, herpetological, ichthyological, iconological, ideological, immunological, Mariological, methodological, mineralogical, musicological, numerological, ophthalmological, ornithological, pharmacological, phraseological, physiological, primatological, roentgenological, selenological, semiological, sociological, teleological, teratological, terminological, thanatological, toxicological, volcanological

244 bacteriological, characterological, dialectological, ecclesiological, endocrinological, epistemological, geomorphological, meteorological, paleontological, parasitological, phenomenological, sedimentological, symptomatological epidemiological, gastroenterological ogie \6-ge\ bogey, bogie, dogie, fogy, hoagie, logy, pogy, stogie, vogie, yogi pirogi ogle 1 \6-gal\ Gogel, ogle ogle 2 \ag-al\ see oggle oglio \61-yo\ see olio1 ogna 1 \6-ns\ see ona ogna 2 \6-ne\ see ony1 ogna 3 \6n-ys\ see onia 2 ogne \6n\ see one 1 ogned \6nd\ see oned 1 ogo \6-go\ go-go, logo, Logo, Togo a-go-go ogony \ag-a-ne\ cosmogony, mahogany, theogony ographer \ag-r9-far\ biographer, cartographer, chorographer, cryptographer, demographer, discographer, ethnographer, geographer, lithographer, mythographer, phonographer, photographer, pornographer, stenographer, typographer bibliographer, choreographer, chromatographer, hagiographer, heliographer, iconographer, lexicographer, oceanographer, paleographer autobiographer, biogeographer, cinematographer, historiographer ography \ag-ra-fe\ aerography, autography, biography, cacography, cartography, chorography, chronography, cosmography,

245 cryptography, demography, discography, ethnography, filmography, geography, holography, hydrography, hypsography, lithography, lymphography, mammography, mythography, nomography, orthography, phonography, photography, pictography, planography, pornography, reprography, sonography, stenography, thermography, tomography, topography, typography, venography, xerography, xylography angiography, aortography, bibliography, cardiography, choreography, chromatography, crystallography, hagiography, heliography, iconography, lexicography, metallography, oceanography, paleography, physiography, radiography, roentgenography, videography arteriography, autobiography, cinematography, encephalography, historiography, psychobiography electroencephalography ogress \6-gras\ ogress, progress ogrom Xag-rsnA grogram, pogrom ogue 1 \6g\ brogue, drogue, rogue, togue, vogue, yogh, collogue, crannog, pirogue, prorogue disembogue ogue 2 \ag\ see og 1 ogue 3 \6g\ see og 2 oguery \ag-re\ see oggery 1 oguish \6-gish\ roguish, voguish ogun \6-gsn\ see ogan ogynous Xaj-a-nssX see ogenous ogyny \aj-a-ne\ see ogeny oh \ 6 \ see ow1 oha \6-a\ see oa 1 ohl \61\ seeole 1

oid ohm \6m\ see ome 1 ohn \an\ see on 1 ohns \anz\ see onze ohn's \onz\ see onze ohnson \an-S3n\ Johnson, Jonson Wisconsin ohr \6r\ see or1 oi 1 \ a \ see a 1 oi 2 \6i\ see oy oia \6i-9\ cholla, Goya, Hoya, olla, toea Nagoya, sequoia, Sequoya atemoya, cherimoya, paranoia oian \6i-an\ see oyen oic \6-ik\ stoic azoic, bistroic, echoic, heroic anechoic, Cenozoic, Mesozoic, mock-heroic, vetinoic antiheroic, Paleozoic oice \6is\ choice, Joyce, Royce, voice devoice, Du Bois, invoice, prochoice, rejoice, unvoice sailor's-choice oiced \6ist\ see oist oicer \6i-sar\ choicer, voicer pro-choicer, rejoicer oid 1 \6id\ Boyd, Floyd, Freud, void android, avoid, chancroid, colloid, conoid, cuboid, cycloid, deltoid, dendroid, devoid, discoid, factoid, fungoid, globoid, hydroid, hypnoid, keloid, mucoid, Negroid, ovoid, percoid, prismoid, pygmoid, rhizoid, rhomboid, schizoid, scombroid, sigmoid, spheroid, steroid, styloid, tabloid, thalloid, thyroid, toroid, toxoid, trochoid, typhoid, Veddoid, viroid adenoid, alkaloid, amoeboid, aneroid, anthropoid, arachnoid, asteroid, Australoid, carcinoid,


oid Caucasoid, celluloid, crystalloid, ellipsoid, embryoid, eunuchoid, helicoid, hemorrhoid, hominoid, humanoid, hysteroid, metalloid, Mongoloid, myeloid, nautiloid, nucleoid, obovoid, opioid, osteoid, overjoyed, paranoid, planetoid, Polaroid, retinoid, rheumatoid, solenoid, Stalinoid, trapezoid, unalloyed, unemployed cannabinoid, carotenoid, eicosanoid, meteoroid, philanthropoid, tuberculoid, underemployed Neanderthaloid —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oy 2

oid \a\ see a


oidal \6id- 3 l\ chancroidal, choroidal, colloidal, conchoidal, cuboidal, cycloidal, discoidal, spheroidal, toroidal adenoidal, asteroidal, ellipsoidal, emulsoidal, hemorrhoidal, metalloidal, planetoidal, saccharoidal, trapezoidal paraboloidal

oile 2 \6il\ see oil Oiled \6ild\ foiled, oiled hard-boiled, soft-boiled, uncoiled, well-oiled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oil Oiler \6i-lsr\ boiler, broiler, moiler, oiler, spoiler, toiler charbroiler, despoiler, Free-S oiler, potboiler, subsoiler Oiling \6i-lin\ boiling, moiling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at Oil oilless \6il-las\ soilless recoilless oilsman \6ilz-m3n\ foilsman, spoilsman oilus \6i-l9s\ see oyless oily \6i-le\ doily, oily, roily

oie \a\ see a 1

oin 1 \6in\ coin, foin, groin, groyne, join, loin, quoin adjoin, Burgoyne, conjoin, Des Moines, disjoin, eloign, enjoin, essoin, purloin, recoin, rejoin, sainfoin, sirloin, subjoin tenderloin Assiniboin

oif \af \ see off1

oin 2 \a n \ see in4

oign \6in\ see oin1

oine \an\ see on1

oider \6id-ar\ broider, voider avoider, embroider reembroider

Oil \6il\ boil, Boyle, broil, coil, Doyle, foil, hoyle, moil, loyal, noil, oil, roil, royal, Royal, soil, spoil, toil, voile aboil, airfoil, assoil, charbroil, cinquefoil, despoil, disloyal, embroil, entoil, garboil, gargoyle, gumboil, hard-boil, Isle Royal, langue d'oi'l, milfoil, non-oil, parboil, recoil, rhyme royal, subsoil, surroyal, tinfoil, topsoil, trefoil, turmoil counterfoil, hydrofoil, quatrefoil, pennyroyal, supercoil oilage \6i-lij\ soilage, spoilage oile 1 \al\ see al

Oined \6ind\ conjoined, uncoined —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oin1 oiner \6i-nsr\ coiner, joiner oines \6in\ see oin1 oing 1 \6-in\ bowing, going, knowing, rowing, sewing, showing churchgoing, deep-going, foregoing, free-flowing, glassblowing, ingrowing, mind-blowing, ongoing, outgoing, seagoing, waygoing concertgoing, easygoing, moviegoing, oceangoing, operagoing, theatergoing, thoroughgoing, whistleblowing



to-ing and fro-ing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at OW 1

oing 2 \ti-ir)\ bluing, doing, Ewing misdoing, undoing, wrongdoing evildoing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ew1

oir 4 \6r\ see or1 oire 1 \ar\ see ar 3 oire 2 \6ir\ see oyer oire 3 \6r\ see or1 ois 1 \ a \ see a 1 ois 2 \6i\ seeoy

oing 3 \6-an\ see oan 1

ois 3 \6-ss\ Lois, Powys

o-ing \6-irj\ see oing1

ois 4 \6is\ see oice

oings \6-irjz\ outgoings —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at oing

oise 1 \az\ poise, 'twas, vase, was Ahwaz, bourgeoise, Lamaze, Shiraz vichyssoise Afars and the Issas —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed atd?

Oint1 \6int\ joint, point adjoint, anoint, appoint, aroint, ballpoint, bluepoint, checkpoint, conjoint, disjoint, drypoint, eyepoint, gunpoint, knifepoint, midpoint, nonpoint, outpoint, pinpoint, pourpoint, standpoint, tuck-point, viewpoint counterpoint, disappoint, needlepoint, petit point, silverpoint oint 2 \ant\ see ant 5 ointe \ant\ see ant 5 ointed \6int-9d\ jointed, pointed lap-jointed, loose-jointed double-jointed, well-appointed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at Oint1

ointer \6int-3r\ jointer, pointer anointer

Oise 2 \6iz\ hoise, noise, Noyes, poise turquoise counterpoise, equipoise avoirdupois —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at oy oise 3 \oi-ze\ see oisy oison \6iz- 3 n\ foison, poison empoison oist \6ist\ foist, hoist, joist, moist, voiced unvoiced semimoist —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oice

ointing \6in-tin\ finger-pointing —also -ing, forms of verbs listed at oint1

oister \6i-star\ cloister, moister, oyster, roister

ointment Xoint-mantX ointment anointment, appointment disappointment

oistral \6i-stral\ cloistral, coistrel


oir \Ir\ see ire


oir2 \ar\ see ar 3 oir3 \6ir\ see oyer

oisterous \6i-stras\ see oistress

oistrel Xoi-strslX see oistral Oistress \6i-stras\ boisterous, cloistress, roisterous oisy \6i-ze\ Boise, noisy cramoisie

oit oit1 \6it\ doit, droit, quoit adroit, Detroit, exploit maladroit, Massasoit oit 2 \at\ see ate 1 oit 3 \6-at\ see oet 1 oit 4 \ a \ see a 1 oite \at\ see ot1 oiter \6it-9r\ goiter, loiter exploiter reconnoiter

248 townsfolk, uncloak, unyoke, upstroke, workfolk artichoke, equivoque, fisherfolk, gentlefolk, herrenvolk, masterstroke, okeydoke, Roanoke, thunderstroke, womenfolk Mount Revelstoke oke 2 \6-ke\ see oky oke 3 \ 6 \ see ow1 oke 4 \ u k \ see ook1 Oked \6kt\ stoked, yolked

oitus \6-3t-as\ see oetess

okee \6-ke\ see oky

oivre \av\ see olve1

okel \6-kal\ see ocal

oix 1 \a\ see a 1 oix 2 \6i\ see oy oiz \6is\ see oise 2 ojan \6-jan\ Trojan theologian oje \6-je\ see oji

Oken \6-kan\ broken, oaken, spoken, token, woken awoken, bespoken, betoken, fairspoken, foretoken, free-spoken, heartbroken, housebroken, outspoken, plainspoken, short-spoken, softspoken, unbroken, well-spoken, windbroken

ok 2 \ak\ see uck

oker \6-kar\ broker, choker, croaker, joker, ocher, poker, soaker, smoker, stoker, stroker chain-smoker, invoker, pawnbroker, provoker, revoker, stockbroker mediocre

ok 3 \6k\ see alk

okey \6-ke\ see oky

oka \6-ka\ see oca

oki \6-ke\ see oky

okable \6-k3-bal\ see ocable

oking \6-kirj\ broking, choking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at

oji \6-je\ Moji, shoji anagoge, Hachioji ok1 \ak\ seeock 1

oke 1 \6k\ bloke, broke, choke, cloak, coke, Coke, croak, folk, hoke, joke, moke, oak, oke, poke, Polk, roque, smoke, soak, soke, spoke, stoke, stroke, toke, toque, woke, yogh, yoke, yolk ad hoc, awoke, backstroke, baroque, bespoke, breaststroke, chain-smoke, convoke, cowpoke, downstroke, evoke, heatstroke, housebroke, injoke, invoke, keystroke, kinfolk, kinsfolk, menfolk, outspoke, presoak, provoke, revoke, she-oak, sidestroke, slowpoke, sunchoke, sunstroke,

oke1 oko \6-ko\ see oco okum \6-k3m\ Bochum, hokum, locum, oakum Oky \6-ke\ choky, croaky, folkie, hokey, Loki, pokey, poky, smoky, troche, trochee, yolky enoki, Great Smoky hokeypokey, karaoke Okefenokee ol1 \61\ seeole 1


249 012 \al\ see al1 3

01 \61\ see all Ola \6-ls\ bola, cola, Kola, Lola, tola, Zola Angola, boffola, Canola, gondola, granola, mandola, payola, pergola, plugola, scagliola, Victrola, viola, Viola acerola, ayatollah, braciola, Espanola, gladiola, Gorgonzola, hemiola, Hispaniola, moviola, Osceola, roseola Savonarola olable \6-b-b3l\ see ollable olace \al-ss\ see olis olan \ 6 - b n \ see olon oland \6-bnd\ see owland olander Xal-an-darX colander, Jullundur olar1 \6-l9r\ see oiler olar2 \al-ar\ see ollar olas \6-fos\ see olus olater \al-3t-sr\ bardolater, idolater bibliolater, Mariolater olatrous \al-3-tras\ idolatrous bibliolatrous, heliolatrous olatry \al-3-tre\ bardolatry, idolatry, statolatry, zoolatry bibliolatry, heliolatry, iconolatry, Mariolatry Old1 \6ld\ bold, bowled, cold, fold, gold, hold, mold, mould, old, polled, scold, sold, soled, souled, told, wold acold, age-old, ahold, behold, billfold, blindfold, controlled, Cotswold, cuckold, enfold, fanfold, foothold, foretold, freehold, gatefold, handhold, household, ice-cold, infold, leasehold, pinfold, potholed, roothold, scaffold, sheepfold, stone-cold, stronghold, threshold, toehold, twicetold, unfold, unmold, untold, uphold, whole-souled, withhold

centerfold, copyhold, fingerhold, manifold, manyfold, marigold, multifold, oversold, petioled, severalfold, stranglehold, throttlehold —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ole 1 old 2 \61d\ see aid oldan \61-dan\ see olden olden \6l-d3n\ golden, holden, olden,soldan beholden, embolden Older1 \6l-dar\ boulder, folder, holder, molder, polder, scolder, shoulder, smolder beholder, bondholder, cardholder, householder, jobholder, landholder, placeholder, shareholder, slaveholder, stadtholder, stakeholder, stallholder, stockholder, toolholder officeholder, titleholder policyholder —also -er forms of adjectives listed or old1 older 2 \ad-ar\ see odder oldi \61-de\ see aldi oldie \61-de\ see oldy olding \6l-dirj\ folding, holding, molding hand-holding, inholding, landholding, slaveholding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at old1 oldster \61-star\ see olster oldt \6lt\ see olt1 oldy \6l-de\ moldy, oldie Ole1 \61\ bole, boll, bowl, coal, cole, Cole, dhole, dole, droll, foal, goal, hole, knoll, kohl, Kohl, mole, ole, pole, Pole, poll, prole, role, roll, scroll, Seoul, shoal, skoal, sol, sole, soul, stole, stroll, thole, tole, toll, troll, vole, whole armhole, atoll, bankroll, beanpole, bedroll, blowhole, bolthole, borehole,


ole bunghole, cajole, catchpole, charcoal, chuckhole, condole, console, control, Creole, Creole, drumroll, enroll, ensoul, extol, eyehole, fishbowl, flagpole, foxhole, frijol, hellhole, Huichol, inscroll, insole, keyhole, kneehole, knothole, logroll, loophole, manhole, maypole, midsole, Mongol, Nicole, outsole, parole, patrol, payroll, peephole, pesthole, pinhole, pistole, pitchpole, porthole, posthole, pothole, redpoll, resole, ridgepole, Sheol, sinkhole, sotol, stokehole, tadpole, taphole, thumbhole, top-hole, touchhole, turnsole, unroll, Walpole, washbowl, wormhole amatol, aureole, banderole, bannerol, barcarole, buttonhole, cabriole, camisole, capriole, caracole, carmagnole, casserole, croquignole, cubbyhole, decontrol, Demerol, escarole, farandole, fumarole, girandole, grand guignol, innersole, methanol, oriole, oversoul, petiole, pick-and-roll, pigeonhole, protocol, rigmarole, Seminole cholesterol, Costa del Sol ole 2 \6-le\ see oly1 ole 3 \61\ see all olean \6-le-an\ see olian1 oled \6ld\ see old1 oleful \6l-fsl\ doleful, soulful 1

olely \6-le\ see oly

olem 1 \6-l3m\ golem, solum olem 2 \a-tom\ see alaam olemn \al-am\ see olumn oleon 1 \6-le-9n\ see olian1 oleon 2 \61-yan\ see olian2 oler 1 \ 6 - b r \ see oiler oler 2 \al-ar\ see ollar olery \6l-re\ see ollery olesome Xol-sanA dolesome, Folsom, wholesome

o l e s s \6-las\ see olus oleum \6-le-3m\ see olium oleus \6-le-3s\ coleus, soleus oley \6-le\ see oly1 olf1 \alf\ golf, Rolf Adolph, Randolph, Rudolph Lake Rudolf Olf2 \slf\ see ulf olfing \6f-irj\ see offing Olga \al-ga\ Olga, Volga oli \6-le\ see oly1 Olia \6-le-s\ Mongolia, pignolia Anatolia, melancholia Inner Mongolia, Outer Mongolia olian \6-le-an\ aeolian, Aeolian, eolian, Mongolian, napoleon, Napoleon, simoleon, Tyrolean Anatolian olic 1 \al-ik\ colic, frolic, Gaelic, rollick Aeolic, bucolic, carbolic, embolic, Mongolic, symbolic, systolic alcoholic, anabolic, apostolic, catabolic, diabolic, hyperbolic, melancholic, metabolic, parabolic, vitriolic, workaholic Olic2 \6-lik\ colic fumarolic bibliopolic olicking \a-lik-irj\ frolicking, rollicking olicy \al-a-se\ policy, Wallasey olid \al-9d\ solid, squalid, stolid olin1 \al-an\ see ollen5 olin 2 \ 6 - b n \ see olon Olis \al-as\ braless, Hollis, polis, solace, tallith, Wallace, Wallis Cornwallis Manizales, torticollis


251 olish \al-ish\ polish abolish, demolish apple-polish

Oiled \6ld\ see old1

Olitan \al-3t- 3 n\ cosmopolitan, megapolitan, metropolitan, Neapolitan megalopolitan

ollege \al-ij\ see owledge

ollee \6-le\ see oly1

olity \al-at-e\ see ality1 olium \6-le-am\ scholium linoleum, petroleum, trifolium olivar \al-3-vsr\ see Oliver oik1 \elk\ see elk1 oik 2 \6k\ see oke oik 3 \alk\ see ulk oik4 \6k\ see alk olked \6kt\ see oked olkie \6-ke\ see oky

oil \ol\ see ole

ollen 2 \al-3\ see ullah1 ollen 3 \al-9n\ see ullen ollen 4 \6-lan\ see alien ollen 5 \al-an\ Colin, pollen, Rollin Nordrhein-Westfalen Oiler \6-lsr\ bowler, choler, dolor, droller, molar, polar, poler, poller, roller, solar, stroller, trailer bankroller, cajoler, comptroller, controller, extoller, logroller, patroller, premolar, steamroller antisolar, buttonholer, Maryknoller, pigeonholer ollery \6l-re\ drollery cajolery

olky \6-ke\ see oky 1

ollen 1 \ 6 - b n \ see olon


Oil3 \61\ see all

ollet \al-3t\ collet, Smollett, tallith, wallet whatchamacallit

olla1 \al-a\ seeala 2

ollett \al-at\ see ollet

olla 2 \6i-a\ see oia

olley \al-e\ see oily1

Ollable \6-b-b3l\ controllable inconsolable, uncontrollable

Ollick \al-ik\ see olic1

ollack \al-9k\ see oloch

ollle \al-e\ see oily1

Oil2 \al\ see al1

ollicking \a-lik-irj\ see olicking


ollah \6-la\ see ola 2

ollah \al-9\ see ala


ollah 3 \9l-9\ see ullah1 ollands \al-anz\ see ollins Ollar \al-sr\ choler, collar, dollar, dolor, haler, holler, loller, Mahler, scholar, squalor, taler, thaler blue-collar, brass-collar, half-dollar, white-collar Emmentaler, Eurodollar, petrodollar Ollard \al-srd\ bollard, collard, collered, hollered, Lollard, pollard

ollin \al-sn\ see ollen5 oiling \6-lirj\ bowling logrolling —also -ing forms of verbs listed at


ollins \al-3nz\ collins, Hollands Tom Collins ollis \al-as\ see olis ollity \al-3t-e\ see ality1 olio 1 \6l-yo\ imbroglio arroz con polio

olio olio 2 \o-yo\ yo-yo criollo olio 3 \al-6\ see ollow1 ollop \al-ap\ collop, dollop, lollop, polyp, scallop, scollop, trollop, wallop codswallop, escallop Ollow1 \al-6\ follow, hollo, hollow, swallow, wallow Apollo, robalo Leoncavallo ollow 2 \al-s\ see ala 2 ollower \al-3-war\ follower, swallower, wallower ollster \6l-st9r\ see olster Oily1 \al-e\ Bali, Cali, brolly, collie, colly, dolly, folly, golly, Halle, holly, Holly, jolly, Lally, lolly, Mali, Mollie, molly, Molly, Ollie, Pali, poly, Polly, quale, Raleigh, trolley, volley Denali, finale, Kigali, loblolly, Nepali, petrale, Somali, Svengali, tamale melancholy, pastorale, teocalli oily 2 \6-le\ see awly olm \ 6 m \ see ome 1 Olman \6l-m3n\ dolman, dolmen patrolman olmen \61-man\ see olman olmes \6mz\ Holmes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ome olo \6-lo\ bolo, kolo, nolo, polo, solo Barolo Marco Polo oloch \al-ak\ Moloch, pollack, rowlock ologer \al-a-J9r\ astrologer, chronologer, horologer, mythologer ologist \al-9-jast\ anthologist, biologist, cetologist, conchologist,

252 cosmologist, cryptologist, cytologist, dendrologist, ecologist, enologist, ethnologist, ethologist, fetologist, gemologist, geologist, graphologist, histologist, horologist, hydrologist, Indologist, limnologist, mixologist, morphologist, mycologist, mythologist, necrologist, nephrologist, neurologist, oncologist, ontologist, oologist, pathologist, pedologist, penologist, petrologist, philologist, phonologist, phrenologist, phycologist, psychologist, seismologist, serologist, sexologist, sinologist, technologist, topologist, typologist, ufologist, virologist, zoologist anthropologist, archaeologist, audiologist, cardiologist, climatologist, cosmetologist, criminologist, dermatologist, Egyptologist, embryologist, entomologist, enzymologist, escapologist, etymologist, futurologist, genealogist, gerontologist, gynecologist, hematologist, herpetologist, ichthyologist, ideologist, immunologist, kremlinologist, lexicologist, martyrologist, methodologist, mineralogist, musicologist, nematalogist, numerologist, oceanologist, ophthalmologist, ornithologist, osteologist, papyrologist, pharmacologist, phraseologist, physiologist, planetologist, primatologist, rheumatologist, roentgenologist, semiologist, sociologist, speleologist, teleologist, teratologist, thanatologist, toxicologist, urbanologist, volcanologist bacteriologist, diabetologist, dialectologist, endocrinologist, epistemologist, liturgiologist, meteorologist, neonatologist, paleontologist, parasitologist, phenomenologist, sedimentologist anesthesiologist, epidemiologist, gastroenterologist, otolaryngologist


253 ologous \al-3-gas\ homologous, tautologous heterologous ology \al-3-je\ anthology, apology, astrology, biology, bryology, cetology, Christology, chronology, conchology, cosmology, cryptology, cytology, dendrology, doxology, ecology, enology, ethnology, ethology, fetology, gemology, geology, graphology, haplology, histology, homology, horology, hydrology, hymnology, Indology, limnology, lithology, mixology, morphology, mycology, myology, mythology, necrology, nephrology, neurology, nosology, oncology, ontology, oology, pathology, pedology, penology, petrology, philology, phlebology, phonology, phrenology, phycology, proctology, psychology, scatology, seismology, serology, sexology, sinology, symbology, tautology, technology, tetralogy, theology, topology, trichology, typology, ufology, urology, virology, zoology angelology, anthropology, archaeology, audiology, axiology, cardiology, climatology, codicology, cohomology, cosmetology, craniology, criminology, dactylology, demonology, deontology, dermatology, Egyptology, embryology, entomology, enzymology, escapology, eschatology, etiology, etymology, futurology, genealogy, gerontology, gynecology, hematology, herpetology, ichthyology, iconology, ideology, immunology, kremlinology, laryngology, lexicology, lichenology, Mariology, martyrology, methodology, mineralogy, museology, musicology, narratology, nematology, numerology, oceanology, opthalmology, ornithology, osteology, pharmacology, phraseology, physiology, planetology, primatology, radiology, reflexology, rheumatology, roentgenology, semiology, sociology, speleology, sumerology, teleology,

teratology, terminology, thanatology, toxicology, urbanology, volcanology, vulcanology bacteriology, chronobiology, cryptozoology, dialectology, ecclesiology, endocrinology, epistemology, liturgiology, metapsychology, meteorology, microbiology, micromorphology, neonatology, onomatology, paleontology, parapsychology, parasitology, phenomenology, sedimentology, symptomatology anesthesiology, epidemiology, ethnomu sicology, gastroenterology, otolaryngology, paleobiology, paleopathology, periodontology otorhinolaryngology Olon \6-lan\ bowline, Colin, colon, Nolan, solon, stolen, stollen, stolon, swollen eidolon semicolon olonel \arn- 3 l\ see ernal olonist \al-3-nast\ colonist, Stalinist olor1 \al-3r\ color, cruller, culler, muller, sculler bicolor, discolor, off-color, threecolor, tricolor Technicolor, watercolor olor 2 \6-for\ see oiler olor 3 \al-ar\ see ollar olored \sl-9rd\ colored, dullard bicolored, rose-colored varicolored olp \ 6 p \ see ope olpen \6-p9n\ see open olph \alf \ see olf Ols \alz\ hols, Casals olsom \61-s3m\ see olesome olster \6l-star\ bolster, holster, oldster, pollster upholster


olt olt1 \6lt\ bolt, colt, dolt, holt, jolt, molt, poult, smolt, volt eyebolt, Humboldt, kingbolt, revolt, ringbolt, unbolt thunderbolt

aioli, amole, anole, cannoli, frijole, pinole, unholy guacamole, ravioli, roly-poly

Olt2 \61t\ see alt

olyp \al-ap\ see ollop

olta \al-ta\ see alta olter \6l-tsr\ bolter, coulter Oltish \6l-tish\ coltish, doltish Oluble \al-y3-b9l\ soluble, voluble, dissoluble, insoluble, resoluble indissoluble, irresoluble olum \6-l9m\ see olem olumn \al-9m\ column, slalom, solemn Malayalam olus \6-las\ bolas, bolus, solus, snowless, toeless Coriolis, electroless, gladiolus, holus-bolus olvable Xal-vs-bslX solvable dissolvable, evolvable, insolvable, resolvable, revolvable irresolvable Olve1 \alv\ salve, solve absolve, au poivre, convolve, devolve, dissolve, evolve, involve, resolve, revolve coevolve Olve2 \av\ grave, of, salve, Slav, suave, taw, waw moshav, thereof, whereof, Zouave Tishah-b'Ab, unheard-of, wellthought-of olvement Xalv-mantX evolvement, involvement noninvolvement olvent \al-vant\ solvent, dissolvent olver \al-var\ solver absolver, dissolver, involver, revolver 1

oly \6-le\ goalie, holey, holy, lowly, mole, moly, pollee, slowly, solely

oly 2 \al-e\ see oily1

om 1 \am\ balm, bomb, bombe, calm, from, gaum, Guam, glom, malm, mom, palm, Pom, pram, prom, psalm, qualm, rhomb, ROM, torn A-bomb, aplomb, ashram, becalm, Ceram, cheongsam, coulomb, Coulomb, dive-bomb, embalm, EPROM, firebomb, grande dame, H-bomb, imam, Islam, Long Tom, napalm, nizam, noncom, phenom, pogrom, pom-pom, reclame, rhabdom, salaam, seram, sitcom, Songnam, tamtam, therefrom, tom-tom, wherefrom, wigwam cardamom, diatom, intercom, Peeping Tom, Uncle Tom, Vietnam Dar es Salaam, Omar Khayyam om 2 \ 6 m \ see ome 1 om 3 \ u m \ see oom 1 om 4 \am\ see um1 om 5 \ u m \ see um 2 om6\6m\seeaum1 oma \6-m9\ chroma, coma, Roma, soma aroma, diploma, glaucoma, sarcoma, Tacoma carcinoma, granuloma, melanoma, Oklahoma glioblastoma, neurofibroma omac \6-mik\ see omic 2 omace 1 \am-as\ see omise omace 2 Xam-asX see ummous omach \9m-3k\ see ummock omache \am-9-ke\ see omachy omachy \am-3-ke\ Andromache, logomachy



omal \6-mal\ domal, stomal prodromal chromosomal omaly \am-3-le\ balmily, homily anomaly oman \6-m9n\ bowman, foeman, gnomon, nomen, omen, Roman, showman, snowman, yeoman agnomen, cognomen, crossbowman, longbowman, praenomen, Sertoman

ombo 2 \3m-bo\ see umbo ombre 1 \am-bre\ hombre, ombre ombre 2 \am-b3r\ see omber 2 ombre 3 \am-bre\ see umbery ombus \am-b3s\ rhombus, thrombus

omba \am-b9\ see amba

ome 1 \6m\ brougham, chrome, comb, combe, dome, foam, gloam, gnome, holm, home, loam, mome, nome, ogham, ohm, om, poem, pome, roam, Rom, Rome, tome airdrome, at-home, bichrome, cockscomb, coulomb, coxcomb, defoam, down-home, Jerome, Nichrome, seadrome, shalom, sholom, Stockholm, syndrome aerodrome, astrodome, catacomb, chromosome, currycomb, doubledome, gastronome, halidrome, hecatomb, hippodrome, honeycomb, metronome, monochrome, motordrome, palindrome, ribosome, stay-at-home, Styrofoam

ombe 1 \6m\ see ome 1

ome 2 \6-me\ see oamy

ombe 2 \um\ see oom 1

ome 3 \am\ see urn1

ombe 3 \am\ see om 1

omedy \am-3d-e\ comedy, psalmody tragicomedy

omany \am-3-ne\ see ominy omas \am-9s\ see omise omathy \am-3-the\ chrestomathy, stichomythy omb 1 \ 6 m \ see ome 1 omb 2 \iim\ see oom 1 omb 3 \ a m \ see om 1 omb 4 \3m\ see urn1

ombed \umd\ seeoomed omber 1 \am-ar\ bomber, calmer, palmar, palmer, Palmer dive-bomber, embalmer fighter-bomber

omely Xam-leA see umbly2

omber 2 \am-b9r\ ombre, sambar, somber

omene \am-3-ne\ see ominy

omen \6-m9n\ see oman omenal \am-3n- 3 l\ see ominal

ombic \6-mik\ see omic 2

omer 1 \6-mar\ comber, foamer, homer, Homer, omer, roamer, vomer beachcomber, Reaumur, Lag b'Omer, misnomer

ombical \6-mi-k3l\ seeomical 2

omer 2 \9m-9r\ see ummer

ombie \am-be\ zombie Abercrombie

ornery Xam-a-reA see ummery


omber \6-m9r\ see omer


ombing \6-mirj\ see oaming

omet \am-3t\ comet, grommet, vomit

ombo 1 \am-bo\ combo, mambo, sambo

ometer \am-3t-ar\ barometer, chronometer, cyclometer,


ometry drunkometer, ergometer, gasometer, geometer, hydrometer, hygrometer, kilometer, manometer, micrometer, odometer, pedometer, photometer, pulsometer, pyrometer, rheometer, seismometer, spectrometer, speedometer, tachometer, thermometer anemometer, audiometer, diffractometer, electrometer, magnetometer alcoholometer ometry \am-3-tre\ astrometry, barometry, chronometry, cytometry, geometry, isometry, micrometry, optometry, photometry, psychometry, seismometry, thermometry craniometry, sociometry, trigonometry omey \6-me\ see oamy omi \6-me\ see oamy omia \6-me-a\ peperomia, Utsunomia omic 1 \am-ik\ comic anomic, atomic, coelomic, Islamic, tsunamic agronomic, anatomic, antinomic, autonomic, economic, ergonomic, gastronomic, metronomic, subatomic, taxonomic, tragicomic Deuteronomic, heroicomic, physiognomic, polyatomic, seriocomic macroeconomic, microeconomic socioeconomic omic 2 \6-mik\ gnomic, oghamic Potomac, rhizomic catacombic, monochromic, palindromic omical 1 \am-i-kal\ comical, domical agronomical, anatomical, astronomical, economical, gastronomical, metronomical, tragicomical heroicomical, physiognomical omical 2 \6-mi-k3l\ domical coxcombical

omics \am-iks\ atomics, Islamics, tectonics bionomics, economics, ergonomics macroeconomics, microeconomics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at omic 1 omily \am-3-le\ see omaly ominal \am-sn- 3 l\ nominal abdominal, cognominal, phenomenal epiphenomenal ominance \am-nsns\ dominance, prominence predominance ominant \am-nant\ dominant, prominent predominant, subdominant semidominant, superdominant ominate \am-9-nat\ innominate, prenominate omine \am-9-ne\ see ominy ominence \am-nans\ see ominance ominent \am-nant\ see ominant oming 1 \9m-irj\ coming, plumbing becoming, forthcoming, homecoming, incoming, oncoming, shortcoming, upcoming unbecoming, up-and-coming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at urn1 oming 2 \6-mirj\ see oaming omini \am-3-ne\ see ominy ominous \am-3-nss\ ominous prolegomenous ominy \am-3-ne\ hominy, Romany Melpomene anno Domini, eo nomine omise \am-9s\ pomace, promise, shammes, shamus, Thomas Saint Thomas doubting Thomas omit \am-at\ see omet



omium \6-me-9m\ chromium, holmium encomium, prostomium omma 1 \am-a\ see ama 2

ompey \am-pe\ see ompy omplement Xam-pla-mantX complement, compliment

omma 2 Xsm-aX see umma

ompliment Xam-pta-mantX see omplement

ommel 1 \am-sl\ pommel, Jamil, Rommel, trommel

ompo \am-po\ campo, compo

ommel 2 \9m-al\ pommel, pummel Beau Brummell ommet \am-at\ see omet ommie \am-e\ see ami


ommon \am-an\ Amon, Brahman, common, shaman, yamen Roscommon Tutankhamen ommoner Xam-a-narX almoner, commoner gewurztraminer ommy 1 \am-e\ see ami 1 ommy 2 \am-e\ see urn my omo \6-mo\ bromo, Como, homo, Porno, promo Oromo majordomo omon \6-m9n\ see oman omp 1 \amp\ champ, chomp, clomp, comp, pomp, romp, stamp, stomp, swamp, tramp, tromp, whomp omp 2 \amp\ see ump ompany Xamp-neA company accompany intracompany ompass \am-pss\ compass, rumpus encompass gyrocompass omper \am-par\ romper, stamper, stomper, swamper wafflestomper ompers \am-p9rz\ Gompers —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at omper

ompous \am-p3s\ see ompass 1 ompson \am-san\ see amsun ompt \aunt\ see ount 2 ompy \am-pe\ Pompey, swampy omythy \am-3-the\ see omathy on \an\ ban, Bonn, chon, con, conn, dawn, don, Don, Donn, drawn, Fan, faun, fawn, gone, guan, Han, John, Jon, khan, maun, mon, on, pan, pawn, phon, prawn, Ron, Shan, spawn, swan, Vaughn, wan, yawn, yon aeon, add-on, agon, agone, Akan, alencon, Amman, ancon, anon, Anshan, Anton, archon, argon, Argonne, Aswan, atman, Avon, axon, barchan, baton, blouson, bon ton, bonbon, boron, boson, bouillon, Brython, bygone, caisson, Calgon, canton, capon, Ceylon, chaconne, chiffon, chignon, Chiron, chiton, chrismon, cistron, clip-on, codon, come-on, cordon, coupon, crampon, crayon, crepon, cretonne, crouton, Dacron, dead-on, Dear John, dewan, doggone, doggoned, Dogon, Don Juan, eon, exon, far-gone, flacon, foregone, Freon, fronton, Fujian, Garonne, Gibran, gluon, gnomon, Golan, Gosplan, guidon, hadron, Hainan, hazan, Henan, hogan, Huainan, Hunan, icon, Inchon, intron, Ivan, Jinan, Kanban, kaon, Kashan, Kazan, Kerman, Khoisan, Kirman, koan, krypton, kurgan, Kurgan, lauan, Leon, lepton, liman, log on, Luzon, macron, Massan, Medan, Memnon, meson, micron, Milan, mod con, moron, mouton, Multan, muon, natron, neon, nephron, neuron,

on neutron, ninon, nylon, odds-on, Oman, Oran, Orion, outgone, paeon, parton, Pathan, pavane, pecan, peon, Phaethon, photon, phyton, pion, pinon, piton, plankton, pluton, pompon, prion, proton, Pusan, put-on, pylon, python, Qur'an, radon, rayon, recon, rhyton, run-on, Saint John, Saipan, salon, San Juan, Schumann, Shaban, shaman, shaitan, Shingon, Simplon, Sjoelland, slip-on, snap-on, solon, soupgon, soutane, Stefan, stolon, Suwon, Szechuan, Szechwan, Tainan, Taiwan, taipan, tampon, taxon, Teflon, teston, Tetouan, Tetuan, thereon, tisane, torchon, toucan, toyon, trigon, Tristan, triton, trogon, Tucson, Typhon, tzigane, uhlan, Ulsan, upon, walk-on, witan, whereon, Wonsan, wonton, Wuhan, xenon, Xi'an, yaupon, yuan, Yukon, Yunnan, Yvonne, zircon Abadan, Abijan, Acheron, Ahriman, aileron, amazon, Amazon, amnion, Aragon, autobahn, Avalon, Babylon, Bakhtaran, Balaton, balmacaan, Bantustan, Barbizon, baryon, Basilan, betatron, biathlon, cabochon, calutron, carillon, carryon, celadon, chorion, colophon, Culiacan, cyclotron, decagon, decathlon, demijohn, deuteron, dipteron, echelon, electron, elevon, epsilon, etymon, fermion, follow-on, Fujisan, Genghis Khan, goings-on, gonfalon, Grand Teton, graviton, harijan, helicon, heptagon, hexagon, hopping John, Huascaran, Ilion, Irian, Isfahan, Kazakhstan, Kublai Khan, Kyrgyzstan, Lake Huron, Lebanon, leprechaun, lexicon, liaison, Lipizzan, logion, macedoine, marathon, Marathon, marzipan, mastodon, Mazatlan, Mbabane, Mellotron, Miquelon, morion, myrmidon, negatron, nonagon, noumenon, nucleon, Oberon, octagon, omicron, Oregon, organon, ostracon, Pakistan, Palawan, pantheon, paragon, Parmesan, parmigiana, Parthenon, pentagon, Percheron, Phaethon, Phlegethon, polygon, positron,

258 Procyon, put-upon, Rajasthan, Ramadan, Rubicon, silicon, Suleiman, tachyon, Taiyuan, talkathon, Teheran, telamon, telethon, thereupon, Tian Shan, Tucuman, undergone, upsilon, virion, walkathon, whereupon, woebegone, Yerevan, Xiangtan, Zahedan abutilon, Agamemnon, archenteron, arriere-ban, asyndeton, automaton, Azerbaijan, Bellerophon, bildungsroman, carrying-on, Diazenon, dimetrodon, dodecagon, encephalon, ephemeron, himation, interferon, kakiemon, Laocoon, mesenteron, Michoacan, millimicron, oxymoron, phenomenon, protozoon, pteranodon, Saskatchewan, septentrion, sine qua non, t'ai chi ch'uan, Taklimakan, Vientiane, West Irian anacoluthon, diencephalon, ferrosilicon, mesencephalon, metencephalon, prolegomenon, prothalamion, prosencephalon, spermatozoon, telencephalon, ultramarathon epiphenomenon, myelencephalon kyrie eleison, San Miguel de Tucuman on 2 \ 6 n \ fond, ton ballon, baton, bouillon, Dijon, flacon, fourgon, frisson, Gabon, gargon, lorgnon, Lyons, magon, marron, Marron, moufion, soupgon, Toulon, Villon Aubusson, bourguignon, feuilleton, Ganelon, gueridon, limagon, papillon filet mignon Saint Emilion on 3 \6n\ awn, Bonn, bonne, brawn, dawn, Dawn, drawn, faun, fawn, gone, lawn, maun, on, pawn, prawn, Sean, spawn, Vaughn, won, yawn add-on, agon, agone, begone, bygone, chaconne, clip-on, come-on, dead-on, doggone, far-gone, foregone, hands-on, head-on, hereon, impawn, indrawn, Kherson, odds-on, outgone, Puchon, put-on, Quezon, run-on, slip-



on, snap-on, Taejon, thereon, turnedon, upon, walk-on, whereon, wiredrawn, withdrawn bourguignonne, carryon, follow-on, goings-on, hanger-on, hereupon, looker-on, put-upon, thereupon, undergone, whereupon, woebegone carrying-on on 4 \6n\ see one 1 on 5 \an\ see un ona \6-ns\ dona, Dona, Jonah, krone, Mona, Nona, Rhona, Rona, Shona, trona Ancona, Bellona, bologna, Bologna, cinchona, corona, kimono, Leona, madrona, Pamplona, persona, Ramona, Verona Arizona, Barcelona, Desdemona in propria persona

oncho \an-cho\ honcho, poncho, rancho onchus \arj-kas\ bronchus, rhonchus onco \arj-ko\ bronco, Franco ond 1 \and\ blond, bond, fond, frond, Gond, pond, rand, sonde, wand, yond abscond, Armand, beau monde, beyond, despond, fishpond, Gironde, gourmand, haut monde, millpond, neoned, pair-bond, respond allemande, towmond, correspond, demimonde, Eurobond, Trebizond, Trobriand, vagabond radiosonde, slough of despond —also -ed forms of verbs listed at on 1 ond 2 \ 6 n \ see on 2

ona 2 \an-a\ see ana 1

ond 3 \6nt\ see aunt 1

ona \6n-ya\ see onia 3

onda \an-d9\ Lahnda, Rhonda, Rhondda, Ronda, Wanda Golconda, Luganda, Ruanda, Rwanda, Uganda anaconda, Campo Grande

onachal \an-i-kal\ see onical onae \6-ne\ see ony1 onah \6-na\ see ona onal 1 \6n- a l\ clonal, tonal, zonal atonal, coronal, hormonal baritonal, microtonal, polyclonal, polytonal, semitonal 2

ondant \an-dant\ see ondent onday \an-de\ see undi


ondays \sn-dez\ see undays


ondda \an-da\ see onda

onal \an- l\ Donal, Ronal onald \an- ld\ Donald, Ronald MacDonald onant \6-nant\ see onent onas \6-nas\ see onus 2 onative \6-nat-iv\ conative, donative one \arjk\ see onk1 once 1 \ans\ see ance 2 once 2 \ans\ see unce 1

ondam \an-dam\ see ondom 1

onch \arjk\ see onk


onch 2 \anch\ see aunch 1 oncha \arj-ks\ see anka

onde \and\ see ond 1 ondeau \an-do\ see ondo ondel \an-d 3 l\ condyle, fondle, rondel ondence \an-dsns\ despondence correspondence ondency \an-dan-se\ despondency correspondency ondent \an-dsnt\ fondant despondent, respondent corespondent, correspondent


onder onder \an-dar\ bonder, condor, maunder, ponder, squander, wander, yonder, zander absconder, responder, transponder —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ond 1 onder 2 \an-dar\ see under ondly \an-le\ see anly1 ondness \an-nas\ see anness ondo \an-do\ condo, Hondo, rondeau, rondo, tondo forzando, glissando, lentando, parlando, scherzando, secondo, sforzando allargando, rallentando, ritardando accelerando ondom 1 \an-d9m\ condom, quondam ondom 2 Xan-dsmN see undum ondor \an-dsr\ see onder 1 ondrous Xsn-drssN see underous ondyle \an-d 3 l\ see ondel one 1 \6n\ blown, bone, clone, cone, crone, drone, flown, groan, grown, hone, Joan, known, loan, lone, moan, Mon, mown, none, own, phone, pone, prone, Rhone, roan, Saone, scone, sewn, shone, shoon, shown, sone, sown, stone, throne, thrown, tone, trone, won, zone agon, aitchbone, alone, atone, backbone, bemoan, birthstone, Blackstone, breastbone, brimstone, brownstone, capstone, cheekbone, chinbone, cogon, cologne, Cologne, colon, Colon, condone, curbstone, cyclone, daimon, debone, depone, dethrone, disown, drystone, earphone, enthrone, fieldstone, flagstone, flyblown, freestone, full-blown, gallstone, gemstone, Gijon, Gladstone, gravestone, grindstone, hailstone, halftone, handblown, headphone, headstone, high-flown, hipbone, homegrown, hormone, impone,

ingrown, inkstone, intone, jawbone, keystone, Leon, leone, limestone, lodestone, milestone, millstone, misknown, moonstone, oilstone, outgrown, outshown, ozone, peon, pinbone, pinecone, pinon, pinyon, postpone, propone, Ramon, rezone, rhinestone, sandstone, shade-grown, shinbone, Shoshone, soapstone, Tbone, tailbone, thighbone, tombstone, touchstone, Touch-Tone, tritone, trombone, turnstone, twelve-tone, two-tone, Tyrone, unknown, unthrone, well-known, whalebone, wheelthrown, whetstone, windblown, wishbone, Yangon allophone, anglophone, anklebone, barbitone, Barbizon, barytone, Bayamon, bombardon, Canal Zone, chaperon, cherrystone, cobblestone, collarbone, cornerstone, cortisone, cuttlebone, diaphone, Dictaphone, epigone, francophone, free-fire zone, Gaborone, gramophone, herringbone, homophone, ironstone, knucklebone, marrowbone, megaphone, mellophone, methadone, microphone, microtone, minestrone, monotone, Mount Mayon, overblown, overflown, overgrown, overthrown, overtone, Picturephone, polyphone, rottenstone, sacaton, saxophone, semitone, shacklebone, silicone, sousaphone, speakerphone, stepping-stone, telephone, Toreon, undertone, vibraphone, xylophone, Yellowstone anticyclone, Asuncion, bred-in-thebone, Conception, Darby and Joan, eau de cologne, mesocyclone, norethindrone, Nuevo Leon, radiophone, sine qua non, testosterone, videophone Ponce de Leon, Sierra Leone radiotelephone one 2 \6-ne\ see ony1 one 3 \an\ see on1 one 4 \an\ see un one 5 \6n\ see on 3



onean \6-ne-an\ see onian 1 oned 1 \6nd\ boned, stoned, toned cologned, high-toned, pre-owned, rawboned, rhinestoned, two-toned cobblestoned —also -ed forms of verbs listed at one1 oned 2 \an\ see on 1 oneless \6n-las\ boneless, toneless onely \6n-le\ lonely, only, pronely onement \6n-m3nt\ atonement, cantonment, dethronement, disownment, enthronement o n e n e s s Xan-nssX dimness, doneness, oneness rotundness onent \6-n3nt\ sonant component, deponent, exponent, opponent, proponent bicomponent oneous \6-ne-9s\ see onious oner 1 \6-nar\ boner, donor, droner, groaner, honer, loaner, loner, moaner, stoner, toner, zoner condoner, dethroner, intoner, landowner, shipowner telephoner oner 2 \6n-9r\ see awner 1 onerous \an-9-ras\ onerous, sonorous o n e s \6nz\ Jones, nones sawbones Davy Jones, lazybones skull and crossbones —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at one onest \an-ast\ honest dishonest Hinayanist, Mahayanist 1

oney \6-ne\ see ony



oney \an-e\ see unny oney 3 \u-ne\ see oony

ong 1 \arj\ Chang, Fang, gong, hong, Huang, prong, Shang, Tang, tong, yang Anyang, barong, biltong, Da Nang, dugong, Guiyang, Hanyang, Hengyang, Hong Kong, kiang, liang, MahJongg, Malang, Padang, satang, Shenyang, Wuchang, Zhejiang, Zhenjiang billabong, Chittagong, Liaoyang, Pyong-yang, Semarang, scuppemong, Sturm und Drang, Vietcong, Wollongong Heilongjiang, Shijiazhuang, Ujung Pandang, ylang-ylang ong 2 \6rj\ bong, dong, gong, long, prong, song, strong, thong, throng, tong, wrong agelong, along, Armstrong, barong, belong, biltong, birdsong, chaise longue, daylong, dingdong, diphthong, dugong, endlong, erelong, furlong, Geelong, Haiphong, headlong, headstrong, Kaesong, kampong, lifelong, livelong, Mekong, monthlong, Nanchang, nightlong, oblong, oolong, part-song, ping-pong, Ping-Pong, plainsong, prolong, sarong, Shandong, sidelong, singsong, so long, souchong, weeklong, yardlong, yearlong billabong, Chittagong, cradlesong, evensong, Palembang, scuppemong, sing-along, summerlong, tagalong, Vietcong ong 3 \an\ see ung1 ong4\ung\seeung2 onga \arj-ga\ conga, panga, tonga, Tonga Kananga, mridanga Alba Longa, Zamboanga Bucaramanga onge \ s n j \ see unge onged \6nd\ pronged, thonged multipronged —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ong 2


onger onger 1 Xsrj-gsrX hunger, monger, younger fellmonger, fishmonger, ironmonger, newsmonger, phrasemonger, scaremonger, warmonger, whoremonger, wordmonger costermonger, fashionmonger, gossipmonger, rumormonger, scandalmonger onger 2 \9n-jsr\ see unger 1 ongery \arj-gre\ hungry fellmongery, ironmongery ongful \6n-f9l\ wrongful, songful ongin \an-jan\ see ungeon ongish \6rj-ish\ longish, strongish ongo \arj-go\ bongo, Congo, congou, Kongo, mongo Niger-Congo, Pago Pago ongous Xsn-gasX see ungous ongue 1 \arj\ see ung 1 ongue 2 \6n\ see ong 2 ongued \arjd\ lunged, tongued ongy \an-je\ see ungy onhomous \an-3-mas\ see onymous oni \6-ne\ seeony 1 onia 1 \6-ne-a\ bignonia, clintonia, Estonia, Laconia, Livonia, mahonia, paulownia, Polonia, Slavonia, Snowdonia, tithonia, valonia, zirconia Amazonia, Caledonia, Catalonia, Macedonia onia 2 \6-nya\ Konya, Sonia, Sonja, Sony a ammonia, Bologna, pneumonia, Polonia, tithonia, valonia anhedonia, Caledonia, Macedonia, Patagonia New Caledonia onia 3 \6n-ya\ dona begonia

onial \6-ne-9l\ baronial, colonial ceremonial, matrimonial, testimonial onian 1 \6-ne-3n\ chthonian aeonian, Antonian, Baconian, Clactonian, demonian, Devonian, draconian, Estonian, Etonian, favonian, gorgonian, Ionian, Jacksonian, Oxonian, plutonian, Samsonian, Shoshonean, Slavonian Amazonian, Apollonian, Arizonian, Babylonian, calypsonian, Chalcedonian, Hamiltonian, parkinsonian onian 2 \6-nysn\ Zonian Estonian Amazonian, Babylonian, Macedonian onic \an-ik\ chronic, chthonic, conic, dornick, phonic, sonic, tonic Aaronic, agonic, atonic, benthonic, bionic, Brittonic, Brythonic, bubonic, Byronic, canonic, carbonic, cryonic, cyclonic, daimonic, demonic, draconic, euphonic, gnomonic, harmonic, hedonic, ionic, Ionic, ironic, laconic, Masonic, mnemonic, planktonic, platonic, plutonic, pneumonic, Puranic, Pythonic, sardonic, Saronic, sermonic, Slavonic, symphonic, synchronic, tectonic, Teutonic, zirconic catatonic, diachronic, diatonic, disharmonic, electronic, embryonic, hegemonic, histrionic, homophonic, hydroponic, inharmonic, isotonic, macaronic, megaphonic, microphonic, monophonic, monotonic, nonionic, pharaonic, Philharmonic, polyphonic, quadraphonic, semitonic, Solomonic, supersonic, supertonic, telephonic, thermionic, ultrasonic architectonic, chameleonic, cardiotonic, electrotonic, geotectonic, Neoplatonic, stereophonic extraembryonic onica \an-i-ks\ Monica harmonica, japonica, Salonika, veronica, Veronica Thessalonica



onical \an-i-kal\ chronicle, conical, monachal, monocle canonical, demonical, ironical deuterocanonical onicals \an-i-kalz\ Chronicles canonicals onicker \a-ni-ksr\ see onnicker onicle \an-i-kal\ see onical onicles \an-i-kalz\ see onicals onics \an-iks\ onyx, phonics bionics, cryonics, mnemonics, Ovonics, photonics, sardonyx, tectonics avionics, electronics, histrionics, hydroponics, microphonics, nucleonics, quadriphonics, radionics, supersonics, thermionics architectonics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at onic onika \an-i-ks\ see onica

onishment \an-ish-mant\ admonishment, astonishment onium \6-ne-9m\ euphonium, harmonium, plutonium pandemonium, Pandemonium onius \6-ne-as\ see onious onja \6-nya\ see onia 2 onjon \9n-jan\ see ungeon onjure \an-J9r\ conjure, rondure onk1 \arjk\ ankh, bronc, clonk, conch, conk, Franck, honk, Planck, plonk, zonk honkytonk onk 2 \srjk\ see unk onker \arj-ksr\ conker, conquer, honker onkey 1 \arj-ke\ see onky onkey 2 \arj-ke\ see unky

oniker \a-ni-kar\ see onnicker

onkian \an-ke-an\ conquian Algonkian

oning 1 \an-irj\ awning couponing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at on 1

onky \arj-ke\ conkey, donkey, wonky, yanqui


onless \9n-las\ see unless

oning \6-nirj\ loaning jawboning, landowning —also -ing forms of verbs listed at one 1

only \6n-le\ see onely

onion \3n-yan\ see union

onn 2 \6n\ see on 3

onious \6-ne-as\ erroneous, euphonious, felonious, harmonious, Polonius, Suetonius, symphonious acrimonious, ceremonious, disharmonious, inharmonious, parsimonious, sanctimonious Marcus Antonius, unceremonious

onna 1 \6n-a\ donna, Donna, fauna megafauna, prima donna

onis 1 \6-nss\ see onus 2

onne 2 \an\ see un

onis 2 \an-as\ see onus 1 onish \an-ish\ donnish, monish admonish, astonish, premonish leprechaunish

onment \6n-m9nt\ see onement onn 1 \an\ see on1

onna 2 \an-a\ see ana 1 onnage \an-ij\ see unnage onne 1 \an\ see on 1 onne 3 \6n\ see on 3 onner \an-ar\ see onor1 onnet \an-at\ bonnet, sonnet bluebonnet, sunbonnet, warbonnet


onnicker onnicker \a-ni-kar\ donnicker, doniker, monicker, moniker

onsil \an-s9l\ see onsul onsin \an-san\ see ohnson

onnie \an-e\ see ani 1

onson \an-ssn\ see ohnson

onnish \an-ish\ see onish

onsor \an-sar\ panzer, sponsor

onnor \an-ar\ see onor1

onsul \an-s3i\ consul, tonsil

onny 1 \an-e\ see ani 1 2

onny \sn-e\ see unny ono 1 \6-no\ phono cui bono, kimono, pro bono kakemono, makimono ono 2 \6-na\ see ona ono 3 \an-6\ see ano 1 onocle Xan-i-kalX see onical onomer Xan-a-msrX monomer astronomer, comonomer onomist \an-3-ni3st\ agronomist, autonomist, economist, ergonomist, gastronomist, synonymist, taxonomist Deuteronomist onomous \an-9-m9s\ see onymous onomy \an-a-me\ agronomy, antonymy, astronomy, autonomy, economy, eponymy, gastronomy, homonomy, metonymy, synonymy, taphonomy, taxonomy, toponymy Deuteronomy, diseconomy, heteronomy, teleonomy onor 1 \an-ar\ Bonner, fawner, goner, honor, pawner, pawnor, spawner, wanner, yawner dishonor, O'Connor Afrikaner, Lipizzaner, marathoner, weimaraner onor 2 \6-nsr\ see oner 1 onorous \an-a-ras\ see onerous onquer \arj-kar\ see onker onquian \arj-ke-an\ see onkian ons

1 2

\anz\ see onze

ons \ 6 n \ see on 2

ont 1 \snt\ blunt, brunt, bunt, front, grunt, hunt, lunt, punt, runt, shunt, strunt, stunt, want, wont affront, beachfront, bowfront, breakfront, confront, forefront, housefront, lakefront, manhunt, outfront, seafront, shirtfront, shorefront, storefront, swell-front, up-front, witch-hunt battlefront, oceanfront, riverfront, waterfront ont 2 \ant\ see ant 2 ont 3 \6nt\ see aunt 1 on't \6nt\ don't, won't ontal 1 \ant- 3 l\ pontil, fontal, quantal horizontal periodontal ontal 2 \ant- a l\ see untie ontan \ant- n \ see onton ontas \ant-9s\ see ontus onte 1 \ant-e\ see anti1 onte 2 \an-ta\ see ante 1 onted \6nt-9d\ vaunted, wonted undaunted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at aunt 1 onter \snt-3r\ see unter onth \snth\ month billionth, millionth, trillionth, twelvemonth ontian \ant-e-an\ Zontian post-Kantian ontic \ant-ik\ ontic deontic, Vedantic orthodontic anacreontic



ontil \ant- 3 l\ see ontal1 ontinent \ant- n-ant\ continent incontinent, subcontinent supercontinent

anonymous, antonymous, autonomous, eponymous, homonymous, pseudonymous, synonymous heteronomous

ontis \an-tss\ see antos 2

onymy \an-9-me\ see onomy

Ofitist \ant-ast\ Vedantist orthodontist, prosthodontist

onyon 1 Xan-yanX ronyon, wanion


onto \an-to\ see anto 1 onton \ant- 3 n\ ponton, wanton Lahontan ontra \an-tra\ contra, mantra, tantra per contra ontre \ant-sr\ see aunter 1

onyon 2 \9n-yan\ see union onyx \an-iks\ see onics onze \anz\ bonze, bronze, pons long Johns, Saint John's Afrikaans, solitons islet of Langerhans —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at on

ontus \ant-ss\ Pontus Pocahontas

onzi \an-ze\ see onzy

onty \ant-e\ see anti1

onzy \an-ze\ bronzy, Ponzi

onus 1 \an-as\ Cronus, Faunus Adonis onus \6-nas\ bonus, Cronus, Jonas, onus, slowness Adonis, colonus ony 1 \6-ne\ bony, coney, crony, phony, pony, stony, Toni, tony, Tony, yoni baloney, Benoni, bologna, canzone, Marconi, Moroni, Oenone, padrone, spumoni, tortoni abalone, acrimony, agrimony, alimony, antimony, cannelloni, ceremony, chalcedony, colophony, macaroni, mascarpone, matrimony, minestrone, palimony, parsimony, patrimony, pepperoni, provolone, rigatoni, sanctimony, telephony, testimony, zabaglione con espressione, conversazione, dramatis personae ony 2 \an-e\ see ani 1 onya \6-nya\ see onia 2 onymist \an-3-mast\ see onomist onymous \an-3-m3s\ bonhomous

00 1 \ii\ see ew1 0 0 2 \ 6 \ see ow1 oob \iib\ see ube oober \u-bsr\ see uber ooby \ii-be\ booby, looby, ruby, Ruby ooch 1 \uch\ brooch, hooch, mooch, pooch, smooch capuche scaramouch ooch 2 \6ch\ see oach oocher \u-char\ see uture oochy \u-che\ smoochy Baluchi, penuche, Vespucci Kawaguchi ood 1 \ud\ good, hood, pud, rudd, should, stood, wood, would, yod basswood, bentwood, blackwood, boxwood, brushwood, childhood, cordwood, deadwood, do-good, dogwood, driftwood, Ellwood, Elwood, falsehood, fatwood, feelgood, firewood, fruitwood, girlhood, godhood, greasewood, greenwood,



groundwood, gumwood, hardwood, ironwood, kingwood, knighthood, maidhood, manhood, monkhood, monkshood, Mount Hood, no-good, pinewood, plywood, priesthood, pulpwood, redwood, rosewood, sainthood, selfhood, Sherwood, softwood, sonhood, statehood, stinkwood, Talmud, teakwood, unhood, Wedgwood, wifehood, withstood, wormwood arrowwood, bachelorhood, brotherhood, buttonwood, candlewood, cedarwood, Cottonwood, fatherhood, hardihood, Hollywood, likelihood, livelihood, maidenhood, motherhood, nationhood, neighborhood, parenthood, personhood, Robin Hood, sandalwood, scattergood, servanthood, sisterhood, spinsterhood, toddlerhood, tulipwood, understood, widowhood, womanhood misunderstood, unlikelihood, widowerhood ood 2 \6d\ see ode ood 3 \ud\ see ude ood 4 \ad\ see ud ooded 1 \ad-ad\ blooded cold-blooded, full-blooded, halfblooded, hot-blooded, pure-blooded, red-blooded, star-studded, warmblooded —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ud1

oodman \ud-man\ goodman, woodman oodoo \ud-ii\ doo-doo, hoodoo, kudu, voodoo OOds \udz\ backwoods, dry goods piney woods —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ood oodsman \udz-man\ woodsman backwoodsman, ombudsman OOdy1 \iid-e\ broody, Judi, Judie, Judy, moody, Rudy, Trudy OOdy2 \ud-e\ cuddy, goody, hoody, woody goody-goody oody 3 \ad-e\ see uddy1 ooer \u-ar\ see ewer 1 ooey \u-e\ see ewy oof1 \uf\ goof, kloof, poof, pouf, proof, roof, spoof, woof aloof, behoof, disproof, fireproof, foolproof, forehoof, rustproof, shadoof, soundproof, sunroof, Tartuffe, unroof bulletproof, opera bouffe, shatterproof, waterproof, weatherproof oof \uf\ hoof, poof, roof, woof forehoof, Tartuffe oof3 \6f\ see oaf oof4 \iiv\ see ove 3


ooded \ud-ad\ hooded, wooded hard-wooded, soft-wooded

oofah \u-fa\ see ufa

ooder 1 \iid-ar\ see uder

oofer 1 \u-fsr\ proofer, roofer, twofer waterproofer

ooder 2 \ad-ar\ see udder ooding \ud-in\ pudding do-gooding, unhooding oodle \ud- a l\ boodle, doodle, feudal, noodle, poodle, strudel caboodle, flapdoodle, paludal Yankee-Doodle

oofer 2 \uf-ar\ hoofer, woofer oofy \u-fe\ goofy, spoofy, Sufi ooga \u-ga\ see uga o o g e \ u j \ see uge 1 ooger \ug-ar\ see ugur



oogie \iig-e\ bogey, boogie boogie-woogie oo-goo \u-gii\ see ugu OOh \ii\ see ew1 ooh-pooh \u-pii\ hoopoe, poohpooh ooi \ix-e\ see ewy ooist \u-ast\ doest tattooist, voodooist —also -est forms of adjectives listed arew 1 1

OOk \iik\ book, brook, Brooke, chook, cook, Cook, crook, gook, hook, look, nook, rook, schnook, shook, snook, stook, took bankbook, betook, billhook, caoutchouc, chapbook, checkbook, Chinook, cookbook, forsook, fishhook, guidebook, handbook, hornbook, hymnbook, Innsbruck, Kobuk, logbook, matchbook, mistook, Mount Cook, notebook, outlook, partook, passbook, Pembroke, playbook, pothook, promptbook, psalmbook, retook, schoolbook, scrapbook, sketchbook, skyhook, songbook, studbook, textbook, unhook, Windhoek, workbook, yearbook buttonhook, copybook, donnybrook, gerenuk, inglenook, Leeuwenhoek, overbook, overlook, overtook, pocketbook, storybook, tenterhook, undertook, Volapuk gobbledygook

ookery \uk-a-re\ crookery, rookery OOkie \uk-e\ bookie, brookie, cookie, cooky, hooky, rookie, rooky Takatsuki, walkie-lookie OOking \iik-irj\ booking, cooking good-looking, onlooking —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ook1 OOklet \uk-tat\ booklet, brooklet, hooklet ooks 1 \iiks\ deluxe, gadzooks —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at like ooks 2 \uks\ Brooks, crux, luxe, zooks deluxe, gadzooks —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ook1 ooky 1 \ii-ke\ kooky, spooky bouzouki, Kabuki, saluki, tanuki ooky 2 \uk-e\ see ookie

ookah \uk-s\ hookah, sukkah

0011 \ixl\ boule, boulle, buhl, cool, drool, fool, fuel, ghoul, gul, joule, mewl, mule, pool, Poole, pul, pule, rule, school, spool, stool, tool, tulle, you'll, yule air-cool, ampoule, babul, Banjul, befool, Blackpool, carpool, cesspool, curule, Elul, faldstool, footstool, hangul, Kabul, Kurnool, misrule, Mosul, preschool, retool, self-rule, synfuel, toadstool, tomfool, uncool, vanpool, whirlpool Barnaul, fascicule, gallinule, graticule, groupuscule, Hartlepool, Istanbul, lenticule, Liverpool, majuscule, minuscule, molecule, monticule, overrule, reticule, ridicule, vestibule, water-cool biomolecule

ooke \iik\ see ook1

0 0 1 2 \ i i l \ see ill

ooker \uk-ar\ booker, cooker, hooker, Hooker, looker, snooker good-looker, onlooker

oola \u-ta\ see ula

ook 2 \uk\ see like ooka \u-ks\ yuca bazooka, felucca, palooka, Toluca, verruca Juan de Fuca

OOle \ul\ see OOl1



oolean \u-le-an\ see ulean

oom 2 \iim\ see urn2

OOled \iild\ bejeweled, unschooled vestibuled —also -ed forms of verbs listed at OOl1

oomed \iimd\ groomed, plumed, wombed well-groomed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oom 1

ooler \u-lar\ cooler, gular, puler, ruler carpooler, grade-schooler, high schooler, preschooler ridiculer, watercooler

oomer Xii-marX see umer oomily Xii-ms-leA gloomily contumely

oolie \ii-le\ see uly

ooming 1 Xii-msnX see uman

oolish \ii-lish\ coolish, foolish, ghoulish, mulish pound-foolish

ooming 2 \ii-mirj\ see uming


oolly \u-le\ see uly 2


oolly \ul-e\ see ully

oom 1 \ u m \ bloom, boom, broom, brougham, brume, combe, cwm, doom, flume, fume, gloom, glume, groom, Hume, khoum, loom, neume, plume, rheum, room, spume, tomb, toom, vroom, whom, womb, zoom abloom, assume, backroom, ballroom, barroom, bathroom, bedroom, boardroom, bridegroom, broadloom, checkroom, classroom, cloakroom, coatroom, consume, costume, courtroom, darkroom, dayroom, entomb, enwomb, exhume, foredoom, greenroom, guardroom, headroom, heirloom, homeroom, houseroom, illume, inhume, jibboom, Khartoum, legroom, legume, lunchroom, mudroom, mushroom, newsroom, perfume, playroom, poolroom, pressroom, presume, proofroom, relume, resume, salesroom, schoolroom, showroom, sickroom, simoom, stateroom, stockroom, storeroom, subsume, taproom, Targum, tearoom, toolroom, wardroom, washroom, workroom anteroom, checkerbloom, dyer's broom, elbowroom, impostume, locker-room, miniboom, nom de plume, smoke-filled room, witches'broom

oomlet Xiim-latX boomlet, plumelet oomy \u-me\ bloomy, boomy, doomy, fumy, gloomy, plumy, rheumy, roomy, spumy costumey oon 1 \ u n \ boon, Boone, coon, croon, dune, goon, hewn, June, loon, lune, moon, noon, prune, rune, shoon, soon, spoon, swoon, strewn, toon, tune aswoon, attune, baboon, balloon, bassoon, buffoon, Calhoun, cardoon, cartoon, cocoon, commune, doubloon, dragoon, festoon, fine-tune, forenoon, gaboon, gadroon, galloon, Gudrun, half-moon, harpoon, immune, impugn, jargoon, jejune, Kowloon, Kunlun, lagoon, lampoon, lardoon, maroon, monsoon, Neptune, oppugn, Pashtun, patroon, platoon, poltroon, pontoon, premune, puccoon, quadroon, raccoon, ratoon, repugn, rockoon, rough-hewn, saloon, shalloon, soupspoon, spittoon, spontoon, teaspoon, Torun, tribune, triune, tuchun, tycoon, typhoon, untune, Walloon afternoon, barracoon, Brigadoon, Cameroon, demilune, dessertspoon, honeymoon, importune, macaroon, octoroon, opportune, pantaloon, picaroon, picayune, rigadoon, saskatoon, Saskatoon, tablespoon contrabassoon, inopportune

oon2 \6n\ see one1



oona \u-na\ see una

O-op \iip\ see OOp1

oonal \un- 3 l\ see unal

OOped \upd\ looped —also -ed forms of verbs listed at oop

oone \iin\ see oon


ooner \ii-nar\ crooner, crowner, lunar, pruner, schooner, sooner, swooner, tuner harpooner, lacunar, lampooner, oppugner honeymooner, importuner, semilunar oonery 1 \iin-re\ buffoonery, lampoonery, poltroonery

oopee \ii-pe\ see oopy OOper \u-par\ blooper, cooper, Cooper, Cowper, duper, grouper, looper, scooper, snooper, stupor, swooper, super, trooper, trouper party pooper, paratrooper, pooperscooper, super-duper

oonery \u-na-re\ see unary

ooping \ii-pirj\ grouping, trooping, trouping —also -ing forms of verbs listed at

ooney \u-ne\ see oony


oonie \u-ne\ see oony

oopoe \u-pu\ see ooh-pooh

ooning \ii-nin\ nooning ballooning, cartooning, gadrooning —also -ing forms of verbs listed at oon1

o o p s \ups\ hoops, oops, whoops, woops


oonish \u-nish\ moonish buffoonish, cartoonish picayunish oonless \un-l9s\ moonless, tuneless, woundless o o n s \iinz\ lunes, zounds eftsoons afternoons —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at oon oony \u-ne\ gooney, loony, luny, Moonie, moony, muni, puisne, puny, spoony, Zuni Mulroney OOp \xip\ bloop, coop, croup, droop, drupe, dupe, goop, group, hoop, loop, loupe, poop, roup, scoop, sloop, snoop, soup, stoop, stoup, stupe, swoop, troop, troupe, whoop age-group, in-group, out-group, recoup, regroup, subgroup, T-group alley-oop, cock-a-hoop, Guadalupe, Guadeloupe, nincompoop, paratroop, supergroup

oopy \u-pe\ croupy, droopy, groupie, Kewpie, loopy, snoopy, soupy, Tupi, whoopee oor 1 \6r\ see or1 oor 2 \iir\ see ure 1 oorage 1 \ur-ij\ moorage sewerage oorage 2 \6r-ij\ see orage2 oore 1 \6r\ see or1 oore 2 \ur\ see ure 1 oored \6rd\ see oard oorer \6r-sr\ see orer oori \ur-e\ see ury1 ooring 1 \6r-irj\ see oring ooring 2 \ur-irj\ see uring oorish 1 \ur-ish\ boorish, Moorish, poorish oorish 2 \6r-ish\ see orish1 oorly \ur-le\ see urely oorman \6r-msn\ see orman


oors oors \6rz\ Bors, drawers, yours Azores, indoors, outdoors underdrawers, withindoors, withoutdoors Louis Quatorze —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at or oorsman Xdrz-manX see oarsman oort \6rt\ see ort1 oosa \u-ss\ see usa 1 oose 1 \iis\ see use 1 o o s e 2 \iiz\ see use 2

OOted1 \ut-ad\ booted, fruited, muted, suited abluted, deep-rooted, jackbooted, pantsuited, voluted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ute OOted2 \ut-ad\ footed barefooted, clubfooted, deep-rooted, duckfooted, fleet-footed, four-footed, light-footed, slow-footed, splayfooted, surefooted, web-footed, wing-footed cloven-footed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at OOt1

ooser 2 \u-zsr\ see user

OOter1 \ut-ar\ footer, putter shot-putter pussyfooter

oosey \ii-se\ see uicy

ooter 2 \ut-ar\ see uter

oosh 1 \iish\ see ouche

ooth 1 \iith\ smooth, soothe, tooth

oosh 2 \ush\ see ush 2 OOSt \iist\ boost, juiced, Proust, roost langouste, produced self-induced, Zlatoust —also -ed forms of verbs listed at use 1

OOth2 \uth\ booth, Booth, couth, crwth, routh, ruth, Ruth, scouth, sleuth, sooth, tooth, truth, Truth, youth bucktooth, Duluth, eyetooth, forsooth, half-truth, sawtooth, selcouth, tollbooth, uncouth, untruth, vermouth snaggletooth

oosy \ii-ze\ see oozy

oothe \ u t h \ see ooth1

OOt1 \ut\ foot, put, root, Root, soot afoot, barefoot, bigfoot, bird's-foot, Blackfoot, clubfoot, crow's-foot, enroot, flatfoot, forefoot, hotfoot, input, kaput, outfoot, output, Rajput, shot put, snakeroot, splayfoot, taproot, throughput, uproot acre-foot, arrowroot, bitterroot, cajeput, candle-foot, gingerroot, orrisroot, pussyfoot, tenderfoot, underfoot

oothed \iitht\ toothed gap-toothed snaggletoothed

oot 2 \ut\ see ute

ooting 1 \ut-in\ footing off-putting —also -ing forms of verbs listed at OOt1

ooser 1 \u-ssr\ see ucer

OOt3 \at\ see ut1 ootage 1 \iit-ij\ fruitage, rootage, scutage ootage 2 \ut-ij\ footage, rootage

oothless \uth-tas\ see uthless oothly \iith-le\ soothly uncouthly oothy \u-the\ couthie, toothy OOtie \ut-e\ see ooty1

ooting 2 \ut-irj\ see uting ootle \ut- a l\ see utile



OOtless \ut-las\ bootless, fruitless OOtlet \ut-fot\ fruitlet, rootlet OOtS \iits\ boots firstfruits, grassroots, slyboots, Vaduz shoot-the-chutes —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ute ootsie \ut-se\ footsie, tootsie OOty1 \iit-e\ beauty, booty, Clootie, cootie, cutie, duty, footy, fluty, fruity, hooty, rooty, snooty, sooty, tutti, zooty agouti, Djibouti Funafuti, heavy-duty, persecutee, tutti-frutti OOty2 \ut-e\ rooty, sooty, tutti 3

ooty \at-e\ see utty oove \iiv\ see ove 3 oover \u-var\ see over 3 OOVy \u-ve\ groovy, movie ooze \uz\ see use 2 oozer \ii-z9r\ see user oozle \u-zal\ see usal 2 oozy \ii-ze\ bluesy, boozy, choosy, floozy, newsy, oozy, Susie, woozy Jacuzzi op 1 \ap\ bop, chap, chop, clop, cop, crop, drop, flop, fop, glop, hop, knop, lop, mop, op, plop, pop, prop, scop, shop, slop, sop, stop, strop, swap, top, whop Aesop, airdrop, atop, backdrop, backstop, bakeshop, barhop, bebop, bellhop, blacktop, bookshop, carhop, cartop, chop-chop, clip-clop, clopclop, coin-op, cooktop, co-op, desktop, dewdrop, doorstop, dramshop, Dunlop, eardrop, eavesdrop, ESOP, estop, f-stop, firestop, flattop, flip-flop, foretop, grogshop, gumdrop, hardtop, hedgehop, high-top, hilltop, hip-hop,

hockshop, housetop, joypop, maintop, milksop, nonstop, one-stop, outcrop, pawnshop, pop-top, ragtop, raindrop, redtop, ripstop, rooftop, sharecrop, shortstop, skin-pop, slipslop, snowdrop, soursop, stonecrop, sweatshop, sweetshop, teardrop, tiptop, treetop, unstop, workshop agitprop, barbershop, carrottop, countertop, double-crop, double-stop, Ethiop, island-hop, lollipop, malaprop, mom-and-pop, mountaintop, overtop, table-hop, tabletop, techno-pop, teenybop, turboprop, whistle-stop, window-shop Babelthuap op 2 \ 6 \ see OW1 opa \6-pa\ opa, opah Europa opah \6-pa\ see opa opal \6-p9l\ copal, nopal, opal, Opal Simferopol Constantinople ope \ 6 p \ cope, coup, dope, grope, holp, hope, Hope, lope, mope, nope, ope, pope, Pope, rope, scop, scope, slope, soap, stope, taupe, tope, trope aslope, borescope, downslope, elope, gantlope, gantelope, Good Hope, myope, nightscope, pyrope, sandsoap, soft-soap, tightrope, towrope antelope, antipope, calliope, cantaloupe, chronoscope, envelope, epitope, Ethiope, gyroscope, horoscope, interlope, isotope, kinescope, microscope, misanthrope, periscope, phalarope, radarscope, sniperscope, snooperscope, stethoscope, telescope heliotrope, kaleidoscope, stereoscope opean \6-pe-3n\ see opian opee \6-pe\ see opi open \6-pan\ holpen, open reopen, wide-open opence \ap-3ns\ see uppance


openny openny \ap-ne\ threepenny, twopenny oper \6-par\ coper, doper, groper, loper, moper, roper, soaper, toper eloper, no-hoper, soft-soaper interloper opera \ap-rs\ see opra opey \6-pe\ see opi oph \6f\ see oaf ophagous \af-9-g9s\ coprophagous, esophagus, necrophagous, sarcophagus, zoophagous anthropophagous ophagy \af-3-je\ coprophagy, geophagy anthropophagy ophe 1 \6-fe\ see ophy

opia \6-pe-s\ dystopia, myopia, sinopia, Utopia cornucopia, Ethiopia opian \6-pe-an\ Aesopian, cyclopean, dystopian, Utopian cornucopian, Ethiopian opic 1 \ap-ik\ topic, tropic Aesopic, anthropic, ectopic, subtropic Ethiopic, gyroscopic, hygroscopic, macroscopic, microscopic, misanthropic, periscopic, philanthropic, semitropic, stethoscopic, telescopic kaleidoscopic, stereoscopic opic 2 \6-pik\ tropic myopic Ethiopic, psychotropic

opher \6-far\ see ofer

opical \ap-i-kal\ topical, tropical anthropical, subtropical microscopical, Neotropical, philanthropical, semitropical

ophet \af-at\ see ofit

oplar \ap-br\ see oppler

ophe 2 \6f\ see off2


ophic \af-ik\ strophic antistrophic, apostrophic, catastrophic 2

ophic \6-fik\ strophic, trophic atrophic ophical \af-i-ksl\ philosophical, theosophical ophie \6-fe\ see ophy ophir \6-far\ see ofer ophonous \af-9-nss\ cacophonous, homophonous

ople \6-pal\ see opal opol \6-p9i\ see opal opolis 1 \ap-3-tas\ propolis acropolis, cosmopolis, metropolis, necropolis Heliopolis, megalopolis Florianopolis opolis 2 \ap-las\ see opless opolist \ap-3-last\ monopolist bibliopolist

ophony \af-9-ne\ cacophony, colophony, homophony, monophony, theophany heterophony, stereophony

opoly \ap-3-le\ choppily, floppily, sloppily duopoly, monopoly, vox populi oligopoly Tiruchchirappalli

ophy \6-fe\ Sophie, sophy, strophe, trophy

oppa \ap-a\ see apa 1

opi \6-pe\ dopey, Hopi, mopey, ropy, soapy, topee, topi

opped \apt\ see opt oppel \ap-al\ see opple

273 opper \ap-ar\ bopper, chopper, copper, cropper, dropper, flopper, hopper, lopper, mopper, popper, proper, shopper, stopper, swapper, topper, whopper, yapper clodhopper, eavesdropper, eyedropper, eyepopper, grasshopper, hedgehopper, improper, job-hopper, joypopper, leafhopper, namedropper, rockhopper, sharecropper, showstopper, skin-popper, treehopper, woodchopper table-hopper, teenybopper, windowshopper oppery \ap-re\ coppery, foppery oppet \ap-3t\ moppet, poppet

or opt \apt\ Copt, knopped, opt, topped adopt, close-cropped, co-opt, endstopped —also -ed forms of verbs listed at


opter \ap-tsr\ copter adopter helicopter, ornithopter optic \ap-tik\ Coptic, optic panoptic, synoptic electro-optic optimist \ap-t3-mast\ optimist, Optimist Soroptimist

oppily \ap-a-le\ see opoly

option \ap-shan\ option adoption, co-option

oppiness \ap-e-n9s\ choppiness, Soppiness, sloppiness

optric \ap-trik\ catoptric, dioptric

opping \ap-irj\ hopping, sopping, topping, whopping clodhopping, eye-popping, jobhopping, name-dropping, outcropping —also -ing forms of verbs listed at


opple \ap-al\ popple, stopple, topple estoppel

opula \ap-y3-b\ copula, scopula opulace \ap-ya-l9s\ populace, populous opulate \ap-y3-lat\ copulate, populate overpopulate opuli \ap-9-le\ see opoly

oppler \ap-lar\ Doppler, poplar

opulous \ap-v3-tas\ see opulace

oppy \ap-e\ choppy, copy, crappie, floppy, gloppy, hoppy, kopje, poppy, sloppy, soppy, stroppy jalopy, okapi, serape microcopy, Nahuel Huapi, photocopy

opus \6-pas\ opus Canopus magnum opus pithecanthropus

opra \ap-ra\ copra, opera

opy 2 \ap-e\ see oppy

ops \aps\ chops, copse, Ops, tops beechdrops, cyclops, eyedrops, Pelops, pinedrops, sundrops muttonchops triceratops —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at op

oque 1 \6k\ see oke

opse \aps\ see ops

or1 \6r\ boar, Boer, Bohr, bore, chore, core, corps, crore, door, drawer, floor, for, fore, four, frore, gore, Gore,

opsy \ap-se\ dropsy autopsy, biopsy, necropsy

opy 1 \6-pe\ see opi

oque 2 \ak\ see ock1 oque 3 \6k\ see alk oquial \6-kwe-9l\ colloquial ventriloquial


or hoar, hoer, kor, lore, Moore, mor, more, More, nor, o'er, oar, or, ore, poor, pore, pour, roar, score, shore, snore, soar, sore, splore, spoor, spore, store, swore, Thor, tor, tore, torr, war, whore, wore, yore, your, you're abhor, actor, adore, afore, and/or, ashore, backdoor, bailor, bandore, Beardmore, bedsore, before, bezoar, bookstore, candor, captor, centaur, claymore, closed-door, condor, decor, deplore, dime-store, donor, downpour, drugstore, encore, ephor, explore, Exmoor, eyesore, feoffor, fetor, Fillmore, folklore, footsore, forebore, forswore, forscore, galore, hardcore, ichor, ignore, implore, Indore, indoor, inpour, inshore, Lahore, lakeshore, Lenore, lessor, memoir, mentor, Mysore, nearshore, Nestor, offshore, onshore, outdoor, outpour, outsoar, outwore, pastor, psywar, rancor, rapport, raptor, Realtor, restore, rhetor, savior, seafloor, seashore, sector, seignior, senhor, sehor, sensor, settlor, Seymour, signor, smoothbore, sophomore, stentor, stertor, stressor, stridor, subfloor, temblor, tensor, therefor, therefore, threescore, Timor, trapdoor, turgor, uproar, vendor, wherefore, woodlore albacore, alongshore, anaphor, anymore, archosaur, Baltimore, Bangalore, Barrymore, brontosaur, carnivore, CD4, Coimbatore, commodore, comprador, confessor, consignor, corridor, cuspidor, devisor, dinosaur, door-to-door, Ecuador, either-or, Eleanor, Eleanore, elector, Elinor, en rapport, evermore, franchisor, furthermore, guarantor, Gwalior, hackamore, hadrosaur, hellebore, herbivore, heretofore, humidor, Labrador, louis d'or, man-ofwar, manticore, matador, metaphor, meteor, millepore, Minotaur, mirador, Mount Rushmore, nevermore, omnivore, out-of-door, petit four, picador, pinafore, pompadour, predator, promisor, pterosaur, reservoir, sagamore, Salvador,

Salvatore, semaphore, Singapore, stegosaur, stevedore, superstore, sycamore, Theodore, theretofore, troubador, tug-of-war, two-by-four, uncalled-for, underscore, vavasor, warrantor alienor, ambassador, ankylosaur, conquistador, conservator, Corregidor, de Pompadour, El Salvador, esprit de corps, forevermore, hereinbefore, ichthyosaur, insectivore, legislator, plesiosaur, San Salvadore, toreador, tyrannosaur, Ulan Bator administrator, lobster thermidor Talleyrand-Perigord or 2 \sr\ see eur 1 ora \6r-s\ aura, bora, Cora, Dora, flora, Flora, hora, Laura, Lora, mora, Nora, sora, Torah Andorra, angora, aurora, Aurora, begorra, camorra, fedora, gemara, Gomorrah, Lenora, Masora, menorah, pandora, Pandora, remora, senhora, sefiora, signora, Sonora grandiflora, Juiz de Fora, Leonora, Simchas Torah, Tuscarora Lomas de Zamora orable \6r-9-bal\ horrible, pourable, storable adorable, deplorable, restorable orace \6r-as\ see aurus oracle \6r-9-kal\ coracle, oracle orage 1 \ar-ij\ barrage, borage, forage, porridge orage 2 \6r-ij\ borage, floorage, forage, porridge, storage orah \6r-s\ see ora oral1 \6r-3i\ aural, choral, coral, Coral, floral, laurel, Laurel, moral, oral, quarrel, sorrel aboral, amoral, auroral, balmoral, binaural, immoral, monaural, peroral, restoral, sororal oral2 \6rl\ see orl2



oram \6r-9m\ see orum

ord 2 \ard\ see ird

orate \6r-at\ seeoret

ord 3 \6r\ see or1

orative \6r-9t-iv\ explorative, pejorative, restorative

ordan \6rd- 3 n\ see arden 2

oray \a-re\ see urry

ordancy \6rd- 3 n-se\ mordancy discordancy

orb \6rb\ forb, orb, sorb, Sorb absorb, adsorb, desorb, resorb

ordant \6rd- 3 nt\ mordant, mordent accordant, concordant, discordant

orbate \6r-bst\ see orbit

orde \6rd\ see oard

orbeil \6r-bal\ see orbel

orded \6rd-ad\ see arded 2

orbel \6r-bal\ corbeil, corbel, warble

ordent \6rd- 3 nt\ see ordant

orbent \6r-b3nt\ absorbent immunosorbent

order \6rd-ar\ boarder, border, corder, hoarder, order, warder awarder, disorder, keyboarder, recorder, reorder, rewarder, skateboarder, surfboarder made-to-order

orbet \6r-bat\ see orbit orbit \6r-bat\ orbit, sorbet adsorbate ore \6rk\ see ork2 orca \6r-ka\ orca Majorca, Minorca Palma de Mallorca

ordered \6rd-srd\ bordered, ordered —also -ed forms of verbs listed at order

orcas \6r-kss\ Dorcas, orchis

orders \6rd-arz\ Borders —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at order

orce \6rs\ see orse 1

ordial \6rd-e-al\ exordial, primordial

orced \6rst\ see orst1

ordid \6rd-ad\ see arded 2

orceful \6rs-fsl\ see orseful

ording 1 \6rd-irj\ boarding, hoarding, lording recording, rewarding, skateboarding weatherboarding —also -ing forms of verbs listed at oard

orcement \6r-sm3nt\ see orsement orcer \6r-sar\ courser, forcer discourses enforcer reinforcer —also -er forms of adjectives listed at orse 1 orch \6rch\ porch, scorch, torch blowtorch, sunporch

ording 2 \ard-irj\ see erding ordingly \6rd-irj-le\ accordingly, rewardingly

orcher \6r-cb.9r\ scorcher, torture

ordion \6rd-e-an\ accordion, Edwardian

orchid \6r-kad\ forked, orchid cryptorchid, monorchid

ordist \6rd-3St\ recordist clavichordist, harpsichordist

orchis \6r-kas\ see orcas

ordon \6rd- 3 n\ see arden 2

ord1 \6rd\ see oard

ordure \6r-jsr\ see orger


ordy ordy1 \6rd-e\ Geordie, Lordy awardee ordy 2 \ard-e\ see urdy ore 1 \6r-e\ see ory 2

ore \iir\ see ure


oreword \6r-wsrd\ see orward orey \6r-e\ see ory orf \6rf \ see orph org 1 \6rg\ morgue cyborg

ore 3 \ar-3\ see orough 1

org 2 \6r-e\ see ory

ore 4 \6r\ see or1

organ \6r-gan\ gorgon, morgan, Morgan, organ Glamorgan Demogorgon, Mid Glamorgan, South Glamorgan, West Glamorgan

oreal \6r-e-al\ see orial orean \6r-e-9n\ see orian oreas \6r-e-as\ see orious ored \6rd\ see oard oredom \6rd-3m\ boredom, whoredom orehead \6r-ad\ see orrid

orge \6rj\ forge, George, gorge, scourge disgorge, drop-forge, engorge, Lloyd George, reforge Olduvai Gorge

oreign \ar-an\ see arin

orger \6r-jsr\ bordure, forger, gorger, ordure

oreign 2 \6r-an\ see orin1

orgi \6r-ge\ see orgy

oreigner \6r-3-ngr\ see oroner

orgia \6r-ja\ Borgia, Georgia Strait of Georgia


orem \6r-am\ see orum oreman Xor-marA see orman

orgian \6r-jsn\ Georgian Swedenborgian

orence \6r-3n(t)s\ seeawrence

orgon \6r-gsn\ see organ

oreous \6r-e-as\ see orious

orgue \6rg\ see org

orer \6r-ar\ borer, corer, floorer, horror, pourer, roarer, scorer, schnorrer, snorer, soarer, sorer abhorer, adorer, deplorer, explorer —also -ex forms of adjectives listed at or1

orgy \6r-ge\ corgi, porgy

ores 1 \6r-as\ see aurus ores 2 \6rz\ see oors oreson \6rs- 3 n\ see oarsen orest \6r-ast\ see orist orester \6r-9-st9r\ see orister oret \6r-9t\ floret, sororate oreum \6r-e-3m\ see orium oreward \6r-ward\ see orward

ori \6r-e\ see ory oria \6r-e-a\ gloria, Gloria, noria, scoria centaurea, euphoria, Peoria, Pretoria, victoria, Victoria, Vitoria phantasmagoria orial \6r-e-al\ boreal, oriel, oriole arboreal, armorial, auctorial, authorial, cantorial, censorial, corporeal, cursorial, factorial, fossorial, manorial, marmoreal, memorial, pictorial, praetorial, proctorial, raptorial, rectorial, sartorial, seignorial, sensorial, sponsorial, tonsorial, tutorial, uxorial, vectorial


orium orin1 \6r-an\ chlorine, florin, foreign, Lauren, Orrin, sporran, warren, Warren cyclosporine cephalosporin

conductorial, consistorial, curatorial, dictatorial, directorial, editorial, equatorial, immemorial, incorporeal, janitorial, monitorial, monsignorial, natatorial, piscatorial, preceptorial, professorial, purgatorial, reportorial, senatorial, territorial ambassadorial, conservatorial, combinatorial, conspiratorial, extracorporeal, gladiatorial, gubernatorial, imperatorial, inquisitorial, legislatorial, procuratorial, propriatorial, prosecutorial extraterritorial, improvisatorial

oring \6r-irj\ boring, flooring, roaring, shoring inpouring, longshoring, outpouring, rip-roaring —also -ing forms of verbs listed at or1

oriam \6r-e-9m\ see orium

oring \ar-irj\ see urring

orian \6r-e-an\ Dorian, saurian, Taurean aurorean, Gregorian, historian, Nestorian, praetorian, stentorian, Victorian dinosaurian, hyperborean, Oratorian, prehistorian, senatorian, terpsichorean salutatorian, valedictorian

oriole \6r-e-9l\ see orial

oriant \6r-e-ant\ see orient

oris \6r-9s\ see aurus

oriat \6r-e-9t\ see aureate


oric \6r-ik\ auric, choric, Doric, toric Armoric, caloric, clitoric, dysphoric, euphoric, folkloric, historic, phosphoric, plethoric, pyloric anaphoric, cataphoric, metaphoric, meteoric, paregoric, prehistoric, sophomoric aleatoric, phantasmagoric orical \6r-i-ksl\ auricle historical, rhetorical ahistorical, allegorical, categorical, metaphorical, oratorical, transhistorical sociohistorical orics \6r-iks\ see oryx orid \6r-ad\ see orrid oriel \6r-e-al\ see orial orient \6r-e-snt\ orient, Orient euphoriant

orin 2 \ar-sn\ see arin orine \6r-sn\ see orin1

orious \6r-e-as\ aureus, Boreas, glorious arboreous, censorious, inglorious, laborious, notorious, sartorius, uproarious, uxorious, vainglorious, victorious meritorious orish 1 \6r-ish\ boarish, poorish, whorish folklorish orish 2 \ur-ish\ see oorish 1 orist \6r-sst\ florist, forest, Forrest, sorest afforest, Black Forest, deforest, folklorist, reforest allegorist Petrified Forest —also -est forms of adjectives listed at or1 orister \6r-3-star\ chorister, forester ority \6r-at-e\ authority, majority, minority, priority, seniority, sonority apriority exteriority, inferiority, interiority, posteriority, superiority orium \6r-e-9m\ castoreum, ciborium, emporium, pastorium, scriptorium, sensorium


ork auditorium, crematorium, in memoriam, moratorium, natatorium, sanitorium, sudatorium ork1 \ark\ burke, Burke, chirk, cirque, clerk, dirk, Dirk, irk, jerk, kirk, Kirk, lurk, murk, perk, quirk, shirk, smirk, stirk, Turk, work, yerk, zerk artwork, berserk, breastwork, brickwork, bridgework, brightwork, brushwork, capework, casework, clockwork, coachwork, de Klerk, ductwork, Dunkirk, earthwork, falsework, fieldwork, firework, flatwork, footwork, formwork, framework, goldwork, groundwork, guesswork, hackwork, handwork, headwork, homework, housework, ironwork, knee-jerk, legwork, lifework, make-work, meshwork, mi 11 work, network, outwork, paintwork, patchwork, piecework, presswork, quillwork, rework, roadwork, salesclerk, schoolwork, Selkirk, Southwark, spadework, steelwork, stickwork, stonework, teamwork, timework, topwork, waxwork, webwork, woodwork basketwork, busywork, crewelwork, donkeywork, fancywork, handiwork, journey work, laquerwork, masterwork, needlework, openwork, overwork, paperwork, plasterwork, soda jerk, wonderwork cabinetwork ork2 \6rk\ cork, Cork, dork, fork, pork, quark, stork, torque, York bulwark, Cape York, futhorc, hayfork, New York, North York, pitchfork, uncork orked 1 \6rkt\ corked, forked uncorked orked 2 \6r-kad\ see orchid 1

orker Xsr-karX jerker, lurker, shirker, worker berserker, caseworker, dockworker, fieldworker, handworker, ironworker, outworker, pieceworker, steelworker, tearjerker, wageworker, woodworker

autoworker, metalworker, needleworker, wonderworker orker2 \6r-kar\ corker, forker, porker, torquer orkie \6r-ke\ see orky orking \sr-kirj\ hardworking, tearjerking, woodworking wonder-working —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ork1 orky \6r-ke\ corky, dorky, forky, Gorky, porky, Yorkie orl1 \arl\ see irl orl2 \6rl\ schorl, whorl ceorl orld \arld\ burled, knurled, whorled, world dreamworld, New World, old-world demiworld, microworld, netherworld, otherworld, underworld —also -ed forms of verbs listed at irl1 orled \srld\ see orld orm1 \srm\ berm, firm, germ, herm, perm, Perm, sperm, squirm, term, therm, worm affirm, bookworm, budworm, confirm, cutworm, deperm, deworm, earthworm, flatworm, glowworm, heartworm, hookworm, hornworm, inchworm, infirm, long-term, lugworm, lungworm, midterm, pinworm, ringworm, roundworm, sandworm, screwworm, short-term, silkworm, tapeworm, woodworm angleworm, armyworm, caddis worm, disaffirm, disconfirm, gymnosperm, pachyderm, reconfirm angiosperm, echinoderm orm 2 \6rm\ corm, dorm, form, norm, storm, swarm, warm aswarm, barnstorm, brainstorm, conform, deform, Delorme, firestorm, free-form, hailstorm, inform, L-form, landform, life-form, lukewarm, perform, planform, platform,

279 postform, preform, rainstorm, re-form, reform, sandstorm, snowstorm, transform, triform, windstorm chloroform, cruciform, dendriform, dentiform, disciform, fungiform, funnelform, fusiform, letterform, microform, multiform, nonconform, thunderstorm, uniform, vermiform ormable Xdr-ma-balX formable conformable, performable, transformable ormal \6r-m9l\ formal, normal abnormal, conformal, informal, subnormal paranormal, semiformal, supernormal ormally \6r-ma-le\ formally, formerly, normally, stormily abnormally, informally, subnormally paranormally, supernormally orman \6r-man\ corpsman, doorman, foreman, Mormon, Norman longshoreman Anglo-Norman ormance \6r-m9ns\ conformance, performance nonconformance ormant \6r-mant\ dormant, formant informant ormative \6r-mat-iv\ formative, normative informative, performative, reformative, transformative orme \6rm\ see orm 2 ormed \6rmd\ formed, normed informed, malformed, unformed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at orm 2 ormer1 \6r-m9r\ dormer, former, swarmer, warmer barnstormer, benchwarmer, brainstormer, conformer, heartwarmer, informer, performer, reformer, transformer

orn ormer 2 Xar-marX see urmur ormerly \6r-m9-le\ see ormally ormie \6r-me\ see ormy1 ormily \6r-m3-le\ see ormally orming \6r-mirj\ brainstorming, heartwarming, housewarming habit-forming, nonperforming —also -ing forms of verbs listed at orm 2 ormist \6r-msst\ warmest conformist, reformist nonconformist ormity \6r-m9t-e\ conformity, deformity, enormity nonconformity, uniformity ormless \6rm-las\ formless, gormless ormon Xor-marA see orman ormy1 \6r-me\ dormie, stormy ormy 2 \ar-me\ see ermy orn1 \6rn\ born, borne, bourn, corn, horn, lorn, morn, mourn, Norn, porn, scorn, shorn, sworn, thorn, torn, warn, worn acorn, adorn, airborne, alphorn, althorn, baseborn, bicorne, bighorn, blackthorn, boxthorn, broomcorn, buckthorn, bullhorn, Cape Horn, careworn, Christ's-thorn, Dearborn, dehorn, earthborn, einkorn, firethorn, firstborn, foghorn, foreborn, foresworn, forewarn, forlorn, forworn, freeborn, greenhorn, hartshorn, hawthorn, Hawthorne, highborn, inborn, inkhorn, krummhorn, leghorn, longhorn, lovelorn, lowborn, newborn, outworn, popcorn, pronghorn, reborn, seaborne, shipborne, shoehorn, shopworn, shorthorn, skyborne, soilborne, staghorn, stillborn, stinkhorn, suborn, timeworn, tinhorn, tricorne, trueborn, twice-born, unborn, unworn, wayworn, wellborn, wellworn, wind-borne


orn alpenhorn, barleycorn, Capricorn, fliigelhorn, foreign-born, Golden Horn, Matterhorn, peppercorn, unicorn, waterborne, waterworn, weatherworn, winterbourne orn 2 \3rn\ see urn ornament \6r-n3-mant\ ornament, tournament orne \6rn\ see orn 1 orned \6rnd\ horned, thorned unadorned —also -ed forms of verbs listed at orn 1 orner \6r-nar\ warner, Warner Cape Horner, dehorner, suborner ornery \an-re\ see annery 1 orney \sr-ne\ see ourney 1 ornful \6rn-f9l\ mournful, scornful ornice \6r-nas\ cornice, ornice notornis orning \6r-nirj\ morning, mourning, warning aborning orn is \6r-nas\ see ornice ornment Xarn-mantX see ernment orny \6r-ne\ corny, horny, porny, thorny, tourney 1

oro \ar-3\ see orough



orough 2 \ar-6\ see urrow1 orous \6r-9s\ see aurus orp \ 6 r p \ dorp, gorp, thorp, warp Australorp, Krugersdorp, octothorp, Oglethorpe orpe \6rp\ see orp orper \6r-p9r\ dorper, torpor orph \6rf\ corf, dwarf, morph Diisseldorf anthropomorph orphan \6r-fsn\ orphan endorphin beta-endorphin orpheus \6r-fe-as\ Morpheus, Orpheus orphic \6r-fik\ orphic ectomorphic, endomorphic, mesomorphic, metamorphic, pseudomorphic anthropomorphic orphin \6r-fsn\ see orphan orphous \6r-f9s\ amorphous isomorphous orphrey \6r-fre\ orphrey, porphyry orphyrin \6r-f3-ran\ see arfarin orphyry \6r-fre\ see orphrey orpoise \6r-pas\ see orpus

oro \6-ro\ Chamorro, Mindoro Rio de Oro

orpor \6r-par\ see orper

oroner \6r-9-n3r\ coroner, foreigner, warrener

orpsman \6r-m3n\ see orman


orough \9r-a\ borough, burgh, burro, burrow, curragh, furrow, ore, thorough Gainsborough, Greensboro, Roxborough, Scarborough, Yarborough Edinburgh, kookaburra, Peterborough Soke of Peterborough Huntingdon and Peterborough

orps \6r\ see or1

orpus \6r-p9s\ corpus, porpoise habeas corpus orque \6rk\ see ork2 orquer \6r-kar\ see orker 2 orr \6r\ see or1 orra1 \ar-a\ seeara 1 orra2 \6r-s\ see ora


281 orrader \ar-3d-ar\ see orridor

orrow2 \ar-a\ see ara 1

orrah1 \6r-a\ see ora

orry1 \ar-e\ see ari1

orrah2 \ar-s\ see ara 1

orry2 \ar-e\ see urry

orran1 \ar-an\ see arin 2

orran \6r-sn\ see orin

ors \6rz\ see oors orsal \6r-s9l\ see orsel


orrid \6r-ad\ florid, horrid, torrid

orse 1 \6rs\ coarse, corse, course, force, gorse, hoarse, horse, Morse, Norse, source clotheshorse, concourse, deforce, discourse, divorce, endorse, enforce, extrorse, introrse, midcourse, packhorse, perforce, post-horse, racecourse, racehorse, recourse, remorse, resource, retrorse, sawhorse, stringcourse, unhorse, war-horse, Whitehorse, workhorse charley horse, Crazy Horse, hobbyhorse, intercourse, nonrecourse, reinforce, stalking-horse, telecourse, tour de force, watercourse

orridge 1 \ar-ij\ see orage 1

orse 2 \ars\ see erse

orrence \6r-ans\ see awrence orrel \6r-al\ see oral1 orrent \6r-ant\ horrent, torrent, warrant abhorrent orrer \6r-sr\ see orer orres \6r-as\ see aurus orrest \6r-ast\ see orist orrible \6r-a-bal\ see orable


orridge \6r-ij\ see orage


orridor \ar-9d-ar\ corridor, forrader

orseful \6rs-fal\ forceful remorseful, resourceful

orrie1 \ar-e\ see ari1

orsel \6r-sal\ dorsal, morsel

orrie2 \6r-e\ see ory

orseman \6r-sman\ horseman, Norseman

orrier \6r-e-ar\ see arrior

orsement \6r-smant\ deforcement, divorcement, endorsement, enforcement reinforcement

orrin1 \ar-en\ see arin orrin2 \6r-an\ see orin1 orris1 \ar-ss\ charas, Jurez, Maurice, morris, Morris, Norris, orris Banaras, Benares, Polaris Ciudad Juarez

orsen \ars- 3 n\ see erson orser Xar-sarX see ursor orset \6r-sat\ corset, Dorset

orris 2 \6r-as\ see aurus

orsey \6r-se\ see orsy

orro \6-ro\ see oro 2

orsion \6r-shan\ see ortion

orror \6r-ar\ see orer orrow1 \ar-6\ borrow, claro, morrow, sorrow, taro Pizarro, saguaro, tomorrow Catanzaro Kilimanjaro, Mohenjo-Daro

orst 1 \6rst\ forced, horst —also -ed forms of verbs listed at orse 1 orst 2 \arst\ see urst orsted \sr-st9d\ see ersted


orsum orsum \6r-s3m\ dorsum, foursome orsy \6r-se\ gorsy, horsey ort1 \6rt\ boart, bort, court, fort, forte, mort, Oort, ort, port, Porte, quart, short, snort, sort, sport, swart, thwart, tort, torte, wart, wort abort, airport, amort, aport, assort, athwart, backcourt, bellwort, birthwort, bistort, Bridgeport, cavort, cohort, colewort, comport, consort, contort, crosscourt, deport, disport, distort, downcourt, effort, escort, exhort, export, extort, forecourt, frontcourt, glasswort, gosport, halfcourt, homeport, milkwort, Newport, outport, passport, presort, purport, ragwort, report, re-sort, resort, retort, seaport, Shreveport, spaceport, spoilsport, Stockport, support, transport bladderwort, davenport, life-support, nonsupport, pennywort, Saint-John's wort, teleport, ultrashort, worrywart pianoforte, underreport ort2 \6r\ see or1 ort 3 \art\ see ert ortable \6rt-9-b9l\ portable deportable, exportable, importable, reportable, supportable, transportable insupportable ortage \6rt-ij\ portage, shortage colportage 3

ortal \6rt- l\ chortle, mortal, portal, quartile immortal ortar \6rt-sr\ see orter ortative \6rt-st-iv\ hortative, portative assortative, exhortative orte 1 \6rt\ see ort1 orte 2 \6rt-e\ see orty orted \6rt-ad\ warted assorted, ill-sorted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ort1

orted ly \6rt-ad-le\ purportedly, reportedly orten \6rt- 3 n\ quartan, shorten foreshorten orter \6rt-ar\ mortar, porter, Porter, quarter, snorter, sorter, thwarter aborter, colporteur, distorter, exhorter, exporter, extorter, headquarter, importer, lambs-quarter, reporter, resorter, ripsnorter, transporter —also -er forms of adjectives listed at ort1 orteur \6rt-ar\ see orter orth1 \6rth\ forth, Forth, fourth, north, North thenceforth Firth of Forth orth 2 \arth\ see irth orthful \3rth-fsl\ see irthful orthless Xarth-tasX see irthless orthy \ar-the\ earthy, worthy airworthy, blameworthy, Galsworthy, newsworthy, noteworthy, praiseworthy, seaworthy, trustworthy creditworthy ortic \6rt-ik\ see artic 2 ortical \6rt-i-k9l\ cortical, vortical ortie \6rt-e\ see orty orting \6rt-irj\ sporting self-supporting ortion \6r-shan\ portion, torsion abortion, apportion, contortion, distortion, extorsion, extortion, proportion, retortion disproportion, proabortion, reapportion antiabortion ortionate \6r-shn3t\ extortionate, proportionate disproportionate ortionist \6r-shnsst\ abortionist, contortionist, extortionist

283 ortis \6rt-3s\ fortis, mortise, tortoise aquafortis, rigor mortis ortise \6rt-3s\ see ortis ortive \6rt-iv\ sportive abortive, contortive, extortive ortle \6rt- 3 l\ see ortal ortly \6rt-le\ courtly, portly, shortly, thwartly ortment \6rt-m9nt\ assortment, comportment, deportment, disportment ortoise \6rt-as\ see ortis orton \6rt- a n\ Morton, Norton, Wharton OrtS \6rts\ quartz, shorts, sports undershorts —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at ort ortunate \6rch-n9t\ fortunate importunate, unfortunate orture \6r-char\ see orcher orty \6rt-e\ forty, shorty, sortie, sporty, warty mezzo forte pianoforte orum \6r-am\ foram, forum, jorum, quorum decorum, Mizoram ad valorem, cockalorum, indecorum, Karakoram, variorum pons asinorum, sanctum sanctorum, schola cantorum orus \6r-as\ see aurus orward \6r-ward\ forward, foreward, shoreward henceforward carryforward ory \6r-e\ Corey, corrie, dory, glory, gory, hoary, Laurie, Lori, lorry, lory, nori, quarry, saury, sorry, story, Tory, zori

ory centaury, clerestory, John Dory, outlawry, satori, vainglory a priori, allegory, amatory, auditory, cacciatore, castratory, category, con amore, crematory, damnatory, decretory, desultory, dilatory, dormitory, expletory, feudatory, fumitory, Goteborg, gustatory, gyratory, hortatory, hunky-dory, inventory, Lake Maggiore, laudatory, lavatory, mandatory, migratory, minatory, monitory, Montessori, nugatory, offertory, oratory, overstory, predatory, prefatory, probatory, promissory, promontory, purgatory, repertory, Ruwenzori, signatory, statutory, sudatory, territory, transitory, understory, vibratory, vomitory, yakitori accusatory, admonitory, adulatory, a fortiori, aleatory, ambulatory, amendatory, applicatory, approbatory, celebratory, circulatory, combinatory, commendatory, compensatory, condemnatory, confirmatory, confiscatory, conservatory, consolatory, contributory, copulatory, cosignatory, declamatory, declaratory, dedicatory, defamatory, denigratory, depilatory, depository, derogatory, designatory, dispensatory, divinatory, escalatory, excitatory, exclamatory, exculpatory, excusatory, exhibitory, exhortatory, expiatory, expiratory, explanatory, explicatory, exploratory, expository, expurgatory, incantatory, incubatory, indicatory, inflammatory, informatory, innovatory, inspiratory, inundatory, invitatory, judicatory, laboratory, masticatory, masturbatory, memento mori, millefiori, modulatory, obfuscatory, obligatory, observatory, performatory, persecutory, predicatory, premonitory, preparatory, prohibitory, reformatory, regulatory, repository, retributory, revelatory, respiratory, salutatory, stipulatory, supplicatory, transmigratory, undulatory adjudicatory, a posteriori, annihilatory, annunciatory, anticipatory, appreciatory,


oryx assimilatory, circumlocutory, classificatory, concilliatory, confabulatory, congratulatory, deescalatory, denunciatory, depreciatory, discriminatory, ejaculatory, hallucinatory, improvisatore, improvisatory, interrogatory, intimidatory, investigatory, participatory, propitiatory, recommendatory, recriminatory, renunciatory, reverberatory, viola d'amore amelioratory, overcompensatory, reconciliatory, supererogatory immunoregulatory

osable 1 \6-zs-b3l\ closable disposable, erosible, explosible, opposable, reclosable, supposable decomposable, superposable indecomposable, superimposable

oryx \6r-iks\ oryx Armories combinatorics

oschen 2 \6-sh9n\ see aution

orze \6rz\ see oors

o s c o \as-ko\ see oscoe

05 1 \as\ boss, doss, dross, floss, fosse, gloss, joss, Maas, os, pross, stoss, toss Argos, bathos, benthos, bugloss, chaos, Chios, cosmos, Delos, demos, Ellas, emboss, Eos, epos, Eros, ethos, Hyksos, kaross, kudos, kvass, Lagos, Laplace, Lemnos, Lesbos, Logos, Madras, Melos, mythos, nol-pros, nonpros, Paros, pathos, peplos, pharos, ringtoss, Samos, telos, topos, tripos coup de grace, demitasse, extrados, gravitas, intrados, isogloss, omphalos, reredos, semigloss, Thanatos, underboss, volte-face

o s c o e \as-ko\ Bosco, roscoe, Roscoe fiasco

osable 2 \u-z3-bsl\ see usable osal \6-z3l\ hosel, losel deposal, disposal, proposal, reposal, supposal osan \6s- a n\ see osin osch \ash\ see ash 2 oschen 1 \6-shan\ see otion

oscible \as-a-b9l\ see ossible

oscopy \as-ks-pe\ arthroscopy, microscopy, spectroscopy sigmoidoscopy

osa 1 \6-sa\ Xhosa Formosa, mimosa, Reynosa curiosa, virtuosa anorexia nervosa

ose 1 \6s\ close, dose, gross, os arkose, Carlos, cosmos, crustose, cymose, dextrose, engross, erose, fructose, globose, glucose, jocose, lactose, maltose, mannose, morose, mythos, nodose, pappose, pathos, pentose, pilose, plumose, ramose, rhamnose, ribose, rugose, scapose, schistose, setose, spinose, strigose, sucrose, Sukkoth, triose, vadose, verbose, viscose adios, adipose, bellicose, calvados, cellulose, comatose, diagnose, grandiose, granulose, Helios, lachrymose, megadose, otiose, overdose, racemose, Shabuoth, tuberose, varicose, ventricose inter vivos, metamorphose, religiose inter alios

osa 2 \6-za\ mimosa, mucosa, serosa, Spinoza, sub rosa curiosa, virtuosa, Zaragoza

o s e 2 \6z\ brose, Broz, chose, close, clothes, cloze, doze, froze, gloze, hose, nose, pose, prose, rose, Rose

05 2 \ 6 \ see ow1 0 5 3 \6s\ see ose 1 o s 4 \ 6 s \ see oss 1

285 Ambrose, appose, aros, bedclothes, bluenose, brownnose, bulldoze, Burroughs, compose, depose, dextrose, disclose, dispose, enclose, expose, foreclose, fructose, glucose, hardnose, impose, nightclothes, oppose, plainclothes, primrose, propose, quickfroze, repose, rockrose, suppose, transpose, tuberose, unclose, uprose, viscose, wind rose Berlioz, counterpose, decompose, diagnose, discompose, indispose, interpose, juxtapose, letters close, pettitoes, predispose, presuppose, pussytoes, recompose, shovelnose, superpose, underclothes anastomose, metamorphose, overexpose, superimpose, underexpose —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at OW o s e 3 \uz\ see use 2 OSed \6zd\ closed, nosed composed, exposed, hard-nosed, opposed, pug-nosed, snub-nosed, stenosed, supposed, unclosed indisposed, shovel-nosed, toffeenosed, well-disposed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ose 2 o s e e \6-ze\ see osy osel \6-zal\ see osal osen \6z- 9 n\ chosen, frozen quickfrozen lederhosen oser 1 \6-zar\ closer, dozer, poser, proser brownnoser, bulldozer, composer, discloser, disposer, exposer, imposer, opposer, proposer decomposer, interposer photocomposer oser 2 \u-zar\ see user

osit oset 3 \as-at\ see osset o s e y \6-ze\ see osy osh 1 \6sh\ see ash 2 osh 2 \6sh\ see oche 2 oshed 1 \asht\ sloshed galoshed —also -ed forms of verbs listed at ash 1 oshed 2 \6sht\ see ashed 1 oshen \6-shan\ see otion osher \ash-ar\ see asher 1 osia \6-shs\ see otia1 osible \6-za-bal\ see osable 1 osier \6-zhar\ see osure OSlly \6-zs-le\ cozily, nosily, rosily osin \6s- 3 n\ boatswain, Mosan pocosin OSing \6-zirj\ closing, nosing disclosing, imposing, supposing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at ose2 osion \6-zhan\ plosion corrosion, displosion, erosion, explosion, implosion o s i s \6-s3s\ gnosis hypnosis, narcosis, necrosis, neurosis, orthosis, osmosis, prognosis, psychosis, sclerosis, thrombosis brucellosis, cyanosis, dermatosis, diagnosis, halitosis, heterosis, psittacosis, scoliosis, silicosis, symbiosis anaplasmosis, autohypnosis, coccidiosis, hyperhidrosis, pediculosis, psychoneurosis, tuberculosis mononucleosis immunodiagnosis, neurofibromatosis

oset 1 \6-zst\ see osit 2

osit 1 \az-at\ closet, posit composite, deposit, exposit

oset 2 \az-at\ see osit1

osit 2 \6-zat\ prosit, roset


osite osite \az-at\ see osit1 OSitive \az-9t-iv\ positive appositive seropositive OSitor \a\z-3t-ar\ compositor, depositor, expositor osius \6-sh9s\ see ocious OSive \6-siv\ plosive corrosive, erosive, explosive, implosive, purposive osk \ask\ mosque kiosk abelmosk

ossal \as-al\ docile, dossal, fossil, glossal, jostle, tassel, throstle, warsle, wassail apostle, colossal, indocile isoglossal OSSe1 \as\ see OS1 o s s e 2 \as-e\ see ossy 1 OSSe3 \6s\ see oss 1 o s s e d \6st\ see ost 3 osser \6-S9r\ Chaucer, crosser, saucer double-crosser

050 1 \6-so\ proso maestoso, rebozo arioso, furioso, gracioso, grandioso, mafioso, Mato Grosso, oloroso, spiritoso, vigoroso, virtuoso concerto grosso

o s s e t \as-at\ cosset, faucet, Osset, posset Samoset

050 2 \6-zo\ bozo rebozo furioso, gracioso, grandioso, spiritoso, vigoroso

ossic \as-ik\ see ossick

o s o 3 \u-so\ see usoe osophy \as-a-fe\ philosophy, theosophy anthroposophy osque \ask\ see osk OSS \6s\ boss, cross, crosse, floss, gloss, loss, moss, Ross, sauce, toss across, bugloss, crisscross, emboss, Kinross, kouros, lacrosse, outcross, pathos, ringtoss, topcross, uncross albatross, applesauce, autocross, double-cross, intercross, motocross, semigloss OSS2 \6s\ see ose 1 o s s 3 \as\ see OS1 o s s a \as-a\ see asa 1 ossable \as-3-bal\ see ossible

OSSible \a.s-3-b9l\ possible cognoscible, embossable, impossible

ossick \as-ik\ fossick isoglossic ossil \as-9l\ see ossal ossity \as-9t-e\ atrocity, callosity, ferocity, gibbosity, monstrosity, pomposity, porosity, precocity, velocity, viscosity, zygosity adiposity, animosity, bellicosity, curiosity, generosity, grandiosity, hideosity, luminosity, nebulosity, preciosity, reciprocity, scrupulosity, sensuosity, sinuosity, strenuosity, tortuosity, tuberosity, varicosity, virtuosity impetuosity, religiosity, voluminosity impecuniosity ossly \6s-le\ costly, crossly OSSO \6-so\ see OSO1 o s s o s \as-9s\ see ocess ossular \as-9-l9r\ grossular, was sailer



ossum \as-9m\ blossom, passim, possum opossum o s s u s \as-as\ see ocess ossy 1 \as-e\ Aussie, bossy, dassie, drossy, flossy, glossy, posse, quasi dalasi, Kumasi, Likasi, sannyasi 2

o s s y \6-se\ Aussie, bossy, lossy, mossy OSt1 \ast\ sol-faist Pentecost, teleost —also -ed forms of verbs listed at OS1 OSt2 \6st\ boast, coast, ghost, host, most, oast, post, roast, toast almost, bedpost, compost, doorpost, endmost, foremost, gatepost, goalpost, Gold Coast, guidepost, headmost, hindmost, impost, inmost, midmost, milepost, Milquetoast, outmost, outpost, provost, rearmost, riposte, seacoast, signpost, sternmost, sternpost, topmost, upcoast, upmost, utmost aftermost, ante-post, bottommost, coast-to-coast, easternmost, farthermost, fingerpost, furthermost, headforemost, hithermost, innermost, Ivory Coast, lowermost, nethermost, northernmost, outermost, rudderpost, southernmost, sternforemost, undermost, uppermost, uttermost, westernmost 3

OSt \6st\ cost, frost, lost accost, defrost, exhaust, hoarfrost, star-crossed holocaust, Pentecost, permafrost —also -ed forms of verbs listed at OSS1

OSt4 \sst\ see USt1 OSta \as-ta\ costa, pasta OStal1 \6s-t 3 l\ coastal, postal bicoastal intercostal

ostal 2 \as-t 3 l\ see ostel ostasy \as-ts-se\ apostasy, isostasy OSte \6st\ see OSt2 ostel \as-t 3 l\ hostel, hostile Pentecostal oster 1 \as-tar\ coster, foster, Foster, roster impostor, piaster Double Gloucester, paternoster, snollygoster oster 2 \6s-tar\ foster, Foster, roster Double Gloucester oster 3 \6-stsr\ see oaster ostic \as-tik\ Gnostic acrostic, agnostic, prognostic diagnostic ostile \as-t 3 l\ see ostel OStle \as-al\ see ossal ostly 1 \6st-le\ ghostly, hostly, mostly ostly 2 \6s-le\ see ossly ostomy \as-t9-me\ ostomy colostomy enterostomy OSton \6s-tsn\ Austin, Boston Godwin Austen ostor \as-tar\ see oster 1 ostral 1 \6s-tral\ austral, rostral

ostral2 \as-tral\ see ostrel ostrel \as-tral\ austral, costrel, nostril, rostral, wastrel colostral ostril \as-tral\ see ostrel OStrum \as-tram\ nostrum, rostrum colostrum OSty \6-ste\ ghosty, toasty osure \6-zhar\ closure, crosier, osier


osy composure, disclosure, disposure, enclosure, exclosure, exposure, foreclosure discomposure overexposure, underexposure osy \6-ze\ cozy, dozy, mosey, nosy, Osee, posy, prosy, rosy ring-around-a-rosy osyne \as- 3 n-e\ Euphrosyne, Mnemosyne osz \6sh\ see ash


oszcz \6sh\ see ash

microdot, Nouakchott, ocelot, overshot, paraquat, patriot, Penobscot, peridot, polka dot, polyglot, samizdat, sansculotte, scattershot, terawatt, tommyrot, touch-me-not, underplot, undershot, Willemstadt, Wyandot, wyandotte compatriot, forget-me-not, immunoblot, Inupiat, requiescat Johnny-on-the-spot Ot2 \ 6 \ see ow1 ot 3 \6t\ see oat


ot 4 \6t\ see ought1


ot \at\ aught, baht, blot, boite, bot, chott, clot, cot, dot, ghat, got, grot, hot, jat, jot, khat, knot, kyat, lot, Lot, lotte, motte, naught, not, plot, pot, rot, scot, Scot, Scott, shot, skat, slot, snot, sot, spot, squat, swat, swot, tot, trot, watt, Watt, what, wot, yacht allot, ascot, begot, besot, big shot, bloodshot, bowknot, boycott, buckshot, bullshot, cachepot, calotte, cannot, Connacht, crackpot, Crockpot, culotte, dashpot, despot, dreadnought, earshot, ergot, escot, eyeshot, eyespot, feedlot, fiat, firepot, fleshpot, forgot, fox-trot, fusspot, fylfot, garrote, gavotte, grapeshot, gunshot, half-knot, have-not, highspot, hotchpot, hotshot, ikat, jackpot, Korat, kumquat, long shot, loquat, marplot, mascot, motmot, nightspot, one-shot, Pequot, potshot, Rabat, red-hot, robot, Sadat, sandlot, sexpot, Shabbat, shallot, Shebat, sheepcote, slingshot, slipknot, slungshot, snapshot, somewhat, stinkpot, stockpot, subplot, sunspot, teapot, tin-pot, topknot, tosspot, trypot, upshot, wainscot, whatnot, whitehot, woodlot aeronaut, aliquot, apparat, apricot, aquanaut, argonaut, astronaut, bergamot, cachalot, Camelot, caveat, carry-cot, coffeepot, cosmonaut, counterplot, diddley-squat, doodleysquat, flowerpot, gallipot, guillemot, Gujarat, Hottentot, Huguenot, kilowatt, Lancelot, megawatt,

6t \ 6 \ see ow1 Ota \ot-s\ bota, flota, lota, quota, rota biota, Dakota, iota, Lakota, pelota, Toyota Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota otable \6t-9-b9l\ notable, potable, quotable Otage \6t-ij\ dotage, flotage anecdotage Otal \6t- 3 l\ dotal, motile, scrotal, total immotile, subtotal, teetotal anecdotal, antidotal, sacerdotal Otalist \6t-3l-9St\ teetotalist anecdotalist, sacerdotalist otamus Xat-a-masX see otomous otany \at- 3 n-e\ botany, cottony monotony otarist \6t-9-r9st\ motorist, votarist Otary \6t-9-re\ coterie, rotary, votary locomotory, prothonotary Otas \6-t9s\ see otus Otch \ach\ blotch, botch, crotch, hotch, notch, scotch, Scotch, splotch, swatch, watch bird-watch, deathwatch, debauch, dogwatch, hopscotch, hotchpotch,



Sasquatch, stopwatch, top-notch, wrist watch butterscotch Otchet \ach-at\ crotchet, rochet Otchman Xach-msnX Scotchman, watchman Otchy \ach-e\ blotchy, boccie, botchy, splotchy hibachi, huarache, huisache, Karachi, vivace mariachi ote 1 \6t-e\ dhoti, floaty, loti, roti, throaty cenote, coyote, chayote, peyote, quixote ote 2 \ 6 t \ see oat Ote3 \ a t \ see ot 1 otea \6t-e-a\ protea, scotia oted \ 6 t - a d \ see oated Otem \ 6 t - a m \ see Otum 3

Oten \ 6 t - n \ see oton oter \6t-ar\ see oater oterie \6t-9-re\ see otary

Oth1 \ath\ broth, cloth, froth, Goth, moth, sloth, swath, troth, wroth betroth, breechcloth, broadcloth, cheesecloth, dishcloth, facecloth, floorcloth, loincloth, Naboth, oilcloth, sackcloth, sailcloth, washcloth Alioth, behemoth, tablecloth, Ostrogoth, Visigoth

Other1 \9th-9r\ brother, mother, nother, other, rather, smother, tother another, foremother, godmother, grandmother, housemother, stepbrother, stepmother other 2 \ath-sr\ see ather 1

otherly \3th-sr-le\ brotherly, motherly, southerly grandmotherly othes \ 6 z \ see ose 2

Othesis \ath-a-S3s\ prothesis hypothesis Othic \ath-ik\ gothic neo-Gothic, Ostrogothic, Visigothic Othing \6-thirj\ clothing, loathing underclothing —also -ing forms of verbs listed at othe Otho \ 6 - t o \ see oto 1 oti 1 \ 6 t - e \ see ote 1 oti 2 \ 6 t - e \ see aughty

Otia1 \6-sh3\ scotia, Scotia agnosia, dystocia Cappadocia, Nova Scotia otia 2 \6t-e-s\ see otea otiable No-sha-bsA see ociable otiant \6-shant\ see otient

othe \6th\ clothe, loathe betroth, unclothe

otic 1 \at-ik\ Scotic aquatic, biotic, chaotic, demotic, despotic, erotic, exotic, hypnotic, narcotic, necrotic, neurotic, Nilotic, osmotic, psychotic, quixotic, robotic, sclerotic abiotic, anecdotic, asymptotic, bibliotic, embryotic, epiglottic, homeotic, Huguenotic, idiotic, melanotic, patriotic, posthypnotic, sansculottic, semiotic, symbiotic antibiotic, autoerotic, compatriotic, homoerotic, macrobiotic

Othel \6th-9l\ brothel betrothal

Otic2 \6t-ik\ lotic, photic aphotic, aprotic, dichotic, robotic

Oth 2 \ 6 s \ see ose 1 oth 3 \ 6 t \ see oat oth 4 \ 6 t h \ see owth othal \ 6 t h - s l \ see othel



otic 3 \6t-ik\ see autic Otica \at-i-ka\ erotica, exotica otice \6t-as\ see otus Otics \at-iks\ robotics astronautics, bibliotics —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns listed at Otic1 otid \at-sd\ see otted Otient \6-sb.3nt\ quotient negotiant Otile \6t- 3 l\ see Otal oting 1 \6t-irj\ see oating oting 2 \at-irj\ see otting 1

otinous \at-nas\ see otness otinous 2 \at- 3 n-9s\ see otonous 1 Otion \6-shan\ Goshen, groschen, lotion, motion, notion, ocean, potion commotion, demotion, devotion, emotion, Laotian, promotion, slowmotion locomotion Otional \6-shnal\ motional, notional devotional, emotional, promotional unemotional

Basotho, con moto, de Soto, ex-voto, in toto, Kyoto, Lesotho, Mosotho, Sesotho Kumamoto, telephoto otomous \at-3-mas\ dichotomous hippopotamus Oto my \at-3-me\ dichotomy, lobotomy tracheotomy episiotomy oton \6t- 3 n\ croton, Jotun, oaten Lofoten, verboten Otonous 1 \at- 3 n-as\ rottenness monotonous, serotinous otonous 2 \at-nas\ see otness otor \6t-ar\ see oater otorist \6t-3-rsst\ see otarist otory \6t-a-re\ see otary ots \ats\ Graz, hots, lots, Scots, Spaatz, swats ersatz, Galati —also -s, -'s, and -s' forms of nouns, and -s forms of verbs, listed at Ot otsk \atsk\ see atsk

Otis \6t-as\ see otus

Otsman \at-sm9n\ Scotsman, yachtsman

OtiSt \6t-sst\ protist, Scotist anecdotist

Ott \at\ see Ot1 Otta \at-a\ see ata 1

Otive \6t-iv\ motive, votive emotive, promotive automotive, locomotive

Ott age \at-ij\ cottage, plottage, pottage, wattage

Otl \at- 3 l\ see ottle

Ottal \at- 3 l\ see ottle


otle \at- l\ see ottle

Otte1 \at\ see ot1

Otley \at-le\ see otly

otte2 \6t\ see ought1

Otly \at-le\ Atli, hotly, motley

otness \at-nas\ hotness, squatness

Otted \at-sd\ knotted, potted, spotted carotid, proglottid polka-dotted —also -ed forms of verbs listed at Ot1

Oto \6-to\ koto, photo, roto, Sotho

ottement Xat-mantX see otment

otment \at-m3nt\ allotment, ballottement


291 often \at- a n\ cotton, gotten, gratin, ratton, rotten, shotten au gratin, begotten, forgotten, guncotton, ill-gotten misbegotten, sauerbraten

otto 1 \at-6\ see ato 1

ottenness \at- 3 n-3s\ see otonous 1

otto 2 \6t-6\ see auto 1

Otter \at-ar\ blotter, cotter, daughter, dotter, knotter, otter, plotter, potter, Potter, Qatar, rotter, spotter, squatter, swatter, Tatar, totter, trotter, water alotter, backwater, bathwater, blackwater, boycotter, breakwater, cutwater, dewater, deepwater, dishwater, firewater, floodwater, flyswatter, freshwater, garroter, globetrotter, goddaughter, granddaughter, groundwater, headwater, jerkwater, limewater, meltwater, pinspotter, rainwater, rosewater, saltwater, sandlotter, sea otter, seawater, shearwater, springwater, tailwater, tidewater, wastewater alma mater, imperator, milk-andwater, polywater, teeter-totter, underwater —also -ex forms of adjectives listed

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atlatl, bluebottle, Nahuatl Aristotle, epiglottal, monocotyl Quetzalcoatl

ottom \at-am\ see atum 1 otty \at-e\ see ati Otum \6t-3m\ notum, scrotum, totem factotum, teetotum otun \6t- 3 n\ see oton oture \6-char\ see oacher OtUS \6t-as\ lotus, notice, Otis denotice, Pelotas oty \6t-e\ see aughty 1 otyl \at- 3 l\ see ottle OU1 \ 6 \ seeow 1 ou 2 \xi\ see ew1 OU3 \au\ see ow2 oubled \3-bald\ see ubbled


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