Outside Employment and Activities (2023)

General Rules | Additional Limitations | Additional Specific Limitations

Outside Employment and Activities: General Rules

Outside employment related to work of component

An employee is required to obtain written approval before engaging in any outside employment that involves a subject matter that relates to the responsibilities of his component. Outside employment includes any form of employment, business relationship or activity involving the provision of personal services, whether paid or unpaid. For example, an employee working in the Environment and Natural Resources Division would need written approval to serve on the board of directors of an environmental organization; a JMD employee must receive approval to work for a DOJ contractor.

Also, an employee must obtain written approval to engage in the private practice of law, whether compensated or uncompensated.

5 C.F.R. § 3801.106

Here is a sample request to engage in outside employment.

Practice of Law

(Video) Outside Employment and Activities

No employee may engage in the practice of law unless it is uncompensated and in the nature of community service, or unless it is on behalf of himself, his parents, spouse or children. The Department interprets “uncompensated and in the nature of community service” to include matters traditionally falling within pro bono publico representation on behalf of indigent clients, as well as activities such as preparing a will for a neighbor, representing a cousin in a divorce proceeding or writing a letter for a friend with a grievance against a private employer would be excepted from the ban. However, an employee must obtain written approval from his Component Head before engaging in any outside practice of law, which will take into consideration a range of factors.

While uncompensated activities may be permissible, an employee is prohibited from engaging in any practice of law which involves a criminal matter, be it Federal, state or local, or any matter in which the Department is or represents a party. The paid practice of law is also prohibited. These prohibitions may be waived by the Deputy Attorney General if the restrictions will cause undue personal or family hardship, unduly prohibit an employee from completing a professional obligation entered into prior to Government service, or unduly restrict the Department from securing necessary and uniquely specialized services. All requests for a waiver of these prohibitions should be made through the Departmental Ethics Office.

5 C.F.R. § 3801.106

PRO Bono Work

The Department's Pro Bono Policy encourages employees to provide pro bono legal and volunteer services within their communities. An employee seeking to engage in pro bono work must comply with the Department's supplemental regulations on outside activities and employment and receive the appropriate approvals. Certain pro bono programs, such as legal clinics for the poor, may be given general approval by the Component Head. If an employee takes a case through such a program, he will also need approval for each case he handles which may be given by a supervisory official below the Component Head. Here are sample individual requests to engage in pro bono work.

An employee who wants to engage in pro bono work or volunteer services should consult his component's Pro Bono Coordinator. Each coordinator should have a list of organizations in the area that are looking for volunteers. In addition, the coordinator will have a list of activities that have been given general approval for employees in the component.

Teaching, Speaking, and Writing

Generally, an employee may not be compensated for speaking or writing that relates to his official duties. A subject matter relates to an employee's official duties if it deals in significant part with a matter to which the employee is presently assigned or has been assigned in the last year; any ongoing or announced policy, program or operation of the Department; or in the case of a non-career employee, the general subject matter area primarily affected by the programs and operations of the Department. 5 C.F.R. § 2635.807 (Subpart H - Outside Activities). Under 5 C.F.R. § 3801.103 most components in the Department are designated as separate. This means that an employee would only be prohibited from accepting compensation for speaking or writing on a subject matter related to the policies, programs or operations of his component, not the entire Department.

There is an exception for teaching certain courses, even if the course relates to an employee's official duties, provided the course requires multiple presentations and: is offered as part of a regularly established curriculum of an institution of higher education; an elementary or secondary school; or a program sponsored and funded by the Federal Government or by a state or local government which is not offered by an entity described above. An employee may accept compensation for teaching a course provided it meets these requirements. An employee in a non-career position above GS-15 must have advance authorization before engaging in teaching for compensation. 5 C.F.R. § 2636.307(Subpart C - Outside Earned Income Limitations).

When engaging in teaching, speaking or writing in a private capacity, an employee may not use nonpublic information, nor should there be any use of his official title except as part of other biographical information or for an article in a scientific or professional journal where there is a disclaimer. An employee may not use official time or that of another employee to prepare materials. Some components require advance review and clearance for certain written work and speeches.

Representations Before the Government

An employee may not receive compensation for the representation of anyone before an agency or court of the Federal Government on a matter in which the United States is a party or has a substantial interest. This prohibition applies whether the employee renders the representation himself or shares in compensation from someone else's representation.

(Video) Official Duty Activities vs. Outside Activities

18 U.S.C. § 203

An employee also may not represent anyone before an agency or court of the Federal Government, with or without compensation, on a matter in which the United States is a party or has a substantial interest. This provision does not prohibit employees from joining or serving in a leadership position in an outside organization, though employees should ensure that any such participation complies with the Department’s policy on participation in outside organizations, available here. In addition, this provision does not prohibit an employee from recommending federal colleagues as speakers to an outside organization or from representing an outside organization before the federal government in connection with a broad policy matter directed to the interests of a large and diverse group of persons. Determining the precise scope of this provision can be challenging, however, and conduct not covered by this provision may still be subject to other restrictions. See, e.g., 5 C.F.R. § 3801.106, Supplemental Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the Department of Justice, “Outside Employment” (requiring, inter alia, prior approval of certain outside activities that involve a subject, policy, or program that is in the area of responsibility of the employee’s component). Accordingly, employees who have any questions or concerns as to the permissibility of specific conduct should consult with an ethics official.

18 U.S.C. § 205

There are exceptions to the above statutes for representing an employee's immediate family, testifying under oath, representing another employee in personnel administration proceedings and representing a non-profit organization if a majority of the members are federal employees or their families.

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Outside Employment and Activities: Additional Limitations

Personal Use of Government Property

Generally, an employee should recognize her responsibility to make an honest effort to use government property and official time for official business only. An employee may not use the official time of another employee for anything other than official business.

5 C.F.R. § 2635.704 (Subpart G - Misuse of Position, Use of Government Property)

Department of Justice employees are generally authorized to make personal use of most office equipment and library facilities where the cost to the Government is negligible and on an employee's own time. 28 C.F.R. § 45.4. Personal use of DOJ computers and computer systems is permissible only as authorized.

Fundraising

An employee may engage in fundraising in her personal capacity as long as she does not solicit from subordinates or persons having business with the Department and she does not use her official title or position. In addition, soliciting should not be done on government property, or on government time.

(Video) Ethics Week 2020 Outside Employment

An employee may not engage in fundraising, including active participation in a fundraiser, in her official capacity unless authorized by statute, executive order, regulation or agency determination. The only authorized fundraising in the Department is on behalf of the Combined Federal Campaign. However, an employee may be authorized to give an official speech at a fundraising event, if the circumstances are appropriate, even though this constitutes participating in a fundraiser.

5 C.F.R. § 2635.808 (see Subpart H - Outside Activities; Fundraising Activities)

Outside Earned Income

Full-time Presidential appointees may not receive earned income for any outside activity performed during that appointment. Executive Order 12731. The outside earned income of other non-career officials in positions classified above GS-15 is limited to 15% of the salary for Executive Level II. 5 C.F.R. § 2635.804 (see Subpart H - Outside Activities; Outside earned income limitations). These officials also have other restrictions mainly related to providing fiduciary services for compensation. 5 C.F.R. § 2636.301 - 307 (see Subpart C - Outside Earned Income Limitations).

Misuse of Position

An employee may not use his public office for his own private gain or for that of persons or organizations with which he is associated personally. An employee's position or title should not be used to coerce another person into providing a benefit to the employee or others; to endorse any product, service or enterprise; or to give the appearance of governmental sanction to personal activities. An employee may use his official title and stationery only in response to a request for a reference or recommendation for someone he has dealt with in Federal employment or someone he is recommending for Federal employment.

An employee may not engage in a financial transaction using nonpublic information nor allow the use of such information to further his private interests or those of another. Nonpublic information is information an employee gains on the job which has not been made available to the general public and is not authorized to be made available upon request.

An employee shall use official time in an honest effort to perform official duties. In addition, an employee may not use the official time of a subordinate for anything other than official government business.

5 C.F.R. § 2635.701 - 705 (see Subpart G - Misuse of Position).

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Outside Employment and Activities: Additional Specific Limitations

Just Financial Obligations

(Video) Outside Activities Part 1

An employee shall satisfy in good faith his obligations as a citizen, including all just financial obligations imposed by law, especially those such as Federal, state or local taxes or child support payments.

5 C.F.R. § 2635.809 (see Subpart H - Outside Activities; Just financial obligations

Service As An Expert Witness

An employee may not serve as an expert witness in her private capacity in any proceeding before the United States in which the United States is a party or has an interest, unless specifically authorized.

5 C.F.R. § 2635.805 (see Subpart H - Outside Activities, Service as an expert witness)

Supplementation of Government Salary

An employee may not be paid by anyone but the Government for performance of her official duties.

18 U.S.C. § 209

Purchase of Forfeited Property

Without written approval, an employee may not purchase or use property that has been forfeited to the Government and offered for sale by the Department of Justice or its agents.

No employee of the United States Marshals Service, Federal Bureau of Investigation or the Drug Enforcement Administration shall purchase or use property formerly used by his component.

5 C.F.R. § 3801.104

(Video) The Introductory Period & Outside Employment

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FAQs

What are your outside interests sample answer? ›

My outside interests are watching movies, cricket and doing exercises. In my free time, Cricket is my outside interest. I give more time to this gameplay. And with Cricket matches and also spend my time with my family.

How do you spend your time outside of work interview question? ›

Your list could include going to the gym, playing sports or video games or attending book club meetings. You could also list any volunteer work that you perform regularly, like working at a food pantry or visiting nursing homes. Decide which hobbies make you look best as a candidate.

Why is it important to have interests outside of work? ›

Interests outside work balance your life. Hobbies and interests can help you develop transferable skills. It can prepare you for your future. It can be good for you and your community.

What are your outside interests meaning? ›

noun. : an activity that someone enjoys doing when not working. She has a number of outside interests.

What do you like to do outside? ›

32 Fun Things to Do Outside With Friends
  1. Find Street Art. No matter where you live, there's bound to be some local artists in your city or town. ...
  2. Plant a Garden. ...
  3. Go to a Drive-in Movie. ...
  4. Play Tourist in Your Own Town. ...
  5. Sign up for a Recreational Sport. ...
  6. Go Rollerskating. ...
  7. Plan a Picnic. ...
  8. Volunteer.
25 May 2022

How do you develop skills outside the workplace? ›

5 Ways to Work on Professional Development Outside of Work
  1. Formal and informal courses. “Once you stop learning, you start dying” – Albert Einstein. ...
  2. Network in-person and online. ...
  3. Volunteer your time. ...
  4. Mentor. ...
  5. Get writing. ...
  6. Share your thoughts.
17 Mar 2017

What is something you do for fun at work? ›

26 ways to make work fun
  • Organize an office sports team. ...
  • Build a game room. ...
  • Design a workplace vision board. ...
  • Decorate the office space. ...
  • Share jokes with your coworkers. ...
  • Create an office book club. ...
  • Start an office band. ...
  • Gather after work hours.
26 Apr 2021

Can you give me an example of how you make learning fun? ›

Create Group Time

When you allow students to work together, they retain information quicker and longer. Cooperation also helps develop critical thinking and communication skills. Group time breaks up the same routine, making learning and your lesson much more enjoyable.

What is a way you have fun in the workplace? ›

Allow humor and insider jokes

Sharing a laugh with coworkers may also make the workplace fun. If you come across a joke that makes you laugh, share it with your colleagues through email or group chat. Jokes that are in line with the goals of your business are acceptable. You can also find humor in work challenges.

How do you answer a time you've gone above and beyond? ›

How to answer "Tell me about a time you went above and beyond"
  1. Think about a project you completed with a clear goal. Consider a time when you had a project or task that had a clear goal. ...
  2. Discuss why you chose to go above and beyond. ...
  3. Explain how you went above and beyond what is required. ...
  4. Explain the outcome.

How do you answer Tell me about a time you went above and beyond examples? ›

Filling in for a manager or boss who couldn't attend work for unexpected reasons. Going out of your way to fulfill a special request for a patient, customer, client, etc. Anything else you did beyond your typical job duties to give your company's customers or clients a great experience.

How do you spend time in office when there is no work? ›

How to stay productive when there's nothing to do at work
  1. Ask your supervisor for additional projects. ...
  2. Give yourself a deadline. ...
  3. Evaluate your career goals. ...
  4. Plan a vacation. ...
  5. Get organized. ...
  6. Build relationships. ...
  7. Look for a new job. ...
  8. Spend time on personal projects.

How do you list outside interests on a resume? ›

Adding your interests and hobbies in a separate section makes it easy for employers to separate them from the work experience on your resume. Then, list 3–5 interests or hobbies in a bulleted list, similar to how you'd format your resume's skills section. Choose up to five hobbies and interests on your resume.

Why is it important to align your interests and abilities to the work that you do? ›

An alignment between your career and your core values produces satisfaction, a sense of happiness and fulfillment. A misalignment can cause can everything from minor problems to major disruptions.

What does outside activity mean? ›

Definition - An Outside Activity is just what the name implies... "Outside." It is outside of, or not related to, your current official work. It is done outside of your NIH work area, using your own or the outside entity's resources, not Government resources.

What does outside work experience mean? ›

Outside employment means any paid or volunteer employment performed by an employee in addition to his/her job with the Agency.

What does outside experience mean? ›

outside interests​/​experience​/​knowledge etc ​Definitions and Synonyms. phrase. DEFINITIONS1. interests​/​experience​/​knowledge etc that are not connected with, or not a result of, the work that you do in your present job.

How do you spend your day outside? ›

Five Ways to Spend More Time Outside as a Family
  1. Take your meals outside. No matter how busy your family is, everyone has got to eat! ...
  2. Leave the car at home. If you're traveling somewhere close to home, try walking or biking instead of driving. ...
  3. Go on a scavenger hunt. ...
  4. Plant a garden. ...
  5. Camp in your backyard.

How do you spend your time outside? ›

95 Ways to Spend More Time Outside
  1. Explore a local park.
  2. Walk a mile.
  3. Check out a new neighborhood.
  4. Camp someplace new.
  5. Camp someplace old.
  6. Dance in the rain.
  7. Find the end of a rainbow.
  8. Take a nap in the grass.
10 Apr 2018

How do you spend time outside everyday? ›

Here are a few ideas:
  1. Bring nature inside. Decorating indoor spaces with live plants is a simple way to bring nature to you. ...
  2. Take breaks outside. Even if you only have a few minutes, consider taking a walk or eating a meal outside. ...
  3. Try gardening. ...
  4. Visit nearby nature sites. ...
  5. Plan a nature trip.
25 Apr 2022

How can productivity be improved outside of work? ›

Use these productivity pointers to help you stay organized and on top of your tasks while working remotely:
  1. Have a morning routine. ...
  2. Set daily and weekly goals. ...
  3. Make time for breaks. ...
  4. Use time management techniques. ...
  5. Designate a workspace. ...
  6. Take breaks outside. ...
  7. Eat lunch at the same time. ...
  8. Participate in online training.

What skills do you need to develop further to continue in those activities? ›

Whether you are completing an internship or working a part-time job this summer, use that time to develop these essential skills:
  • Communication. Communication includes listening, writing and speaking. ...
  • Problem solving. ...
  • Teamwork. ...
  • Initiative. ...
  • Analytical, quantitative. ...
  • Professionalism, work ethic. ...
  • Leadership. ...
  • Detail oriented.
17 Apr 2019

How do you improve your knowledge and expertise outside of on the job learning? ›

Here are 11 ways to keep your job skills and knowledge up-to-date.
  1. Take Professional Development Courses. ...
  2. Use Online Resources. ...
  3. Attend Professional Events. ...
  4. Network Online. ...
  5. Continue Your Education or Get a Certification. ...
  6. Learn new technology. ...
  7. Learn from Others. ...
  8. Read White Papers and Case Studies.

What are the 3 things that keep you happy at work? ›

What makes people happy at work?
  • Making (enough) money. Predictably, higher wages are tied to higher levels of worker satisfaction. ...
  • Having a good boss. ...
  • Having autonomy. ...
  • Variety. ...
  • Maintaining a healthy work/life balance.
18 Oct 2017

Why are fun activities important for employees? ›

Though fun at work is sometimes thought to be a distraction, research suggests that it has a positive impact on engagement, creativity, and purpose — increasing employee retention and reducing turnover. When we find tasks enjoyable, we're more eager to dig in and complete them.

What are the activities you enjoy most in work life? ›

Below, some of the most greeting-card-worthy responses.
  • Collaboration. “I love my job because everyone shares the same vision and is dedicated to the mission. ...
  • Work-Life Balance. “I love that I have a great degree of control and freedom within my job. ...
  • Autonomy. ...
  • Variety. ...
  • Culture. ...
  • Challenge. ...
  • Helping Others.
14 Feb 2019

What activities help you learn best? ›

15 active learning activities to energize your next college class
  • Think-pair-repair. In this twist on think-pair-share, pose an open-ended question to your class and ask students to come up with their best answer. ...
  • Improv games. ...
  • Brainwriting. ...
  • Jigsaw. ...
  • Concept mapping. ...
  • The one-minute paper. ...
  • Real-time reactions. ...
  • Chain notes.
2 Apr 2020

What are the 5 learning activities? ›

  • Content Focus (and Interaction) Whether the learning outcomes for a session or module include declarative or functioning knowledge, almost all of them will be supported in some way by the presentation of information to students. ...
  • Interactivity (with Others) Focus. ...
  • Critical Thinking. ...
  • Production. ...
  • Problem Solving. ...
  • Reflection.

What is learning by doing activities? ›

“Learning by doing” is active, hands-on and engaging for students. The goal of this teaching approach is. for learners to construct mental models that allow for 'higher-order' performance such as applied problem. solving and transfer of information and skills (Churchill, 2003).

What makes a good working environment? ›

A positive work environment encompasses a level of respect, empathy and overall understanding between colleagues. These sentiments can also foster collaboration and help you feel heard and valued at your workplace.

Can you give me an example when you have gone above and beyond? ›

General Examples

Working overtime and/or weekends with or without being asked. Doing something outside your job description because a responsible party was unavailable. Taking responsibility for someone else's error and resolving it in a positive way for everyone involved; your employer particularly.

How do you say you go above and beyond in your job? ›

'I often going above and beyond my delegated duties to get the job done well and timely. For instance, the last project I worked on was a complex project done in a team of 10 and I could tell some colleagues were struggling to complete their tasks.

Why employers ask Tell me about a time you went above and beyond? ›

That's why they come up in interviewers for jobs ranging from customer service up to CEO! “Tell me about a time when you went above and beyond” aims to highlight your work ethic and attitude towards work. It shows your willingness to go the extra mile to get something done or exceed expectations.

What motivates you to go above and beyond at work answer? ›

Success is what motivates me to do a good job. Knowing the fact that my hard work and perseverance will help me achieve greater professional success is what keeps me going. I feel that aligning the company's vision and values with my own is one way to achieve that.

How do you answer Tell me about a time when you had too many things to do and you were required to prioritize your tasks? ›

An example of how to best answer this question for experienced candidates: "My job has multiple conflicting priorities where it can be difficult to know what is most important and urgent. My boss and I worked out an important/urgent scale for rating tasks so that it is clear what takes the highest priority.

How do you answer Tell me about a time when you had to work on a project with unclear responsibilities? ›

Our advice is to pick a compelling and honest story that can articulate a real-life experience where you had to work on an ambiguous task at your workplace. Describe the situation, the events that occurred, and explain the ambiguity involved in the task at hand.

How do you spend your time during your free time or when there is no workload? ›

Free time is all about ensuring you also get to spend some much-needed time doing the things that you genuinely enjoy.
...
Your free time can be managed to include these various types of activities.
  1. Find out exactly how much free time you have. ...
  2. Set clear intentions for your free time. ...
  3. Be flexible. ...
  4. Enjoy your free time.

How can I have a productive day when I have nothing to do? ›

22 Productive Things to Do When Bored
  1. Relax. Doing nothing can be productive. ...
  2. Take a Walk. We're big advocates of walking. ...
  3. Meditate. Meditation is a powerful habit that has numerous benefits to your well-being and mood. ...
  4. Read a Novel. ...
  5. Exercise. ...
  6. Journal. ...
  7. Reflect on Your Habits. ...
  8. Reflect on Your Time Management.
31 Mar 2022

How do you pass time at work when not busy? ›

  1. Have two windows open on your computer and surf the net. ...
  2. Clean your space. ...
  3. Get up and go to the restroom. ...
  4. Take a break. ...
  5. Snack (healthily) at your desk. ...
  6. Create a to-do list. ...
  7. Open a Word document and write your heart out. ...
  8. Sign up for online work.
6 Jan 2014

What do you enjoy doing example? ›

What do I typically enjoy doing?
  • Spending time with family and friends. It is always nice having a good laugh and having someone to talk to you about good times and tough times. ...
  • Sports. ...
  • Making people smile. ...
  • Meeting new people. ...
  • Writing my thoughts/journaling. ...
  • Doing breathing exercises and yoga. ...
  • Eating healthy.

How do you enjoy activities? ›

While this might not be easy, here are some tips to help you enjoy what you are doing no matter what:
  1. Look at the long-term benefit. ...
  2. Find what you can learn from it. ...
  3. Think of doing it for someone you love. ...
  4. Enjoy the interaction with the people. ...
  5. Think and say something positive. ...
  6. Gather with passionate people.

How would you describe yourself? ›

The best way to describe yourself in an interview is to give a short but meaningful summary. Use terms that the interviewer will recall so they can introduce you to others. You must prepare a response ahead of time so you can answer confidently and promptly during the interview.

How are you doing answer? ›

The following answers open the door for a deeper moment of connection and will serve you well in various situations:
  1. THANKS FOR ASKING. I'M DOING WELL. ...
  2. THINGS ARE GOOD. ...
  3. I'VE HAD A WHIRLWIND OF A WEEK, BUT I'M HANGING IN THERE. ...
  4. IT HAS BEEN A ROUGH WEEK. ...
  5. I'M LOOKING FORWARD TO THE END OF THE PANDEMIC.
11 May 2021

What do you do for living answer? ›

How to answer "What do you do for a living?"
  • Consider who is asking and why. When thinking about how to respond to this question, consider who's asking, how they relate to your profession and why they might be asking. ...
  • Focus on what makes you and your role unique. ...
  • Practice your responses.

What would you do if examples? ›

Examples might include: • What would you do if you saw a bear while walking in the woods? What would you do if you were trapped in a room where the walls were closing in on you? What would you do if there were a fire in your kitchen?

What are some very good questions? ›

Questions About Likes/Dislikes
  • What's your favorite sandwich and where did you eat it?
  • What's your favorite place on earth?
  • What's one place you've visited that you never want to return?
  • What's the best show on TV right now?
  • If you could only eat one food for the rest of your life, what would it be?
5 Jul 2022

What are some good 21 questions? ›

21 Questions List
  • What's the weirdest dream you've ever had?
  • If you could travel to any year in a time machine, what year would you choose and why?
  • If you could change one thing about yourself, what would it be?
  • What's one of the most fun childhood memories you have?
5 May 2021

Videos

1. Offers of Outside Employment
(Ethics Canada)
2. Outside Activities Part 2
(OGE Institute for Ethics in Government)
3. Conflicts of Interest in Outside Employment Course Trailer
(SAP Litmos)
4. It's All About Ethics
(NYC COIB)
5. The Realities of Outside Employment [06]
(Inroads To Opportunities)
6. What Constitutes Outside Employment for Federal Employees?
(ExpertVillage Leaf Group)
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